Program Status: Installation of shore TACINTEL Link Control Facilities with new hardware is
complete. Upgrading of ship hardware began in FY 1995 and will be completed in FY 2000.
Incremental hardware and software upgrades scheduled through FY 2003 and beyond will
provide the following capabilities:
Phase 1: Upgrade ship/shore equipment with IP capable devices
- Build 1: Install IP orientated software that meets Y2K compliance
- Build 2: ATM technology insertion
- Build 3: Integrate voice, data, video capability
Phase 2: Upgrade to IT21 (Information Technology for the 21st Century) Windows NT systems;
complete transition to multi-media environment via JMCOMS and ADNS
SCI ADNS has been designated as an evolutionary program allowing for continued growth and
expansion through emerging technology insertion. It provides the mechanism for phased
implementation of both planned improvements and those that surface through advancing
technology. SCI ADNS provides for the real-time exchange of tactical SCI data to afloat
operational commanders. The cornerstone of this program is the versatility and growth potential
of the processing and networking equipment which will provide network centric communications
for the SI community. The premise of using Commercial Off-The-Shelf, Government Off-The-
Shelf, Non-Developmental Items, and existing systems to meet the requirements for SI
communications will continue to be followed. To realize the JMCOMS/ADNS architecture, FY
2000 through FY 2001 funds will procure the SCI ADNS equipment necessary to implement the
IT21 architecture, providing SI communications to the Fleet.
Developer/Manufacturer: Space and Naval Warfare (SPAWAR) Systems Command, San Diego, California.
UHF Satellite Communications Follow-On
Description: The UHF Follow-On (UFO) satellite program provides eight satellites and one on-
orbit spare to replace the current UHF satellite constellation — comprising Fleet Satellite
(FLTSAT), Gapfiller, and Leased Satellite (LEASAT) systems — now nearing the end of its
extended service life. UHF SATCOM, via UFO, provides Ultra High Frequency (UHF), Super High
Frequency (SHF) Fleet Broadcast (FLTBCST) uplink only, and Extremely High Frequency (EHF)
uplink and downlink capabilities for anti-jam communications in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian
oceans, and continental United States (CONUS). The EHF payload provides anti-jam telemetry
tracking and control uplink capability, and modernizes the fleet broadcast uplink. Also, UFOs 8-10
will include a Global Broadcast System (GBS) payload. GBS uses direct broadcast technology at
an extremely high data rate to many users via very small terminals.
Program Status: Nine satellites have been procured, six satellites have been launched and are
operational. The launch of UFO 1 failed, but funds have been secured to support launch of UFO
10 to replace UFO 1. UFOs 4-10 incorporate an EHF anti-jam capability. The first launch of UFO
with GBS capability occurred in 1998. An incremental launch schedule will ensuring that the UFO
constellation will be fully in place by the end FY 1999.
Developer/Manufacturer: U.S. Navy, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (PMW-146);
Hughes, Los Angeles, California.
Tactical Aircraft Mission Planning System
Description: TAMPS is the Navy-Marine Corps standard unit-level aircraft mission planning
system. It contains data for a wide variety of aviation platforms, including the F/A-18 Hornet, F-14
Tomcat, S-3 Viking, E-2 Hawkeye, and AH-1 Cobra. TAMPS is capable of loading the F/A-18 flight software via a Data Storage Unit (DSU) with route-of-flight data that include waypoints and sequential steering files, air-to-air radar presets, Tactical Aircraft Navigation Aid (TACAN)
channels and identification files. TAMPS enables the loading of independent overlays for aircraft
software and bulk files for missile software, enabling the use of weapons such as the Stand-off
Land Attack Missile (SLAM), Joint Stand-Off Weapon (JSOW) and the Joint Direct Attack
Munition (JDAM). TAMPS is also used for loading Joint Tactical Information Distribution System
(JTIDS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) files into aircraft flight software, and it is
interoperable with the Global Command and Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M).
Program Status: In production. TAMPS reached Initial Operational Capability in 1986. A major
upgrade, TAMPS 6.1, passed operational test and was introduced into the Fleet in FY 1998.
TAMPS 6.2/6.2K was released in December 1998. The Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS)
commenced development in FY 1998.
