Joint Operations Center


DRAFT 21 June, 1999
Go back to: Corps as a Warfighting Headquarters
Associated sections: Administration, G/J3 ] Civil Military Operations Center ] Current Operations Cell ] G/J 35 Cell ] Information Operations Cell ] [ Joint Operations Center ] NBC ] Rules Of Engagement Cell ] Training and Exercises Cell ] Weather Cell ]

Contents Subordinate Cells
Briefings
Facilities
Functions
General
Manning
Organization
Operational Tasks
Reporting
Security
SOP
Team Chief
Air Operations Cell
Joint Fires Element
Joint Search and Rescue Center
Joint Targeting Board
Land Operations Cell
Maritime Operations Cell
Special Operations Cell

General.

The organization and functions of the EAC HQ’s JOC staff vary depending on the mission and organization of the parent command that forms the nucleus of the EAC HQ’s. The size, organization and functions of the EAC HQ’s G/J/C3 directorate and Operations Center are determined by the Commander, EAC HQ’s (CEAC HQ’s). The following provides a suggested organization for the G/J/C3 Directorate.

This section on the JOC is further descriptive in terms of procedures as the JOC does bring together components as well as all the staff functions.  This is opposed to a homogious staff or component of habitualy relationships and procedures.  The procedures listed here are consider the minimum "jump start" coordnation requirements to transition a JOC from its initial ad hoc groiuping into a coordinated team effort.

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Organization.

Manned and equipped to conduct 24-hour operations. The primary agency of the operations staff is the JOC.  The JOC must have a minimum of an element or cell from every assigned subordiate unit and staff representative from all EAC staff sections.  The primary responsibility of the JOC is to integrate all tasks performed by the EAC accross all units and staffs.  Additional minimum organization includes a liaison team permanently assigned to the JOC for coordination between all assigned units, agencies and multinational or coalition forces.

Put in ED 55-11 and JTF 140 JOC organization chart here.

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Manning

Joint Operations Center

Corps

ARFOR

JFLCC

JTF

ASCC

Remarks

JOC Chief

O5-O6

O5-O6

O6

(JOC)

JOC Chief, Asst

O5

O5

(JOC)

JOC NCOIC

E8

E8

E8

(JOC)

Asst JOC NCOIC

E7

E7

(JOC)

J3 Secretary

E5

E5

(JOC)

Admin NCOIC OPS

E5-E7*

E5-E7*

E5

(JOC) *2 total

DOC/MSG/CTL NCOIC OPS

E6

E6

(JOC)

Admin Clerk

E4*

E4*

(JOC) *5 total

Operations RTO

E4*

E4*

(JOC) *5 total

Ops Driver

E4

E4

(JOC)

Illustrator/Driver

E4*

E4*

(JOC) *2 total

Illustrator

E4

E4

(JOC)

Procurement Off

O4-O5

O4-O5

O4-O5

(JOC)

Acquisition Off

O4-O5

O4-O5

O4-O5

(JOC)

 

Function

Billets

Corps

ARFOR

JFLCC

JTF

ASCC

Remarks

AIR OPS

Air Ops Off

O4-O5*

O4-O5*

O4-O5

(JOC) *2 AF when task orgd

AIR OPS

Air Ops Off

O3-O4*

O3-O4*

O3-O4

(JOC) *AF when task orgd

AIR OPS

Air Ops NCOIC

E7*

E7*

E7

(JOC) *3 AF when task orgd

LAND OPS

Ground Ops Off

O4*

O4*

O4

(JOC) *1 each ground svce

LAND OPS

Ground Ops Coord

O4*

O4

(JOC) *2 AF when task orgd

LAND OPS

Ground Ops NCOIC

E7*

E7*

E8

(JOC) *1 each ground svce

MARITIME

Surface Amphib Ops Off

O5*

O5*

(JOC) *Navy when in spt

MARITIME

Surface Amphib Ops Off

O4*

O4*

(JOC) *2 Navy when in spt

MARITIME

Sub/Mine Ops Off

O4*

O4*

(JOC) *2 Navy when in spt

MARITIME

Naval Air Ops Coord

O3-O5*

O3-O5*

(JOC) *Navy when in spt

MARITIME

Marine Air Ops Coord

O3-O5*

O3-O5*

(JOC) *USMC when task orgd

MARITIME

Amphib Ops Coord

O3-O5*

O3-O5*

(JOC) *USMC when task orgd

MARITIME

Surface Ops CPO

E7*

E7*

(JOC) *2 Navy when in spt

 

