FM 101-5-1
Operational Terms and Graphics


Appendix E

Multiservice Tactical Brevity Codes


This appendix standardizes air-to-air, surface-to-air, and air-to-surface brevity code words. The scope is limited to those brevity codes used in multiservice operations and does not include words unique to single service operations. While these codes are not authoritative in nature, all services agree to their meanings. Using the codes eases coordination and improves understanding during multiservice operations. The codes are intended for use by air and ground operations personnel at the tactical level.

A-D E-J K-P R-Y


CODE LIST

ABORT(ING)(ED)

ACTION

ACTIVE

ADD( )

Directive/informative call to cease action/attack/event/mission.

Directive to initiate a briefed attack sequence or maneuver.

Indicates an emitter is radiating.

Directive call to add a specific (system) or (electronic order of battle (EOB) category) to search responsibility.

ALARM Directive/informative call indicating the termination of emission control(EMCON) procedures.
ALLIGATOR

ALPHA CHECK

ANCHOR(ED)

Link-11/ tactical digital information link (TADIL) A.

Request for/confirmation of bearing and range to described point.

1. Orbit about a specific point; refueling track flown by tanker.

2. Informative call to indicate a turning engagement about a specific location.

ANGELS

ARIZONA

Height of friendly aircraft in thousands of feet.

No antiradiation missile (ARM) ordnance remaining.

AS FRAGGED Unit or element will be performing exactly as stated by the air tasking order (ATO).
AUTHENTICATE

AUTOCAT

AZIMUTH

To request or provide a response for a coded challenge.

Any communications relay using automatic retransmissions.

Two or more groups separated in bearing.

BANDIT A positively identified enemy aircraft. The term is a function of identification anddoes not necessarily imply direction or authority to engage.
BANZAI Informative call/directive to execute launch and defend tactics.
BASE (Number) Reference number used to indicate such information as headings, altitude, and fuels.
BEAD WINDOW

BEAM(ING)

Last transmission potentially disclosed unauthorized information.

Target maneuvering (Direction) stabilized within 70 to 110 degree aspect; generally given with cardinal directions: east, west, north, or south.

BENT

BINGO

System indicated is inoperative.

Prebriefed fuel state which is needed for recovery using prebriefed parameters.

BIRD

BIRD(S) AFFIRM

Friendly surface-to-air missile (SAM).

Surface to Air (S/A) informative call indicating unit is able and prepared to engage a specified target with SAMs (presumes target is within or will enter the SAM engagement envelope).

BIRD(S) AWAY

BIRD(S) NEGAT

Friendly SAM has been fired at designated target.

S/A informative call indicating unit is unable to engage a specified target with SAMS. Opposite of BIRDS(AFFIRM)

BITTERSWEET Notification of possible BLUE ON BLUE situation relative to a designated track or friendly aircraft.
BLANK A suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) aircraft does not detect any emitters of interest.
BLIND No visual contact with friendly aircraft/ground position; opposite of VISUAL.
BLOW THROUGH Directive/informative call that indicates aircraft will continue straight ahead at the merge and not turn with target/targets.
BOGEY

BOGEY DOPE

BOX

A radar or visual contact whose identity is unknown.

Request for target information as briefed/available.

Groups/contacts/formations in a square or offset square.

BRAA Ttactical controlformat providing target bearing, range, altitude, and aspect relative to a friendly aircraft.
BRACKET Indicates geometry where friendly aircraft will maneuver to a position on opposing sides, either laterally or vertically from the target.
BREAK (Direction) Directive to perform an immediate maximum performance turn in the direction indicated; assumes a defensive situation.
BREAKAWAY Tanker or receiver directive call indicating immediate vertical and nose/tail separation between tanker and receiver is required.
BREVITY Radio frequency is becoming saturated, degraded, or jammed and briefer transmissions must follow.
BROADCAST

BROKE LOCK

Request/directive to switch to broadcast control.

