1. Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD)
Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations (ACTDs) provide a mechanism for intense involvement of the warfighters while incorporation of technology into a warfighting system is still at an informal stage. This allows iterative change of both the system construct and the user's concept of operation without the constraints and costs which are incurred when the discipline of formal acquisition is involved. ACTDs are user-oriented, even user dominated.
The ACTD has three driving motivations: (1) to have the user gain an understanding of and to evaluate the military utility before committing to acquisition; (2) to develop corresponding concepts of operation and doctrine that make the best use of the new capability; and (3) to provide limited, initial residual operational capabilities to the forces. ACTDs are of scope and scale sufficient to establish military utility. Residual capability is an important element in that the user is left with a residual capability for continued use for up to two years. This provides the commander a significant improvement in capability and the ability to refine the tactics and gain insight into the potential impact on doctrine. The ACTD process is shown in Figure I-20. All Army ACTD proposals must now have the approval of the Commander of TRADOC.
|Figure I-20. Advanced Concept Technology
Demonstration (ACTD) Process
Rapid transfer of technology into warfighting capability.
Formal requirements of the operational forces will be generated during the ACTD. The outcome of an ACTD is determined by the conclusions of the participating users. If the user is not prepared to initiate acquisition, the effort will terminate consistent with the user's reasons. If, on the other hand, the user determines that the demonstrated concept should be brought into the forces, there are two possible avenues. First, if large numbers are required, the system should enter the acquisition process at whatever stage good judgment dictates. Second, if only small numbers are required, it is preferable to modify the demonstration system appropriately and then to replicate it as needed. This latter avenue might apply to C3, surveillance, and special operations equipment as well as to complex software systems where evolutionary development and upgrading is preferred.
In FY97, the Army is participating in seven ACTDs, five as lead service: Precision/Rapid Counter-Multiple Rocket Launcher (see Chapter III-F and Figure I-21), Rapid Force Projection Initiative (see Chapter III.N and Figure I-22), Combat Identification (see Chapter III.F and Figure I-23), Rapid Terrain Visualization (see Chapter III.H and Figure I-24), and Joint Logistics (see Chapter III.O and Figure I-25). The Army and Navy/Marine Corps are co-lead for two ACTDs: Joint Countermine (see Chapter III.M and Figure I-26) and Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) (see Chapter III.I and Figure I-27). Each of these ACTDs is composed of one or more Army ATDs (described in Chapter III and Appendix B, Volume II) as shown in the figure captions.
|Figure I-21. Precision/Rapid Counter-Multiple
Rocket Launcher ACTD (FY95-98)
Objective is to demonstrate an adverse weather, day/night, end-to-end, sensor-to-shooter precision, strike capability against high-value, time critical targets, including a specifically enhanced capability for USFK to defeat the North Korean 240mm MRL threat during H to H plus 48 hours.
|Figure I-22. Rapid Force Projection Initiative
Objective is to demonstrate enhanced antiarmor and counterbattery capabilities for airlift constrained early entry forces including semi-automated target transfer from forward sensors to lightweight standoff weapons using C2 integration; and fully explore the capability to expand the brigade level battle space.
|Figure I-23. Combat Identification ACTD (FY96-99)
Objective is to demonstrate a joint, integrated air-to-ground and ground-to-ground combat identification capability.
|Figure I-24. Rapid Terrain Visualization ACTD|
|Figure I-25. Joint Logistics ACTD|
|Figure I-26. Joint Countermine ACTD (FY95-00)
Objective is to demonstrate a seamless amphibious and land warfare countermine operational capability from sea to land by coordinating Army, Navy, and Marine Corps technology demonstrators, prototypes, and fielded military equipment.
|Figure I-27. Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) ACTD|