Medium Armored Vehicle

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

These performance objectives and associated values are not yet approved in a final Operational Requirements Document (ORD). When finalized, all performance requirements will consider results of analysis of alternatives, the Platform Performance Demonstration at Ft. Knox, White Paper inputs, and the impacts of affordability constraints. In their proposal, offerors will be expected to propose costs to enhance performance above existing baselines to achieve performance and schedule thresholds and objectives included in the RFP.

The following five requirements are key to the system and are "must have" at least at the threshold (T) level. The Objective (O) level is desired.

  1. Air transportable and capable of Roll-on/Roll-off (RO/RO) in a C-130 aircraft in a combat ready configuration within USAF peacetime constraints in accordance with MIL-STD-1366 and MIL-HDB-1791. This includes full combat load plan requirements, soldiers and their gear, classes of supply, OVM, and medical and maintenance equipment.
  2. Operate, employ weapon systems, and maneuver 24 hrs per day including night, blackout, inclement weather and other periods of limited visibility.
  3. Provide integral frontal, side and rear protection from 7.62 mm AP @ 10 meters.
  4. Provide protection against 152MM HE overhead burst @ 30 M (T), 15M (O).
  5. Accelerate from 0-20 MPH (hard surface) <8 sec.

 

Many of these performance requirements have threshold (T) and Objective (O) levels of performance.

 

TRANSPORTABILITY:

Transportable by highway, marine, and rail transport mode in accordance with MIL-STD-1366.

Tie-down and lifting provisions in accordance with MIL-STD-209 and able to withstand the force generated by the Rail Impact Test in MIL-STD-810.

 

MOBILITY:

Climb vertical obstacles 18 inch (T); 36 inch (O).

Sustain hard surface speeds of 40 MPH (T) to 60 MPH (O).

Maintain cross country speeds of 25 MPH (T) to 40 MPH (O).

If proposed MAV is wheeled, equip with a central tire inflation, run-flat tires and carry a spare tire with on-board capability to change.

Cruise at range (hard surface) of 300 miles (T); 600 miles (O).

Enter and egress a water obstacle at predetermined locations without preparation of the vehicle or entry/exit sites (30 degree wet embankment (T); 40 degree (O)) without swamping, sinking or stopping. Swim at a minimum of 4.5 MPH (T); 6 MPH (O) in one foot waves and against a current of 5 MPH. (Infantry carrier and recon variants as a minimum)

Ford a water obstacle while maintaining wheel/track contact with the ground. Ford, without preparation, at a depth of one meter (T); two meters (O), forward and reverse.

Negotiate a hard surface 60 percent frontal slope (up and down) with no degradation in steering when cresting a ridge/natural terrain feature.

Negotiate a hard surface 30 percent side slope with no degradation in steering.

Cross trenches equal to 1/4 vehicle length (T); 1/3 vehicle length (O).

 

SURVIABILITY:

Provide frontal arc (30 degrees left and right of the vehicle centerline) protection against 14.5 MM AP @ 300 M (T), 100 M (O).

Rapidly self-obscurate through activation from inside the vehicle.

Provide all round crew protection against the blast and overpressure effects of mines containing up to 7.5 kg of explosives (not including shaped-charge or explosively formed fragment attack) under the entire length of the vehicle, with mine protection being maintained in the presence of cracks and stress raisers in the armor.

Accept add-on armor (active or passive) capable of defeating hand-held-HEAT (up to and including RPG 9) over the frontal 60 degree arc (30 degrees left and right of the vehicle centerline). One complete set of add-on armor is desired/to be priced for each vehicular system. Armor must be capable of mounting by the crew, without special tools, within 2 hours (T), 1 hour (O).

Provide NBC protection through the use of a ventilated face piece (T) or overpressure system (O) and be capable of critical functions while in contaminated environments. Each vehicle must be capable of rapid decontamination using on-board supplies and equipment.

