News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan

19. Manufacturing Science and Technology

Manufacturing S&T focuses on technologies that will enable the industrial base to produce reliable and affordable materials and products. It requires integration of all aspects of manufacturing from raw materials through design and integration of components, subsystems, and systems. Table E–22 summarizes capabilities in key technical subareas.

Table E–22.  International Research Capabilities—Manufacturing Science and Technology


United Kingdom




Asia/Pacific Rim


Other Countries

Advanced Processing 2s.gif (968 bytes) Bioprocess engineering 2s.gif (968 bytes) Bioprocess engineering 2s.gif (968 bytes) Bioprocess engineering 1s.gif (931 bytes) Fuzzy logic for process control

2s.gif (968 bytes) Bioprocess engineering

    Canada, Israel, Netherlands, Nordic Group

1s.gif (931 bytes) Bioprocess engineering

Manufacturing Engineering Support Tools 2s.gif (968 bytes) Cooperative efforts—CASE tools; industrial robotics 2s.gif (968 bytes) Industrial robotics      
Advanced Manufacturing Demonstrations


Advanced manufacturing demonstrations program–specific

Note: See Annex E, Section A.6 for explanation of key numerals.

No specific opportunities are identified for this technology area; however, biotechnology applications can contribute to U.S. Army efforts. Large–scale production of biomaterials and products is necessary to capitalize on emerging biotechnology developments. The techniques for providing these large quantities of biomaterials (bioprocess engineering) are of significant interest to the U.S. Army, and include production of the material (including cell culture and fermentation), downstream product processing, and packaging. The United States is an overall world leader in this area, with several nations having significant capabilities including the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, France, Canada, Israel, the Netherlands, and the Nordic Group.

In the future, international developments are likely to drive greater standardization in manufacturing engineering support tools, including CASE, virtual prototyping, and enterprise integration and control technologies. Already we are seeing rapid growth in technologies for distributed design and management of very complex enterprises in highly industrialized countries, notably Japan, the U.K., France, Germany, and throughout the EC. This trend will be further supported and enabled by the growth of the Internet and its underlying telecommunications infrastructure. Ultimately we can expect to see a seamless integration of distributed M&S with enterprise operation, which will further speed the international exchange of advanced manufacturing capabilities.

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