News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



MOUNTED FORCES (Section G)

III.G.01—Composite Armored Vehicle (CAV) ATD.  By FY98, demonstrate the feasibility of a composite structure and advanced armor solution for a 17–22 ton air–transportable vehicle weighing at least 33 percent less than an aluminum based structure and armor of equal protection level. In addition, demonstrate manufacturability, repairability, durability, and large section cutouts/joining of composites as well as integration of signature management. Assess affordability of composite structures for ground combat vehicle applications. By FY96, complete designs of an advanced composite structure with integrated signature management and advanced armor for application to all future lightweight ground combat vehicles. Complete fabrication and assembly of CAV composite hull structure in FY97. Full–up automotive subsystems to be outfitted, and CAV ATD delivered Feb 97. Durability/User evaluations 4Q97–4Q98.

Supports: FCS, FIV, FSV, Crusader, FSCS ATD.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Jamie Florence
TARDEC
(810) 574–5473
DSN: 786–5473
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Steve Walker
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–8802
DSN: 464–8802

 

III.G.08—Target Acquisition ATD.  Develop and demonstrate an extended range, multisensor target acquisition suite for combat and tactical vehicles. The multisensor suite will consist of a second generation thermal imaging sight with automated search and aided target recognition, a low cost MTI radar (growth to STI), and a multifunction laser. These enhanced target acquisition capabilities will be coupled with combat identification technologies to significantly improve the light armored combat vehicles’ lethality and survivability. By FY97, demonstrate "target finder" capability—multifunction laser and auto target cuer—as a potential fast track acquisition upgrade for Abrams/Bradley and extended range cueing with a millimeter wave ground radar. These capabilities will extend identification range from 2100m to 3500m for exposed targets and from 1200m to 3000m for partially obscured targets. By FY98, demonstrate gimbal scan and automation to reduce search timelines by 60%–80% over manual search and streamline crew workload for future main battle tanks.

Supports: Abrams M1A2 SEP , Bradley upgrades, Advanced Tank Technologies ATD, AGS Upgrades, RFPI, FMBT, Future Scout Vehicle.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Tim Watts
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704–1356
DSN: 654–1356
Rob Saunders
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624–1963
DSN: 464–1963

 

III.G.10—Direct Fire Lethality ATD.  This STO focuses on enhancing the hit and kill capability of the Abrams Tank against explosive reactive armor protected threats in both stationary and moving firing conditions. The STO consists of two major elements: an Advanced Kinetic Energy Cartridge, and Advanced Drives and Weapon Stabilization. In FY97, demonstrate 120mm KE novel penetrator to defeat the 2005 Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) projected threat with an increase of 40% in lethality over the M829A2, and conclude and transition STAFF dual–liner design/test data to follow–on antiarmor programs; In FY98, demonstrate axial thruster function and feasibility to compensate a kinetic energy penetrator aerodynamic jump error, and conduct a hardstand dynamic demonstration of an Electric Direct Turret Azimuth Drive (gearless) technology. In FY99, complete design and initiate fabrication of the gun elevation drive and the optical fiber muzzle reference sensor. In FY00, demonstrate novel penetrator lethality up to 70% greater than the M829A2. In FY01, demonstrate radial thruster capability to correct for multiple jump errors in achieving 30–70% increase in system accuracy; conduct hardstand demonstration of gearless gun elevation drive and optical fiber muzzle reference sensor capability to continuously measure muzzle position. Also in FY01, conduct an integrated 120mm KE cartridge to defeat the 2005 ERA protected threat with up to 70% increase in lethality over the M829A2 and 30–70% increase in system accuracy under stationary conditions over the M829A2/M1A2, and demonstrate up to a 300% increase (at 3 km) in probability of hit over the M1A2 under dynamic scenarios using Gearless Turret/Gun Direct Drives, Modern Digital Servo Control, and optical fiber muzzle reference sensor. (Note: The Advanced KE Cartridge Program is a joint effort with PM–TMAS. The PM will provide $1.0M in FY98, $3.0M in FY99, and $2.0M in FY00 and FY01 to support novel penetrator development.)