Equip with laser warning; IR, acoustic and thermal management; and countermeasures.

Carry on-board items necessary to conduct immediate and operational decontamination as developed and defined in appropriate MAV operational and technical manuals and conducted by crew within 15 minutes. Be operationally decontaminable to a level to prevent spread of contaminates to operators, passengers, terrain, and other equipment during critical functions. Reduce personnel MOPP levels (T) for personnel performing critical functions. Decontamination to negligible risk levels following thorough decontamination is not required, but desired (O). If variants incorporate unique key components deemed necessary to be decontaminable to a negligible risk level, the identified component must be decontaminable to a negligible risk level by the crew and utilizing on-board equipment. Provide crew and passengers additional NBC protection through ventilated face pieces (T) or an overpressure system (O).

 

LETHALITY:

For variants not configured with a turret and/or missile/cannon system, equip with a universal gun mount capable of traversing 360 degrees. Weapon must be capable of engaging enemy soldiers on rooftops in urban settings and providing limited air dense self-protection. Specific weapon/basic load will be determined according to mission.

Equip with a target designation/pointing device that can be viewed through both FLIR and I2 devices (combat variants - ICV, MGS, ATGM, RECCE)

 

OPERATIONAL:

Maximized commonality between the MAV ICV and all other MAV configurations and functions.

Provide on-board storage for 72 hours of Class I and water.

Equip with AC and DC power.

Capable of being towed by another MAV (T) and be equipped with a self–recovery capability (O).

Tow a fully loaded Palletized Loading System (PLS) trailers (36,250lb).

Capable of rapid refueling (no less than 50 gallons per minute) and rapid fuel transfer.

Operable in climatic design types hot (+125 degrees F), basic, and cold (-50 degrees F).

Equip with a lifetime oil filter.

Incorporate basic wiring to easily accept Automated Information Technology such as Smart Card authorization for operation of vehicle, other biometrics devices for identification of on-board personnel, smart chips to automatically identify biometrics status of crew and passengers to MC-4/TMIP medical programs, etc.

Capable of performing combat identification of friendly elements (T) and enemy/neutral targets (O) using advanced target identification and enhanced situational awareness. Combat ID capability may be provided by on-board or off-board shared sources. This capability must be interoperable with joint forces (T) and allied/coalition systems (O).

Be able to accomplish critical functions while in NBC contaminated environments (T) and within 15 minutes following High-altitude Electromagnetic Pulse Environments (HEMP)(T). Survive the initial nuclear weapons effects (INWE) of blast, thermal radiation, and initial nuclear radiation (INR) to the extent that a combat effective percentage of the crews survive the event (T).

Not required to operate through a HEMP burst, but must be able to be rebooted or restarted and returned to full operational capability within 15 minutes.

Electromagnetic Environmental Effects and Spectrum Supportability. All shelterized components of the MAV shall be designed to be mutually compatible with other electric or electronic equipment within the system’s expected operational electromagnetic shelterized environment. All spectrum dependent equipment must have a frequency supportability assessment conducted and conform to the frequency spectrum certified for Army use worldwide.

Operable and maintainable by personnel in MOPP IV.

Component design should include consideration for mitigation of co-site interference with other Army equipment operating in the same frequency range(s) and close proximity.

 

COMMUNICATIONS:

Provide the capability for dismounted soldiers to talk directly with vehicle crews and mounted elements.

C4ISR for the Brigade will be based on the ABCS systems. The systems will be used/fully compatible with the appropriate ABCS systems such as ASAS, MCS, AFATDS, CSSCS, FBCB2 as well as the associated communications and positioning equipment (SINCGARS, MSE, EPLRS, NTDR, GPS).

A long range reachback communications capability (SATCOM) will be required from the Brigade to the ARFOR.

C3 operations on-the-move will be required to meet the operational tempo of the Brigade.

