FM 101-5-1
Operational Terms and Graphics

Chapter 1


faker (JP 1-02) - A friendly aircraft simulating a hostile in an air defense exercise. (See also air defense.) See FM 44-100.

fallout (JP 1-02, NATO) - The precipitation to earth of radioactive particulate matter from a nuclear cloud; also applied to the particulate matter itself. (See also downwind hazard area, radiation dose, radiation dose rate, and radiation status (RS).) See FM 3-3-1.

family of scatterable mine (FASCAM) - A grouping of munitions that dispense scatterable mines (scatmines) by artillery, helicopter, fixed wing, or ground launchers. There are antipersonnel and antitank mines. All US scatmines self-destruct at preset times. The self-destruct times depend on the type of munition. (See also minefield and scatterable mines.) See FMs 5-71-100, 6-series, and 20-32.

fascines - Large cylindrical bundles of material, usually wooden poles or plastic or metal pipe loosely bound together, which are dropped into ditches or gaps to create crossings. (See also block and obstacle.) See FM 5-102.

feint - A type of attack used as a deception intended to draw the enemy's attention away from the area of the main attack. This induces the enemy to move his reserves or to shift his fire support in reaction to the feint. Feints must appear real and therefore require some contact with the enemy. Usually a limited-objective attack ranging in size from a raid to a supporting attack is conducted. (See also attack, deception, demonstration, display, and ruse.) See FMs 6-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 90-2, 100-5, and 100-15.

field exercise (JP 1-02, NATO) - An exercise conducted in the field under simulated war conditions in which troops and armament of one side are actually present, while those of the other side may be imaginary or in outline. (See also command post exercise (CPX).) See FMs 25-100, 25-101, and 101-5.

field of fire (JP 1-02, NATO) - The area which a weapon or a group of weapons may cover effectively with fire from a given position. (See also intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB), enfilading fire, battle position (BP), and dead space.) See FMs 7-7, 7-8, and 7-10.

field fortifications (JP 1-02, NATO) - An emplacement or shelter of a temporary nature which can be constructed with reasonable facility by units requiring no more than minor engineer supervisory and equipment participation. (See also battle position (BP), emplacement, and strongpoint (SP).) See FM 5-103.

field services - Essential services to enhance a soldier's quality of life during operations. They include food preparation, water purification, mortuary affairs support, airdrop support, laundry and shower services, and cloth and light textile repair. See FM 10-1.

field trains - The combat service support portion of a unit at company, battalion, and brigade level that is positioned in the brigade support area with the forward support battalion and other support elements pushed forward from the division main support battalion. At company level, supply and mess teams normally will be located in the battalion field trains. A battalion's field trains may include mess teams and the portion of the supply section of the support platoon, a maintenance element, and ammunition and petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) elements not forward in the combat trains. (See also combat trains and unit trains.) See FMs 7-30, 7-123, 63-2, and 63-20.

field trains command post (FTCP) (Army) - At the battalion and squadron levels, the place from which the HHC/HHT commander controls the field trains operations. See FMs 7-7, 7-8, and 7-20.

fighter liaison officer (FLO) (Army) - A member of the tactical air control party . He is responsible to the corps air liaison officer (ALO) and provides specific knowledge and expertise on the employment of fighter attack aircraft.

final coordination line (FCL) - A line close to the enemy position used to coordinate the lifting or shifting of supporting fires with the final deployment of maneuver elements. It should be recognizable on the ground. It is not a fire support coordination measure. (See also assault.) See FMs 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, and 71-123.

final protective fire (FPF) (JP 1-02, NATO) - An immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across defensive lines or areas. (See also battle position (BP), defend, and final protective line (FPL).) See FMs 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, and 71-123.

final protective line (FPL) - A line of fire selected where an enemy assault is to be checked by interlocking fire from all available weapons and obstacles. (See also dead space, field of fire, final protective fire (FPF), and principal direction of fire (PDF).) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, and 71-123.