The TAMPS program has also fielded the Navy version of the Portable Flight Planning System
(PFPS) developed by the U.S. Air Force (USAF). This system provides flight and mission
planning on a PC system. It will have a limited dataload capability in the spring 1999. PFPS will
provide the functionality and user interface core for the JMPS being co-developed with USAF and
scheduled for release in December 2001. JMPS will be the DII COE-compliant collaborative inter-
service mission planning system for the future.
Developer/Manufacturer: TAMPS 6: Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division, Point Mugu,
California; Lockheed Martin, Camarillo, California; TRW, Fairfax, Virginia; and Telos Systems
Integration/C3, Herndon, Virginia. TAMPS 6.2.1: Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division,
Point Mugu, California and GDE, Camarillo, California. JMPS Phase 1 Two Contractors:
LOGICON, San Pedro, California and GDE, San Diego, California. JMPS will select one primary
contractor in May 1999.
Submarine High Data-Rate Antenna
Description: The submarine High Data-Rate antenna program is the top-priority submarine
Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) initiative and is the
Navy’s first multi-band dish antenna. The HDR antenna will provide the submarine force with
worldwide high data-rate satellite communications capability. It will enable the submarine to
access the secure, survivable Joint MILSTAR Satellite Program in the Extremely High Frequency
(EHF) band. It will also provide the capability to receive time critical tactical information from the
Global Broadcast Service (GBS). Additionally, the HDR antenna will provide access to the
Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) in the Super High Frequency (SHF)
Program Status: The first Rapid Prototype HDR Antenna was delivered to the Navy in June 1998
and has successfully completed testing. The first installation is scheduled for November 1999.
Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, Marlboro, Massachusetts.
Advanced Combat Direction System
Description: The Advanced Combat Direction System is a centralized, automated command-and-
control system, collecting and correlating combat information. It upgrades the Naval Tactical Data
System (NTDS) for aircraft carriers and large-deck amphibious ships. A core component of non-
Aegis combat systems, ACDS provides the capability to identify and classify targets, prioritize and
conduct engagements, vector interceptor aircraft to targets, and exchange targeting information
and engagement orders within the battle group and among different service components in the
joint theater of operations.
The ACDS upgrade is divided into two phases, Block 0 and Block 1. The Block 0 interim system
replaces obsolete Naval Tactical Display System (NTDS) computers and display consoles with
modern equipment and incorporates both new and upgraded NTDS software. Block 1, currently
completing development, will operate with the equipment provided under ACDS Block 0 while
implementing significant improvements in software performance. The Block 1 upgrade will include
modifiable doctrine, and Joint Tactical Information Dis tri bu tion System (JTIDS) for joint and
allied interoperability, increased range and track capability, multi-source identification, National
Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)-based digital maps, and an embedded training capability.
The upgrades will ensure that ACDS will continue to meet projected combat system
Program Status: ACDS Block 0 is deployed in 12 aircraft carriers, four Wasp (LHD-1)-class amphibious assault ships, and two Tarawa (LHA-1)-class ships. Systems integration, development, and operational testing continued into FY 1998. The first replacements by ACDS Block 1 began in FY 1996 with the USS Eisenhower (CVN-69) and Wasp (LHD-1). ACDS Block 1 is scheduled for operational testing in the USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) in mid-FY 1999.
Developer/Manufacturer: Raytheon, San Diego, California. ACDS Block I development,
performance, and integration testing: Raytheon; Naval Research and Development (NRaD), and
Integrated Combat Systems Test Facility (ICSTF); and Naval Surface Warfare Center Port
Hueneme Division (NSWC PHD), Dam Neck, Virginia.
Advanced Tomahawk Weapon Control System
Description: ATWCS is a significant upgrade to the current Tomahawk system, and will reduce
overall reaction time, enhance training capabilities at all levels, reduce operator workload, and
improve Tomahawk strike effectiveness. The ATWCS improvements will include hardware,
software, and firmware modifications that will introduce new capabilities, such as contingency-
strike operations planning, embedded training at all levels, and a simplified man-machine
interface. ATWCS incorporates an open systems architecture to provide for future growth,
eliminates stand-alone Tomahawk desktop computers, and enhances command- and-control
Program Status: Approval has been granted to enter Low-Rate Initial Production.
Developer/Manufacturer: Hardware: Boeing, St. Louis, Missouri; Litton, San Diego, California.