The C4ISR Suite for each system must be tailored to satisfy the functions of the system and appropriate systems architecture (TBP).

Systems will be equipped with the currently available ISR systems such as internetted sensors, targeting, electronic identification, electronic countermeasures, etc.

The C4ISR system should provide the Commander with a real time common relevant picture of the friendly, enemy and neutral picture.

All C4ISR major end items (type classified equipment) are anticipated to be provided as GFE. Offeror will configure systems to conform to GFE interfaces (to be provided). C4ISR integration shall facilitate C4ISR modularity and tailorability in anticipation of future modification block upgrades.

 

The contractor shall install and integrate C4ISR items provided as GFE into the vehicles they provide.

The government will install and integrate C4ISR items in the vehicles not provided by the contractor.

System architecture and overall C4ISR system of system (SoS) integration will be the responsibility of the Government. The contractor shall follow the GFI system architecture and guidance provided by the Government (TBP).

 

 

MISSION VARIANT:

Infantry Carrier/General Purpose Vehicle (ICV). The ICV may have up to three (3) crewman with individual equipment. Additionally, it will be capable of carrying ten (10) soldiers with individual equipment (T) or ten (10) Land Warrior soldiers with individual equipment. Each vehicle will have plug-in power and a Squad Leader's Display (T) and a plug-in to update Land Warrior GPS (O). Primary armament capable of defeating enemy troops in the open and in hastily prepared fighting positions at 1000M (T), 2000M (O), engaging elevated targets up to the rooftop of a two (2) story building and defeating light armored vehicles out to 1000M (T), a stabilized suppression weapon w/laser rangefinder, capable of shooting-on-the move and killing light armored vehicles to 1800M (O). Provide a coaxial mounted machine gun capable of suppressing/defeating dismounted troops out to 1200M (T), 2000M (O). System must carry a minimum of 400 (T) ready main armament rounds, 600 (O) and a minimum of 2200 ready machine gun rounds. Ammunition storage separated from the crew.

The MAV Mobile Gun System (MGS). Defeat the standard Infantry bunker @ 2000M, troops in the open, and elevated targets up to the roof of a two story building. Mount a coaxial mounted machine gun capable of engaging dismounted troops out to 1200M. Provide 30 (T) main armament ready rounds, 40 (O) and a minimum of 5000 machine gun rounds. Ammunition storage separated from the crew. Possess a shoot-on-the move capability, with laser rangefinder, to defeat MBTs (up to T-72M) out to 2000M (T), 4000M (O).

The MGS will be equipped with a fire control system equivalent to the M-1 Abrams MBT (105MM). The main armament system capable of providing a firing rate of 7-12 rounds per minute for at least 2 minutes. The primary fire control system provide a maximum time to fire a first round of 5-8 seconds for a battlesight engagement and 8-12 seconds for a precision engagement with a lay-off of 15 degrees. Provide the capability to fire second and subsequent rounds in 5-8 seconds. Performance measured with KE ammunition. Main armament capable of continuous uninterrupted operation through a vertical arc of + 20 degrees to –10 degrees and 360 degrees horizontally. Provide infinitely variable traverse and elevation/depression rates of 0.5 to 75 mils per second and 0.5 to 25 mils per second respectively to permit tracking of moving targets. A slew rate of 400 mils per second. A rate of 200 mils per second is acceptable during periods of silent watch. An independent manual traversing system provided for the gunner. Day/Night target engagement capabilities include dual-power/field of view in both day and night channel with a wide field of view sufficient to allow firing of the coaxial weapon and permit an effective search capability. The narrow field of view has sufficient angular resolution to meet the range requirements listed below:

Daytime

Detection: 7000 meters

Recognition: 5000 meters

Identification: 3000 meters

Night-time (Passive)

Detection: 4000 meters

Recognition: 2200 meters

Identification: 1000 meters

NOTE 1: Ranges based on clear weather conditions (10 km visibility daytime) and vehicular targets; temperature differential between target and background of 1 degree C.

