Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICV)
1. General Description of Operational Capability.
a. Mission Area.
b. Operational and Organizational Concept: The ICV is the base vehicle in the IBCT. The IBCT mission, based on decisive action through dismounted Infantry assault, mandates an ICV capability to rapidly deploy an overmatching Infantry force anywhere on the battlefield. The IBCT operates within the enemy's decision loop by leveraging Situational Awareness. The ICV provides the Infantry squad with a highly mobile, protected, transport to the decisive locations on the battlefield.
Combined with the MGS, the ICV will provide direct fire support for the squad during dismounted assaults. The ICV is the backbone of a rapidly deployable force. It increases the Infantry's tactical mobility, survivability and lethality against a light armored threat.
3. Shortcomings of Existing Systems.
4. Capabilities Required.
a. System Performance. Key Performance Parameters (KPPs); Asterisk (*) indicates a KPP.
*(1) MAV ICV Infantry Carrier and Engineer Squad configurations must carry an Infantry squad with individual equipment.
Rationale: The mission of the ICV is to provide protected transport for an Infantry squad and direct fire support for the Infantry squad during the dismounted assault. Dismounted operations are enabled by the supporting fires of the IBCT and the other MAV based combined arms assets in the IBCT. The Infantry fights in squad sized units consisting of 9 Infantrymen. The ICV, as a combat vehicle, must carry this squad and retain the capability to provide effective supporting fires to the squad while it is dismounted. The Engineer Vehicle will also be required to carry a full squad to accomplish its mission.
(2) MAV ICV must be capable of hosting Mission Equipment Packages (MEP) to facilitate other configurations as described in Appendices to this Annex.
Rationale: ICV is the base vehicle for all other MAV configurations in the IBCT. To maximize commonality the use of off the shelf NDI MEPs will be integrated on the ICV wherever possible.
(3) MAV ICV must accommodate a minimum of two (2) up to three crewmenman with individual equipment.
Rationale: The required number of crewmen to operate the vehicle and its on-board systems during tactical operations.. Third crewman required if vehicle design requires a Gunner in addition to Vehicle Commander and Driver.
(4) MAV ICV must provide doors/hatches and openings that facilitate rapid ingress and egress.
Rationale: In a tactical situation, the Infantry squad must be able to exit ICV and disperse immediately. This denies the enemy the opportunity to inflict multiple casualties on the squad by engaging the vehicle. Rapid egress is also required in the event of battle damage to the vehicle while the squad is mounted. Rapid ingress permits the squad to transition rapidly from dismounted to mounted operations.
(5) For Infantry and Engineer Squad applications, MAV ICV must provide plug-in power, and a Squad Leader Displaya plug-in to update Land Warrior GPS and embedded training capability for both .
Rationale: Required to support other integral Infantry systems. Squad Leader must have display to share in digital C2 and situational awareness necessary to survive and dominate the battlefield.
(6) MAV ICV must provide armament capable of day and night operation to identify and defeat enemy troops in the open and in hastily prepared fighting positions at 1500m when fired from the vehicle or in the dismounted configuration.
Rationale: A range of 1500M is required to defeat enemy bunkers in support of dismounted Infantry maneuver without exposing the ICV to destructive fires from the enemy. The requirement to dismount weapons and fire from a ground position will permit vehicle crews to provide supporting fires from dug in and more advantageous fighting positions. The dismounted Infantry also provides an increased level of survivability to unit platforms by allowing them to achieve standoff and to avoid engagement by enemy man-portable antitank fires.
(7) The MAV ICV must provide an armament elevation capability of 60 degrees or more.
Rationale: The requirement to engage and defeat enemy in urban terrain requires ICV to be capable of engaging enemy troops, crew served weapons and snipers in upper stories and on rooftops of tall buildings. The Bradley primary armament is capable of 60 degrees elevation.
(8) The armament system can be fired mounted or dismounted. It must be capable in day and night of identifying and defeating light armored vehicles out to a distance of 1500 meters using existing or planned sight and armament systems.
Rationale: The capability to defeat lightly armored vehicles at these ranges is required to maintain stand-off distances necessary for combat overmatch against armament systems capable of defeating the ICV.
(9) The vehicle must provide the capacity to carry the following types of ammunition in the quantities noted: up to 430 rounds of MK-19 40mm, up to 2000 rounds of M2 .50 cal.
Rationale: MAV ICV must carry enough ammunition to support a 72-hour combat mission without rearming. Requirement supports the Arms Room Concept. METT-T dependent, commander can provide dismounted Infantry support with the MK-19 and/or the M2. The amount of stowed MK-19 ammunition is based upon the quantity carried by up-armored HMMWV. M2 ammunition requirement is based upon the number of rounds carried by the M113 APC.
(10) Stowed missiles must be compartmented from onboard personnel in order to enhance survivability.
Rationale: Separation of missiles from the crew and Infantry squad will reduce or eliminate injury or fatalities resulting from secondary explosions subsequent to an enemy hit.
(11) ICV must be able to enter and exit a water obstacle at predetermined locations without preparation of the vehicle. The vehicle must enter/exit sites (30 percent wet embankment) without swamping, sinking or stopping. The ICV must have the ability to swim at a minimum of 4.5 MPH in waves of 12 inches and against a current of 5 MPH.
Rationale: Provides the ability for essential combat elements to navigate most water obstacles to maneuver and/or secure crossings for the total force. Reduces the need for integral or augmented engineer mobility assets. Forward speed must be approximately equal to the speed of the current in order to maintain control and direction. The speed of 4.5 MPH is based on the latest European Waterways Study that determined this to be the minimum safe speed to negotiate average bodies of water.
(12) All MAV ICV configurations must have the capability to carry one standard NATO litter. All necessary equipment and mounting items must be provided as a part of each vehicle.
Rationale: The dispersion of combat formations and the lack of initial air evacuation capability requires each vehicle to potentially transport casualties to medical evacuation vehicles or casualty collection points.
5. Program Support.
6. Force Structure. Projected Army initial requirement is 540 ICV. This will equip 5 brigade-size units with 108 each. Quantities of scaleable armor required for ICV are TBD.
The following MAV configurations will use the MAV ICV as the base vehicle. They will be modified, whenever possible, by integrating NDI mission equipment packages onto the ICV.
Mortar Carrier Appendix 1
Antitank Guided Missile Vehicle Appendix 2
Reconnaissance Vehicle Appendix 3
Fire Support Vehicle Appendix 4
Engineer Squad Vehicle Appendix 5
Commander's Vehicle Appendix 6
Medical Evacuation Vehicle Appendix 7
NBC Reconnaissance Vehicle Appendix 8