JOC Sub-section

Billets

Corps

ARFOR

JFLCC

JTF

ASCC

Remarks

SOF CELL

Special Ops Chief

O5

O5

O5

(JOC)

SOF CELL

Dep Planner

O4-O5

O4-O5

O4

(JOC)

SOF CELL

SGM

E9

E9

E9

(JOC)

SOF CELL

Ranger Planner

O4

O4

(JOC)

SOF CELL

SOF Planner

O4

O4

(JOC)

SOF CELL

SOF Watch Officer

O3-O4

O3-O4

(JOC) 2 each when task orgd

SOF CELL

Marine SOF Officer

O4*

O4*

(JOC) *USMC when task orgd

SOF CELL

PSYOP NCOIC OPS Planner

E8

E8

E8

(JOC)

SOF CELL

PSYOP Off Planr

O4

O4

E8

(JOC)

SOF CELL

SEAL Ops Officer

O4*

O4*

(JOC) *Navy when in spt

SOF CELL

SOF Tech

CW3*

CW3*

(JOC) *SOC

SOF CELL

Joint Recon Officer

O3-O4

O3-O4

(JOC)

SOF CELL

Ops NCO

E6

E6

E8

(JOC)

SOF CELL

MCS Operator/Clerk

E5

E5

(JOC)

 

JOC Sub-section

Billets

Corps

ARFOR

JFLCC

JTF

ASCC

Remarks

Weather Opns

JMETOC Off

O4-O5

(JOC)

Weather Opns

JMO, Asst

O3-O4*

(JOC) *AF when service assd

Weather Opns

METOC Off

O2-O3

(JOC)

Weather Opns

SWO

O3*

(JOC) *2 AF when service assd

Weather Opns

METOC Obs/Aerographer

O3*

(JOC) *Navy if in spt

Weather Opns

METOC Obs/Aerographer

E5*

(JOC) *Navy if in spt

Weather Opns

METOC Staff Craftsman

E6-E7

(JOC)

Weather Opns

METOC Craftsman

E5*

(JOC) *AF when assd

Weather Opns

METOC Journeyman

E4*

(JOC) *AF when service assd

Weather Opns

Radio Supervisor

E6

E6

E6

(JOC) Army

Weather Opns

SR Radio Op/Maint

E5

E5

E5

(JOC) Army

Weather Opns

Radio Op/Maint

E3-E4*

E3-E4*

E3-E4*

(JOC) *2 total all Army

Weather Opns

Joint Meteorological Forecast OIC

O2-O3

(JOC) AF when task orgd

Weather Opns

Joint Meteorological Forecast NCOIC OPSIC

E8-E9

(JOC) Navy when in spt

Weather Opns

Weather Forecaster

E-6*

(JOC) *AF when task orgd

Weather Opns

Joint Meteorological Forecast Aerographer

E5-E6*

(JOC) *4 Navy when in spt

Weather Opns

Joint Meteorological Forecast Craftsman

E5-E6*

(JOC) *3 AF when task orgd

Weather Opns

Joint Meteorological Forecast Journeyman

E4-E5*

(JOC) *2 AF when task orgd

 

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Universal Joint Operational Tasks the JOC performs.

This list represents the maximum menu of possible tasks the JOC could expect to perform.  See definitions for explanation of the terms: lead, coordinated and contributing.

NUMBER

Tasks

JOC

OP 1

Employ Operational System of Obstacles.

LEAD

OP 1.1.1

Formulate Request For Startegic Deployment to Theater of Operations/JOA

COORDINATED

OP 1.2.3

Concentrate Forces in Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 1.2.5

Conduct Offensive Operations in Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 1.2.6

Conduct Defensive Operations in Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 1.2.7

Conduct Retrograde Operations in Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 1.3.1

Overcome Operationally Significant Barriers, Obstacles, and Mines.

LEAD

OP 1.4

Provide Operational Countermobility.

LEAD

OP 1.4.2

Plan and Execute Sanctions/Embargo.

LEAD

OP 1.4.3

Plan and Execute Blockade.

