D. Technology Leveraging Programs
As mentioned earlier, Army S&T comprises less than one percent of the total National Investment in R&D, thereby requiring the Army to leverage external R&D activity in order to meet its mandatory warfighting needs.
R&D that is external to the Army comes from a variety of sources, including:
- Other federal government organizations (both DoD and non-DoD government organizations).
- Universities and non-profit organizations.
- U.S. industry.
- Foreign sources of all the above types.
As will be seen in this section, the Army Technology Transfer Program systematically leverages each of these important sources of technology.
Ultimately the Army's goal is to form cooperative programs with these sources. In some cases, the cooperative program may appropriately involve cost-sharing activities. In other cases, it may only influence the direction of development by the external source, or may maintain a "smart buyer" capability within the Army. Whatever specific form the leveraging employs, it is based upon a foundation of Army experience with past programs, in-house experts, and information resources that provide timely data for development of cooperative programs.
This Section and Section VII.E describe the Army's approach to technology leveraging with the major external sources of technology available within the United States. Section VII.F describes the Army's approach toward leveraging foreign sources of technology.