Software: Telos, Ashburn, Virginia; Raytheon, San Jose, California; Southeastern Computers
Consultants, Inc., Austin, Texas; Boeing, St. Louis, Missouri; and Naval Surface Warfare Center,
Cooperative Engagement Capability
Description: The Navy’s Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) significantly improves battle
force Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) and Theater Air Defense (TAD) capability by integrating the sensor
data of each ship and aircraft into a single, real-time, fire-control quality composite track picture.
CEC also interfaces the weapons capabilities of each CEC-equipped ship in the battle group to
provide an integrated engagement capability. By simultaneously distributing sensor data on
airborne threats to each ship within a battle group, CEC extends the range at which a ship can
engage hostile missiles to well beyond the radar horizon, significantly improving area, local, and
self-defense capabilities. Operating under the direction of a designated commander, CEC will
enable a battle group or joint task force to act as a single defensive combat system. CEC will
provide the Fleet with the defensive flexibility required to confront the evolving threat of anti-ship
cruise missiles and theater ballistic missiles.
Program Status: CEC has been installed on three ships of the USS Eisenhower (CVN-69) Battle
Group and the USS Wasp (LHD-1) since 1994. In January 1996, CEC played a key role in the
“Mountain Top” Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) in which over-the-horizon
engagement of cruise missiles was demonstrated for the first time. Initial Operational Capability
for the system was declared in FY 1996 in accordance with congressional direction. Wasp (LHD-
1), Anzio (CG-68), CEC-equipped P-3s, Aegis Combat Systems Center, Wallops Island, and
Naval Surface Warfare Center Port Hueneme Division/Dam Neck, participated in the CEC Initial
Test and Evaluation (DT-IIB and OT-IIAI) off the Virginia coast during August 1997.
CEC Low-Rate Initial Production began in January 1998, with deliveries planned for two new-
construction ships and five land-based sites. Eleven additional research and development
production units were delivered during FY 1997-1998 to support testing. Four ships — the USS
John F. Kennedy (CV-67), Wasp, Hue City (CG-66), and Vicksburg (CG-69) — an E-2C Hawkeye airborne early warning aircraft and an NP-3D aircraft are involved in development and testing leading up to Operational Evaluation.
The planned final OPEVAL was delayed from the summer 1998 to the fall 2000 to allow adequate
time for further development and testing of shipboard combat systems with which CEC interfaces.
Battle group interoperability development is another key element to be addressed during the
period leading up to OPEVAL. Based on the report of the Commander, Operational Test and
Evaluation Force (OPTEVFOR), expected in early 2001, the Beyond Low-Rate Initial Production
report of the Under Secretary of Defense for Development, Operational Test and Evaluation
(USD DOT&E) is scheduled for mid-2001.
Developer/Manufacturer: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland;
and Raytheon, St. Petersburg, Florida.
Commercial Wideband Satellite
Description: Challenge Athena is a full-duplex, high data-rate (1.544 Mbps) communications link
(C/Ku wideband) capable of providing access to high-volume primary national imagery
dissemination; intelligence data base transfers; video tele-conferencing, tele-medicine, and tele-
training services; and various other computer data systems. Challenge Athena also supports
tactical strike and Tomahawk mission planning, the Defense Information Support Network (DISN)
Joint Interoperable Networks, including Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System
(JWICS), Secret/Unclassified Internet Protocol Router Networks and Air Tasking Order/Mission
Data Update (ATO/MDU) transmissions. The Challenge Athena system uses commercial satellite
connectivity and Commercial Off-The-Shelf equipment and Non-Developmental Items to augment
existing, extremely overburdened military satellite communications systems.
Program Status: Current funding provides Challenge Athena terminals to approximately 40 Joint
Task Force command-capable ships by FY 2005. Concurrent with this effort is the extension of
medium data-rate connectivity to other accompanying surface warships, amphibious assault
ships, and logistics support ships via a battle group IT21 (Information Technology for the 21st
Century) wide-area network that will eventually provide these capabilities to all Navy ships. Future
transponder leasing programmatics are being evaluated.
Developer/Manufacturer: Various COTS/NDI.
Common High Band Data Link–
Description: The Common High Bandwidth Data Link–Shipboard Terminal provides a common
data terminal for the receipt of signal and imagery intelligence data from remote sensors and the
transmission of link and sensor control data to airborne platforms. CHBDL–ST will interface with
shipboard processors of the Joint Services Imagery Processing System–Navy (JSIPS–N) and the
Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System–Surface Terminal (BGPHES–ST). CHBDL will
process link data joint reconnaissance aircraft, including Marine Corps Advanced Tactical
Airborne Reconnaissance System (ATARS) aircraft configured with Modular Interoperable Data
Link (MIDL) terminals.