Supports: All antiarmor weapon systems and weapon platforms: 120mm tank munitions (KE, CE), M1A1, M1A2, M1A2 SEP+, Future Combat System, etc. USAARMC & Mounted BL.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Anthony Sebasto
ARDEC
(201) 724–6192
DSN: 880–6192
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
A. Winkenhofer
USAARMC
(502) 624–8064
DSN: 464–8064

 

III.G.11—Ground Propulsion and Mobility.  By FY01, demonstrate the combined enhancements of semiactive suspension, band track, and electric drive on a Future Scout and Cavalry System (FSCS) weight class vehicle. Semiactive suspension will reduce the overall vehicle weight, decrease the "under armor" volume, and improve mobility by 30% over the M2. Band track will reduce acoustic and IR signatures (30–50%), decrease track weight 23% compared to M2, and increase soft–soil mobility. The electric drive program will drastically reduce acoustic and IR signatures and provide the power management scheme for other future electric devices (e.g., electric armament, sensors, active suspension). By FY98, demonstrate semiactive suspension on a Bradley weight class vehicle. By FY99, demonstrate band track on a 28 ton vehicle. This STO leverages DARPA‘s Electric Vehicle Power programs, and the Army will continue to contribute $1M per year in FY 98 and 99 to the DARPA programs.

Supports: FSCS, FIV, Bradley Fighting Vehicle, M113 FOV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Dan Herrera
TARDEC
(810) 574–6411
DSN: 786–6411
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Paul Begeman
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–8994
DSN: 464–8994

 

III.G.12—Intravehicle Electronics Suite TD.  By FY00, develop the crew interface and vehicle architecture for the Future Scout and Cavalry System (FSCS) ATD. This STO will demonstrate a 25% increase in overall crew efficiency, a 25% reduction in crew size, 25% increase in system performance, and reduce the cost ratio of electronics and software upgrades for system upgrades by 30%. Significant challenges to meeting crew efficiency goals include driving a vehicle without direct vision and using nonphysical interfaces, such as voice and audio in a combat vehicle. This program will demonstrate an open systems approach. By FY97, transition Crewman’s Associate ATD (III.G.3) principles and interfaces to scout mission and simulate a conceptual FSCS crew station. By FY98, demonstrate and deliver FSCS conceptual crew station simulator to Ft. Knox, integrate voice recognition and 3D audio into FSCS crew stations, develop indirect vision and mobile crew station test bed, and demonstrate embedded map server, operating services application program interface (API) and the lethality software module. By FY99, demonstrate voice recognition and 3D audio working in mobile crew station test bed, and demonstrate off–road driving using indirect vision at 50% direct vision rate. By FY00, demonstrate off–road driving using indirect vision at direct vision rates, and demonstrate embedded training Vetronics System Integration Laboratory.

Supports: Army C4I Technical Architecture, FSCS, Crusader, M1A2 and M2A3 upgrades, FCS, Open Systems Joint Task Force, Task Force XXI.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Chris Ostrowski
TARDEC
(810) 574–6910
DSN: 786–6910
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Paul Begeman
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–8994
DSN: 464–8994

 

III.G.13—Compact Kinetic–Energy Missile (CKEM) Technology.  By FY99, develop and demonstrate technology for an insensitive, lightweight, miniature hypervelocity kinetic energy missile (35–40 kg), that is compatible with the LOSAT target acquisition and tracking system and could be compatible with the fire control system, for close combat and short range air defense missions. Demonstrate the missile KE Penetrator achieving M829A2 equivalent kinetic energy at 175 m and maintaining the energy to beyond 5 km, and achieving greater than 3 time the M829A2 penetrator energy at 450 m and maintaining it to 3.5 km. Demonstrate the missile delivering in excess of 30 MJ to the target at a range of less than 500 meters, as well as a range out to 4 km, and 25 MJ at 5 km. Leverage miniaturized G&C actuation technology, high–fidelity visual digital simulation, advanced composite motor and structure technology, fire control, insensitive nondetonable propulsion technology, and enhanced lethality characteristics from the LOSAT missile program and the Hypervelocity Missile Guidance STO. Demonstrate increased maneuverability against airborne targets at minimum range with continuous control actuation. Significantly increase missile platform adaptability to include future main battle tanks, helicopters, and multiple lightweight platforms that are strategically deployable. Demonstrate motor and propulsion concept by FY98, and conduct a flight test in FY98. Demonstration of this miniature hypervelocity missile concept will provide capability for a significant increase in lethality, survivability, and mobility of a dual role close combat and short range air defense hypervelocity guided KE weapon system.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

George Snyder
MRDEC
(205) 876–3048
DSN: 746–3048
Irena Szkrybalo
SARD–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
COL Arnold J. Canada
Dismounted Battle Lab
(706) 545–2310
DSN: 835–2310

 