fire (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. The command given to discharge a weapon(s). 2. To detonate the main explosive charge by means of a firing system. (Army) - 1. The act of discharging a weapon(s), launching rockets and missiles, or detonating an explosive. 2. The receiving of the effects of weapon(s) ammunition and explosions.

fire base (FB) - 1. An area used during air assault operations from which a unit is moved via helicopters and supports the air assault operation's main effort with direct or indirect fires. 2. An area in hostile or insurgent territory which has a 360-degree defense and which supports combat patrols or larger operations with combat support and combat service support assets. (See also echelonment.) See FM 71-100-3.

fire command - A specific sequence of information given by a control authority (for example, a vehicle commander or fire direction center) that causes a crew to begin performing a sequence of actions and provides detailed direction to choose the ammunition type, aim the weapon, and engage the target. Each element given by the controller requires a response from a crew member to ensure correct aiming and engagement. After the initial fire command, subsequent fire commands using the same sequence of information can be used to adjust the point of impact to ensure the desired target effect. See FMs 6-series, 7-90, 7-91, 17-12, and 23-1.

fire direction center (FDC) (JP 1-02, NATO) - That element of a command post, consisting of gunnery and communication personnel and equipment, by means of which the commander exercises fire direction and/or fire control. The fire direction center receives target intelligence and requests for fire, and translates them into appropriate fire direction. (Army) - Provides timely and effective tactical and technical fire control in support of current operations. See FMs 6-20 series and 7-90.

fire for effect (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. Fire which is delivered after the mean point of impact or burst is within the desired distance of the target or adjusting/ranging point. 2. Term in a call for fire to indicate the adjustment/ranging is satisfactory and fire for effect is desired. (Army) - That volume of fires delivered on a target to achieve the desired effect. (See also destroy, final protective fire (FPF), fire mission, neutralize, and suppression.) See FMs 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30 and 71-123.

fire mission (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. Specific assignment given to a firing unit as part of a definite plan. 2. Order used to alert the weapon/battery area and indicate that the message following is a call for fire. (See also call for fire, cease loading, and fire support element (FSE)) See FMs 6-20 series and 7-90.

fire and movement - The concept of applying fires from all sources to suppress, neutralize, or destroy the enemy, and the tactical movement of combat forces in relation to the enemy (as components of maneuver is applicable at all echelons). At the squad level, it entails a team placing suppressive fire on the enemy as another team moves against or around the enemy. (See also bounding overwatch, formation, movement technique, and support by fire.) See FMs 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, and 71-123.

fire plan (JP 1-02, NATO) - A tactical plan for using the weapons of a unit or formation so that their fire will be coordinated. (See also offensive operations, defend, air defense, fire support, and final protective fire (FPF).) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, and 71-123.

firepower (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. The amount of fire which may be delivered by a position, unit, or weapon system. 2. Ability to deliver fire. (Army) - The potential capacity (product) of all weapons and attack systems available to the force commander. (See also combat power, fire plan, and mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available (METT-T).) See FMs 1-113, 6-20, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

fires - The delivery of all types of ordnance through both direct and indirect means, as well as nonlethal means, that contribute to the destruction, disruption, or suppression of the enemy; facilitate tactical movement; and achieve a decisive impact. See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

fire support - The collective and coordinated integration and synchronization of the fires and effects of armed aircraft, land-based and sea-based indirect fire systems, and electronic warfare systems that directly support combat forces against ground targets to delay, disrupt, or destroy enemy forces, combat formations, and facilities in pursuit of operational and tactical objectives. (See also combined arms and fire support plan.) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 100-5, and 100-15.

fire support area (FSA) - A sea area in which a ship may position or cruise while firing in support of ground forces. (See also fire support station (FSS) and naval gunfire support (NGFS.) See FM 6-series.

