News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



SENSORS (Section R)

IV.R.02—Photonic Signal Processing Technology.  By FY96, demonstrate broad bandwidth, wide dynamic range (20–30 dB) two–dimensional (2D) devices and processors with appropriate algorithms for detection and identification of signals. By FY98 demonstrate a photonic processor with appropriate algorithms for detection and identification of signals. By FY99, demonstrate a 2D optical processor capable of running real time signal and image processing algorithms on data from imaging sensors such as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) or Electro–optical (EO) images that requires significantly less power than conventional digital processors.

Supports: ATR and SAR applications; Electronic Support Measures testbed.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Dr. Z.G. Sztankay
ARL-SED
(301) 394-3131
DSN: 290-3131
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
Tom Mims
BC-BL
(706) 791-2800
DSN: 780-2800

 

IV.R.06—Real Aperture Target Discrimination.   Develop innovative technologies to detect, discriminate and classify stationary targets with a real beam radar. In FY95, completed conversion of primary clutter database to match Longbow resolution. In FY96, completed real beam radar algorithm training in geographically and seasonally diverse environments. By FY98, develop and demonstrate target/clutter discrimination techniques and algorithms that increase probability of target detection in these diverse environments. Provide quantitative assessment using a Longbow equivalent dataset as to the improvement of the existing capability. The algorithm suite will be capable of autonomous adaptation to various clutter backgrounds. Performance capabilities will be demonstrated using a Longbow equivalent dataset. By FY99, develop more effective classification of tactical vehicles using a two–fold approach: (1) Improve underlying fidelity of target signatures using super–resolution techniques and (2) apply data compression technique such as a wavelet–based approach to vehicle template storage for efficiently cataloging additional signatures.

Supports: Apache Longbow, Comanche, Mounted Battle Space Battle Lab, Target Acquisition ATD.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Jeffrey Sichina
ARL-SED
(301) 394-2530
DSN: 290-2530
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.07—Acoustic Tracking and Identification on the Battlefield.  Demonstrate the ability to detect, track, and identify targets from their acoustic signatures in the battlefield environment. This program will develop basic tools for acoustic algorithm development and evaluation and demonstrate real time tracking and identification of vehicles. In FY95, a testbed will be delivered to evaluate algorithms and a consolidated database of acoustic signatures will be created. In FY97, a laboratory capability to quickly analyze acoustic data and facilitate generation of acoustic algorithms will be delivered and real time tracking and identification of targets will be demonstrated. In FY98, the real time tracking and identification will be expanded to include a broader base of targets. In FY99, the capability to track large numbers of targets as a group will be demonstrated.

Supports: RFPI, including Remote Sentry, Intelligent Minefield, Scout Sensor Suite; DIA, including Unattended Measurement And Signature INTelligent (MASINT) sensors.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

John Eicke
ARL-SED
(301) 394-2620
DSN: 290-2620
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.08—Battlefield Acoustic Sensors.  By FY00, this STO will demonstrate an environmental sensor to be used as a decision tool to optimize the deployment of acoustic sensors in various propagation conditions. In FY97, initiate the development of acoustic sensor modeling tools to be used to simulate and predict acoustic sensor performance in various propagation environments, engagement scenarios, and translate user requirements to acoustic sensor design parameters. In FY98, verify performance of acoustic sensor model against target acoustic signatures in specific propagation environments, and initiate development of sensor emplacement algorithms based on environmental sensor measurement data. In FY99, develop prototype environmental characterization, propagation prediction, and artificial intelligence rule–based sensor deployment algorithms, and initiate integration of environmental sensors (e.g. temperature and wind) with an acoustic sensor package. In FY00 demonstrate capability of environmental sensors integrated with an acoustic sensor as a decision tool to assist battlefield commanders for optimal deployment of acoustic sensor systems in various propagation conditions and engagement scenarios.