LEAD

OP 1.4.4

Plan and Execute Maritime Interception.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 1.5.1

Control Operationally Significant Land Area.

LEAD

OP 1.5.4

Isolate Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 2

Provide Operational Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance.

COORDINATED

OP 2.1.1

Determine and Prioritize Operational Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIR).

COORDIANTED

OP 2.2

Collect and Share Operational Information.

COORDINATED

OP 2.2.2

Directly Support Theater Strategic Surveillance and Reconnaissance Requirements.

COORDINATED

OP 2.3

Process and Exploit Collected Operational Information.

COORDINATED

OP 2.3.2

Collate Information.

COORDINATED

OP 2.3.3

Correlate Information.

COORDINATED

OP 2.4.1

Evaluate, Integrate, Analyze, and Interpret Operational Information.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 3

EMPLOY OPERATIONAL FIREPOWER.

LEAD

OP 3.1

Conduct Joint Force Targeting.

COORDINATED

OP 3.1.2

Assign Joint/Multinational Operational Firepower Resources.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 3.1.3

Develop Operational Targets.

COORDINATED

OP 3.2

Coordinate Attack Operational Targets.

COORDIANTED

OP 3.2.1

Attack Operational Land/Maritime Targets.

COORDINATED

OP 3.2.2

Conduct Non Lethal Attack on Operational Targets

COORDINATED

OP 3.2.7

Sychronize Operational Firepower

LEAD

OP 4.5.3

Recommend Evacuation Policy and Procedures for Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

OP 4.6.1

Determine Number and Location of Sustaining Bases in Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

OP 4.6.3

Expand Capacity of PODs and Allocate Space in the Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

OP 5

EXERCISE OPERATIONAL COMMAND AND CONTROL.

COORDINATED

OP 5.1

Acquire and Communicate Operational Level Information and Maintain Status.

COORDINATED

OP 5.1.3

Determine Commander’s Critical Information Requirements.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 5.2

Assess Operational Situation.

COORDINATED

OP 5.4.4

Synchronize/Integrate Operations.

COORDINATED

OP 5.6

Employ Operational Information Warfare (IW).

COORDINATED

OP 5.6.1

Plan and Integrate Operational IW.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 6.1.2

Integrate Joint/Multinational Operational Aerospace Defense.

LEAD

OP 6.2

Provide Protection for Operational Forces, Means, and Noncombatants.

CONTRIBUTING

OP 6.2.6

Conduct Evacuation of Noncombatants from Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

OP 6.2.7

Establish Disaster Control Measures.

LEAD

OP 6.3

Protect Systems and Capabilities in Theater of Operations/JOA.

LEAD

OP 6.5.2

Protect and Secure Flanks, Rear Areas, and COMMZ in Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

OP 6.5.4

Protect and Secure Air, Land, and Sea LOCs in Theater of Operations/JOA.

COORDINATED

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Army Universal Tactical Tasks the JOC Performs.

Maximum menu of possible tactical tasks from the AUTL the corps as an operational headquarters may perform.

 

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Facilities.

The JOC should be located where it can facilitate command and control of EAC HQ’s subordinate units and communicate with the supported and supporting commanders and agencies. Ideally, this location will be near existing facilities where it can take advantage of security measures, headquarters support, communications, vehicles, helicopter landing pad, messes, etc.

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Functions of the JOC.

Force/Resource Monitoring and Management. Monitors the current status of assigned forces and their resources, and provides information to aid in allocating and moving forces and material.

Planning. Assists in the preparation of plans.

Command Direction. Directs forces assigned to the EAC HQ’s and takes necessary actions within the authority delegated to the JOC by the CEAC HQ’s.

Execution Supervision. Monitors the implementation of operation orders to ensure CEAC HQ’s objectives are being met.
Situation Monitoring. Monitors the ground, air, and naval situations and continuously reviews the enemy threat. Maintains information relevant to progress of the operation.

Reporting and Recording. Prepares and submits operational reports to EAC HQ’s and other commands as required. Joint Pub 3-56.24, Message Text Formats, contains message interface and message text formats (MTFs) for JOC use. Maintains the chronological record of EAC HQ’s operational activities.

Operations Evaluation. Evaluates actions for sufficiency and develops methods to improve joint effectiveness.

