News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



F. Abbreviations

4D four–dimensional
AAN Army After Next
ABT air breathing threat
ACE antiradiation missile countermeasure evaluation
ACTD Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration
ACS attitude control system
ACUS Army Common User System
A/D analog–to–digital
ADBF adaptable beamforning
ADDS Army Data Distribution System
AIT atmospheric interceptor technology
ARC/SC advanced research center/simulation center
ARH antiradiation homing
ARM antiradiation missile
ARSPACE Army Space Command
AS advanced submunition
ASAR airborne synthetic aperture radar
ADEDP Army Space Exploitatin Demonstration Program
ASTMP Army Science and Technology Master Plan
ASAT antisatellite
ASPO Army Space Program Office
AST airborne sensor testbed
ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System
ATD Advanced Technology Demonstration
AWS Arrow Weapon System

BAT battlefield adaptation technology
BM/C3I battle management/command, control, communications, and intelligence
BM/C4 battle management/command, control, communications, and computers
BM/C4I battle management/command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence
BMD ballistic missile defense
BMDO Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
BOA battlefield ordnance awareness
BPI boost phase intercept
BTOC Battalion Tactical Operations Center
BTW bit per wavelength

C2 command control
C4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence
CAD chemically augmented device
CB chemical and biological
CCD charged–coupled device; camouflage, concealment, and deception
CDC Center for Combat Development
CDI classification, discrimination, and identification
CDI–3 Classification, Discrimination, and Identification Phase III
CDR critical design review
CECOM Communications–Electronics Command
CEP circular error probable
CERS counter early release submunitions
CET counter early–release submunition technology
CFD computational fluid dynamics
CINC commander–in–chief
CM cruise missile
CMD cruise missile defense
CMDES Cruise Missile Defense Expert System
CONUS continental United States
CORPS SAM Corps Surface–to–Air Missile
COTS commercial off the shelf
CSO closely spaced object
CTBW chemical toxin biological warfare
CTPP Consolidated Target Program Plan
CTT–HR Commanders Tactical Terminal–Hybrid Receiver
CW chemical warfare

D&D design and development
DAB Defense Acquisition Board
DACS Divert and Attitude Control System
DARO Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DART data analysis reporting team
dB decibel
DE directed energy
DEM/VAL demonstration/validation
DEW directed–energy weapon
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency
DIS distributed interactive simulation
DITP Discriminating Interceptor Technology Program
DMTB digital messages transfer device
DNA Defense Nuclear Agency
DOAMS Distant Objective Attitude Measurement System
DoD Department of Defense
DOF degree of freedom
DREN Defense Research and Engineering Network
DS desert ship
DSI defense simulation internet
DSP defense support program; defense satellite program
DSWA Defense Special Weapons Agency
DTLOMS Doctrine, Training, Leader Development, Organization, Materiel, and Soldier

E3 electromagnetic environmental effect
EAC echelons above corps
EADSIM extended air defense simulation
EADTB extended air defense testbed
ECCM electronic counter–countermeasures
ECM electronic countermeasures
ECS engagement control station
EEU electronics equipment unit
EIT exoatmospheric interceptor technology
EKV exoatmospheric kill vehicle
EMC electromagnetic compatibility
EMD engineering manufacturing development
EMI electromagnetic interference
EMP electromagnetic pulse
EPLARS Enhanced Position Location Reporting System
ERIS exoatmospheric reentry vehicle interceptor subsystem
ES expert system
ESD electrostatic discharge
EST expert system technology

FAAD forward area air defense
FASDR forward acoustical sensor and digital relay
FASP fly along sensor package
FEL free electron laser
FL field LADAR
FLAGE flexible lightweight agile guided experiment
FLTSAT fleet satellite
FMA foreign materiel acquisition
FME foreign materiel exploitation
FOC future operational capability
FOCPAT fiber–optic controlled phased array technology
FOG fiber–optic gyroscope
FOV field of view
FPA focal plane array
FSC fire solution computer
FTS flight termination system

GAO Government Accounting Office
GBI ground–based interceptor
GBR ground–based radar
GBRTF Ground–Based Radar Test Facility
GHz gigahertz
GOI Government of Israel
GPS global positioning system

HALO high–altitude observatory
HALO/IRIS high–altitude observatory/infrared imaging system
HEDI high endoatmospheric defense interceptor
HELSTF High Energy laser Systems Test Facility
HERA high explosive rocket assisted
HFCNR High Frequency Combat Net Radios
HGV hot gas valves
HMMWV high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle
HOE homing overlay experiment
HPC high performance computing
HPCMO High Performance Computing Management Office
HPM high power microwave
HRR high range resolution
HTI horizontal technology integration
HTK hit–to–kill
HVPS high voltage power supply
HWIL hardware in the loop
Hz hertz

IATACS Improved Army Tactical Area Communications System
ICBM intercontinental ballistic missile
ICC information coordination central
IFFN identification friend, foe, or neutral
IFOG interferometer fiber optic gyroscope
IFTU in–flight target update
IHFR improved high frequency radio
IMU inertial measurement unit
IOAMS Integrated Operational Airspace Management System
IOC initial operational capability
IPB intelligence preparation of the battlefield
IPCT information processing/communications technology
IR infrared
IRBM intermediate range ballistic missile
IRIS Infrared Instrumentation System
IRST infrared search and track
ISO/OSI International Standards Organization/Open Systems Interconnect
ITU/TSS International Telegraphic Union Telecommunications Standard Sector
IV&V independent verification and validation

JI jet interdiction
JI/JR jet interactional/jet reaction
JLENS Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JRE JTIDS range extension
JTAGS Joint Tactical Ground Station
JTB Joint Technology Board