Supports: WAM PIP, IMF, RFPI ACTD, Hunter Sensor ATD, Transitions to WAM PIP and IMF.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Jeffrey R. Heberley
ARDEC
(201) 724-6255
DSN: 880-6255
John Appel
SARDA-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
CPT Scott O’Neil
Ft. Benning, Dismounted BL
(706) 545-6382
DSN: 835-6392

 

IV.R.12—Monolithic Integrated Devices for Multidomain Sensors.  The Scientific and Technology Objective is to develop an enabling technology for future infrared sensor upgrades beyond 2nd generation FLIR. These upgrades include active/passive interrogation, multispectral detection, and increased local processing in a single FLIR unit. The enabling technology will be demonstrated by the growth of electro–optic devices directly on silicon. The specific objectives are: In FY96, demonstrate a significant reduction in defect density for growth of CdZnTe and GaAs on silicon (to around 105/cm2) utilizing a recently developed molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth technique already demonstrated for CdTe on GaAs. In FY97, demonstrate bulk quality CdZnTe grown on silicon and fabricate a test HgCdTe array on silicon in FY98. In FY99, demonstrate high quality electro–optic devices monolithically integrated with silicon electronic devices.

Supports: Future battlespace visualization involving Army thermal imaging systems in tanks, helicopters, missiles, and autonomous scout vehicles, Mounted Battlespace Battle Lab.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

William Clark III
ARL-SD
(703) 704-2039
DSN: 654-2039
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.13—Advanced Focal Plane Array (FPA) Technology.  This STO builds on the Smart FPA STO IV.R.01 to develop and mature components for a more advanced generation of IR imaging sensors that take advantage of advanced large staring focal plane arrays that allow smart temporal and multispectral signal processing. Technology will be developed to provide affordable TV quality imagers in the 3–5mm and 8–12mm bands, including practical nonuniformity correction. By FY97, provide an evaluation of the practicality and affordability of large single spectrum staring/scanning arrays along with validated staring array performance models and complete evaluations and tradeoffs between the 3–5 and 8–12 micron spectral bands to support design of the Multifunction Staring Sensor Suite. By FY99, demonstrate multispectral sensing and partition smart functions between on– and off–focal plane processing. By FY00, integrate multispectral smart sensing with staring FPAs for enhanced soldier vision. By FY01, demonstrate large focal plane, hyperspectral smart sensing with feedback control from weapon system processor to optimize automated target acquisition. These objectives are obtained by integrating multispectral/hyperspectral FPAs with smart read–out–integrated–circuits (ROICs), innovative micro–optics and adaptive micro/nano electronics into tactical dewars.

Supports: Mounted Battlespace, Dismounted Battlespace, Depth & Simultaneous Attack, Early Entry Lethality, Battle Command, Force XXI.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Stuart Horn
CERDEC NVESD
(703) 704-2025
DSN: 654-2025
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.14—Multiwavelength, Multifunction Laser. Develop and demonstrate high efficiency, compact, laser diode pumped, wavelength diverse laser source in the 0.26–12 micron spectral region for multifunctional applications. By FY96, develop moderate (up to 1 KHz) repetition rate laser module with multiple mode operation. By FY97, demonstrate modules in lab with multiple wavelength outputs from 0.26–12 microns for CM ( mid IR, far IR), obstacle avoidance, biological agent detection, rangefinding, enhanced target recognition, and laser radar for integration with vehicle target acquisition sensors. By FY99, complete development of multiwavelength multifunction modules and demonstrate commonality approach to multifunction and multiapplication laser source.

Supports: Dismounted Battlespace, Mounted Battlespace, Depth & Simultaneous Attack, Battle Command, Early Entry Lethality & Survivability

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Ward Trussel
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704-1355
DSN: 654-1355
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
Tom Mims
BC-BL
(706) 791-2800
DSN: 780-2800

 

IV.R.15—Solid–State Near–Infrared Sensors.  Develop a low cost, lightweight, low light level, exclusively solid state sensor with smart readout chip to provide a digital output and become an integral part of the future Digital Battlefield. This technology will rovide affordable, high resolution sensors for reflected light in the 0.4–1.8 micron wavelength region for systems supporting airborne, combat vehicle, and light infantry missions. This sensor technology will be immune to bright light "flashouts" and require no vacuum tube technology. These sensors will have high resolution and sensitivity to detect sniper fire, detect targets through conventional camouflage, detect laser rangefinders/designators, and detect stressed vegetation. By FY99, develop a low cost solid state near IR camera that demonstrates comparable sensitivity to present 12 tubes and can be transitioned as an HTI for all future vision devices. By FY00, develop a large format near IR solid state focal plane array that can be used for sniper scope applications and pick out targets in camouflage at long ranges. By FY01, demonstrate a near IR sensor for lightweight goggle applications.