NOTE 2: Night-time light levels can be described as one-quarter moon.

The gunner provided with a backup sighting capability (daylight only) for the main and coaxial armament. Possess magnification and field of view to fulfill the daytime detection, recognition, and identification requirements listed above. It is desired that the sight provide non-ballistic reticles for the main gun KE and CE (HEAT or HEAT-MP) ammunition. Provision to permit rapid insertion of range adjustments to the reticules by manual means. Additional reticules may be required for other main gun rounds. Ballistic reticules are acceptable if the cost of non-ballistic reticules is deemed to be prohibitive. Backup capability to operate and fire the main and coaxial armament from the vehicle commander’s station in a hatch closed configuration.

The following targets penetrated (V 50) by the KE projectiles of the main gun at 70 degrees F. NATO HEAVY I at 60degrees obliquity, 3 inches RHA at 75degrees obliquity, NATO MEDIUM II at 60 degrees obliquity, NATO HEAVY III at 60 degrees obliquity from between 2000 and 3000 meters. The following targets penetrated by the HEAT projectiles of the main gun at 70 degrees F. NATO HEAVY I at 60 degrees obliquity, NATO MEDIUM II at 60 degrees obliquity, and 3 inches RHA at 75 degree obliquity.

Once boresight is established, the weapons system retain the armament accuracy provided by a boresighting exercise. Retain boresight within 0.15 mil elevation/depression and 0.15 mil azimuth deflection for 320-360 miles, 158-177 main gun rounds, and 51-58 hours of fire control use.

Equipped to accept necessary data links to allow the modernization to future ammunitions.

MAV Reconnaissance Vehicle: Possess mobility/agility equal-to or greater than the supported force. Sensor package/acquisition capability equal to, or exceeding, the current M3A3 w/Long Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System (LRAS3). Has a multi-spectral day/night sensor system capable of detecting threat vehicles outside their sensor's detection range and identifying threat vehicles outside of their engagement range in all weather conditions. Capable of sensing/detecting and identifying NBC agents. Mount a medium caliber self-defense weapon capable of engaging opposing light armored reconnaissance vehicles on the move at ranges out to 1800M (T); 2500m (O). Mount a coaxial machinegun capable of engaging dismounted troops at 1200M. Reconnaissance Vehicle has no more than three (3) crewmen with individual equipment. Capable of carrying three (3) additional dismount soldiers with individual equipment that have the capability to rapidly dismount and re-mount the vehicle as required, while under the protection of the self-defense and secondary weapons.

The MAV Antitank Guided Missile (ATGM) Variant capable of defeating state-of-the-art MBTs (up to and including T-90 PIP) from a minimum of 65M out to 3750M (T), 10000M (O). Launcher capable of rapid reloading by an individual crewman with minimum exposure. The system mounts both a stabilized medium caliber weapon capable of shooting-on-the-move and defeating light armored vehicles out to 1800M (T); 2500M (O) and a machinegun. System mounts a minimum of 2 (T), 4 (O) ready missiles with a minimum of storage of 8 missiles (T); 12 (O) plus 240 medium caliber rounds (T); 500 (O) and 400 machine gun rounds (T); 1000 (O). Fire control system includes a laser rangefinder accurate to +/- 10M with a minimum range of 6000M, a day view optic, digital compass and a FLIR capable of identifying targets beyond the missile's maximum range. Configuration includes around the clock all weather conditions capability to fire the missile in a dismounted configuration.