III.G.14—Future Scout and Cavalry System (FSCS) ATD.  By FY02, demonstrate the operational potential of a lightweight scout vehicle integrating scout specific technologies with complementary advanced vehicle technologies. This effort will be a Fast Track, cooperative program with the United Kingdom. Using the Bradley M3A3 as a baseline, the FSCS ATD will increase vehicle and crew survivability by 20%, increase target detection rate by 600%, increase target recognition range by 35%, increase mobility by 15%, increase crew efficiency by 25%, reduce vehicle silhouette by 30%, and achieve transportability of 3 FSCS on a C–17 aircraft. By FY98, design advanced crew station(s). By FY99, build crew station simulators and initiate a vehicle–level Systems Integration Laboratory, and transfer program management to PEO GCSS. By FY00, develop detailed design and initiate subsystem fabrication. By FY01, complete subsystem fabrication and perform demonstrator fabrication and integration. By FY02, complete user experiments and validate improved battlefield performance. This integration effort potentially leverages technologies from the following STOs: Ground Propulsion and Mobility, Target Acquisition ATD, Multifunctional Sensor Suite ATD, Hunter Sensor Suite ATD, Combined Arms Command & Control ATD, Digital Battlefield Communications ATD, Hit Avoidance ATD, Crewman’s Associate ATD, Intravehicle Electronics Suite TD, Composite Armored Vehicle ATD.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

John Torvinen
TARDEC
(810) 574–5090
DSN: 786–5090
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Paul Begeman
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–8994
DSN: 464–8994

 

III.G.15p—Full–Spectrum Active Protection (FSAP). By FY04, demonstrate a universal combat vehicle defensive system that can destroy or degrade chemical energy and kinetic energy antiarmor munitions prior to vehicle impact, thereby reducing the need for heavy ballistic armor. This system will defeat large top attack, hit to kill (Antitank Guided Missile), and tube launched KE/HEAT munitions. It will reduce the probability of kill to 0.2 with a system cost of no more than $185k per unit in production quantities. The FSAP program will exploit, adapt and develop technologies from SLID, NTAPS, Drozd, Arena, KEAPS, and other tri–service, industrial and foreign programs. FSAP will be integrated into the enhanced Commander’s Decision Aid (CDA) for optimal utility. By FY01, evaluate and test Multiple EFP–CM and other counter–KE capable CM technology options. By FY02, determine optimal CM technology and sensor suite. By FY03, complete integration design and perform subsystem prototyping/testing. By FY04, complete testing and validate system performance.

Supports: Abrams, Bradley, FSCS, FIV, FCS, Crusader, Grizzly.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Jim Soltesz
TARDEC
(810) 574–5653
DSN: 786–5653
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
COL John Kalb
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–5050
DSN: 464–5050

 

III.G.16p—Mobility Demonstration for Future Combat System (FCS).  This STO will demonstrate the technologies required to meet FCS mobility and power requirements. Emphasis is on developing and demonstrating an advanced propulsion system consisting of a high power density, low heat rejection, fuel efficient engine and a compact, high efficiency drive train. A fully active suspension and high speed track are also included in this STO. This effort is necessary because a new propulsion system with greater power density than is now achievable will be needed for FCS, regardless of the armament choice, to provide required power in a system that is substantially lighter, more agile and more fuel efficient than the Abrams tank. By FY04, the FCS high power density multicylinder diesel engine will be designed and fabricated.

Enough development testing and resultant improvements will have been made to demonstrate 80% full power, fuel consumption within 15% of target values, fluid temperatures within 40F of target values, and heat rejection within 20% of target values. By FY05, a fully active electro–mechanical suspension system will be demonstrated on an FCS weight class vehicle. By FY06, an advanced high speed track meeting an FCS weight class vehicle will be demonstrated. Also by FY06, this STO will define the FCS propulsion system configuration and will be midway into the total FCS propulsion detailed design.

Supports: FCS, Crusader Upgrades, FIV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Dan Herrera
TARDEC
(810) 574–6411
DSN: 786–6411
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Monroe Harden
Armor Center DFD
(502) 624–4412
DSN: 464–4412

 