Loss of radar/infrared (IR) lock-on (advisory).

BRUISER Friendly air-launched antiship missile (ASM)( for example, HARPOON, EXOCET, PENGUIN).
BUDDY LOCK Locked to a known friendly aircraft; normally a response to a SPIKE or BUDDY SPIKE call and accompanied with position/heading/altitude.
BUDDY SPIKE Friendly aircraft air-to-air indication on radar warning receiver (RWR); to be followed by position/heading/altitude.
BUGOUT
(Direction)
Separation from that particular engagement/attack/operation; no intent to re-engage/return.
BULLDOG

BULLSEYE

Friendly antiship cruise missile (ASCM).

An established point from which the position of an object can be referenced; made by cardinal/range or digital format.

BUMP/BUMP-UP A fly-up to acquire line of sight (LOS) to the target or laser designation.
BURN GLINT used to provide illumination.
BUSTER

BUZZER

Directive call to fly at maximum continuous speed (military power).

Electronic communications jamming.

CANDYGRAM Informative call to aircraft that EW targeting information is available on a briefed secure net.
CAP/CAPPING
(Location)
1. Directive call to establish an orbit at a specified location.

2. An orbit at a specified location.

CAPTURED Aircrew has identified and is able to track a specified air-to-ground (A/G) target with an onboard sensor.
CEASE
ENGAGEMENT
In air defense, break the engagement on the target specified and prepare to engage another target. Missiles in flight will continue to intercept.
CEASE FIRE Do not open fire or discontinue firing; complete intercept if weapons are in flight; continue to track
CHAMPAGNE

CHATTERMARK

An attack of three distinct groups with two in front and one behind.

Begin using briefed radio procedures to counter communications jamming.

CHEAPSHOT 1. (USAF) Active missile supported to high pulse repetition frequency (HPRF), but not medium pulse repetition frequency (MPRF).

2. (Naval) Active missile not supported to active range.

CHECK
(Left/Right)
Turn ( ) degrees left or right and maintain new heading.
CHERUBS

CHICKS

CLEAN

Height of a friendly aircraft in hundreds of feet.

Friendly aircraft.

1. No radar contacts on BANDITS, BOGIES, or aircraft of interest.

2. No visible battle damage.

3. Aircraft not carrying external stores.

CLEARED Requested action is authorized (no engaged/support roles are assumed).
CLEARED HOT

CLOAK

Ordnance release is authorized.

Directive/informative call to switch from normal external lighting to covert night vision device (NVD) only compatible lighting.

CLOSING

COLD

Decreasing in range.

1. Attack geometry will result in a pass or rollout behind the target.

2. On a leg of the combat air patrol (CAP) pointed away from the anticipated threats.

3. Group(s) heading away from fighters.

COLOR
(System/Position)
Request for information on a (system) at a stated location: usually a request for ambiguity resolution. May be used with improved data modem (IDM) data message--COLOR, DATA.
COMEOFF
(Left/Right / Low/Dry)
Directive to maneuver as indicated to either regain mutual support or to deconflict flight paths for an exchange of engaged and supporting roles; implies both VISUAL and TALLY.
COMMIT(TED) Fighter intent to engage/intercept; controller continues to provide information.
CONFETTI

CONS/CONNING

CONTACT

Chaff lane or corridor.

THREAT/BOGEY aircraft leaving contrails.

1. Sensor contact at the stated position.

2. Acknowledges sighting of a specified reference point.

CONTINUE Continue present maneuver; does not imply clearance to engage or expend ordnance.
CONTINUE DRY

COVER(ING)*

Ordnance release not authorized.

1. Directive/informative call to take S/A action or establish an air-to-air (A/A) posture that will allow engagement of a specified target or threat.

CRANK
(Direction)
F-pole maneuver; implies illuminating target at radar gimbal limits.
CUTOFF

CYCLOPS

Directive to intercept using cutoff geometry.