Supports: Objective Sniper Weapon, OICW/OCSW Upgrades, Future Multispectral Goggles, Future Driving Devices, Special Operations

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Phil Perconti
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704-1369
DSN: 654-1369
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
Chris Kearns
DBL
(706) 545-6391
DSN: 835-6391

 

IV.R.16—Advanced Signature Management and Deception.  Demonstrate technologies that enable development of signature management (SMS) and deception systems that deny acquisition of friendly force assets from threat sensors. Demonstrations will be supported by signature characterization, modeling and simulation conducted under the Integrated Sensor Modeling and Simulation effort. These SMS/deception systems provide mobile and semimobile assets with low cost, low operational burden survivability upgrades addressing detection avoidance in global battlefield conditions. By FY99, develop reactive IR suppressive coatings/appliqués/structures to reduce vehicle and solar loading signatures over an extended period of a diurnal cycle and in varying backgrounds. Complete feasibility study for battlefield deception technologies. By FY00, develop a hybrid SMS to reduce the detection range of tactical, mine warfare, and fire support vehicles by 50% and an ULCANS screen that significantly reduces the signature of general purpose platforms in a desert/urban environment. By FY01, demonstrate synergistic coupling of physical and virtual decoys with passive and active signature management to improve survivability of combat and combat support units. By FY02, develop a multispectral SMS and deception system, operating in the radar, infrared, and visual spectrums, for tactical, mine warfare, fire support, and combat vehicles.

Supports: ULCANS P3I, Multispectral Camouflage System, Light/Medium Tactical Vehicles, LRAS3, Abrams, Bradley, Crusader, Ground Based Sensor, THAAD, Aviation Systems, BIDS, SICIPS.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Grayson Walker
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704-2594
DSN: 654-2594
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.17—Integrated Sensor Modeling and Simulation.   Advance the state–of–the–art in synergistic modeling and prototyping capabilities to permit end–to–end predictive modeling and hardware tradeoffs for performance evaluation of new technologies in a virtual environment. Implementation will be supported by development of high resolution, 3–dimensional target, background, and clutter object databases that scale from dismounted infantry to airborne applications. Features will also include realistic portrayal of advanced sensors such as 3rd generation FLIRs, acoustics and radars, aided, automatic and fused sensor usage, low observable signature management techniques, and mine targets. Linked or inserted into operational simulations, this technology will allow warfighters to test new capabilities, develop tactics and techniques, evaluate operational effectiveness, plan missions and train in parallel with the hardware development process. By FY99, develop real–time multispectral (0.4 to 14 microns) capability for insertion into wargame simulations. By FY00, develop and integrate SAR and MMW capability for insertion into wargame simulations. By FY01, validate multispectral portrayal for search and target acquisition simulations and implementation for driving and pilotage simulations.

Supports: Multifunction Staring Sensor Suite, Masked Targeting, Mine Hunter/Killer, Battlefield Visualization ACTD, MOUT ACTD, CATT, COFT, AGTS, FMBT, FIV, FSV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Luanne Obert
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704-1754
DSN: 654-1754
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
Charles Campbell
MBS BL
(502) 624-1963
DSN: 464-1963

 

IV.R.18—Micro–Eyesafe Solid–State Laser Sources.  Low cost, lightweight lasers will benefit the warfighter for multiple applications, including micro rangefinders, combat ID systems, training, and target pointers for individual soldiers as well as compact devices for IRCM and munitions. The development of "micro," low cost laser devices will complement the larger multifunction lasers (STO IV.R.14) under development for mounted applications. Recent improvements in nonlinear materials and laser diodes have made it feasible to develop microlaser devices that can produce wavelengths from the UV to the far infrared to meet the requirements for precision weapons, lightweight mid IR/far IR sources for IRCM, and Laser Radar for munitions. Examples of lasers to be developed are high peak power, eyesafe, laser diodes; micro diode pumped lasers shifted with PPLN OPOs and far IR semiconductor laser sources. By FY00, demonstrate candidate low cost laser devices and characterize performance. By FY01, develop candidate devices in ultra compact form for applications. By FY02, demonstrate sensors and systems based on the laser devices and evaluate performance.

