News Land Combat Systems


ACAT I
Program Title Program Management MDA CURRENT_AC ACAT_LEVEL Description
Abrams Upgrade PM, Abrams AAE EMD IC The Abrams tank closes with and destroys enemy forces on the integrated battlefield using mobility, firepower, and shock effect. The M1A2 program provides the Abrams tank with the necessary improvements in lethality, survivability, and fightability required to defeat advanced threats. The M1A2 includes a Commanderís Independent Thermal Viewer, an Improved Commanderís Weapon Station, position navigation equipment, a distributed data and power architecture, embedded diagnostic system, improved fire control system, and a radio interface unit that allows, through the SINCGARS radio, rapid transfer of digital situational data and overlays to compatible systems on the digital battlefield. Production of new Abrams for the U.S. Army is complete. In lieu of new production, the Army is upgrading approximately 1,000 older M1 tanks to the M1A2 configuration. A multiyear procurement for 600 M1A2 upgrades was awarded in July 1996. Further M1A2 improvements, called the System Enhancement Program (SEP), are underway to enhance the tank's digital command and control capabilities and to add second generation forward looking infrared (FLIR) sensors to the thermal sights to improve the tankís fightability and lethality. M1A2 SEP tanks are scheduled to begin fielding in 3QFY00.
Advanced Anti-Tank Weapon System -- Medium (Javelin) PM, Javelin AAE PFDOS IC Javelin is a man-portable, anti-tank system developed for the U. S. Army and U. S. Marine Corps. The system is highly lethal against tanks with conventional and reactive armor. Javelin has two major tactical components; a reusable Command Launch Unit (CLU) and a missile sealed in a disposable Launch Tube Assembly. The CLU incorporates an integrated day/night sight and provides target engagement capability in adverse weather and countermeasure environments. The CLU may also be used in the stand-alone mode for battlefield surveillance and target detection. The Javelin system weighs less than 49.5 lb. and has a maximum range in excess of 2,500 meters. Javelinís key technical feature is the use of fire-and-forget technology which allows the gunner to fire and immediately take cover. Additional special features are the top attack and/or direct fire modes (for targets under cover), integrated day/night sight, advanced tandem warhead, imaging infrared seeker, target lock-on before launch and soft launch. Soft launch allows Javelin to be fired safely from enclosures and covered fighting positions increasing gunner survivability. Javelin replaces the DRAGON.
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) PM, AFATDS AAE PFDOS IC The Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS) provides the maneuver commander the maximum utilization of the fire support assets available on an expanding battlefield. AFATDS provides integrated, automated support for planning, coordinating and controlling all fire support assets and for executing counterfire, interdiction, and suppression of enemy targets for close and deep operations. AFATDS uses the results of its target value analysis to establish target priorities and select the best weapon system from field artillery (cannons and rockets), mortars, naval gunfire, Air Force, Navy and Army attack helicopters and offensive electronic warfare. The AFATDS will receive the Air Tasking Order from Contingency Theater Automated Planning System (CTAPS) and automatically process it for use in fire support operations. It also coordinates target acquisition and sensor assets to provide targeting information and target damage assessment data. AFATDS is designed to be fully interoperable with the other ABCS BFAs as well as with the Fire Support capabilities of the Marine Corps, Navy and Air Force.
Advanced Threat Infrared Countermeasures / Common Missile Warning System (ATIRCM/CMWS) PM, AEC AAE EMD IC Airborne countermeasure self-protection systems which detect both infrared (IR) and radio frequency (RF) missiles and protect aircraft against IR missiles. This is a joint program with the Army as lead service.
