The major goals of the Army Combat Health Support (CHS) science and technology program are threefold: first, to prevent illness and injury; second, to sustain optimum military effectiveness; and, third, to treat casualties. The greatest payoff from the investment in CHS science and technology comes from the identification of medical countermeasures which eliminate health hazards. Preventive measures include biomedical technologies, information and materiel to protect the force from infectious disease, environmental injury, health hazards of combat systems, operational stress, and aggressor weapons (i.e., conventional, chemical, biological, or directed energy systems).
Medical research provides vaccines, pretreatment drugs, and training strategies which maximize the readiness of soldiers to deploy and fight. Medical research assists leaders in optimizing warfighting capabilities across the full continuum of conflict, from peacekeeping to high intensity combat. Medical research also provides the means to maximize far-forward diagnosis, treatment, and return-to-duty of combat casualties. Military-unique medical contributions include such items as field-deployable diagnostic kits, chemical and biological antidotes, resuscitative devices, blood preservatives, and enhanced medical evacuation platforms.