Any unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

DASH (#)

DATA

Aircraft position within a flight. Use if specific call sign is unknown.

Standby for IDM data message concerning (object) at stated location.

DEADEYE Informative call by an airborne laser designator indicating the laser/IR system is inoperative.
DECLARE

DEFENSIVE
(SPIKE/Missile/
SAM/MUD/AAA)

Inquiry as to the identification of a correlated group.

Aircraft is in a defensive position and maneuvering with reference to thestated condition.

DEPLOY

DIVERT

DOLLY

DRAG(ING)
(Direction)

Directive to maneuver to briefed positioning.

Proceed to alternate mission/base.

Link-4A/TADIL C.

1. (USAF) Target stabilized at 0 to 60 degrees aspect.

2. (Naval) Target stabilized at 120 to 180 degrees aspect.

DROP(ING) 1. Directive/informative call to stop monitoring a specified emitter/target and resume search responsibilities.


2. Remove the emitter/target from tacical picture/track stores.

DUCK* Tactical air-launched decoy (TALD).

ECHELON Groups/contacts/formation with wingman displaced approximately 45 degrees behind leader's 3/9 line.
ECHO Positive SEESAW/electronic warfare weapons system (EWWS)/ System M/Mode X reply.
ENGAGED Maneuvering with the intent to kill; this implies visual/radar acquisition of target.
ESTIMATE Provides estimate of the size, range, height, or other parameter of a specified contact; implies degradation.
EXTEND
(Direction)
Short-term maneuver to gain energy, distance, or separation; normally with the intent of re-engaging.
EYEBALL( ) 1. Fighter with primary visual identification responsibility.

2. Electro-optical (EO)/IR/NVD acquisition of an aircraft. Normally followed by ( ) number of aircraft observed.

FADED

FAST

Radar contact is lost. (Termination of track plotting is not warranted).

Target speed is estimated to be 600 knots ground speed/Mach 1 or greater.

FATHER

FEET WET/DRY

FENCE (IN/OUT)

Tactical air navigation system (TACAN) station.

Flying over water/land.

Set cockpit switches as appropriate prior to entering/exiting the combat area.

FLANK(ING) 1. (USAF) Target with a stable aspect of 120 to 150 degrees.

2. (Naval) Target with stable aspect of 30 to 60 degrees.

FLASH (System) Temporarily turn on prebriefed identification, friend or foe (IFF) mode or system.
FLOAT Directive/informative call to expand the formation laterally within visual limits to maintain a radar contact or prepare for a defensive response.
FOX (Number) Simulated/actual launch of air-to-air weapons.

ONE - semiactive radar-guided missile.

TWO - infrared-guided missile.

THREE - active radar-guided missile.

FOX MIKE

FRIENDLY

FURBALL

GADGET

Very high frequency (VHF)/frequency modulated (FM) radio.

A positively identified friendly contact.

A turning fight involving multiple aircraft.

Radar or emitter equipment.

GATE Directive/informative call to fly as quickly as possible, using after- burner/maximum power.
GIMBAL
(Direction)
Radar target is approaching azimuth or elevation limits.
GO ACTIVE

GO CLEAR

GOGGLE/
DEGOGGLE

GORILLA

GO SECURE

Go to briefed Have Quick net.

Use unencrypted voice communications.

Directive/informative call to put on/
take off NVDs.

Large force of indeterminate numbers and formation.

Use encrypted voice communications.

GRANDSLAM All HOSTILE aircraft of a designated track (or against which a mission was tasked) are shot down.
GREEN (Direction)

GREYHOUND

Direction determined to be clearest of enemy air-to-air activity.

Friendly ground attack cruise missile (for. example, Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) and Conventional Air-Launched Cruise Missile (CALCM).

GROUP Radar targets within approximately 3 nautical miles (NMs) of each other.
GUNS

HARD (Direction)

HEAD/
HEAD ON

An air-to-air or air-to-surface gunshot.

High-G, energy-sustaining turn.