fire support coordinating measure (JP 1-02) - A measure employed by land or amphibious commanders to facilitate the rapid engagement of targets and simultaneously provide safeguards for friendly forces. (Army) - In close coordination with supporting air asset commanders. (See also fire support coordination.) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

fire support coordination (JP 1-02, NATO) - The planning and executing of fire so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons. (See also fire support coordinating measure.) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

fire support coordination line (FSCL) (JP 1-02) - A line established by the appropriate land or amphibious force commander to ensure coordination of fire not under the commanderÁs control but which may affect current tactical operations. The FSCL is used to coordinate fires of air, ground, or sea weapons systems using any type of ammunition against surface targets. The FSCL should follow well-defined terrain features. The establishment of the FSCL must be coordinated with the appropriate tactical air commander and other supporting elements. Supporting elements may attack targets forward of the FSCL without prior coordination with the land or amphibious force commander provided the attack will not produce adverse surface effects on or to the rear of the line. Attacks against surface targets behind this line must be coordinated with the appropriate land or amphibious force commander. (Army) - A permissive fire control measure established and adjusted by the ground commander in consultation with superior, subordinate, supporting, and other affected commanders. It is not a boundary; synchronization of operations on either side of the FSCL is the responsibility of the establishing commander out to the limits of the land component forward boundary. It applies to all fires of air, land, and sea weapon systems using any type of ammunition against surface targets. Forces attacking targets beyond the FSCL must inform all affected commanders to allow necessary coordination to avoid fratricide. (See also boundary, coordinated fire line (CFL), and fire support coordinating measure.) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, 100-15, and JP 3-0.

fire support element (FSE) (Army) - A functional portion of a force tactical operations center that provides centralized targeting, coordination, and integration of fires delivered on surface targets by fire support means under the control of or in support of the force. This element is staffed from the field artillery headquarters or field artillery staff section of the force and representatives of other fire support means. (See also fire support coordinating measure and fire support plan.) See FMs 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

fire support plan - A plan on how indirect fires and target acquisition will be used to support an operation. It should include a portion for each means of fire support involved. (See also counterfire, fire support, fire support coordination, list of targets, operation order (OPORD), and target list.) See FMs 6-20 series and 101-5.

fire support station (FSS) (Army) - A specified position at sea from which a ship must fire in support of ground forces. This is very restrictive and puts the ship at greatest risk. (See also fire support area (FSA) and naval gunfire support (NGFS).) See FM 6-20 series.

fire support team (FIST) (Army) - In fire support operations, a team comprised of a team chief (field artillery lieutenant) and the necessary additional personnel and equipment required to plan, request, coordinate, and direct fire support efforts for company-sized units. (See also fire support element (FSE).) See FMs 6-20-20 and 7-10.

firing circuit (JP 1-02) - 1. In land operations, an electrical circuit and/or pyrotechnic loop designed to detonate connected charges from a firing point. 2. In naval mine warfare, that part of a mine circuit which either completes the detonator circuit or operates a ship counter. See FMs 5-71-100 and 5-250.

first destination reporting point (FDRP) (Army) - A point manned by a movement regulating team, a movement control team, or military police that diverts a driver and cargo to an alternate consignee or destination. See FM 55-10.

fix (JP 1-02, NATO) - A position determined from terrestrial, electronic, or astronomical data. (See also way point.) (Army) - 1. A tactical task in which actions are taken to prevent the enemy from moving any part of his forces either from a specific location or for a specific period of time by holding or surrounding them to prevent their withdrawal for use elsewhere. 2. A tactical obstacle effect that integrates fire planning and obstacle effort to slow an attacker within a specified area-normally an engagement area. (See also block, contain, disrupt, support by fire, and turn.) See FMs 1-112, 5-71-100, 5-102, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 90-7, 100-5, and 100-15.

flank guard (JP 1-02, NATO) - A security element operating to the flank of a moving or stationary force to protect it from enemy ground observation, direct fire, and surprise attack. (See also screen and security operations.) See FMs 1-111, 1-112, 1-116, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, and 100-5.

flash blindness (JP 1-02, NATO) - Impairment of vision resulting from an intense flash of light. It includes temporary or permanent loss of visual functions and may be associated with retinal burns. (See also dazzle and directed-energy warfare (DEW).) See FM 100-30.