Supports: Dismounted Battlespace, Mounted Battlespace, PM–AEC, PM–EW/RSTA.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Ward Trussel
CERDEC/NVESD
(703) 704-1355
DSN: 654-1355
Rob Saunders
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
(TBD)

 

IV.R.19—Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) for Multiple Electro–Optic/Infrared Sensors (MEIRS). The goal of this effort is to design a multisensor target recognition capability that will increase the operational performance of existing passive electro–optic/infrared (EO/IR) target acquisition systems by combining imagery from multiple EO/IR sensors. Work will be completed in conjunction with Multiple Domain Smart Sensor (MDSS) program to perform sensor tradeoff studies to predict ATR system performance. Specific performance goals include enhanced probability of detection and identification (Pd = 90%; PI =90% on a 6 target class), reduced false alarm rates ( 0.2 FA per square degree), greater target standoff range (>4 km) and extend battlefield conditions (Concealment, Camouflage, and Deception, heavy clutter, obscuration). By FY98 complete FLIR single band and LADAR single sensor tradeoff study and initiate multisensor ATR algorithm design. By FY99 complete multisensor algorithm design and multisensor algorithm implementation. By FY00, complete, test, and evaluate ATR algorithms for delivery to NVESD. This effort will benefit the Army by providing predictions of ATR performance as a function of sensor parameters, thereby fostering better design of systems.

Supports: Multifunction Staring Sensor Suite ATD, MRDEC, NVESD

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Teresa Kipp
AMSRL-SED
(301) 394-0804
DSN: 290-0804
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
MAJ Morris Minchew
Depth & Simultaneous Attack Battle Lab
(405) 422-2928
DSN: 639-2928

 

IV.R.20—Low–Cost Electronically Scanned Antennas (ESAs). The goal of this effort is to develop and demonstrate a set of cost effective technologies for ESAs that can be used for multiple Army platforms and applications. An advantage of ESA technology in a cost effective package is the ability to control an aperture beam quickly. This will enable multimode operations where radar surveillance, target acquisition, fire control, combat identification, ELINT, and communications are performed within one integrated system. By FY98 demonstrate a Ku band Rotman lens with Vivaldi notch aperture and single beam switching matrix for technical performance. By FY99, characterize Ka band Rotman lens with a 34 element linear horn array for <3 degree azimuth beam width. By FY00, evaluate and select a switch technology for multibeam generation capability. A crossbar switch will be built. By FY01 demonstrate low cost, crossbar beam switching architectures (e.g., Microelectromechanical Switches (MEMs)) for multibeam demonstration with Ku band Rotman lens. The uniqueness for this development effort is to have Simultaneous Multimode and enhanced radar system performance with increased lethality and survivability of Army assets.

Supports: MTI Ground Radar (MGR), UAV Radar, LONGBOW, CERDEC.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Edward Burke
ARL-SED
(301) 394-4375
DSN: 290-4375
Catherine Kominos
SARD-TP
(703) 697-3558
DSN: 227-3558
MAJ Morris Minchew
Depth & Simultaneous Attack Battle Lab
(405) 422-2928
DSN: 639-2928

 

IV.R.21—Hybrid Optical Processing for Imagery Analysis. This effort will explore technologies for enhancing onboard processing capabilities of missiles and UAVs, allowing improvements in precision and range without operator intervention. The Hybrid Optical Processor demonstration will focus on the implementation of a near–real–time processor for both Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Multispectral/Hyperspectral Imagery (MSI/HSI). By FY99, modify existing hardware and software for operation in both spectral and spatial modes. By FY00, evaluate and select "smart" filter methodologies and identify the issues in both real and synthetic imagery utilized in filter calculations. Incorporate enhancements into an optical processor system for testing. By FY01, test and demonstrate the ability to process SAR with 1–20% improvement in target detection and false alarm rates while improving MSI/HIS processing rates an order of magnitude.

Supports: Enhanced Tactical Radar Correlator (ETRAC), UAV.

STO Manager

TSO

TRADOC POC

Wayne Davenport
MICOM RDEC
(205) 876-8183
DSN: 746-8183
Irena Szkrybalo
SARD-TT
(703) 697-8432
DSN: 227-8432
(None)

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