Joint Staff Officers Guide AFSC Pub 1 -- 1997

Appendix H Operation Order (OPORD)

Adapted from Joint Pub 1-03.8 (to become CJCSM 3150.05), Joint Pub 5-03.1 (to be published as CJCSM 3122.01), and MIL-STD 6040.

 

This appendix contains a description of the general format for an operation order (OPORD) used in Crisis Action Planning (CAP), and an overview of the kinds of information included in it and how that information is organized. Annex J to Joint Pub 5-03.1 (to be published as CJCSM 3122.01), parts of which are used in this description, contains a detailed example of an OPORD. This appendix is offered as a general reference, most useful to those who do not have ready access to the joint publications from which it is adapted, but need to understand what information is included in an OPORD and how it is organized. The OPORD is an OPREP-formatted message document. This appendix describes generically the types of information included in that format and gives general examples. MIL-STD 6040 series includes detailed information on message text formatting. Always refer to actual joint publications for complete details.

1. TRANSMISSION INFORMATION. Standard message transmission information is included. The message is from the command originating the OPORD, normally the supported commander. Appropriate planning participants and supporting and subordinate commands as identified by the originator are action addressees. Information addressees are all other interested planning participants as determined by the originator and, in some cases, specific addressees identified in the implementing directive. Distribution is by policy and procedure of the issuing headquarters.

 

FROM: USCINCCENT MACDILL AFB FL

TO: CJCS WASHINGTON DC

USCINCLANT NORFOLK VA

USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE

CINCFOR FT MCPHERSON GA

USCINCPAC HONOLULU HI

USCINCSPACE PETERSON AFB CO

USCINCSO QUARRY HEIGHTS PM

USCINCSOC MACDILL AFB FL

USCINCSTRAT OFFUTT AFB NE

USCINCTRANS SCOTT AFB IL

DIRNSA FT GEORGE G MEADE MD

INFO: WHITE HOUSE SITUATION ROOM WASHINGTON DC

SECSTATE WASHINGTON DC

SECDEF WASHINGTON DC

CSA WASHINGTON DC

CNO WASHINGTON DC

CSAF WASHINGTON DC

CMC WASHINGTON DC

CDRUSELNORAD PETERSON AFB CO

DISTR: CINC/DCINC/CCJ1/CCJ2/CCJ3/CCJ4/7/CCJ5/CCJ6

REF/B/ORDER/CJCS/270300ZNOV_____//

NARR/JOINT STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES PLAN (FY), CJCS ALERT ORDER//

ORDTYP/OPORD/USCINCCENT..XXX//

MAP/1015/BLUELAND//

MAP/1020/ORANGELAND//

NARR/SCALE 1:100,000//

TIMEZONE/Z//

2. TASK ORGANIZATION. This section describes the task organization and forces required to conduct the operation. Forces may or may not be sourced, depending on the point to which detailed planning has progressed when the OPORD is sent. Information should be given in sufficient detail so all concerned understand the size and composition of forces involved, and the command organization to be used to employ them.

5UNIT

/UNITDES /UNITLOC /CMNTS

/USCINCCENT /MACDILL AFB, FL

/USCINCLANT /NORFOLK, VA

/USCINCEUR /VAIHINGEN, GE

/USCINCPAC /CAMP SMITH, HI

/USCINCTRANS /SCOTT AFB, IL /2 TACTICAL AIRLIFT

SQ, 6 KC-10

/USCINCSTRAT /OFFUTT AFB, NE 2 RC-135

/CINCFOR /FT MCPHERSON, GA

/NSA/CSS

/HQ USCENTCOM FWD - /(JTF 1000)

/HQ USARCENT (MINUS)

/1 ARMOR BDE (PLUS)

/1 INF BDE (M) (PLUS)

/1 PSYOP CO

/HQ USCENTAF (MINUS)

/1 TFW

HQ AMC SCOTT AFB IL//CC//

CDRMTMC FALLS CHURCH VA

COMSC WASHINGTON DC

DISA WASHINGTON DC

DIA WASHINGTON DC

DLA CAMERON STATION VA

HQ DMA FAIRFAX VA

CIA WASHINGTON DC

CENTRAL IMAGERY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC

COMDT COGARD WASHINGTON DC

COMUSARCENT FT MCPHERSON GA

USCENTAF SHAW AFB SC//CC//

COMUSNAVCENT

CINCLANTFLT NORFOLK VA

CG FMFLANT

CINCPACFLT PEARL HARBOR HI

CINCPACAF HICKAM AFB HI

CG FMFPAC

CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK

HQ ACC LANGLEY AFB VA//CC//

CDRJCSE MACDILL AFB FL

3. BEGINNING TEXT. This section of the OPORD contains the security classification of the message, message identification information, references, time zone reference, and identification of the supported operation.

