The VC-137 provides transportation for the vice president, cabinet and congressional members, and other high-ranking U.S. and foreign officials. It also serves as a backup for Air Force One, the presidential aircraft.
The VC-137B/C Stratoliner is a modified version of the Boeing 707 commercial intercontinental airliner that, for many years, was the presidential aircraft. Today, the president's aircraft, is the VC-25A. The VC-137B/C body is identical to that of the Boeing 707, but has different interior furnishings and electronic equipment. The passenger cabin is divided into three sections:
In 1962, the first jet aircraft to be specifically purchased for use as "Air Force One," a VC-137B, entered service with the tail number 26000. It is perhaps the most widely known and has the most historical significance of the presidential aircraft. Tail number 26000 is the aircraft that carried President John F. Kennedy to Dallas, Nov. 22, 1963, and in which his body was returned to Washington, D.C., following his assassination. Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office as the 36th president of the United States on board 26000 at Love Field in Dallas. This fateful aircraft also was used to return President Johnson's body to Texas following his state funeral on Jan. 24, 1973. In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon made historic visits aboard 26000 to the People's Republic of China in February and to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in May.
Tail number 27000, a G model VC-137, replaced 26000 and carved its place in history when it was used to fly former Presidents Nixon, Ford and Carter to Cairo, Egypt, Oct. 19, 1981, to represent the United States at the funeral of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.C-137 aircraft are modified B-707 aircraft with 1950's airframe technology that do not comply with FAA Stage 3 restrictions. Additionally, the FAA mandated aging aircraft inspections requirements negatively affect the maintainability and availability of the C-137 fleet. These aircraft are already expensive to fly, needing fuel stops and ground support equipment, and the resultant additional security and time required. A Statement of Need and Operational Requirements Document has been validated for replacing the C-137 with a VC-X aircraft. Therefore the 89th Airlift Wing will receive four new Boeing 757-200 aircraft in 1998 to be designated C-32As and two Gulfstream V aircraft to be designated C-37A.
|Primary Function||Transport high-priority personnel and backup presidential airlift.|
|Power Plant: Four Pratt and Whitney JT3D-3B turbofan engines|
|Thrust: 18,000 pounds (8,100 kilograms) each engine|
|Length|| VC-137B, 144 feet, 6 inches (48.79 meters);|
VC-137C, 152 feet, 11 inches (46.33 meters)
|Height|| VC-137B, 41 feet, 4 inches (12.52 meters);|
VC-137C, 42 feet, 5 inches (12.91 meters)
|Maximum Takeoff Weight|| VC-137B, 258,000 pounds (116,100 kilograms)|
VC-137C, 322,000 pounds (144,900 kilograms)
|Wingspan: VC-137B, 130 feet, 10 inches (39.66 meters);|
VC-137C, 145 feet, 9 inches (44.17 meters)
|Range|| VC-137B, 5,000 miles (8,000 kilometers); |
VC-137C, 6,000 miles (9,600 kilometers)
|Ceiling||42,000 feet (12,727 meters)|
|Speed||530 miles per hour (Mach 0.81)|
|Load|| VC-137B, 40 passengers; |
VC-137C, 50 passengers
|Unit Cost||VC-137B, $36.6 million; VC-137C, $36.2 million|
|Crew||18 (varies with mission)|
|Date Deployed:|| VC-137B, October 1962; |
VC-137C, August 1972.
|Inventory|| Active force, VC-137B, 3 and|
ANG: 0; Reserve: 0.