KAT kill assessment technology
KE ASAT kinetic energy antisatellite
KEW kinetic energy weapon
km kilometers
KMR Kwajalein Missile Range
KREMS Kiernan Reentry Measurement System
KV kill vehicle
KW kilowatt

LACM land attack cruise missile
LADAR laser detection and ranging
LAN local area network
LASERCOM laser communications
LATS longwave infrared advanced technology seeker
LDS Lexington Discrimination Testbed
LEAP lightweight exoatmospheric projection
LEO low earth orbit
LFT&E live fire test and evaluation
LIDAR light detection and ranging
LOS line of sight
LPE launch point estimate; launch point error
LRCS low radar cross section
LWIR long wave infrared

m meter
MADCAP mosaic array data compression and processing
MB megabyte
MBTC measurement–based threat characterization
MCS Maneuver Control System
MD missile defense
MDBIC Missile Defense Battle Integration Center
MDSTC Missile Defense and Space Technology Center
MDTP Missile Defense Technology Plan
MEADS Medium Extended Air Defense System
METT–T mission, enemy, troops, terrain, weather, and time available
MFL multiple folded laser
MIRV multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle
MIT LL Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Lincoln Laboratory
MMIC monolithic microwave integrated circuit
MMSS multimission sensor suite
MMW millimeter wave
MNS mission needs statement
MOA memorandum of agreement
MOTR multiple object tracking radar
MS milestone
MSE mobile subscriber equipment
MSRT mobile subscriber radio terminal
MTCR missile technology control regime

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC nuclear, biological, and chemical
NC node center
NDI nondevelopmental item
NIE national intelligence estimate
NMD national missile defense
NPO National Product Office
NT near term
NTBN National Testbed Network
NWE nuclear weapons effect

ODA optical data analysis; optical discrimination analysis
OGA other government agency
OPTEC Operational Test and Evaluation Command
ORD operational requirements document
ORSA operations research systems analysis
OSC optical signatures code
OTH over–the–horizon
OT&E operational test and evaluation

P3I preplanned product improvement
PAC–3 PATRIOT Advanced Capability 3
PAN polyacrylonitrile
PAT process action team
PATRIOT phased array track to intercept of target
PDR preliminary design review
PEELS parametric endoatmospheric/exoatmospheric lethality simulation
PEGEM post engagement ground effects model
PEO–AMD Program Executive Office—Air Missile Defense
PET pilotline experiment technology
PM program manager
PMA program management agreement
PO project office
POC point of contact
POM program objectives memorandum
PORTS Portable Optical Radiation Testbed for Sensors

RAM radar absorbing materials
RCS radar cross section
RDA research, development, and acquisition
RDI range doppler imager
RDAOSP range Doppler acousto–optic signal processor
RDEC research, development, and engineering center
RDT&E research, development, test, and evaluation
RF radio frequency
RFI radio frequency interference
RFOG resonance fiber–optic gyroscope
RLG ring laser gyroscope
RMDM ring matrix diverter module
ROE rules of engagement
ROW rest of world
RRTD radar and real–time discrimination
RSTA reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition
RTD real–time discrimination
RTDT real–time discrimination technology
RV reentry vehicle

SA systems analysis
SAM surface–to–air missile
SBE synthetic battlefield environment
SBIR space–based infrared system
SBIR spaced–based infrared
SC simulation center
S/D signal/data
SDCC San Diego Convention Center
SDIO Strategic Defense Initiative Organization
SEN small extension node
SEO survivability enhancement option
SGI Silicon Graphics Incorporated
SHORAD short–range air defense
SINGGARS Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System
SLBD sealite beam director
SLBM submarine–launched ballistic missile
SLV space launch vehicle
SMDC Space and Missile Defense Command
SMTS Space and Missile Tracking System
SRBM short range ballistic missile
SSL solid–state laser
S/T–IF system/transmitter intermediate frequency
STD Space Technology Directorate
STO Science and Technology Objective
STORM target for HERA
SWARM target for miniature interceptor technology demonstration
SWIR short wave infrared
SWORD SHORAD with optimized radar distribution

T/R transmit/receive
TACSAT tactical satellite
TADIL tactical digital information link
TBM tactical ballistic missile; theater ballistic missile
TCMP Theater Missile Defense Critical Measurements Program
TDMA time difference of mean arrival; time division multiple access
TDS top/down survivability
TECOM Test and Evaluation Command
TEL transporter–erector launcher
TEMO training, exercise, and military operations
TENCAP tactical exploitation of national capabilities program
teraflops trillions of floating point operations per second
TFLOPS trillions of floating point operations per second
TG terminal guidance
THAAD theater high–altitude area defense
THEL tactical high–energy laser
THK TEL Hunter/Killer
TID technology infusion database
TIP technology infusion plan
TLE target location error
TLM telemetry
TMD theater missile defense
TMDS theater missile defense survivability
TMD–SE theater missile defense—system exerciser
TMP technology master plan
TNSAT TSD near–term technology infusion product team subtier
TPO THAAD Project Office
TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command
TRD technology requirements document
TSD tactical surveillance demonstration
TSDE tactical surveillance demonstration enhancement
TT&E targets, test, and evaluation
TVC thrust vector control
TVVS THAAD Verification and Validation System

UAH University of Alabama in Huntsville
UAV unmanned aerial vehicle
USADASCH U.S. Army Air and Missile Defense School
USAKA U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll
USAMICOM U.S. Army Missile Command
USASMDC U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command
UV ultraviolet

V&V verification and validation
Vbo burnout velocity
VLSIC very large scale integrated circuit

WAN wide area network
WCS weapon control subsystem
WFS waveform simulator
WMD weapons of mass destruction
WSMR White Sands Missile Range

YAG yttrium aluminum garnet

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