flight coordination center (FCC) (Army) - A primary Army air traffic control agency that is subordinate to the flight operations center (FOC). It provides flight following as well as information on air traffic movement within its assigned area; monitors Army aircraft operations and provides hostile activity warnings to Army aviation units operating in the airspace; passes instrument flight rules flight plans to the airspace management center for approval and visual flight rules flight plans to the appropriate air traffic services facility; establishes liaison with the air defense command post; and provides a communications link between terminal facilities of existing airfields, other nearby airfields, division command posts, other FCCs, and the FOC when the FCC locates in a division area. See FMs 1-111 and 100-103.

flight corridor - A restricted air route of travel specified for use by friendly aircraft and established to prevent friendly aircraft from being fired on by friendly forces. It is used to deconflict artillery firing positions with aviation traffic. (See also air control point (ACP), air corridor, communications checkpoint (CCP), and low-level transit route (LLTR).) See FMs 1-111, 71-100-3, and 100-103.

flight following (JP 1-02, NATO) - The task of maintaining contact with specified aircraft for the purpose of determining en route progress and/or flight termination. (See also air control point (ACP), air corridor, and communications checkpoint (CCP).) See FMs 1-111 and 100-103.

flight operations center (FOC) (JP 1-02) - The element of the tactical Army air traffic regulation system which provides for aircraft flight following, separation of aircraft under instrument conditions, and identification of friendly aircraft to friendly air defense agencies. (Army) - The senior Army Air Traffic Control Agency for an Army corps. It is normally collocated with the USAF Control and Reporting Center (CRC). As a minimum, the CRC and FOC are electronically connected. The FOC locates in the corps area of operations; conducts flight following, and supervises the operations of the flight coordination center, but is primarily an information center. See FM 1-111.

float - Logistics support that provides major assembly replacement for a piece of equipment which is repairable but will take an extraordinary amount of time to repair.

follow - A term used to broadly define the order of movement of committed or uncommitted combat, combat support, and combat service support forces in a given combat operation. The term is a tactical task in which maneuver control measures must be used.

follow and assume - An operation in which a committed force follows a force conducting an offensive operation and is prepared to continue the mission of the force it is following when that force is fixed, attrited, or otherwise unable to continue. Such a force is not a reserve but is committed to accomplish specified tasks. (See also attack and offensive operations.) See FMs 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

follow-on echelon - Forces moved into the objective area by air or surface after the assault echelon of an airborne, air assault, or amphibious operation to sustain the defense and to conduct offensive operations as part of the larger force after linkup. Normally, it includes follow-on elements of the maintenance unit, headquarters elements, and elements of the supply and service battalion. (See also air assault, assault echelon, and rear echelon.) See FMs 1-111, 7-20, 7-30, 71-100-2, 71-100-3, 90-4, and 90-26.

follow and support - An operation in which a committed force follows and supports the mission accomplishment of a force conducting an offensive operation. Such a force is not a reserve but is committed to accomplish any or all of these tasks: destroy bypassed units; relieve in place any direct pressure or encircling force that has halted to contain the enemy; block movement of enemy reinforcements; secure lines of communication; guard prisoners, key areas, and installations; secure key terrain; and control refugees. (See also direct pressure force, encircling force, exploitation, and pursuit.) See FMs 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, 100-15, and 101-5.

force projection - The movement of military forces from the continental United States (CONUS) or a theater in response to requirements of war or stability and support operations. Force-projection operations extend from mobilization and deployment of forces, to redeployment to CONUS or home theater, to subsequent mobilization. Force projection includes the following eight stages: mobilization; predeployment activity; deployment; entry operations; operations; war termination and post conflict operations; redeployment and reconstitution; and demobilization. See FMs 71-100, 100-5, 100-15, 100-20, and 100-30.

force protection (JP 1-02) - Security program designed to protect soldiers, civilian employees, family members, facilities, and equipment, in all locations and situations, accomplished through planned and integrated application of combatting terrorism, physical security, operations security, personal protective services, and supported by intelligence, counterintelligence, and other security programs. (Army) - One of the four primary elements that combine to create combat power. It conserves the fighting potential of a force. The four components of force protection are: operational security and deception operations; the soldier's health and morale; safety; and the avoidance of fratricide. (See also peace operations.) See FMs 100-5, 100-15, and 100-23.

