News Army Documents



1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan

ASTMP '98 Table of Contents

Secretary of the Army / Chief of Staff Army letter
Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development, and Acquisition) / Deputy Assistant Secretary Research and Technology letter
Foreword

Volume I

Chapter I. Strategy and Overview
    Army Vision
       
Army Vision 2010
       
Army After Next
    Army Science and Technology Strategy
        Science and Technology Vision
        Strategic Objectives
        Planning Process and Oversight
        Science and Technology Objectives
        Resourcing the Strategy
        Technology Transfer
   
Technology Transition
        Technology Demonstrations
        Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations
        Advanced Technology Demonstrations
        Horizontal Technology Integration
        Acquisition Reform—The Fast Track Program
    Army Modernization Strategy
    Defense Science and Technology Strategy
        Guiding Principles for S&T Management
        Management and Oversight
        Joint Chiefs of Staff Future Warfighting Capabilities Requirements
    Other S&T initiatives
        Advanced Concepts and Technology (ACT II)
        Manufacturing Technology Objectives
    Infrastructure
        Facilities and Equipment—Essential Foundation for Success
        People—The Key to the Future
        Army S&T Laboratory Personnel Demonstration Projects
    The Army Legacy
    Conclusion

Chapter II. Training and Doctrine Command's Role in Science and Technology
    A. Background

    B. Task Force XXI Advanced Warfighting Experiment
    C. Where Do We Go From Here?
        1. Division XXI Advanced Warfighting Experiment
    D. Science and Technology Integration
        1. Basic Research (6.1)
        2. Applied Research (6.2)
        3. Advanced Development (6.3)
    E. TRADOC Innovations in Science and Technology
        1. Advanced Technology Demonstration Review
        2. Advanced Concept and Technology Demonstration Approval by the Commanding General, TRADOC
        3. Future Operational Capabilities
        4. Strategic Research Objectives
        5. Army After Next Science and Technology Objectives
        6. Battle Laboratory Developments
    F. Science and Technology Review
    G. Science and Technology Objectives Review
    H. Advanced Technology Demonstration Review

    I. Advanced Concepts and Technology II Program
    J. Summary
    K. Army After Next Linkage to the Science and Technology Community

Chapter III. Technology Transition
   A. Introduction and Constraints
    B. Technology Transition Strategy
        1. Technology Transition
        2. Manpower and Personnel Integration Program
        3. Army Strategy for Systems, System Upgrades, and Advanced Concepts
        4. Force Modernization Planning
        5. Low–Intensity Conflict/Operations Other Than War
    C. Structure
    D. Aviation
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Army Aviation
       
5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    E. Command, Control, Communications, and Computers
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Army C4 Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for C4
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    F. Intelligence and Electronic Warfare
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. IEW Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmaps for IEW Systems
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
   
G. Mounted Forces
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Mounted Forces Modernization
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    H. Close Combat Light
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmaps for Close Combat Light
    I. Soldier
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Soldier Systems Modernization Strategy
        4. Soldier System Modernization Roadmap
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
   J. Combat Health Support
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Combat Health Support Modernization Strategy
        4. Combat Health Support Modernization Roadmaps
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    K. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
        1. Introduction
        2. Modernization Strategy
        3. Roadmaps for CB Defenses and Smoke Obscurants
        4. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    L. Air and Missile Defense
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Air Defense Artillery
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
   
M. Engineer and Mine Warfare
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
        4. Engineer and Mine Warfare Roadmaps
        5. Relationship to Army Modernization Plan Annexes
    N. Fire Support
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Modernization Strategy
       
4. Fire Support Roadmap
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    O. Logistics
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Logistics Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Army Logistics
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
        6. Logistics Annex of the ASTMP
   
P. Training
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Army Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Army Training
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes
    Q. Space
        1. Introduction
        2. Relationship to Operational Capabilities
        3. Space Modernization Strategy
        4. Roadmap for Space Systems
        5. Relationship to Modernization Plan Annexes

Chapter IV. Technology Development
    A. Introduction
    B. Strategy
    C. Aerospace Propulsion and Power
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    D. Air Vehicles
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
   
E. Chemical and Biological Defense
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    F. Individual Survivability and Sustainability
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale for Investment
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    G. Command, Control, and Communications
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    H. Computing and Software
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    I. Conventional Weapons
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    J. Electron Devices
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    K. Electronic Warfare/Directed Energy Weapons
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    L. Civil Engineering and Environmental Quality
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    M Battlespace Environments
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    N. Human Systems Interface
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    O. Personnel Performance and Training
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    P. Materials, Processes, and Structures
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    Q. Medical and Biomedical Science and Technology
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    R. Sensors
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    S. Ground Vehicles
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
    T. Manufacturing Science and Technology
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Technology Subareas
        4. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        5. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities
   