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Security Procedures.

Classified Material Storage. Normally, the JOC will not be designated a SCIF. Open storage of classified material will not be authorized. Safes will be provided for classified storage.

Information Security. All personnel must be aware of sensitive classified material handling in the JOC. Appropriate security measures to safeguard classified documents and voice transmitted information will be taken.

Both secure and non-secure telephones will be available in the JOC. Callers must ensure there are no unsecured telephone lines in operation nearby when discussing classified on a STU-III.

Dispose of classified waste by using red-striped burn bags and/or shredder if available. Ensure classified waste is destroyed/disposed of separately from normal trash.

Document Accountability. TOP SECRET and SPECAT messages are accountable documents. A TOP SECRET Control Officer will be designated. JOC officers must receipt for the TOP SECRET documents and may not reproduce it without permission from the Control Officer. The Focal Point Control Officer will maintain a SPECAT Control Sheet for those messages. Authorized JOC officers will receipt for SPECAT messages as required. Focal Point Control Officers will direct reproduction and distribution of SPECAT messages as required.

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Reporting Procedures

Reports and formats required by EAC HQ’s must be specified by the assigning headquarters and provided to subordinated units and agencies. All time references used in operations will be in ZULU time.

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Standing Operating Procedures.

The following procedures are provided as a minimum guideline for JOC operations:

Mission Assumption.The EAC HQ’s assumes mission responsibility from EAC HQ’s when the JOC structure is in place and CEAC HQ’s determines he is prepared to assume the operations functions.

Mission Tracking. The Current Operations Section of the JOC is responsible for tracking current operations. Information required to support current operations is available from subordinate commands, EAC HQ’s, component commands in support of the operation and from national/international resources. The EAC HQ’s JOC should determine information required from available sources and request specific information to support the Commander’s Critical Information Requirements (CCIR) from EAC HQ’s and from all other sources which are not assigned or attached to the EAC HQ’s.

Request for additional resources. Request for additional resources (personnel or equipment) to support EAC HQ’s mission requirements must be submitted to EAC HQ’s J-3 for tasking to component commanders or the Joint Staff. EAC HQ’s will request, via record message, additional force structure or equipment required to support the EAC HQ’s mission. The EAC HQ’s does not have direct tasking authority for EAC HQ’s component commands.

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JOC Team Chief This moves to individual responsibilities linked from the billet title.

Has the overall responsibility for operation of the JOC and the processing of all G/J/C3 message traffic and correspondence. Responsibilities also include, but are not limited to:

Assuming responsibility of the G/J/C3 during periods of the G/J/C3’s absence.
Supervising the activities of the JOC liaison officers assigned.
Preparing operational briefings.

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Briefing Requirements and Procedures.

This section establishes and defines guidelines for briefings conducted in connection with JOC activities. Normally, two briefings are conducted daily to update CEAC HQ’s and his staff on the current tactical situation. These briefings are normally conducted in the morning and evening. Special briefings or on-the-spot tactical briefings may be required at any time and may be given by a designated briefing officer, officers of the JOC, or other EAC HQ’s staff members. These additional briefings may be conducted when special tactical situations arise, proposed operational plans or orders require decisions to proceed with planning, lower echelons present implementing plans or orders, and/or at the call of the CEAC HQ’s or key staff members of the EAC HQ’s. Normally EAC HQ’s staff briefings are conducted by JOC personnel under the supervision of the G/J/C3, EAC HQ’s and will normally follow an order of priority as follows.

Weather.
Intelligence.
Operations.
Logistics.
Communications.
Personnel.
Planning.
Special Staff Members, i.e., HQ COMDT, FSC, EWO, CBR, UWO, Reserve Affairs, etc.

When possible, briefings should be conducted in an EAC HQ’s briefing facility adjacent to the JOC. (Briefings conducted elsewhere tend to interrupt the orderly flow of business. The strict requirement for quiet associated with briefings precludes uses of communications facilities and brings the JOC to a standstill when briefings are conducted within the JOC).
If special briefing officers are used, they will be an integral part of the JOC and have access to all materials in the JOC.  The Chief of Staff is responsible for arranging the order of briefings and notifying principal briefer of their responsibilities. When briefings are desired from subordinate commands, the Division Chief concerned will make arrangements for the briefing.

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