1. (USAF) Target with an aspect of 160 to 180 degrees.

2. (Naval) Target with an aspect of 0 to 20 degrees.

HEADS UP

HEAVY*

HIGH*

HIT(S)

Alert of an activity of interest.

A group known to contain three or more entities.

Between 25,000 and 40,000 feet mean sea level (MSL).

1. Air-to-air (A/A) momentary radar returns search. (Indicates approximate altitude information from fighter.)

2. Air-to-ground (A/G) weapons impact within lethal distance.

HOLD DOWN

HOLDING HANDS

HOLD FIRE

Directive to key transmitter for direction-finding (DF) steer.

Aircraft in visual formation.

An emergency fire control order used to stop firing on a designated target, to include destruction of any missiles in flight.

HOME PLATE

HOOK (Left/Right)

HOSTILE*

Home airfield or carrier.

Directive to perform an in-place 180-degree turn.

A contact positively identified as enemy upon which clearance to fire is authorized in accordance with theater rules of engagement.

HOT 1. Attack geometry will result in rollout in front of the target.

2. On a leg of the CAP pointing toward the anticipated threats.

3. Threat group heading towards fighters; opposite of COLD.

4. Ordnance employment intended or completed.

HOTDOG Informative/directive call that an aircraft is approaching or at a specified stand-off distance from the sovereign airspace of a nation (as defined by national boundaries or territorial sea and airspace). (COLOR may indicate additional standoff distance.) Follow briefed procedures.
HOTEL FOX

HUSKY

High frequency (HF) radio.

(Naval) Air Intercept Missile (AIM)-120 supported to HPRF active range; same as USAF CHEAPSHOT.

ID 1. Directive to identify the target.

2. Identification accomplished, followed by type.

IN (Direction) Informative call indicating a turn to a hot aspect relative to a THREAT/TARGET.
INDIA

INTERROGATE

JACKAL

JOKER*

Mode IV.

Interrogate the designated contact of the IFF mode indicated.

Surveillance network participating group (NPG) of Link 16/TADIL J.

Fuel state above BINGO at which separation/bugout/event termination should begin.

JUDY Aircrew has radar/visual contact on the correct target, has taken control of the intercept, and only requires situation awareness information. Controller will minimize radio transmissions.

KILL 1. Clearance to fire.

2. In training, a fighter call to indicate kill criteria have been fulfilled.

KNOCK IT OFF Directive to cease air combat maneuvers/attacks/exercise activities.
LADDER

LASER ON

LEAD-TRAIL

Three or more groups/contacts in range.

Directive to start laser designation.

Tactical formation of two contacts within a group separated in range or following one another.

LEAKER(S) Airborne threat has passed through a defensive layer. Call should include amplifying information.
LINE ABREAST

LIGHTS ON/OFF

LOCKED
(BRAA/Direction)

Two contacts within a group side by side.

Directive to turn on/off exterior lights.

Final radar lock-on; sort is not assumed.

LOST CONTACT

LOST LOCK

LOW*

MAGNUM

MAPPING

MARKING

MARSHAL(ING)

MEDIUM*

MERGE(D)

Radar contact lost (DROP track is recommended.)

Loss of radar/IR lock-on (advisory).

Target altitude below 10,000 feet above ground level (AGL).

Launch of friendly antiradiation missile

Multifunction radar in an A/G mode.

Friendly aircraft leaving contrails.

Establish(ed) at a specific point.

Target altitude between 10,000 feet AGL and 25,000 feet MSL.

1. Information that friendlies and targets have arrived in the same visual arena.

2. Call indicating radar returns have come together.

MICKEY

MIDNIGHT

Have Quick Time-of-Day (TOD) signal.

Informative call advising that C2 functions are no longer available; opposite of SUNRISE.

MONITOR

MOTHER

MUD
(Type/Direction)

Maintain radar awareness on or assume responsibility for specified group.

Parent ship.