III.G.17p—Future Combat System (FCS) Integrated Demonstration.  By FY06, demonstrate technical feasibility and operational potential of a lethal, survivable, deployable, multimission Abrams replacement vehicle. Using the M1A2 Abrams as a baseline, it will demonstrate 50% reduced crew workload, 40% reduced GVW, 20% increase in fuel economy, and a 40% increase in cross–country speed, and leap ahead lethality. Critical issues to be addressed are the acceptance of two crew vehicle operation, leap ahead mobility, non traditional survivability (replacing ballistic protection with signature management, CM, and active protection), and indefensible lethality (both direct and indirect fire). By FY03, complete studies and analyses, construct and evaluate virtual prototypes to support the demonstration and to validate user and technology requirements. By FY04, complete system design, and implement a System Integration Lab (SIL) test to validate electronics integration. Concurrently, demonstrate the vehicle and crew configuration in field experiments with surrogate technologies when necessary. By FY04, in the SIL, demonstrate power and energy management techniques and suspension control. By FY05, in the SIL, validate electrical and electronics integration of Full Scale Active Protection STO, FCS Mobility STO, FCS Advanced Electronics STO, and FCS Armament STO, and demonstrate 50% reduced crew workload. By FY06, integrate the technologies validated in the SIL in a Lightweight Chassis/Turret Structure STO test bed and demonstrate baseline. In FY07, technologies and designs evaluated in this TD will transition to the "FCS Integrated Demo II," a technology based program to integrate the actual technology products into a demonstrator vehicle.

Supports: FCS.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Andy Lijoi
TARDEC
(810) 574–6932
DSN: 786–6932
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Monroe Harden
Armor Center DFD
(502) 624–4412
DSN: 464–4412

 

III.G.18p—Advanced Electronics for Future Combat System (FCS).  By FY04, develop an integrated ultra high power electronics package and crew station technologies for the Future Combat Systems (FCS) Integrated Technology Demonstrator (III.G.17p). Demonstrate a 50% increase in overall crew efficiency and a 50% reduction in crew size, a 30% reduction per source line of code, a 10x increase in FCS system performance per module and a 50% reduced cost ratio of electronics. This program will leverage crew station technologies, architecture developments and lessons learned from the Crewman’s Associate ATD and Intravehicle Electronics Suite STOs (III.G.3 and III.G.12, respectively). Specific technologies to be integrated include: helmet–mounted displays, head trackers, panoramic displays, cognitive decision aids, load management algorithms, automated route planning, power management system (for electric drive, electric armament, etc.), an object oriented software backplane, a combat vehicle graphics tool kit able, and advanced electronics packaging. By FY01, initiate integration of advanced electronics plans for the FCS TD, and define software backplane architecture and graphics objects. By FY02, develop panoramic display and integrate it into mobile crew station test bed, conduct an FCS electronic power consumption analysis, upgrade VSIL to integrate high power components and thermal analysis and modeling tools, complete tradeoff investigation of electronics packaging technologies, and finalize approach. By FY03, demonstrate workload reductions using cognitive decision aids and load management algorithms, demonstrate SW backplane architecture and graphics objects in Vetronics Systems Integration Lab (VSIL). By FY04, develop automated route planning as a driver/commander aid and test in mobile crew station test bed, validate FCS electronic integration via warfighter experiments, and demonstrate electronics packaging technologies and final power management approach in VSIL.

Supports: Army C4I Technical Architecture, FCS.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Chris Ostrowski
TARDEC
(810) 574–6910
DSN: 786–6910
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
MAJ Monroe Harden
Armor Center DFD
(502) 624–4412
DSN: 464–4412

 

III.G.19p—Future Infantry Vehicle (FIV) TD.  By FY06, demonstrate Bradley replacement vehicle with increased survivability, lethality, strategic and tactical mobility, and effectiveness. Increase survivability by 33–50% using a combination of improved armor protection, CM, full spectrum active protection, and signature management. Increase onboard training and battle rehearsal by 100%. Accommodate full squad of 9 soldiers versus 7 in Bradley (with full Land Warrior gear). Improve mobility by 50%. Improve lethality through the integration of an advanced medium caliber weapon, fire and forget FOTT (P3I) missile system and the addition of nonlethal devices. By FY01, begin preliminary designs based on the Virtual Prototyping results. By FY02, the contractor, in conjunction with TARDEC, will initiate a vehicle–level Systems Integration Lab (SIL) to integrate key FIV technologies. By FY03, complete fabrication and perform demonstration of hardware and software Soldier–Machine Interface, and perform subsystem demonstration of Hardware and Software in the SIL. By FY06, perform technology demonstrations and User Experiments.