ford - A shallow part of a body of water or wet gap that can be crossed without bridging, boats, ferries, or rafts. It is a location in a water barrier where the physical characteristics of current, bottom, and approaches permit the passage of personnel, vehicles, and other equipment where the wheels or tracks remain in contact with the bottom at all times. (See also gap, reconnaissance (recon, recce), and river crossing.) See FMs 5-100, 5-101, and 17-95.

foreign internal defense (FID) (JP 1-02) - Participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency. See FM 100-20.

formation (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. An ordered arrangement of troops and/or vehicles for a specific purpose. 2. An ordered arrangement of two or more ships, units, or aircraft, proceeding together under a commander. (Army) - Types of formations include: box, column, diamond, line, vee, wedge, echelon (right or left). (See also box formation, column formation, diamond formation, echelon formation, line formation, movement formation, vee formation, and wedge formation.) See FMs 1-111, 1-112, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, and 71-123.

form of tactical operations (Army) - A distinct tactical activity with a unique set of doctrinal characteristics, such as movement to contact or area defense. (See also choices of maneuver, tactical task, and type of operation.)

forward area - A location near an enemy or a hostile force or persons.

forward arming and refueling point (FARP) - A temporary facility that is organized, equipped, and deployed by an aviation commander, and is normally located in the main battle area closer to the area of operations than the aviation unit's combat service support area. It provides fuel and ammunition necessary for the employment of aviation maneuver units in combat. It permits combat aircraft to rapidly refuel and rearm simultaneously. See FMs 1-111, 7-30, 71-100, 100-15, and 100-103.

forward assembly area (FAA) - A temporary area where aviation units gather to prepare for a mission that is forward of the aviation brigade's assembly area and airfield, but not as far forward as the attack position. Aircraft may be in the FAA for short or long durations based on METT-T. See FMs 1-111 and 71-100-3.

forward boundary - The farthest limit, in the direction of the enemy, of an organization's responsibility. The organization is responsible for deep operations to that limit. The next higher headquarters is responsible for coordinating deep operations beyond that limit. In offensive operations, the forward boundary may move from phase line to phase line, depending on the battlefield situation.

forward defense - A choice of defensive maneuver where the majority of a unit's combat power is deployed in a generally linear manner along or near the forward edge of the battle area (FEBA). Security, reconnaissance, and counterreconnaissance forces are employed forward of the FEBA. The objective of this choice of maneuver is to destroy the enemy in the vicinity of the FEBA. Counterattacks forward of the defending forces are critical to this choice of maneuver. The perimeter defense is a type of forward defense. (See also choices of maneuver and defensive operations.)

forward edge of the battle area (FEBA) (JP 1-02, NATO) - The foremost limits of a series of areas in which ground combat units are deployed, excluding the areas in which the covering or screening forces are operating, designated to coordinate fire support, the positioning of (MBA).) See FMs 1-111, 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

forward line of own troops (FLOT) (JP 1-02) - A line which indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time. The FLOT normally identifies the forward location of covering and screening forces. (Army) - The FLOT may be at, beyond, or short of the FEBA. An enemy FLOT indicates the forward most position of hostile forces. (See also line of contact (LC).) See FMs 1-111, 6-20 series, 7-20, 7-30, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

forward logistics base (FLB) (Army) - The area occupied by multifunctional forward logistics elements of a support battalion, group, or command when it echelons its assets to provide critical support to combat forces. This base may be the first stage of the development of a support area. See FM 10-1.

forward logistics element (FLE) (Army) - A multifunctional forward logistics element task-organized to support fast-moving offensive operations, early phases of contingency operations, and units geographically separated from normal support channels. The FLE operates out of a forward logistics base. See FM 63-2-1.

forward observer (FO) (JP 1-02) - An observer operating with front line troops and trained to adjust ground or naval gunfire and pass back battlefield information. In the absence of a forward air controller, the observer may control close air support strikes. See FM 6-20 series and FM 7-10.