U. Modeling and Simulation
        1. Scope
        2. Rationale
        3. Management Domains
        4. Technology Subareas
        5. Roadmap of Technology Objectives
        6. Linkages to Future Operational Capabilities

Chapter V. Basic Research
   A. Introduction
        1. Army Basic Research Program
        2. Future Outlook
    B. Initiatives
        1. Centers of Excellence
        2. DoD University Research Initiatives
        3. Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions
        4. Single Investigator Programs
        5. Federated Laboratories
        6. In–House Laboratory Independent Research
        7. Army After Next Research Areas of Emphasis
        8. DoD Strategic Research Objectives
        9. Other Academic Leveraging
    C. Execution—Scientific Research Areas
        1. Mathematical Sciences
        2. Computer and Information Sciences
        3. Physics
        4. Chemistry
        5. Materials Science
        6. Electronics Research
        7. Mechanical Sciences
        8. Atmospheric Sciences
        9. Terrestrial Sciences
        10. Medical Research
        11. Biological Sciences
        12. Behavioral, Cognitive, and Neural Sciences
    D. Summary

Chapter VI. Infrastructure
    A. Federated Laboratory Initiative
    B. Physical Facilities and Equipment
        1. Physical Plant
        2. Facility Consolidation
        3. Facility Modernization
        4. Strategy for Facility Upgrades
        5. Shared Facilities
        6. Ranges
        7. Specialized Equipment
    C. Distributed Interactive Simulation
        1. Three Integral Components
        2. Approach
    D. Modeling/Software/Testbeds
        1. Computer Modeling and Simulation
        2. Software Technology
        3. Physical Simulation
        4. Hardware–in–the–Loop Simulation
        5. Combined Arms Battlefield Soldier–in–the–Loop Simulation
        6. Test and Evaluation Simulation
    E. Information Technology/Communications
    F. Personnel

Chapter VII. Technology Transfer
    A. Army Technology Transfer
    B. Dual–Use Technology—National Defense and Economic Competitiveness
        1. Small Business Innovation Research Program
        2. Small Business Technology Transfer Program
        3. Army Domestic Technology Transfer Program
        4. Technology Transfer in Medical Research and Development
        5. Dual–Use Information
    C. Technology Cooperation With Nonprofit Institutions
        1. Programs With Academia
        2. Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions
        3. Federally Funded Research and Development Centers
        4. Outreach Programs
    D. Technology Leveraging Programs
        1. Independent Research and Development Program
        2. Advanced Concepts and Technology Program
        3. Army Efforts With Other DoD Agencies
        4. Army Efforts With Other Federal Agencies
        5. Army Efforts With Industry
    E. International Technology Leveraging
        1. International Cooperation Policy
        2. International Cooperation
        3. Army International Organizations
        4. Opportunities
        5. Army Digitization Program
        6. Future Trends
        7. Summary

Abbreviations

Volume II

Annex A. Science and Technology Objectives
   
Technology Transition (Vol. I, Ch. III)
        Aviation (Section D)
        Command, Control, Communications, And Computers (Section E)
        Intelligence And Electronic Warfare (Section F)
        Mounted Forces (Section G)
        Close Combat Light (Section H)
        Soldier (Section I)
        Combat Health Support (Section J)
        Nuclear, Biological, And Chemical (Section K)
        Air And Missile Defense (Section L)
       
Engineer And Mine Warfare (Section M)
        Fire Support (Section N)
        Logistics (Section O)
        Training (Section P)
        Space (Section Q)
    Technology Development (Vol I, Ch. IV)
        Aerospace Propulsion And Power (Section C)
        Air Vehicle (Section D)
        Individual Survivability And Sustainability (Section F)
        Command, Control, And Communications (Section G)
       
Computing And Software (Section H)
        Conventional Weapons (Section I)
        Electron Devices (Section J)
        Electronic Warfare/Directed–Energy Weapons (Section K)
        Civil Engineering And Environmental Quality (Section L)
        Battlespace Environments (Section M)
        Human Systems Interface (Section N)
        Personnel Performance And Training (Section O)
        Materials, Processes, And Structures (Section P)
        Medical And Biomedical Science And Technology (Section Q)
        Sensors (Section R)
        Ground Vehicles (Section S)
    Infrastructure (Vol. I, Ch. VI)
        Distributed Interactive Simulation (Section C)