Supports: FIV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Nance Halle
TARDEC
(810) 574–5365
DSN: 786–5365
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
LTC W. Smith
Infantry Center, DCD
(706) 545–1915
DSN: 835–1915

 

III.G.20—Extended–Range Munition.  By FY02, this STO will demonstrate a 120mm Abrams tank main armament precision munition and associated fire control, including target handoff from a remote sensor to defeat targets at ranges in excess of 8 Km. The munition will defeat point targets at extended ranges (up to 3x range increase over M829A2). ERM will expand the Abram’s Tank battlespace by engaging high value targets in both line–of–sight (LOS) and non–LOS (NLOS) modes. In FY98, a performance specification will be completed and baseline designs will be initiated. In FY99, the design will be finalized and component hardware fabrication will be initiated. In FY00, under simulated and live–fire conditions, subsystem demonstrations of critical components will be conducted, the concept design will be refined, and fire control system definition/design will be initiated. In FY01, from a hardstand, the capability of hitting stationary and moving targets at medium ranges will be demostrated, defeat of advanced threat armors and active protection systems in simulated and/or subsystem live–fire conditions will be demonstrated, and modification of an Abrams tank fire control system will be completed. In FY02, full–range capability to hit stationary and moving targets in live–fire demonstrations with a modified Abrams Tank will be demonstrated.

Supports: Abrams Tank, FCS.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Philip Donadio
ARDEC
(201) 724–6186
DSN: 880–6186
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
A. Winkenhofer
USAARMC
(502) 624–8064
DSN: 464–8064

 

III.G.21p—Lightweight Chassis/Turret Structures.  This STO will demonstrate minimum weight structural designs with structural efficiencies exceeding 80% to achieve the FCS 40 ton GVW, which is required so that two FCS can be transported by C–5 aircraft. It will also feature modular (removable) armor for +/– 15 ton deployable weight and to facilitate armor upgrades. The technical approach is to apply advanced materials to maximize structural performance, and to optimize different vehicle zones for unique design conditions. The goal for FY00 is to establish the number and boundary of vehicle zones, define their unique design conditions, establish "as–deployed" and "maximum mission" protection levels. By FY01, evaluate alternative armor integration approaches and basic design concept alternatives for integrity and durability for each zone. By FY02, complete zone designs and the hybrid integrated vehicle design and perform component level structural tests. By FY03, complete panel ballistic tests. By FY04, provide "User preferred" hull and turret to FCS for the ATD and one ballistic structure for firing.

Supports: FCS, FIV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Jamie Florence
TARDEC
(810) 574–5473
DSN: 786–5473
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
Martin Bosemer
Armor Center, DFD
(502) 624–2045
DSN: 464–2045

 

III.G.22p—Future Combat System (FCS) Armament TD.  By FY04, demonstrate an integrated armament system for FCS with over 100% increase in lethality (over the M829A2), 100% increase in stationary accuracy compared to M829A2/M1A2 at 3km (stationary), and over 500% increase in accuracy under moving conditions. The FCS Armament will meet the lethality requirements needed by the FCS. In FY00, investigate armament components including gun, ammunition, fire control, and ammunition handling technologies to develop a lightweight and low impulse gun armament system; develop system concept design using Pro–Engineering CAD. In FY01, finalize concept design and fabricate components including advanced gun, fire control, autoloader, and ammunitions with novel warheads. In FY02, conduct gun/ammunition functionality tests via simulations and actual firings. In FY03, demonstrate compact autoloader functionality tests in a simulated dynamic vehicle condition and initiate integration of the autoloader–to–gun system. In FY04, conduct an integrated gun/ammunition/autoloader/fire control FCS Armament system demonstration via simulations in a systems integration laboratory (SIL) and on a surrogate platform; and transition all hardware to TARDEC FCS integrated TD.

Supports: Future Combat System, USAARMC.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Anthony Sebasto
ARDEC
(201) 724–6192
DSN: 880–6192
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
A. Winkenhofer
USAARMC
(502) 624–8064
DSN: 464–8064

 

III.G.24p—Advanced Light Armaments for Combat Vehicles (ALACV).  By FY03, this STO will demonstrate 25/35mm ammunition with 75% or greater improvement in lethality compared to conventional point detonating munitions and 20–40% improvement compared to existing KE & bursting munitions. The ALACV will develop two types of munitions (antipersonnel and antiarmor) to meet the Future Scout and Cavalry System (FSCS) and the Future Infantry Vehicle (FIV) lethality requirements. In FY01, investigate novel lethal mechanisms, novel penetrators, advanced fuzes and advanced propellants; finalize optimized munition warhead designs. Conventional and cased telescoped munition configurations are candidates. In FY02, fabricate ammunition components and conduct components tests; conduct performance simulation based on demonstrated hardware performance. In FY03, conduct live fire testing of both types of munitions, and transition designs to FSCS EMD and/or FIV ATD.

Supports: Bradley, Future Scout and Cavalry System and the Future Infantry Vehicle.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Mike Madden
ARDEC
(201) 724–6986
DSN: 880–6986
John Appel
SARDA–TT
(703) 697–8432
DSN: 227–8432
LTC Smith
USAIC

DSN: 835–4658

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