News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



COMMAND, CONTROL, COMMUNICATIONS, AND COMPUTERS (Section E)

III.E.01—Joint Speakeasy—Multiband Multimode Radio (MBMMR).  Joint Service R&D program to develop the architecture and technology for the objective MBMMR of the future, meeting the requirements of the Army MNS for the Future Digital Radio (FDR). The Phase I SPEAKeasy Advanced Development Models (ADM’s) proved the feasibility of a programmable MBMMR. Phase 2 of the SPEAKeasy program, initiated in June 1995, will develop the final MBMMR "open system architecture" and ADM’s providing a software re–reprogrammable, simultaneous 4–channel, multiband, multiwaveform capability. The reprogrammability will allow rapid change–over of waveforms, frequency bands (2–2000 MHz), internetworking protocols (cross–channel), voice/data modes, and INFOSEC algorithms (4–channel). In FY97, two Model–1 ADMs will be fabricated and demonstrated during the Task Force XXI AWE. In FY98, three Model–2 ADMs will be fabricated and integrated into an Army Command and Control Vehicle (C2V) for participation in a C2V communications field demonstration. Six full capability ADMs will be delivered in FY99 for demonstration in the DBC/RAP ATD. Waveforms to be implemented include SINCGARS SIP, EPLRS VHSIC, UHF SATCOM DAMA, Packet Data Waveform, HaveQuick I/II, LPI, T1, GPS, cellular phone, and HF SSB, AME, ALE, serial modem, and hopping antijam. The Near Term Digital Radio (NTDR) waveform will be implemented when available. 4–channel internetworking will also provide compatibility with TMG and INC. The "open system architecture" will be industry releasable, modular by function, and facilitate a large reduction in future ILS life cycle costs. In order to facilitate easy insertion of the SPEAKeasy MBMMR into current communications, the Model–2 and Model–3 ADM physical form–factors shall conform to the present vehicular SINCGARS SIP volume and mounting footprint. Results of this effort will transition to PEO–C3S in the FY99/00 time frame.

Supports: All emerging C3 architectures for "Digitizing the Battlefield," DBC/RAP ATD, Future Digital Radio.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Donald Upmal
CERDEC/S&TCD
(908) 532–0440
DSN: 992–0440
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

 

III.E.06—Battlespace Command and Control (BC2) ATD.  The STO objectives are to demonstrate, through simulation and experimentation with the user, a Command and Control & Battlefield Visualization (BV) Commander/Staff Workstation to support Consistent Battlespace Understanding; Forecasting, Planning and Resource Allocation; and Integrated Force Management for the Commander and Staff. The BC2–ATD will develop and model the architectural basis for information transfer to/from higher/lower echelons including interfaces to Joint and Coalition forces to support worldwide, split–based military operations. BC2 ATD will utilize the concepts and results of Staff XXI simulations (Prairie Warrior, etc.) to establish and refine systems requirements for C2 and information visualization and its supporting systems architecture. Alternative technology based solutions will be evaluated through modeling and simulation. BC2 uses knowledge based technologies (advanced decision aids, 3D visualization, distributed and shared databases, etc.) to provide faster, more accurate, and more tailorable battlespace information for commanders to assess combat situations. The objectives are to provide software applications on ABCS Systems (MCS/FBCB2), and Systems/Operational Architectures which will reduce reaction/decision times, reduce the time from mission to order preparation, and increase the number of combat options evaluated. Demonstrations focus on multiechelon (Battalion through Division) Commander’s and Staff’s C2/BV needs within a command post environment (BCV, C2V, TOCs, etc.) as defined by Battlelabs (BCBL, MMBL, and DBBL). BC2 will conduct prototype demonstrations, integrated into the system architecture of the various host experiments. By FY98, BC2 will demonstrate an initial C2/BV product containing database and decision aids. In addition, BC2 will provide C2/BV applications to the Rapid Terrain Visualization ACTD. In FY99, BC2 will demonstrate prototype Commander’s/Staff’s visualization, planning and rehearsal aids within a command post environment. In FY00, BC2 will demonstrate an enhanced version of the Commander’s/Staff’s C2/BV Software Tool Set resident on COTS hardware, which will utilize advanced decision aids, battlefield visualization products, and advanced database technologies showing interoperability with allied assets.