forward operating base (USMC) - An airfield used to support tactical operations without establishing full support facilities. The base may be used for an extended time period. Support by a main operating base will be required to provide backup support for a forward operating base. See FMFRP 0-14.

forward operations base (FOB) (JP 1-02) - In special operations, a base usually located in friendly territory or afloat that is established to extend command and control or communications or to provide support for training and tactical operations. Facilities may be established for temporary or longer duration operations and may include an airfield or an unimproved airstrip, an anchorage, or a pier. A forward operations base may be the location of special operations component headquarters or a smaller unit that is controlled and/or supported by a main operations base. (See also advanced operations base (AOB) and main operations base (MOB).) See FMs 71-100-3 and 100-25.

forward-presence units - Those US active component forces and reserve forces assigned or deployed overseas in a specific theater.

forward slope (JP 1-02, NATO) - Any slope which descends toward the enemy. See FM 21-26.

fragmentary order (FRAGO) (JP 1-02) - An abbreviated form of an operation order, usually issued on a day-to-day basis, that eliminates the need for restating information contained in a basic operation order. It may be issued in sections. (Army) - A form of operation order which contains information of immediate concern to subordinates. It is an oral, a digital, or a written message that provides brief, specific, and timely instructions without loss of clarity. It is issued after an operation order to change or modify that order or to execute a branch or sequel to that order. See FM 101-5.

fratricide - The employment of friendly weapons and munitions with the intent to kill the enemy or destroy his equipment or facilities, which results in the unforeseen or unintentional death, injury, or damage to friendly personnel or equipment. See FMs 1-111, 6-20, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, 100-15, and 101-5.

free fire area (FFA) - A specific designated area into which any weapon system may fire without additional coordination with the establishing headquarters. Normally, it is established on identifiable terrain by division or higher headquarters. (See also fire support coordination and rules of engagement (ROE).) See FM 6-20 series.

friendly (JP 1-02) - A contact positively identified as friendly. (Army) - It may be part of the same force, whether allied, joint, coalition, partisan, or multinational.

friendly fire (JP 1-02) - In casualty reporting, a casualty circumstance applicable to persons killed in action or wounded in action mistakenly or accidentally by friendly forces actively engaged with the enemy, who are directing fire at a hostile force or what is thought to be a hostile force. (See also casualty and fratricide.)

friendly force information requirements (FFIR) - Information the commander and staff need about the forces available for the operation. This includes personnel, maintenance, supply, ammunition, and petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) status, and experience and leadership capabilities. See FM 101-5.

front (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. The lateral space occupied by an element measured from the extremity of one flank to the extremity of the other flank. 2. The direction of the enemy. 3. The line of contact of two opposing forces. 4. When a combat situation does not exist or is not assumed, the direction toward which the command is faced. (See also forward edge of the battle area (FEBA) and forward line of own troops (FLOT).) See FMs 1-111, 6-20, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

frontage - The width of the front plus that distance beyond the flanks covered by observation and fire by a unit in combat. (See also front.)

frontal attack (JP 1-02, NATO) - 1. An offensive maneuver in which the main action is directed against the front of the enemy forces. (DOD) 2. In air intercept, an attack by an interceptor aircraft that terminates with a heading crossing angle greater than 135 degrees. (See also assault and offensive operations.) See FMs 1-111, 7-7, 7-8, 7-10, 7-20, 7-30, 17-95, 71-100, 71-123, 100-5, and 100-15.

full mission capable (FMC) (JP 1-02) - Material condition of an aircraft or training device indicating that it can perform all of its missions. (See also deadline.) See FMs 63-2, 63-2-1, 63-6, 63-20, and 63-21.

full mobilization. See mobilization.

functional component command (JP 1-02) - A command normally, but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more Military Departments which may be established across the range of military operations to perform particular operational missions that may be of short duration or may extend over a period of time. (See also command relationship.) See FMs 100-5, 100-15, and JP 3-0.

Updated 27 July 1997.

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