Command & Control (C2) / TOC MAV provides intra – inter theater vehicular data connectivity, electrical power control and distribution from an on-board primary power unit (PPU), back-up power and mounting provisions for on-board and ancillary equipment. The intercom system provides point to point, group and broadcast communication to each work station and crew position. Each position able to access all radios. Have modular and reconfigurable equipment mounting provisions for mounting current and projected C2 and digital systems. Both driver and vehicle commander have a POS/NAV and night vision capability. The PPU provides 110/220V AC 60Hz and 28 V DC and operates on standard fuel. Visual, infrared, electronic and thermal signatures must be minimized. External connectors for on-board equipment. Cabling from receivers and transmitters, as well as Local Area Net (LAN) cabling to other vehicles allows interface with on-board equipment. The C2 vehicle incorporates a military standard data distribution capability and status display of critical system components. Provide a self erecting and retracting antenna mast that can be fully operational and/or retracted within 2 minutes and mount a Tactical Satellite Antenna.

The Mortar Carrier MAV Accommodate a 120mm mortar for the battalion-level mortar platoon and an 81mm mortar for the company-level mortar section. Both mortars capable of firing the full family of standard mortar munitions without any degradation in performance (HE, illumination, IR illumination, smoke, and 120mm only: precision guided, DPICM). The 120mm carrier capability equal-to, or greater than, the current M1064A3 equipped with the Mortar Fire Control System with a range of 7200 meters and carry a minimum of 60 (T), 80 (O) ready rounds. The 81mm carrier will allow the mortar to be fired mounted from the carrier or dismounted from a baseplate out to 5700 meters and provide storage for a complete 60mm mortar system. The 81mm carrier will carry a minimum of 75 81mm and 30 60mm (T), 100 81mm and 44 60mm ready rounds (O).

The MAV Howitzer will mount a 155mm cannon capable of firing all fielded and developmental U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) 155mm munitions and propelling charges based on standard shell/charge compatibility. System range at least 22.5km with unassisted projectiles and 30km with rocket-assisted projectiles while maintaining a rate of fire of 5 rounds per minute (RPM) (T) to 8 RPM (O) maximum and 2 RPM sustained. Indirect fire accuracy equal to or better than that required of XM777. In addition to indirect fire, system capable of identifying NATO standard sized (2.3 by 2.3 meter) direct fire targetsat 3 (T) to 4 (O) kilometers and engaging direct fire targets at up to 1.5 km with an 80% (T) to 90% (O) probability of a first round hit. Utilize a digitized automated fire control system capable of computing firing data and interfacing with tactical fire direction systems. Utilize a crew of 3 (O) to 4 (T) and carry sufficient ammunition on-board to permit the immediate commencement of fire support after arrival in the objective area.

The MAV Engineer Vehicle (EV) will provide maneuver/mobility support capabilities which will include, but not be limited to, obstacle clearing, in-stride breaching of surface mines, proofing of subsurface mines, bunker/wall busting, and smoke generation for local protection. The MAV EV may have up to three (3) crewman with individual equipment. Be capable of carrying ten (10) Land Warrior engineer soldiers with individual equipment. Each vehicle will have plug-in power and a Squad Leader's Display. Contain the same primary and secondary armaments that are on the ICV to include ammunition storage separated from the crew. Capability to mount mine detection/clearing equipment as required (this equipment may be available for quick/temporary installation on other vehicles within the force to further enhance mobility). Be able to tow (T)/mount (O) mine clearing charge or a scatterable mine dispensing equipment with a universal interchangeable mount. Be capable of tele-operation (T)/follower behavior (O) and be able to revert to manned operation. Able to tow(T)/mount(O)a light/medium assault bridge (the bridge option requires a two [2]man crew). Contain enough storage capability for the engineer tools and demolitions for mobility/countermobility missions.