Supports: Digitized Battlefield, ABCS, Force XXI, Intel XXI, Battlefield Visualization, Div XXI, Staff XXI, BCV/C2V, Rapid Terrain Visualization ACTD, Battlefield Awareness Data Dissemination ACTD.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Allen Ponsini
CERDEC/C2SID
(908) 427–3689
DSN: 987–3689
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

 

III.E.07—Battlefield Combat Identification (BCID) ATD.  This ATD is aimed at solving the combat identification (ID) problem underscored by the lessons learned from Operation Desert Storm. The effort will build upon the Battlefield Combat Identification System (BCIS), which is a millimeter wave question and answer, target ID system developed for ground vehicle platforms. This ATD forms the technical foundation for the FY96 start Combat Identification ACTD, which will demonstrate an integrated ground–to–ground and air–to–ground combat ID capability. An enhanced version of BCIS with digital datalink for improved situational awareness and various air–to–ground concepts including direct sensing Target ID, Don’t Shoot Me Net and Situational Awareness Through Sight approaches will be investigated and selected concepts will be demonstrated in the Force XXI Brigade exercise in FY97 and in other field exercises to support a milestone decision in FY98. Probability of correct ID of 99% to 1.5X the effective range of the weapon, and position location accuracy of 100 meters or better will be demonstrated. In FY98, the ATD will demonstrate through sight concepts that integrate enhanced friendly and hostile ID. Additionally, concepts for lightweight combat identification of and for the dismounted soldier will be investigated for different mission areas in BLWEs during FY95–98. Laser ,radio frequency and thermal based solutions for the soldier–to–soldier and potentially vehicle interoperable application will be demonstrated in both a standalone version and as an integrated function in the Land Warrior equipment suite to support a milestone decision in FY97.

Supports: BCIS, Land Warrior, Protecting the Force, Digitizing the Battlefield, Winning the Information War.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Gerardo J. Melendez
SFAE–IEW–CI
(980) 427–5970
DSN: 996–5970
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Col Tom Page
TRADOC
(804) 727–2588
DSN: 680–2588

 

III.E.08—Aviation Integration Into the Digitized Battlefield.  Develop pilotage algorithms and platform integration concepts for application onboard Army aircraft to enable avionics integration into the digitized battlefield. Develop a software algorithm that derives flight path guidance information from digitized topographic and threat data, precision navigation data, near field sensed obstacle and wire data, and aircraft survivability equipment data. Provide highly accurate robust worldwide positioning through GPS enhancements, advanced navigation sensors, and digital databases using advanced algorithms and integration concepts. Stringent performance levels are required to support precision navigation for advanced flight path guidance and situation awareness. Maximum utility of current GPS systems while conducting nap–of–the–earth flight and precision approach/landing will be investigated. Precision Navigation, integrated with a high integrity digital terrain database, provides the capability required to navigate in the digitized battlefield. By FY96, demonstrate flight path guidance based on digitized C2 information and realtime updates from onboard sensors. By FY97, demonstrate improved GPS vulnerability reduction methods such as satellite selection algorithms for NOE and Low Level operations, robust integrated navigation concepts, and improved signal acquisition technology. By FY98, demonstrate platform positioning accurate to 1–3 meters to enhance situation awareness, in all environments (ECM, NOE). These errors include registration errors between the mapping database and GPS positioning.