All Source Analysis System (ASAS) PM, ASAS / SFT AAE EMD/PFDOS IC The All Source Analysis System (ASAS) is the Intelligence Electronic Warfare (IEW) sub-element of the Army Battle Command System (ABCS). ASAS provides combat leaders the asset management capability and the all-source intelligence needed to visualize the battlespace and more effectively conduct the land battle. ASAS is a tactically deployable capability which receives and correlates data from strategic and tactical intelligence sensors and sources; produces ground battle situation analysis through threat integration; disseminates intelligence information; provides target nominations; helps manage organic IEW assets; and assists in providing operational security support. The All Source Analysis System (ASAS) is an ACAT 1 evolutionary acquisition project with five distinct blocks. Block I, which provided initial software functionality, was fielded to 11 units and the training base during the FY93-95 time frame. ASAS-Extended, an NDI hardware variant of fielded ASAS using the Block I software, has been fielded to the remainder of the active force and will be fielded to the Reserve Component Enhanced Brigades during FY97 through FY99. ASAS Block II upgrades capabilities, transitions to the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) Common Operating Environment (COE) and moves to an open architecture capable of running on common hardware. ASAS Block III will be a software enhancement and communications upgrade that provides the Army with the objective ASAS capability. The ASAS Block III development begins in FY99. Blocks IV and V will be developed under PDSS.
Army Global Command and Control Systems PM, STCCS HQDA MAISRC EMD IAC The Army's component system that directly supports Army implementation of the Joint Global Command and Control System (GCCS). The Project Manager, Strategic and Theater Command and Control Systems (PM STCCS) is accomplishing this support by developing AGCCS, which will be a selection of the Army's "best of breed" command and control functionality that will be migrated to or become interoperable with the Joint GCCS.
Army Tactical Missile System -- Anti-Personnel Anti-Materiel BLOCKS I/IA (ATACMS--APAM) PM, Imp ATACMS AAE PFDOS IC The Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) provides long-range, surface-to-surface fire support for U.S. Army Corps and Division operations. The ATACMS Blocks I and IA are ground-launched missile systems consisting of a surface-to-surface guided missile with an anti-personnel/anti-materiel (APAM) warhead. The ATACMS with APAM attacks soft targets at extended ranges. Targets include surface-to-surface missile sites, air defense systems, logistics elements, and command, control, and communications complexes. The ATACMS Block IA, with enhanced Global Positioning System (GPS) accuracy, has approximately twice the range of the ATACMS Block I. The contractor completed deliveries of the Block I missile in July 1997. Block I saw combat action in Southwest Asia during Operation Desert Storm effectively destroying high priority targets. Block IA will begin fielding in FY98, and retrofit of existing launchers to Block IA capability will occur simultaneously with missile fielding.
Army Tactical Missile System -- Brilliant Anti-Armor Submunition (ATACMS-BAT) PM, ATACMS-BAT DAB EMD ID The Army Tactical Missile Systems (Army TACMS) provide long-range, surface-to-surface fire support. The Army TACMS Blocks I and IA are ground-launched missile systems consisting of a surface-to-surface guided missile with an anti-personnel/anti-materiel (APAM) warhead. The Army TACMS with APAM is used to attack soft targets at extended ranges. Army TACMS missiles are fired from the modified M270 launcher and are capable of engaging targets at ranges well beyond the capability of existing cannons and rockets. The Army TACMS Block 1A, with enhanced GPS, has approximately twice the range of the Army TACMS. The Army TACMS block II is a modification of the currently fielded and combat proven Block I missile family. The Block II will deliver 13 BAT or BAT P3I submunitions deep into enemy territory where they will autonomously attack and destroy numerous high-payoff targets. The Army TACMS Block IIA is an extended range version of the Block II missile and will carry 6 BAT P3I submunitions to significantly extended ranges.
BLACKHAWK (UH-60L) Utility Helicopter PM, Utility Helicopter AAE PFDOS IC The Black Hawk (UH-60) is a utility, tactical, transport helicopter. It is the primary helicopter for air assault, general support, and aeromedical evacuation units. Modified Black Hawks also fulfill command and control, electronic warfare, and special operations roles. An 11-man, fully equipped infantry squad can be carried in one Black Hawk. The Black Hawk also is the first utility and assault helicopter that adds to the Armyís Division-level mobility; for example, it can reposition a 105 mm howitzer, its crew of six, and up to 30 rounds of ammunition in a single lift. The aircraft's critical components and systems are armored or redundant to enable it to withstand multiple small arms hits, and its airframe is designed to progressively crush on impact to protect the crew and passengers in a crash. Ease of maintenance in the field was designed into the Black Hawk from the beginning. The Army began fielding the UH-60 in 1978. Between 1978 and 1989 the Army procured UH-60A model aircraft. In October 1989, the power train system was upgraded, resulting in a model designation change from
UH-60A to UH-60L. As of the end of FY97, the Army had procured 504 UH-60L models for a total UH-60 buy of 1497 aircraft. The Army currently is in the first year of a five-year, multi-year, multi-service procurement contract calling for the delivery of 36 Aircraft in FY97, and a minimum of 18 per year through FY01.