Indicates RWR ground threat displayed followed by clock position and type.

MUSIC Electronic radar jamming. (On air interdiction (AI) radar, electronic deceptive jamming.)
NAILS Radar warning receiver indication of AI radar in search. Add clock position/azimuth, if known.
NAKED

NEW PICTURE

No RWR indications.

Used by controller or aircrew when tactical picture has changed. Supersedes all previous calls and re-establishes picture for all players.

NO FACTOR

NO JOY

Not a threat.

Aircrew does not have visual contact with the TARGET/ BANDIT/ landmark; opposite of TALLY.

NOTCH
(Direction)
All-aspect missile defensive maneuver to place threat radar/missile on the beam.
OFF (Direction) Informative call indicating attack is terminated and maneuvering to the indicated direction.
OFFSET
(Direction)
Informative call indicating maneuver in a specified direction with reference to the target.
ON STATION

OPENING

OUT (Direction)

Informative call unit/aircraft has reached assigned station.

Increasing in range.

Informative call indicating a turn to a cold aspect relative to the threat; opposite of IN.

OUTLAW Informative call that a bogey has met point of origin criteria.
PACKAGE

PADLOCKED

Geographically isolated collection of groups/contacts/formations.

Informative call indicating aircrew cannot take eyes off an aircraft or a surface position without risk of losing TALLY/VISUAL.

PAINT (S) Interrogated group/radar contact that is responding with any of the specified IFF modes and correct codes establihed for the ID criteria.
PARROT

PICTURE

IFF transponder.

Provide tactical situation status pertinent to mission.

PIGEONS
(Location)
Magnetic bearing and range to HOMEPLATE (or specified destination).
PINCE/PINCER

PITBULL

Threat maneuvering for a bracket attack.

1. Informative call AIM-120 is at MPRF active range.

2. AIM-54 at active range.

PLAYMATE

PLAYTIME

Cooperating aircraft.

Amount of time aircraft can remain on station.

POGO Switch to communication channel number preceding POGO. If unable to establish communications, switch to channel number following POGO. If no channel number follows POGO, return to this channel.
POP

POPEYE

POPUP

POSIT

Starting climb for air-to-surface attack.

Flying in clouds or area of reduced visibility.

Informative call that a contact has suddenly appeared.

Request for position; response in terms of a geographic landmark, or off a common reference point.

POST ATTACK
(Direction)
Directive transmission to indicate desired direction after completion of intercept/engagement.
POST HOLE

PRESS

Rapid descending spiral.

Directive to continue the attack; mutual support will be maintained. Supportive role will be assumed.

PRINT (TYPE)

PUMP

Valid noncooperative target recognition (NCTR) reply.

A briefed maneuver to low aspect to stop closure on the threat or geographical boundary with the intent to re-engage.

PURE

PUSH(Channel)

PUSHING

PUSHING

Informative call indicating pure pursuit is being used or directive to go pure pursuit.

Go to designated frequency. No acknowledgment required.

Departing designated point.

Informative call that said group(s) have turned cold and will continue to be monitored.

RANGE*

RAYGUN
(Position/Heading/
Altitude)

Two or more groups separated primarily in distance along the same bearing.

1. Indicates a radar lock-on to unknown aircraft; a request for a BUDDY SPIKE reply from friendly aircraft meeting these parameters (to prevent fratricide).

REFERENCE
(Direction)
Directive to assume stated heading.
REPORTED
(Type)
Identification of an object or a contact by an intelligence system.
RESET

RESUME

RETROGRADE

Proceed to a prebriefed position or area of operation.

Resume last formation/ station/mission ordered.

Directive to withdraw from present position or area of operation in response to a threat.

RIDER A BOGEY that is conforming with safe passage routing/airspeed/altitude procedures.
RIFLE

RIPPLE

ROLEX (+/-Time)

Air-to-ground missile (AGM)-65 Maverick launch.

Two or more munitions released or fired in close succession.