Supports: Digitization of the Battlefield, Battlespace C2, NAV WARFARE ACTD, Precision Strike, RPA, Comanche, PEO Aviation, PEO CCS PEO IEW, PM AEC, PM GPS, PM ATC, Advanced Capabilities and System Upgrades for Soldier, Ground and Air Vehicles, Comanche.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Paul M. Olson
CERDEC/C2SID
(908) 427–3912
DSN: 987–3912
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624–1963
DSN: 464–1963

 

III.E.09—Digital Battlefield Communications ATD. This ATD will exploit emerging commercial communications technologies to support multimedia communications in a highly mobile dynamic battlefield environment. It will supplement and in some cases replace, "legacy" military communications systems, which are unable to keep pace with the rapidly increasing demand for communications bandwidth and global coverage in support of Digitized Battlefield and split–based operations. It will evolve an integrated communication infrastructure that utilizes commercial protocols and standards to achieve global interoperability. In FY95 NDI wideband data radios were evaluated and procured for testing in TFXXI. In FY96 commercial ATM technology was integrated into tactical communications networks to provide "bandwidth on demand" to support multimedia information requirements. BCBL(G) will be supported in the DBC ATM experimentation through DS–3 connection to other service labs from FY96–99. In FY96 and 97 this program demonstrated Direct Broadcast Satellite technology in support of JWID 96 and TFXXI AWE FY97. In FY97 Multi–Level Security requirements were addressed by the insertion of TEED hardware into TFXXI. Wideband HF technology will be evaluated, tested in the CECOM DIL and inserted into the tactical internet. Leveraging from supporting 6.2 technology base programs, low profile SATCOM antenna technology products for both military (UHF, SHF) and commercial (C, Ku, X) SATCOM OTM from tactical vehicles, will be demonstrated in FY96 and 97. By FY99, an integrated phased array antenna will be demonstrated for the RAP. Work will continue on a full sized phased array antenna to address multibeam satellite and terrestrial high data rate communications OTM throughout FY99. Commercial terrestrial PCS will be demonstrated in FY97 and 98, respectively, to exploit commercial CDMA technology for WIN POC access. In order to extend ATM services to forward tactical units, a Radio Access Point (RAP) will be prototyped and tested in FY98. The RAP utilizes a high capacity OTM trunk radio to feed a variety of mobile subscriber services. By FY98, both manned and unmanned aerial platforms will be fitted with wideband relay packages to support OTM tactical operations, supporting bandwidths of up to 15 Mbps. This effort will be coordinated with, and executed in conjunction with DARO. Applicable products found to be acceptable through our commercial communications technology laboratory (C2TL) program, and evaluated jointly with TRADOC battle labs, will be inserted into the DBC program. This ATD will conclude in FY99 with the insertion of appropriate technology products in JWID 99 in support of high capacity digitized communications and split–based operations.

Supports: PM JTACS Tactical Multinet Gateway, ISYSCON, Task Force XXI, Future Digital Radio (FDR), CGS ATD (Advanced Antenna Technology), PROTEUS, JADE, JWID 94, DIV XXI, Corps XXI0.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Paul Sass
CERDEC/S&TCD
(908) 427–2419
DSN: 987–2419
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

 

III.E.10—Range Extension. The primary objective is to develop a Super High Frequency (SHF) tactical, UAV based surrogate satellite capability by integrating several technologies in a range extension testbed and leveraging the UAV airborne communications relay digitital battlefield communications ATD development. It will identify and develop key technologies required for airborne applications of a suite of communications packages, designing and integrating specific systems, and conducting system tests and demonstrations. This will be used to demonstrate intra–theatre communications range extension up to 400 miles (Range heavily dependent on terrain factors and look angle) at a variety of data rates. Major technology areas to be addressed are: airborne payload (including antennas) designs, ground terminal adaptations, interoperability/compatibility and simulation. These technologies will be used to supplement current (and programmed) SATCOM resources providing the flexibility to support a broad range of general and mission specific applications. SATCOM terminals will be augmented and enhanced to provide the capability of communicating via satellite and/or airborne platforms. Additionally, the utility of SATCOM terminals will be extended by improvements to reduce size and weight, increasing throughput and mobility and implementing emerging techniques such as DAMA. System design will be supported by enhancing CECOM’s in–house satellite link analysis (SATLAB) capability and a Communications Range Extension Testbed will be developed to provide an adaptable testing environment. Major milestones include development of the Range Extension Test Bed in FY96, demonstration of the SHF Airborne Relay UAV based Surrogate Satellite System in FY97, development of an on–board switching capability and implementation of an airborne battlefield paging system by FY99.