The MAV Striker/Fire Support Team Variant will provide automated enhanced surveillance, target acquisition, target identification, target tracking, target designation, position location and communications functionality while mounted. Provide the FISTs/Strikers with the capability to automate command and control functions required to perform fire support planning, directing, controlling and cross-functional area coordination, as well as provide combat identification. The on-board computing capability with open system’s architecture to allow continuous software/hardware upgrade. Provide the equivalent mobility, survivability, maneuverability, speed, and comparable physical signature as the Infantry, Mobile Gun Systems (MGS), and Recce units it supports. The sensor, detection, designation and communications sub-systems: Target location accuracy 50m CEP to 5,000m or 80m CEP to 10,000m (T) and 30m CEP to 5,000m or 50m CEP to 10,000 (O). Thermal recognition will be a standard NATO target to 6,000m (T) to 10,000m (O). Stationary targets to 5,000m (T), and 8,000m (O). Moving targets to 4,000m (T) and 8,000m (O). Communications include four FM/digital nets (Y), four FM/digital nets plus TACSAT and CAS/AR AV capability (O). The FIST/Striker able to operate on up to four/three nets simultaneously nets from each crew position. Target information passed directly through the communications system to AFATDS and IFSAS.

MAV NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle will be a single integrated system capable of detection, identification, and quantification of threat NBC agents (and Toxic Industrial Materials (TIMs) [O]) in point, remote, (and standoff [O]) modes throughout the battlespace; provide NBC hazard visualization and warning, or dewarning to tactical/operational commanders throughout the Joint Tactical Area; collect and preserve NBC agent samples for the National Command Authority [T]. The core of the NBC Reconnaissance Variant will be its on-board integrated NBC sensor suite. The suite consists of: point detectors for nuclear, biological, and chemical agents/toxic materials; stand-off detectors for nuclear, chemical, and biological particles, vapors, and/or aerosols; and a remote sensing and collection ability via Close–Range Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (CR-UAVs) [T], Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) operational capability/linkage [O], and networked, automated, drop-off sensors for NBC materials. This MAV variant will perform NBC reconnaissance (route and area/zone reconnaissance on primary and secondary roads and cross-country) and NBC surveillance, wherever combat, combat support and combat service support forces are deployed within the theater battlespace. The NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle will have an NBC overpressure system protection (T) for minimal operational mission effectiveness. Crew size: 4 man [T], 3 man [O].

The MAV Medical Evacuation (Ambulance) Variant will have a crew of three (3) and the capability to secure and transport four (4) litter patients. (T); six (6) (O) or six (6) (T) sitting casualties; eight (8) (O). Provide accessible and adequate storage space for major items of the Medical Equipment Set (MES) Ground Ambulance including resuscitation apparatus and medical supplies such as oxygen, bandages, medicines and first aid supplies. Provide climate control unit (heating/cooling) in patient transport/care area.

The MAV Medical Treatment Variant will carry a crew of four (4) and provide adequate space for two (2) stretchers and advanced trauma life support equipment and provide a climate control unit (heating/cooling) in the patient/transport/care area. Adequate accessible storage areas must be provided for the MES, Sick Call/Trauma. It will carry a crew-erectable/strikable external shelter, for attachment to the rear of the vehicle, capable of erection in less than 15 minutes and re-stowed within 10 minutes.

The MAV Recovery Vehicle (MAV-R) will provide an organic lift capability to safely recover all mired, deadlined or overturned MAV systems. Capable of performing recovery tasks without assistance from other vehicles. It will augment MAV self-recovery capabilities to ensure maximum system availability. It will mount a self defense weapon and provide sufficient communication capability (POS/NAV GPS, Movement Tracking System and FBCB2) to maintain continuous situational awareness. Capable of lifting, for removal or replacement, the heaviest components of MAV configurations, including engine-transmission, assembled components, guns and turrets. Capable of rotating lifted loads horizontally and lifting front and rear of all MAV variants. Sufficient stowage space, with external access, provided for securing BII and recovery-mission tools. MAV-R will have the capability to cut vehicle external fixtures, such as bumpers, fenders, skirts and axles/torsion bars. It will carry tow bars and cables accessible from outside the vehicle and provide externally accessible slave cables. MAV-R will have a crew of two, but be capable of performing basic operations with a single crewman and provide, as a minimum, seating for one additional soldier.