News 1998 Army Science and Technology Master Plan



The Army Legacy

The Army Science and Technology Master Plan describes the development and maturation of technologies for the Army’s future systems and system upgrades. Indeed, it is this transition of technology into affordable systems and capabilities that makes the S&T program a sound investment. Over the last 60 years, Army R&D has developed and fielded a number of significant product and process technologies, some of which are highlighted in Table I–6. Figures I–34, I–35, and I–36 highlight some of the S&T contributions to Army aviation, tanks, and howitzers. The impact of these technologies on military operations has been significant. Army S&T products helped win the cold war, Operation Just Cause, and Operation Desert Storm. Beginning in the 1980s, past Army investments from basic science through subsystem components have made the United States the leader in night vision capability (Figure I–37). Today’s investments will likewise lead to compact power for 21st century applications (Figure I–38).

Table I–6.  Army R&D Accomplishments

1990s

Hypertonic saline dexton effectively resuscitates after significant hemorrhage; poses no hazard to renal function
CORE–LOC concrete armor unit for breakwaters
Full–color, thin–film electroluminescent, one–million–pixel, flat–panel display
Composite hull for armored vehicles
Produced enzymatically active human acetylcholinesterase using recombinant DNA techniques
Airborne standoff minefield detection system
Second–generation FLIR
Food and Drug Administration licensure of halofantrine
Insects for biological control of problem aquatic plants
Rock rubble antipenetration shielding
Day/night, adverse–weather pilotage systems (D/NAPS)
Gene code in drug–resistant malaria strains analogous to that in human cancer cells resistant to anticancer drugs
Intrinsic chemical markers for food safety to validate the safety (i.e., sterility) of thermoprocessed particulate foods

1980s

AIDS diagnostic and staging schemes published for wide usage
Resin–based, nontoxic skin decontamination kit fielded
Pretreatment, improved antidote, and anticonvulsant therapy for nerve agent poisoning
Ballistic–laser protective spectacles fielded
High–precision missile terminal imaging
Mefloquine, antimalarial drug fielded
All–composite aircraft demonstrated
Image processing
Personnel selection, classification, and assignment for formation of volunteer Army
Wire strike protection system fielded

1970s

Reverse osmosis water purification fielded
Frequency–hopping radios
Fiber optics applications: fly–by–light, fiber–optic guided missile (FOGM), communications
Lightweight, flexible body armor
Meals, ready to eat (MRE)
High–burn–rate, solid–rocket–fuel technology
First practical hit–rotor system demonstrated
Superlattice electronics
First–generation thermal imager fielded

1960s

Meningitis vaccine developed
Individual and vehicle ceramic armor
Inertial surveying for field artillery demonstrated
Freeze–dried compressed foods introduced
Fast Fourier transform developed
Sulfamylon, an antibacterial cream, developed for treatment of burns
First starlight scope fielded
Laser rangefinder
Rubella virus (German measles) isolated
Laser semiactive guidance invented and demonstrated

1950s

Global standard for time measurement
Photolithographic process for printed circuit boards
First weather/communications satellites
Solar cells for satellites
Redstone rocket—Army first in space
Turbine power for helicopter fielded
Dehydration/freeze drying of foods made practical
Mouth–to–mouth resuscitation developed
Image intensifier scope
T1–6A1–4V titanium alloy for aircraft developed

1940s

Iodine tables for individual water purification
First specific cure for typhoid fever
First synthetic quartz
ENIAC, first modern electronic computer
First supersonic wind tunnel
Atomic bomb fielded
Helicopter first flown
Engine for first American jet fighter
Whole blood preservation
Proximity fuze


Figure I-34. Aviation - Past and Future
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Figure I-34. Aviation - Past and Future

Figure I-35. S&T Contributions to Abrams Tank
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Figure I-35. S&T Contributions to Abrams Tank

Figure I-36. Howitzers - Past and Future
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Figure I-36. Howitzers - Past and Future

Figure I-37. Evolution of Second-Generation FLIR Technology
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Figure I-37. Evolution of Second-Generation FLIR Technology

Figure I-38. The Future of Compact Power Technology
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Figure I-38. The Future of Compact Power Technology

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