Annex E. International Armaments Strategy
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


Table E.I-1. Highlighted Near/Mid-Term Opportunities

TECHNOLOGY (Ref. to E.II) UNITED KINGDOM FRANCE GERMANY OTHER COUNTRIES JAPAN PACIFIC RIM FSU
B. Aerospace Propulsion and Power Gas turbine engines High-performance transmission High temperature structures, Bearingless rotor hub Bearingless rotor hub, Composite and high-strength shafting        
C. Air and Space Systems Composite structures, FADEC, Rotor systems Adaptive controls, Fly-by-light, Crash survivability Smart structures, Fatigue   Ceramics, Composite materials and structures    
D. Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defense Chemical agent sensors CBW agent sensors, Vehicle systems, Electronic decontamination Detection systems Canada Detection systems Detection systems    
E. Individual Survivability and Sustainability Soldier Systems (physiological and psychological) Soldier systems (ballistic protection) Soldier systems Canada Soldier systems (microclimate control) Electric power for man-portable systems AU Soldier systems (carriage)  
F. Command, Control and Communications Battlefield interoperability, Natural language processing, Intelligent systems Battlefield interoperability, Distributed real-time communications, Switching systems, Machine translation, C2 simulation, Mission planning Communication networks, Battlefield interoperability, Machine translation, Natural language processing Netherlands Natural language processing, Knowledgebase and database science Fuzzy logic, High-speed communications    
G. Computing and Software Massively parallel processing, Optical switching, Visually-coupled interfaces Optical processing, Fiberoptic networks, Visually-coupled interfaces Massively parallel processing, Neural networks, Visually-coupled interfaces Canada Visually-coupled interfaces, Large data set representation Neural networks, Optical switching and networks, Visually-coupled interfaces    
H. Conventional Weapons Overall strength, ETC gun Overall strength Overall strength, ETC gun Israel ETC gun, BMD missile     Russia Overall strength
I. Electronic Devices   IR focal plane arrays, MMIC components, Compound semiconductors, Batteries MMIC compounds, Compound semiconductors, Small engines   All aspects   Russia Molecular electronics, Power switching, Rechargeable batteries
J. Electronic Warfare and Directed Energy Weapons Low energy lasers Laser materials     High and low energy lasers   Russia High power microwaves, High energy lasers, Ukraine High power microwaves
K. Civil Engineering and Environmental Quality Environmental protection, Bioremediation, Lightweight bridging Environmental protection, Bioremediation, Demilitarization of energetic materials Environmental protection, Bioremediation Nordic Group Environmental protection, Bioremediation Environmental protection, Bioremediation    
L. Battlespace Environment Overall capability Overall capability, Remote sensors Overall capability Israel Atmospheric effects Canada Atmospheric dispersion Remote sensing, Robotics    
M. Human System Interfaces VR interfaces, Performance models Displays, Ergonomics, Performance models Soldier system interfaces, Performance models Canada VR displays Displays, VR, Robotics    
N. Manpower, Personnel and Training Good overall capabilities, Dynamic training and simulation, Good overall capabilities, Dynamic training and simulation, Good overall capabilities Canada Simulation and displays Ceramics, Composites, Polymer processing    
O. Materials, Processes and Structures Welding and joining, Alloys and composites, Lightweight structures, Smart structures Alloys and composites, Energy-absorbing structures, Smart structures Alloys and composites, Engineering structures, Smart structures        
P. Medical and Biomedical Infectious diseases, Biological defense, Operational medicine, Combat casualty care Infectious diseases, Biological defense, Operational medicine, Combat casualty care Infectious diseases, Biological defense, Operational medicine, Combat casualty care   Medical imaging    
Q. Sensors Automatic target recognition, seismic sensors, Vehicle integration IR focal plane arrays, Laser sensors, Multidomain sensors, Signal processing, Multisensor integration Combat ID sensors, Vehicle integration Israel Acoustic sensors, Target recognition Electronic components, Photonic devices   Russia, Ukraine High power microwaves
R. Ground Vehicles Good overall capabilities, Gas turbines Good overall capabilities, Secondary batteries Good overall capabilities, Structural design, Vehicle survivability, Autonomous control, Diesel engines, Integrated electronics Israel RPVs, Teleoperation Austria Diesel engines Ceramic engines, Electric drive   Russia Electric drive, Batteries, Switches
S. Manufacturing Science and Technology Bioprocess engineering, CASE tools, Industrial robotics Bioprocess engineering, CASE tools, Industrial robotics Bioprocess engineering, CASE tools, Industrial robotics Israel, Canada, Netherlands Bioprocess engineering Fuzzy logic, Bioprocess engineering, Industrial robotics    
T. Modeling and Simulation Strong capabilities in all aspects Strong capabilities in all aspects Strong capabilities in all aspects Canada VR 3-D visualization VR, Distributed industrial enterprises Distributed interactive simulation  

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