BRADLEY FVS Upgrade PM, BFVS AAE PFDOS IC The Bradley M2A3 Infantry / M3A3 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (IFV/CFV) provides infantry and cavalry fighting vehicles with digital command and control capabilities, significantly increased situational awareness, enhanced lethality and survivability, and improved sustainability and supportability. The Bradley Program Office has completed upgrades of selected Bradley AOs to the A2 configuration, continued upgrades of Bradley A1s to the A2 configuration, and begin conversion and fielding of selected Bradley A2s to the A2 ODS (Operation Desert Storm) configuration (first unit equipped in 1QFY97). The Bradley A3 entered production in July 1997.
Chemical Demilitarization PM, Chem Demil DAB EMD/PFDOS ID Includes both stockpile and non-stockpile items. The Army is the Executive Agent for this DoD ACAT ID program.
Comanche (RAH-66) PM, Comanche DAB EMD ID The Comanche will perform the armed reconnaissance mission for attack helicopter and air cavalry units. The Comanche will significantly expand the Army's capability to conduct reconnaissance operations in all battlefield environments, adverse weather, and during day or night operations. The Comanche will protect the force using its advanced electro-optical sensors, aided target recognition, and sensor/weapons integration. Comanche's digital communications capacity allows interface with JSTARS and other joint sensors and weapons platforms. Comanche's design for rapid rearm, refuel, and repair will provide increased operation tempo. Low observability, target recognition, and digitized communications provide the capability to conduct deep precision strike missions against time sensitive targets. The Comanche will replace three types of helicopters currently performing the armed reconnaissance mission: AH-1, OH-58, and OH-6.
Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS) PM, CSSCS AAE EMD/LRIP IC The Combat Service Support Control System (CSSCS) will provide timely situational awareness and force projection information to determine capability to support current operations and sustain future operations. The CSSCS will rapidly collect, store, analyze, and disseminate critical logistics, medical, financial and personnel information. CSSCS extracts summary information from the CSS STAMIS, accepts input from other elements of the CSS community, and exchanges information with other automated systems to evaluate CSS information with respect to the force-level commanderís tactical courses of actions. The CSSCS is the combat service support component of the Army Battle Command System (ABCS). The CSSCS is comprised of computer units procured through the Project Manager (PM) Common Hardware/Software (CHS), Common Operating Environment (COE) Software and CSSCS-unique software. The CSSCS is deployed in a tent configuration and can also be housed in the family of Standardized Integrated Command Post Systems (SICPS) provided by PM CHS. The CSSCS is currently in the process of fielding within low-rate initial production authority. Program development has been structured to evolve over five versions. Versions 1 and 2 served as proof of principle, and provided initial division level CSS functional capability on common hardware. Version 3 builds on the capabilities of the previous versions and provides an Initial Operational Capability at Division and Corps level, to include initial horizontal interoperability with ABCS systems. Version 4 will extend CSSCS to EAC. Version 5, the objective CSSCS software, will extend CSSCS capabilities to joint, allied, and coalition forces.
Crusader: Advanced Field Artillery System / Future Armored Resupply Vehicle (AFAS/FARV) PM, Crusader DAB EMD ID Crusader is an indirect fire support "system of systems" providing support fires to maneuver forces on the future battlefield. The howitzer is a 155mm Self Propelled Howitzer (SPH) system that provides a significant increase in artillery survivability, lethality, mobility, and operational capability and effectiveness through the use and integration of advanced technology in its subsystems and combat components. These technologies include: the modular artillery charge system, the autosettable multi-option fuze, and automated ammunition handling system. The SPH will deliver unprecedented firepower capabilities at extended ranges. The armored Resupply Vehicle (RSV) will provide the foundation for supply of ammunition and fuel for the SPH. Inserting high-payoff technologies in robotics, automation, expert systems, and vetronics, the RSV will provide the necessary ammunition to meet expected firing rates; meet the goals for autonomous operations; and capitalize on cost and operational advantages of component commonality. These systems will replace the M109A6 Paladin and M992A2 in rapidly deployable and forward-deployed forces.