C L A S S I F I C A T I O N

OPER/BLUENOSE//

MSGID/ORDER/USCINCCENT//

AMPN/SPECIAL HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS//

REF/A/DOC/CJCS/211742ZNOV _____//

/1 RESCUE WG

/1 RECON SQ

/4 E-3A (AWACS)

/HQ USNAVCENT (MINUS)

/SUPPORTING FORCES

/COMSUPNAVFOR

/CTG 60.1 (CVBG)

/15 MEB

/MPS

/VP SQDN (P-3) //

4. SITUATION. Give briefly the general picture, so that subordinate commanders will understand the current situation, under the following headings.

a. Enemy Forces. Give composition, disposition, location, movements, estimated strengths, identification, and capabilities. Summarize the enemy situation in the intended area of operations. References may be made to other record documents that amplify information included here.

b. Friendly Forces. Give information on friendly forces that may directly affect the action of subordinate commanders. These forces include those not attached or organic to the command for the contemplated operation, but whose presence on a flank or other adjacent area is of interest. Include information on such forces that subordinate commanders need to know to accomplish their tasks.

5. MISSION. State clearly and concisely the task of the commander and its purpose. The mission of the command as a whole for the contemplated operation is stated here in full.

6. EXECUTION. Summarize the overall course of action intended, or concept of operations. In subsequent paragraphs, assign specific tasks to each element of the task organization charged with the execution of operations required to accomplish the concept of operations or support those operations, and give details of coordination and task organization not already given in the task organization section. Instructions applicable to two or more elements of the task organization can be set forth in a final paragraph of this section headed "coordinating instructions."

a. Concept of Operations. Describe, in brief, how the commander visualizes the execution of the operation from start to completion. Accurately convey to subordinates the commanderís intent so that mission accomplishment is possible in the time available and in the absence of additional communications or further instructions. The concept should set forth the phases of the operation; schemes of maneuver for major subordinate task elements that describe precisely what the commander expects to be done; general plans for employment of supporting fires and weapons, including nuclear and chemical weapons; and the general plan for the landing force in amphibious operations.

b. Task Assignments. Following the concept of operations, subsequent paragraphs of the execution section assign specific tasks to each element of the task organization charged with execution of operations to accomplish the concept of operations.

c. Coordinating Instructions. The last paragraph in the execution section contains coordinating instructions pertaining to two or more elements of the task organization. Typically, such instructions might include boundaries, objectives, beaches, lines of departure, time and direction of attack, and other specifics needed to coordinate the activities of different task elements. Other information is also included, such as reporting instructions, anticipated time of execution (D-day and H-hour), and when the order becomes effective for planning and/or execution.

7. ADMINISTRATION AND LOGISTICS. State administrative and logistics arrangements applicable to the operation. Describe the manner of logistics support for the contemplated operation. Include enough information to make clear the basic concept for logistics support. Summarize the overall operation from the combat service and combat service support perspectives. List materiel and services for supply, maintenance, transportation, and construction, and allocation of labor for logistics purposes. List plans and policies for hospitalization and evacuation of military and civilian personnel. List unit strengths, replacements, and personnel policies and procedures, including those pertaining to civilians and enemy prisoners of war. Describe control of civil population, refugees, and other relevant civil affairs matters. In many cases, reference to administration and logistics policies and procedures in an existing plan as amended by the OPORD will suffice.

8. COMMAND AND SIGNAL. Include signal, recognition, and identification instructions; electronic policy; headquarters locations and movements; code words; code names and liaison.

a. Command, Control, and Communications. Give information about pertinent command, control, and communications nets; operating procedures; recognition and identification procedures; electronic emission constraints; and so on. A separate annex may be required, or reference to an existing plan may be made.

b. Command. Joint operations can have complex command relationships. Joint OPORDs must be specific concerning these arrangements, including shifts that may take place as the operation progresses from one phase to the next. Clearly state all command relationships. Include command posts, alternate command posts. flagships, and alternate flagships along with their times of activation and deactivation.