Supports: Army C4 Modernization, Digital Battlefield Communications, JPO UAV TIER II Program, DARPA ACN Program, Joint Precision Strike (JPS).

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

MAJ Frank Pinkney
CERDEC/S&TCD
(908) 427–3135
DSN: 987–3135
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

 

III.E.11—Army Communications Integration and Cosite Mitigation. The objective of this STO is to reduce the size, weight, and cosite interference problems that occur when multiple radios in either the same or dissimilar frequency bands are integrated within a mobile communications command post platform. Solutions derived from this STO will be applicable to Army platforms within the Rapid Force Projection Initiative Light Digital Tactical Operations Center (RFPI LD TOC) and other Army platforms including the Command and Control Vehicle (C2V), the Battle Command Vehicle (BCV), the Common Ground Station (CGS), and future systems utilizing the multiband/waveform Future Digital Radio (FDR). Technology from the current SPEAKeasy Multiband Multimode Radio (MBMMR) development effort and Antennas Across the Communications Spectrum (A2CS) STO will be coupled with new CICM STO efforts to address the size/weight problem of multiple radio systems within the continuous frequency band from 2 MHz to 2 GHz, and the cosite interference problem in the VHF and UHF bands. New CICM STO efforts include the development of a VHF/UHF 6–port multiplexer utilizing cosite mitigation technology, a wideband (2 MHz to 2 GHz) linear power amplifier and enhancements internal to the Future Digital Radio (FDR) MBMMR to improve cosite performance. An initial demonstration will be conducted with SPEAKeasy ADM and the VHF/UHF 6–port multiplexer as part of the LD TOC exercise beginning July FY98. Wideband and multiband antennas developed under the A2CS STO will also be utilized within the exercise. Development of the wideband power amplifier and MBMMR cosite enhancements will be completed in FY00. Additionally, a multiband communications system will be integrated within a typical Army SICPS shelter mounted on a HMMWV and tests will be performed to evaluate the resultant performance and enhancements. This testbed shall be exercised throughout the FY99–FY01 period, for evaluation of the individually developed items. A final field demonstration and evaluation of all the developed items, plus the MBMMR/FDR and A2CS STO, will be performed in late FY01 Products will also be integrated into the Battlespace Command Platform for complete platform integration. These efforts are considered a natural extension of the size reduction and waveform reconfigurability goals of the Joint SPEAKeasy Multiband Multimode Radio (MBMMR) program.

Supports: All mobile multiband communications systems, e.g., C2V, BCV, CGS, RAP, FDR, LD TOC, etc., and feeds the new Battlespace Command Platforms STO.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Steve Goodall
CERDEC/S&TCD
(908) 532–0445
DSN: 992–0445
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

 

III.E.12p—Universal Transaction Services.  The goal is to provide seamless connectivity and integration across communications media resulting in the commander having the ability to exchange and understand information unimpeded by differences in connectivity, processing, or systems interface characteristics. Provides the ability to move information from wherever it exists, in whatever form it exists to wherever it is needed in whatever form it is needed. In particular, the following attributes should be able to be developed and demonstrated. (1) Automated interfaces for determining the necessary translations that need to be applied at network nodes where interfaces occur between systems of differing characteristics. (2) Techniques for enhancing the commercially available signal conditioning and for introducing automated brokering of user preferences (profiles) and network characteristics to determine the appropriate type of conditioning. (3) Provision of dynamic profiles and adaptive conditioning in gateways to the tactical extension networks. (4) Automatic, adaptive addressing to allow connections to be made to users completely independent of any knowledge of his location. In FY00, initiate development of automated interfaces and translators. In FY01, develop techniques for enhancing commercial signal conditioning. In FY02, demonstrate adaptive conditioning in gateways to the tactical extension networks. In FY03, demonstrate adaptive addressing to allow connections to users completely independent of knowledge of his location.

Supports: All tactical communications and the tactical internet.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Paul Sass
CERDEC/S&TCD
(908) 427–2419
DSN: 987–2419
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Tom Mims
BC–BL
(706) 791–2800
DSN: 780–2800

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