Chapter III. Technology Transition
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


1. Introduction

As the 21st Century approaches, Air Defense Artillery (ADA) must be ready to meet the challenge of the evolving air and missile threat while continuing to support force projection operations in major regional contingencies, protect the United States in coordination/cooperation with joint air defense systems and execute military operations other than war missions. The air and missile threat is often the single greatest risk to the successful conduct of force projection operations, particularly during early entry and decisive operations. With many nations acquiring technologically advanced, highly lethal weapons such as ballistic missiles, our ADA force can expect to face a much more diversified threat in the future. Threat capabilities of other nations beyond the year 2000 will require that the ADA force be capable of dominating battlespace to achieve decisive victory by winning quickly with minimal casualties.

The mission of ADA is to protect the force and selected geopolitical assets from aerial attack, missile attack, and surveillance. To meet its mission requirements and counterthreat capabilities, the ADA Force XXI must be a strategically deployable, highly mobile, and versatile force, trained and equipped to go to war anywhere in the world on short notice and must be highly lethal and capable of battlefield survival. The air defense mission includes National Missile Defense (NMD) of the continental United States and anti-satellite defense, as well as Theater Missile Defense (TMD), which protects the force from theater missile attacks. Both NMD and TMD are addressed in Volume II, Annex D.

Successful execution of future operations will require increased emphasis on planning and conducting joint and multinational operations. The capabilities of many weapons and forces must be integrated to achieve the operational commander's air defense objectives.