Time-line adjustment in minutes from preplanned mission execution time.(Plus means later; minus means earlier).

ROPE

SADDLED

Illumination of an aircraft with an IR pointer.

Informative call from wingman/element indicating the return to briefed formation position.

SAM (Direction) Visual acquisition of a SAM or SAM launch; should include position.
SANDWICHED A situation where an aircraft/element is positioned between opposing aircraft/elements.
SAUNTER

SCRAM
(Direction)

Fly at best endurance.

Emergency directive to egress for defensive or survival reasons.

SCRAMBLE

SCUD

SEPARATE

SHACKLE

Takeoff as quickly as possible.

Any threat theater/tactical ballistic missile (TBM).

Leave a specific engagement; may or may not reenter.

One WEAVE, a single crossing of flight paths; maneuver to adjust/regain formation parameters.

SHADOW

SHIFT

SHOOTER

SHOTGUN

Follow indicated target.

Directive to shift laser illumination.

Aircraft/unit designated to employ ordnance.

Prebriefed weapons state at which SEPARATION/BUGOUT should begin.

SKATE

SKIP IT

SKOSH

SKUNK

SLAPSHOT
(Type/Bearing)

Informative call/directive to execute launch and leave tactics.

Veto of fighter COMMIT, usually followed with further directions.

Aircraft is out of or unable to employ active radar missiles.

A radar or visual maritime surface contact whose identity is unknown.

Directive for an aircraft to employ a range-unknown high-speed antiradiation missile (HARM) against a specified threat at the specified bearing.

SLIDE Directive call to high value airborne asset (HVAA) to continue present mission while extending range from target in response to perceived threat.
SLOW*

SMASH

SMOKE

SNAKE

SNAP(Direction)

SNIPER

Target with a ground speed of 300 knots or less.

Directive to turn on/off anticollision lights.

Smoke marker used to mark a position.

Directive to oscillate an IR pointer about a target.

An immediate vector to the group described.

Directive for an aircraft to employ a range-known HARM against a specified threat at the specified location.

SNOOZE

SORT

Directive/informative call indicating initiation of EMCON procedures.

Directive to assign responsibility within a group; criteria can be met visually, electronically (radar), or both.

SORTED

SOUR

Sort responsibility has been met.

1. Equipment indicated is operating inefficiently.

2. Invalid response to an administrative IFF check. (Opposite of SWEET.)

SPADES An integrated group/radar contact which lacks at the ATO (or equivalent) IFF modes and codeds required for the ID criteria.
SPARKLE Target marking by IR pointer; target marking by gunship or forward air controller (airborne) (FAC-A) using incendiary rounds.
SPIKE RWR indication of an AI threat in track, launch, or unknown mode; include bearing, clock position, and threat type, if known.
SPIN

SPITTER
(Direction)

Directive/informative call to execute a prebriefed timing/spacing maneuver.

An aircraft that has departed from the engagement or is departing the engaged fighters' targeting responsibility.

SPLASH 1. (A/A) Target destroyed.

2. (A/G) Weapons impact.

SPLIT An informative call that a flight member is leaving formation to engage a threat; visual may not be maintained.
SPOOFING

SPOT*

SQUAWK ( )

STACK

Informative call that voice deception is being employed.

Acquisition of laser designation.

Operate IFF as indicated or IFF is operating as indicated.

Two or more groups/contacts/formations with a high/low altitude separation in relation to each other.

STATUS

STEADY

STEER

STERN

STINGER

STOP

STRANGER

STRANGLE ( )

STRIP

Request for tactical situation.

Directive to stop oscillation of IR pointer.

Set magnetic heading indicated.

Request for, or directive to, intercept using stern geometry.

Within a group, a formation of three or more aircraft with a single aircraft in trail.

Stop IR illumination of a target.

Unidentified traffic that is not associated with the action in progress.

Turn off equipment indicated.