Distance Learning System (ADLS) PM, Distance Learning PEO, STAMIS * IAM The Army Distance Learning System will deliver standardized individual training, selected collective training, and self-development training to soldiers and units at the right place and right time through the application of multiple electronic technologies.

* These systems are being developed in blocks, software packages or increments consequently they cannot be placed in phases.
Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) PM, MTV AAE PFDOS IC The Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) will fill the Army's medium tactical wheeled vehicle requirements. The FMTV consists of a common truck chassis that is used for several vehicle configurations in two payload classes. The Light Medium Tactical Vehicle (LMTV) is available in van and cargo variants and has a 2 1/2-ton payload capacity. The Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) has a 5-ton payload capacity and consists of the following models: cargo with and without materiel-handling equipment, tractor, wrecker, and dump truck. Van and tanker variants of the MTV will be developed concurrent with the production of other models. The FMTV will perform line haul, local haul, unit mobility, unit resupply and other missions in combat, combat support, and combat service support units. Vehicles will operate worldwide on primary and secondary roads and trails. The FMTV will replace overaged and maintenance-intensive trucks currently in the fleet.
Follow-on to TOW (FOTT) PM, FOTT DAB EMD ID The Follow-On-To-TOW (FOTT) missile system is organic to and provides improved long range, lethal, anti-tank capability for light and mechanized infantry forces currently equipped with the TOW missile system. The FOTT missile system is comprised of an encased missile and associated platform integration appliqué kits. Key FOTT missile system requirements are: (1) compatibility with all TOW platforms; (2) fire-and-forget primary mode of operation with an alternate mode for backup; (3) increased range, lethality, and platform survivability; and (4) modular design for future growth and shelflife extension. The FOTT missile system will enter engineering and manufacturing development (EMD) in FY98 and low rate initial production (LRIP) in FY04. During FY97, the Army provided Government test range facilities and support for potential offerors to conduct risk mitigation testing of their proposed FOTT missile system designs. Release of the formal RFP for EMD to industry occurred in 1QF98.
Forward Area Air Defense Command, Control, and Intelligence System (FAAD C2I) PM, FAADC2 AAE EMD IC The Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAADC2) provides an automated means of providing target data to FAAD weapons, to protect friendly aircraft, and to facilitate management of the air battle. The FAADC2 system consists of non-developmental computers, displays, printers, and communication systems that are common to the Army Battle Command System (ABCS); and non-developmental ground sensors and the requisite software that allow for the execution of air defense engagement operations (EO) and force operations (FO). FAADC2 integrates air defense fire units, sensors, liaison elements, and command posts into a synergistic system capable of defeating and denying the aerial threat. It provides the automated interface (Division and below) for the Air Defense component to the ABCS and allows the commanders and staffs to communicate, plan coordinate, and control the counter-air fight. FAADC2 is capable of collecting, storing, processing, displaying and disseminating situational awareness (air and ground), targeting data, and battle command information throughout FAAD units and from other ADA, Army, Joint and Combined elements. The FAADC2 system is currently in the Engineering and Manufacturing Development and Production phases. The basic effort consists primarily of software development, which is being developed incrementally. Block I successfully completed all contractor and Government testing, reflects an Initial Operational Capability (IOC), and was fielded to the Light and Special Army Divisions beginning in 4QFY93. Block II completed all Government testing, will be fielded to Heavy/Mechanized Army Divisions, and builds on the basic capabilities of Block I by improving the FAAD Sensor and Sensor Command and Control Subsystem, as well as establishing additional internal and external EO interfaces. Block III (Objective, 3QFY99) enhances intercorrelated (Joint/HIMAD/Local/Adjacent FAAD/Precise Participant Location and Identification) air picture with target data being provided down to the fire unit via EPLRS/SINCGARS simulcast. Block IV (FY99-04) provides for EO and FO preplanned product improvements (P3I). It is currently envisioned that the FAADC2 system will be fielded to all active component FAAD units, selected ARNG FAAD units, and the training base.