Annex B. Advanced Technology Demonstrations

Annex C. Interaction with TRADOC
   A. Introduction
    B. Integrated Future Operational Capabilities
        1. Command and Control
        2. Communication
        3. Information Management
        4. Mobility/Countermobility
        5. Sustainment
        6. Lethality
        7. Survivability
        8. Training
    C. Branch/Functional Unique Future Operational Capabilities
        1. Chaplain School
        2. Chemical School
        3. Combat Service Support Battle Laboratory
        4. Early Entry Lethality and Survivability Battle Laboratory
        5. Engineer School
        6. Finance
        7. Medical
        8. Ordnance School
        9. Quartermaster School
        10. Space
    D. Abbreviations

Annex D. Space and Missile Defense Technologies
    A. Purpose
    B. Introduction
    C. Requirements
        1. Technology Drivers (Threat Summary)
        2. Linkage of Technology to Future Operational Capabilities
        3. Relationship to Joint Vision 2010
        4. Relationship to Army Vision 2010
   D. Technology Development Programs
        1. Introduction
        2. Current Level of Technology Maturity
        3. Technology Programs
        4. Demonstration Programs
    E. Opportunities for Technology Infusion
        1. Theater Missile Defense
        2. National Missile Defense
    F. Abbreviations
    G. References

Annex E. Global Technology Capabilities and Trends
   A. Strategic Overview
        1. Background
        2. Vision
        3. Role of Annex E in International Programs
        4. Country Capabilities and Trends Analysis
        5. The Future
        6. Technology Assessments
    B. Near– and Mid–Term International Cooperative Opportunities
        1. Opportunity Assessment Overview
        2. Aerospace Propulsion and Power
        3. Air Vehicles
        4. Chemical and Biological Defense
        5. Individual Survivability and Sustainability
        6. Command, Control, and Communications
        7. Computing and Software
        8. Conventional Weapons
        9. Electron Devices
        10. Electronic Warfare/Directed Energy Weapons
        11. Civil Engineering and Environmental Quality
        12. Battlespace Environments
        13. Human Systems Interface
        14. Personnel Performance and Training
        15. Materials, Processes, and Structures
        16. Medical and Biomedical Science and Technology
        17. Sensors
        18. Ground Vehicles
        19. Manufacturing Science and Technology
        20. Modeling and Simulation
    C. International Research Capabilities and Long–Term Opportunities
        1. Overview
       
2. Mathematical Sciences
        3. Computer and Information Sciences
        4. Physics
        5. Chemistry
        6. Materials Science
        7. Electronics Research
        8. Mechanical Sciences
        9. Atmospheric Sciences
        10. Terrestrial Sciences
        11. Medical Research
        12. Biological Sciences
        13. Behavioral, Cognitive, and Neural Sciences
    D. Abbreviations

Annex F. U.S. Special Operations Command Technology Overview
   A. Introduction
    B. Future Vision
    C. Technology Program
        1. Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Detection, Classification, Neutralization, and Protection Systems
        2. Lightweight, Low–Volume Survival, Sustainment, and Personal Equipment
        3. Advanced Vision Devices, Sensors, Fire Controls for SOF Weapons, and Human Sensory Enhancement and Performance Amplification Equipment
        4. Lightweight, Low–Volume Power Supply, Storage, Management, and Generation Technologies
        5. Enhanced SOF Mobility and Attack Platforms With Increased Speed and Range, Decreased Detectability, and True All–Weather Capabilities
        6. Improved Digital Transmission, Switching, Information Transfer Automation, and Human–to–Machine Interface Communications (C4I) Technologies
        7. Automated Information Warfare (IW) Systems Enhancements to Influence and Protect Information Systems, Links and Nodes
        8. Passive Shallow Water/Terrestrial Mine, Explosive, and Boobytrap Detection, Identification, and Neutralization Technologies
        9. Clandestine Target Locating, Tracking, and Marking Technologies
        10. Future Force Application Weapons and Munitions, Enhanced Explosives and Munitions, and Nonlethal Technologies
        11. Advanced Learning, Training, and Mission Planning/Rehearsal Technologies
    D. Leveraging the Army Technology Base
    E. Abbreviations

Annex G. Logistics
    A. Looking to the Future
    B. Revolution in Military Logistics
    C. RML Technology Enabling Areas
    D. Horizontal Integration of R&D Initiatives
    E. Logistics Requirements to Project and Sustain the Force
        1. RML Domain—Force Projection
        2. RML Domain—Force Sustainment
    F. Abbreviations


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