News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



HUMAN SYSTEMS INTERFACE (Section N)

IV.N.04—Performance–Based Metrics for the Digitized Battlefield.   This STO develops standardized, field–operational measurement scales for use by the Battle Labs, Army Digitization Office, and Army Research & Engineering Centers (RDECs) in defining and evaluating integrated soldier–information system performance on the digitized battlefield. These measurement scales will directly support the U.S. Army’s Rolling Baseline assessment of digital information system technology during Advanced Technology Demonstrations, Advanced Warfighting Experiments, and related Force XXI field activities. The resulting metrics will provide both technology developers and field users with a common, standard framework for specifying performance requirements and assessing the contribution of digital information system technology across a variety of battlefield settings (e.g., brigade TOC staff, tank crew, individual dismounted soldier). To achieve this goal, the behavior–based measurement scales will (1) reflect important dimensions of the information processing and decision making tasks performed by soldiers, crews, and staffs; (2) correlate with success in satisfying TRADOC Operational Capability Requirements (OCRs) related to the soldier–information interface; (3) be sensitive to the introduction of new technology, doctrine, procedures, organization, and training; and (4) be observable and measurable in a field setting. Develop and test an initial set of behavioral performance markers addressing tank crew and Command and Control Vehicle (C2V) operator performance as well as digital communications initiatives for dismounted operations in Warrior Focus (Nov. 95). These behavioral performance markers will be refined and further tested during FY96 in Warrior Focus, Army Logistics ACTD, or other major AWE. A draft Army–standard set of soldier–information system performance metrics for common use by ARL will be developed and refined during FY97, and demonstrated in the context of Prairie Warrior 97 and Division 97. Standards for Army Materiel Acquisition will be developed in FY98.

Supports: Warrior Focus, Army Logistics ACTD, ADO, Battle Command Battle Lab, Mounted Battlespace Battle Lab, Dismounted Battlespace Battle Lab.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Dennis K. Leedom
ARL-HRE
(410) 278-5919
DSN: 298-5919
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
MAJ Harry Hamilton
BC-BL

DSN: 552-8041

 

IV.N.05—Cognitive Engineering of the Digital Battlefield.  Battle command operations at Bde and above are increasingly being characterized by component capabilities that focus on the cognitive aspects of a distributed decision making process. The STO effort responds through a focused research program aimed at better understanding these cognitive processes as they are shaped by time, stress, team structure, level of staff training and experience, and the introduction of digitization technology. Through experimentation and constructive exercises, the STO develops a set of predictive models and performance metrics for assessing TOC design tradeoffs among information display and decision support technology, team structure, skill and experience level, and cognitive workload (FY99–00). The models focus on commander’s intent and maintenance of a relevant common picture, addressing battle staff performance from both a data–driven perspective and a concept–driven perspective. The models and metrics are refined to address both changing Op Tempo and asymmetric engagements (FY01–02). Research findings are used to refine a series of battle staff training approaches that address a broad range of staff officer cognitive skills and functions (FY99–02). Finally, research findings are integrated into a cognitive architecture for the battlefield—a functional roadmap for guiding R&D investments in information technology and staff officer training, Battle Lab experiment planning, and force development planning under Army After Next (FY01–02). The STO provides a formal mechanism for linking cognitive research activities in USARL and USARI and coordinating these programs with related activities in USASC, CGSC, USAARL, BCBL, and AMBL.

Note: A requested plus–up of $1.8M/year would provide contractor cognitive–decision making research personnel onsite at several battlelabs for C2 experimentation design and data collection and analysis.

Supports: AAN, Division XXI AWE, Battlespace Command and Control ATD, Rapid Terrain Visualization ACTD, CERDEC

STO ManagerTSO

TRADOC POC

Dennis Leedom
ARL-HRED
(410) 278-5919
DSN: 298-5919
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
Dick Brown
TPIO ABCS
(913) 684-3137
DSN: 552-3137

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