Joint Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistics Support (JCALS) PM, JCALS HQDA and OSD MAISRC EMD IAM The purpose of the JCALS system program effort is to specify, acquire, implement, and field a Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistic Support (CALS) architecture and its interfaces to supporting systems. The JCALS system will satisfy a Joint Services/Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) need for integrated digital technical information/information management in support of weapon system acquisition and logistics life cycle management.
Joint Recruiting Information Support System (JRISS) PM, JRISS HQDA and OSD MAISRC CE IAM JRISS will provide automation support to field production recruiters, their immediate supervisors, mid and upper level managers and specified recruiting HQs. This support will be provided to all twelve Armed Service Components.
Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System Ground Station Module (JSTARS GSM) PM, Joint STARS DAB EMD/LRIP ID The GSM is a mobile, tactical, multi-sensor ground station that receives, displays, processes, and disseminates targeting battle management and intelligence information to all echelons. In addition to Joint STARS radar data, the GSM is now capable of receiving and displaying Unmanned Aerial Imagery as well as signals intelligence data via an integrated Joint Tactical Terminal. The GSM is being produced in two variants: a medium version (MGSM) mounted on a 5-ton truck and a light version (LGSM) mounted on a High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). The Common Ground Station (CGS) will be a light version mounted on a HMMWV.
Kiowa Warrior (OH-58D) PM, Kiowa Warrior AAE PFDOS IC The Kiowa Warrior fills the armed reconnaissance role for attack helicopter and air cavalry units until RAH-66 fielding begins early in the next decade. The OH-58D performs reconnaissance, security, command and control, target acquisition/ designation, and defensive air combat missions. The Kiowa Warrior adds armed reconnaissance, light attack, and Multipurpose Light Helicopter (MPLH = rapid deployment, troop lift, cargo, and casualty evacuation) to the basic OH-58D Kiowa mission capabilities. The OH-58D has a Mast-Mounted Sight that houses a Thermal-Imaging System, Low-Light Television, and a Laser Rangefinder/Designator. A highly accurate navigation system permits precise target location that can be handed off to other engagement systems via the Airborne Target Handover System. The Laser Designator can provide autonomous designation for the laser HELLFIRE or remote designation for other laser-guided precision weapons. Air-to-Air Stinger (ATAS) provides security against threat aircraft. The armed retrofit program began in FY91 and provides Air-to-Ground weapons and other improvements to previously produced OH-58Ds. The OH-58D is in the 14th year of production. AHIPs began retrofit/remanufacture in FY93 for the Armed Kiowa Warrior version. Aircraft deployments include the training bases, and operational units worldwide. The System Safety Enhancement Program (SSEP) began in 1997 and seeks to update the entire Kiowa Warrior fleet with improved engines, crashworthy seats, cockpit airbags, and a digitized Mission Equipment Package.
Longbow Apache PM, AAH AAE PFDOS IC Longbow is a development and acquisition program for a millimeter wave radar air/ground targeting system capable of being used day, night, in adverse weather, and through battlefield obscurants. Longbow consists primarily of the integration of a mast-mounted millimeter wave fire control radar, a radar frequency interferometer, and a radar frequency fire-and-forget HELLFIRE missile onto the Apache. The Apache Longbow received Milestone III production approval in October 1995. The current program objective calls for 227 Longbow fire control radar mission kits capable of being installed on the Apacheís modernized fleet (758 minus attrition) being upgraded to the new AH-64D baseline configuration. FUE is scheduled for July, 1998.