Individual fighter/section is leaving the formation to pursue separate attacks.

STRIPPED Informative call from wingman/element indicating out of briefed formation/position.
STROBE

SUNSHINE

Radar indications of noise jamming.

Directive or informative call indicating illumination of target is being conducted with artificial illumination.

SUNRISE Informative call that C2 functions are available (opposite of MIDNIGHT).
SWEET 1. Equipment indicated is operating efficiently.

2. Valid response to an administrative IFF check.(Opposite of SOUR.)

SWITCH(ED)

TACTICAL

Indicates an attacker is changing from one aircraft to another.

Request/directive to switch to tactical control.

TAG (system
w/position)
Known identification of a specific (system) at the stated location; may be used with IDM data message, (for example, TAG DATA).
TALLY Sighting of a TARGET,BANDIT, BOGEY, or enemy position; opposite of NO JOY.
TARGET ( )

TARGETED ( )

TEN SECONDS

Directive to assign group responsibility to aircraft in a flight.

Group responsibility has been met.

Directive to terminal controller to standby for LASER ON call in approximately 10 seconds.

TERMINATE 1. Stop laser illumination of a target.

2. Cease local engagement without affecting the overall exercise.

THREAT
(Direction)
Untargeted HOSTILE/BANDIT/BOGEY within prebriefed range/aspect of a friendly.
THROTTLES

TIED

TIGER

TIMBER

TRACKING

Reduction in power to decrease IR signature.

Positive radar contact with element/aircraft.

Enough fuel and ordnance to accept a COMMIT.

Air control NPG of Link 16/TADIL J.

1. Stabilized gun solution.
2. Continuous illumination of a target.
3. Contact heading.

TRAILER*

TRASHED

TRESPASS
(Position)

The last aircraft in a group(s).

Informative call that missile has been defeated.

The addressed flight is entering a S/A threat ring of a specific system at the stated location.

TUMBLEWEED Indicates limited situational awareness; NO JOY, BLIND; a request for information.
UNABLE

UNIFORM

VAMPIRE

VERY HIGH*

VIC

Cannot comply as requested/directed.

Ultrahigh frequency (UHF) radio.

Hostile antiship missile (ASM).

Above 40,000 feet MSL.

Three groups, contacts, or formations with the single closest in range and two contacts, azimuth split, in trail.

VICTOR

VISUAL

WALL

WARNING (color)

VHF/amplitude modulation (AM) radio.

Sighting of a friendly aircraft/ground position; opposite of BLIND.

Three or more groups or contactsprimarily split in azimuth.

Hostile attack is—
RED - imminent or in progress.
YELLOW - probable.
WHITE - improbable (all clear).

WEAPONS ( ) Fire only—
FREE at targets not identified as friendly in accordance with current rules ofengagement (ROE).
TIGHT at targets positively identified as hostile in accordance with current
ROE.
HOLD*(USA,USMC)
SAFE (USN)
in self-defense or in response to a formal order.
WEEDS

WHAT LUCK

WHAT STATE

Indicates that fixed-wing aircraft are operating below 2,000 feet AGL.

Request for results of missions or tasks.

Report amount of fuel and missiles remaining. Ammunition and oxygen are reported only when specifically requested or critical.
( ) Active = number of active radar missiles remaining.
( ) Radar = number of semiactive radar missiles remaining.
( ) Heat = number of IR missiles remaining.
( ) Fuel = pounds of fuel or time remaining.

WINCHESTER

WORDS

WORKING

No ordnance remaining.

Directive or interrogative regarding furhter information or directives pertinent to mission.

1. A SEAD aircraft is gathering (EOB) on a designated emitter; generally followed by signal type, (SAM/AAA/group) bearing, and range, if able.
2.Aircraft executing electronic identification (EID) on a specific aircraft/group to obtain identification necessary for beyond visual range (BVR) employment.

YARDSTICK Directive to use A/A TACAN for ranging.

Updated 27 July 1997.

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