NAVAL RESERVE TRAINING
Ref: (a) COMNAVSURFRESFORINST 3502.1A Volumes I through V (COMNAVSURFRESFOR
Master Training Plan)
1301. General. The Naval Reserve consists of Ready, Standby, and Retired Reservists. Reservists in a pay status are called Selected Reservists (SELRES). Selected Reservists are organized into units with specific mobilization billets on board active commands. Training of those units not assigned to Naval Reserve Force (NRF) ships is normally accomplished at Naval Reserve Centers, central reserve drill sites with shipboard simulators, and on board active ships during weekend Inactive Duty Training (IDT) periods and/or two week Annual Training (AT) periods. The establishment of a close working relationship between the parent command and their naval reserve units is required to maximize readiness for mobilization.
1302. Training Philosophy. A primary objective in the training of the SELRES is the integration of individuals and units with their active duty counterparts. This integration permits the SELRES to perform the same or similar functions as those personnel assigned to active duty and enhances their ability to perform their assigned mission when mobilized. To the maximum extent possible, commanding officers should work to foster a close working relationship with their counterpart reserve units by frequently communicating with them, coordinating the embarkation/debarkation of reserve unit personnel, and developing tailored training programs designed to optimize limited reserve active duty training and personnel qualification opportunities. To achieve these goals, commanding officers must recognize the inherent limitations of the Reserve training environment and develop innovative programs to overcome these limitations. Training of reservists on both NRF and active duty ships will be conducted per reference (a).
a. Reserve Training Environment
(1) Inactive Duty Training (IDT) is accomplished two days per month, usually on the weekend; Annual Training (AT) is accomplished two weeks per year.
(2) Training for individual reservists must be sequenced, well orchestrated, well defined, and must account for inherent problems of discontinuity.
b. Personnel Qualifications (NRF Ships). NRF ship commanding officers are to assign all primary crew SELRES to Condition I and III watch stations. SELRES will use PQS to train for final qualification in these watch stations. Qualification time lines are as assigned by the commanding officer, commensurate with drill and annual training time available, present ship's employment, prior active duty, and PQS qualifications documented in service record page 4's. Once PQS qualified for their Condition I and III assignments, SELRES may undertake other PQS, such as inport watch stations and ESWS. General DC and 3M qualifications should be accomplished early in the SELRES' tour of duty in conjunction with initial Condition I and III watch station PQS. This watch station assignment/job accomplishment policy applies only to the NRF primary crew SELRES and not to the SELRES who perform one time annual training in support of fleet operations.
c. Active Ship Augment Unit SELRES Training. Active commands must provide on-scene evaluation to ensure the adequacy of reserve training programs. NRF ships also train Ship Augment Units (SAUs). These units drill on board their gaining commands one weekend per quarter; other monthly IDTs are conducted at reserve centers or other training facilities. These units train to Reserve Billet Training Plans vice NRF ships' training plans.
(1) Each reserve unit is required to determine the applicable billet qualification requirements from its Reserve Billet Training Plan (RBTP), if issued, through liaison with the active command.
(2) Reserve unit commanding officers can sign off interim qualifications for unit members who complete all of their training requirements. However, final qualifications must be approved by active unit commanding officers during IDT/AT.
(3) Once certified, reserve personnel should be enrolled in an appropriate post-qualification program. Certification is indicated on the AT check-off list (CHNAVRES 1571/1).
(4) IDT is a weekend training period which is supported by a host ship. In addition to initial shipboard orientation, training should be organized to include on-the-job and formal training in equipment operation and maintenance, and damage control and watch standing. Embarked personnel should be fully integrated into the ship's daily and watch routines.
d. Annual Training (AT) may include inport or underway training based on ship operating schedules. Training should be tailored to the circumstances at hand. If the entire AT period is inport and the ship is undergoing major maintenance, the use of shore based training facilities and/or other ships for equipment operation and watch station training is encouraged. Ship schedules will reflect the particular ship's employment as Naval Reserve Training (NRT) for underway training or Reserves Embarked (REM) for inport training.
1303. Naval Reserve Force (NRF) Training Requirements. The specified wartime mission for NRF units requires that training requirements remain the same as for active duty counterparts to provide a benchmark for measuring the actual status of NRF readiness. Training objectives for NRF units are designed with the unique manning capabilities of these units considered. Naval Reserve Force unit training objectives are delineated in subsequent chapters of this manual, with departures from active duty counterpart objectives specifically indicated.