Longbow HELLFIRE PM, LB Hellfire AAE PFDOS IC The Longbow HELLFIRE is a fire-and-forget version of the HELLFIRE missile which will provide an adverse weather, fire-and-forget, heavy anti-armor capability for the Armyís AH-64D Longbow Apache attack helicopter. The Longbow program also includes development of a mast-mounted Fire Control Radar (FCR) and numerous modifications to the Apache helicopter. The Longbow FCR will locate, classify, and prioritize targets for the Longbow HELLFIRE missile. The Longbow system is being developed for integration onto the Apache and Comanche helicopters. Longbow HELLFIRE incorporates a millimeter wave radar seeker on a HELLFIRE II aft section bus. The primary advantages of the Longbow missile include adverse weather capability (rain, snow, fog, smoke, and battlefield obscurants); millimeter wave countermeasures survivability; fire-and-forget guidance, which allows the Apache to launch and then immediately remask, thus minimizing exposure to enemy fire; an advanced warhead capable of defeating all projected armor threats into the 21st century; and reprogrammability to adapt to changing threats and mission requirements. The combination of Longbow HELLFIREís fire-and-forget capability and HELLFIRE IIís precision guidance will provide the battlefield commander with flexibility across a wide range of mission scenarios, permitting fast battlefield response and high mobility. Longbow Hellfire entered production on 13 October 1995 with the successful completion of the Milestone III Defense Acquisition Board. The program received full rate production approval in October 1997.
Maneuver Control system (MCS) PM, OTDS DAB EMD/PFDOS ID The Maneuver Control System (MCS) provides Army tactical commanders and their staffs (corps through battalion) automated, on-line, near real time systems for planning, coordinating, and controlling tactical operations. It automates the creation and distribution of the relevant common picture of the battlefield for the Army Battle Command System (ABCS) by integrating information from other ABCS Battlefield Automated Systems to provide timely and accurate status of battle information. The v.12 of MCS will provide the initial implementation of the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) Common Operating environment (COE). MCS will be fielded on CHS-2 hardware and will implement a client/server architecture.
Medium Extended Air Defense system (MEADS) PM, MEADS NPO DAB PDRR ID The Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) will provide lower tier air, theater missile defense, and cruise missile defense to the maneuver forces and other critical forward deployed assets throughout all phases of tactical operations. MEADS will operate both in an enclave with upper tier systems in areas of debarkation and assembly and provide continuous coverage alone or with Forward Area Air Defense systems in the division area of the battlefield during movement to contact and decisive operations. MEADS will utilize a combination of a netted and distributed architecture, modularly configurable battle elements, interoperability with other airborne and ground based sensors, and improved seeker/sensor components to provide a robust 360 degree defense against the full spectrum of TBM, cruise missile, unmanned aerial vehicle, TASM, rotary wing, and forward wing threats. The Army is Executive Agent for this DoD ACAT ID BMDO program
MLRS Upgrade PM, MLRS AAE EMD/PFDOS IC The Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) is an artillery weapon system that supplements cannon artillery fires by delivering large volumes of firepower in a short time against critical, time-sensitive targets such as counterbattery fire and suppression of enemy air defenses, light materiel, and personnel targets. The basic warhead carries improved conventional submunitions. However, the MLRS is capable of supporting and delivering all of the MLRS Family of Munitions (MFOM) including the Army Tactical Missile System (Army TACMS) weapons. Growth programs are under way to extend the range of the rocket system and to upgrade the fire control and launcher mechanical systems. The U.S. initial operational capability for MLRS was achieved in 1983. Current plans for improvement of the system include the M270A1 upgrade starting in FY98. This upgrade consists of the Improved Fire Control System (IFCS) and the Improved Launcher Mechanical System (ILMS) modifications. The IFCS will mitigate electronic obsolescence, and provide growth for future weapon systems. The ILMS will provide rapid response to time-sensitive targets by reducing the aiming time by 70 percent and the reload time by 50 percent. The Extended Range Rocket (ER-MLRS) will extend the current range of the basic rocket to approximately 50 km. The IFCS and the ILMS are in the Engineering and Manufacturing Development Phase.