Program Status: The first five production systems are installed on board aircraft carriers.
Developer/Manufacturer: L3 Communications, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Mk 1 SSDS
Ship Self-Defense System
Description: Mk 1 SSDS provides ships with an integrated self-defense capability to defend
against anti-ship missile and aircraft attack in the cluttered littoral conflict environment, in which
reaction times are exceedingly short. SSDS is a physically distributed, open-architecture system
that comprises the crucial integration and control segment of the Quick Reaction Combat
Capability (QRCC). SSDS integrates existing and programmed Anti-Air Warfare (AAW) stand-
alone, manual systems to provide automated, quick-reaction, high firepower, and multi-target self-
defense engagement capability. SSDS coordinates existing sensor information, provides threat
identification and evaluation, assesses own-ship defense readiness, and recommends optimal
defensive tactical responses.
Program Status: Developmental and operational testing completed in September 1997 on the
USS Ashland (LSD-48). Full rate production was approved in December 1997. Whidbey Island
(LSD-41)-class and Harpers Ferry (LSD-49)-class outfitting is scheduled to complete in FY 2001.
Expansion of SSDS to aircraft carrier and amphibious assault warships is under development and
is expected to reach Initial Operational Capability as SSDS Mk 2 in FT 2003.
Developer/Manufacturer: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland;
and Raytheon, Sudbury, Massachusetts.
Naval Fires Control System
Description: NFCS is the enabler for surface land attack in the innovative Network-Centric
Warfare concept of operations. It automates shipboard land-attack battle management duties,
and incorporates improved land-attack battlefield digitization. NFCS will be consistent and
interoperable with joint C4ISR and fire direction systems, and will provide the mission planning
and fire support coordination functions required to support the extended ranges and precision
accuracies provided by the improved 5-inch/62-caliber gun, the Advanced Gun System (AGS),
and the Land-Attack Standard Missile (LASM). (See separate program summaries for AGS and
Program Status: The NFCS Program started in FY 1999.
Developer/Manufacturer: To be determined.
Rapid Anti-Ship Cruise Missile
Integrated Defense System
Description: RAIDS is a tactical decision aid for the commanding officer/tactical action officer that
provides automatic display of anti-ship cruise missile threats, depicts active and passive sensor
displays, and shows the status of existing terminal self-defense systems. A multiple
microprocessor-based system, RAIDS considers threat capabilities, environmental data, own-ship
characteristics, and approved tactical doctrine in determining appropriate recommendations. It is
an interim system in the approved incremental acquisition of the Mk 1 Ship Self-Defense System.
Program Status: Approval for production was received in September 1993, and fleet introduction
commenced in 1995 for Spruance (DD-963)-class destroyers. By the end of FY 1996, RAIDS was
installed in 17 Spruance-class ships. A successful Operational Assessment was conducted in the
USS Clark (FFG-11) in January 1995, and approval for production for Oliver Hazard Perry (FFG-
7)-class guided missile frigates was granted in July 1995. Operational Testing was completed in
July 1996, and all installations will complete in FY 1999.
Developer/Manufacturer: CODAR, Longmont, Colorado.
Afloat Planning System
Description: The Tomahawk Afloat Planning System (APS) provides mission planning capability
afloat and allows the battle group/battle force commanders to plan or modify rapidly Tomahawk
Land-Attack Missile (TLAM) missions while at sea. This system is a portable version of the Navy’s
two shore-based theater mission planning centers.
Program Status: An APS Navy Program Decision Meeting (NPDM) was held on 31 August 1994,
and approval was granted to enter Full-Rate Production (FRP, Milestone III). APS Operational
Evaluation (OPEVAL) conducted in FY 1994. APS entered fleet service in 1996, is in operation at
selected shore sites, and is being installed on aircraft carriers.
Developer/Manufacturer: TLAM Planning System Afloat: Boeing, St. Louis, Missouri. Digital
Imagery Workstation Suite Afloat: Marconi Information Systems, San Diego, California. Mission
Distribution System: Raytheon, San Jose, California.
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