Patriot Advanced Capability (Patriot PAC-3) PM, Patriot DAB PFDOS ID The Patriot Missile System provides high- and medium-altitude defense, against aircraft and tactical ballistic missiles, for critical assets and maneuver forces belonging to the corps and to echelons above corps. The Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) system upgrade, along with the PAC-3 missile, will provide an advanced anti-tactical missile capability to the current fielded system. The combat element of the Patriot Missile System is the fire unit, which consists of a phased array Radar Set (RS), an Engagement Control Station (ECS), an Electric Power Plant (EPP), an Antenna Mast Group (AMG), and eight remotely located Launching Stations (LS). The RS provides all tactical functions of airspace surveillance, target detection and tracking, and missile guidance. The ECS provides the human interface for command and control of operations. Currently, each launcher contains four ready-to-fire missiles, sealed in canisters which serve a dual purpose as shipping containers and launch tubes. Patriotís fast reaction capability, high firepower, ability to track 50 targets simultaneously, and the ability to operate in a severe electronic countermeasures environment are features not available in previous air defense systems. The PAC-3 upgrade program will incorporate significant upgrades to the RS, ECS, and will include up to 16 advanced hit-to-kill missiles on three to four of the eight launchers per firing battery, thus increasing fire power and ballistic missile defense capabilities. The primary mission of the PAC-3 missile is to kill both maneuvering and non-maneuvering tactical ballistic missiles. The PAC-3 missile will also have a capability to counter cruise missiles and aircraft. The Army is the Executive Agent for this DoD ACAT ID program which is a component of Ballistic Missile Defense Organization programs
Reserve Component Automation System (RCAS) PM, RCAS HQDA and OSD MAISRC EMD/PFDOS IAM A comprehensive computer system to support the decision making needs of commanders, staff and functional managers responsible for leading and managing Army Guard and Army Reserve units. It provides all the information necessary to mobilize Army Guard and Army Reserve units. It also significantly improves our ability to accomplish the hundreds of day-to-day administrative tasks at home station more efficiently.
Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal (SMART-T) PM, SATCOM AAE EMD/PFDOS IC The SMART-T, mounted on a standard HMMWV, provides range extension for the Armyís Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) system at Echelons Corps and Below. In addition, the terminal provides a capability to operate in four simultaneous, full duplex, communications channels. The Army is also integrating eight Air Force procured Ground Command Post (GNDCP) Terminals into the Army force structure. The GNDCP is a network control terminal, in fixed and transportable configurations, which operates and manages assigned service/CINC Milstar communications and user priorities.
Sense and Destroy Armor (SADARM) PM, SADARM AAE EMD/LRIP IC SADARM is a fire-and-forget, multi-sensor, smart munition designed to detect and destroy counter-measured armored vehicles, primarily self-propelled artillery. It is effective in all weather and terrain. SADARM is delivered to the target area by 155 mm artillery projectiles. Each projectile carries two SADARM highly sophisticated submunitions. Once dispensed from its carrier, the intelligent submunition detects appropriate targets using dual-mode millimeter wave and infrared sensors. Because of the multi-mode sensor suite, the submunition is equally effective against desert background and winter snow. It fires a highly lethal explosively formed penetrator through the top of the target. SADARM is a gun-hardened submunition with the capability to be dispensed from a variety of carriers. SADARM successfully completed the Engineering and Manufacturing Development phase in April 1996, and entered low-rate production in August 1996. A performance enhancing product improvement program was initiated in October 1996. Initial Production Testing (IPT) began in May 1997 and will conclude in FY98. Milestone III is scheduled for September 1998.
Single-Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System -- VHF (SINCGARS) PM, SINCGARS AAE PFDOS IC The Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) provides commanders with a highly reliable, secure, easily maintained Combat Net Radio (CNR) that has both voice and data handling capability in support of command and control operations. SINCGARS, with the Internet Controller, provides the communications link for Task Force XXI. SINCGARS configurations include manpack, vehicular (both low and high power), and airborne models. Communications Security (COMSEC) is integrated in currently produced versions of the ground and the airborne radios, and the System Improvement Program (SIP) models providing upgrades to enhance operational capability in the tactical internet (TI) environment, and the Advanced System Improvement Program (ASIP) models that are of a reduced size and weight provide further enhancements to operational capability in the TI environment. International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT) SINCGARS ground radios passed First Article Tests in January 1988, and production deliveries began immediately. ITT is the sole producer of the airborne SINCGARS. A second-source, (GDLS), full-scale production award was made in August 1993. Annual dual source limited competition began in FY94. FY96 limited competition awards were made in March 1996 for SIP radios. These radios will provide improved data capability, improved forward error correction for low speed data modes, and a Global Position System interface and Internet Controller which allows SINCGARS to interface with EPLRS and Battlefield Functional Area host computers. The ground radio acquisition strategy was revised in October 1996 from dual to single source commencing with the FY97 acquisition and continuing through completion of the program for the balance of the ground radio major components. ITT won the down selection competition with GDLS. The program office has fielded more than 136,000 radios to the training base and Army units worldwide.
Standard Installation/Division Personnel System (SIDPERS-3) PM, SIDPERS HQDA and OSD MAISRC PFDOS IAM SIDPERS-3 is an automated military personnel system that directly supports the Army's warfighting ability by providing commanders at all echelons from the field to the HQ with necessary personnel information to make accurate decisions and effectively manage personnel assets. The system will serve the Active Army in peacetime and the Total Army during war and mobilization.
Sustaining Base Information Services (SBIS) PM, SBA HQDA and OSD MAISRC Pending IAC This program addresses the initial modernization of validated and prioritized functional applications software, and associated infrastructure, that support sustaining base needs for Major Army Commands (MACOMs) and installations.
Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) PM, THAAD DAB PDRR ID The Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system will fill the void of a theater wide area defense of tactical ballistic missile threats, including weapons of mass destruction, operating in the endo and exo atmosphere and directed against military forces and strategic geopolitical assets. The THAAD system consists of missiles, launchers, Battle Management/Command, Control, Communication, Computers, and Intelligence (BM/C4I) elements, radars, and support equipment. The missile is a hypervelocity, single stage, solid propellant booster and a unique endo-/exo-atmospheric kill vehicle (KV). The hit-to-kill technology KV, designed to destroy threat warheads, guides to the target using an infrared homing seeker. The launcher uses the Army standard Palletized Loading System (PLS) 16-ton truck with a capacity of at least 8 missile rounds on a missile pack. The HMMWV based BM/C4I centers are a set of highly robust and configurable shelters to ensure maximum flexibility on the modern battlefield. These units interface and coordinate with the Theater Air Defense C2 system and will control both the Engagement and Force Operations for the THAAD system. The BM/C4I will provide automated acquisition and identification of TBM threats, process and disseminate track data, assign weapons, monitor engagements, and guide sensor operations. The THAAD X-band phased array radar acquires the target at long ranges, tracks the target and provides in-flight updates to the THAAD interceptor prior to intercept. The radar also performs kill assessment to support the decision to commit additional interceptors or to cue lower tier systems such as the Patriot System. The THAAD System will support passive defense and attack operations by providing impact point predictions and launch point estimations. The THAAD system will be fully transportable by C141/C5/C17 military aircraft. Once in theater, the system will use Army standard movers to be highly mobile on highways and unimproved roads. These system capabilities will allow THAAD to be rapidly deployed to any theater on short notice. Current plans call for a User Operational Evaluation System to be available in 1999 to gain user input into the final system design and to provide a Commander In Chief with a prototype system to use in the case of an emergency. The Army is the Executive Agent for this DoD ACAT ID program which is one of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization programs.
Transportation Coordinatorsí Automated Information for Movement System II (TC-AIMS II) PM, TC-AIMS II OSD(CIO) * IAM TC-AIMS II is a joint service migration system that provides an integrated set of transportation applications to facilitate movements management of personnel, equipment and supplies from home station to a conflict and back. This system also includes daily transportation management, traffic management, commercial carrier interfaces, movement control and mode operations in garrison, in depots, consolidation activities and transshipment locations.

* These systems are being developed in blocks, software packages or increments consequently they cannot be placed in phases.
Transportation Operational Personal Property Standard System (TOPS) PM, TOPS HQDA and OSD MAISRC PFDOS IAC A joint DOD project designed to support the worldwide Personal Property Movement and Storage Program. Used primarily at DOD Personal Property Shipping Offices (PPSOs), Personal Property Processing Offices (PPPOs), and related Service variants, the TOPS system automates and standardizes virtually every aspect of moving and storing the personal effects of U.S. Military Service Members, U.S. Coast Guard personnel, military and coast guard dependents, and civilian employees of DOD when relocating on assignment.