WIN-T Concept of Operations [DRAFT]

2.0 BACKGROUND

    1. Existing Shortcomings
      1. Many information, automation and communication lessons were learned in the 1990’s from experiences such as Desert Storm, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Army Warfighting Experiments (AWEs). Operational concepts have changed significantly and warfighter expectations for a responsive tactical communications infrastructure have grown far beyond the scope of the Army’s existing tactical communications network.
      2. Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) and TRI-TAC services are not capable of supporting the warfighters’ needs on the digitized battlefield in the near term or the needs of the rapidly developing 21st century force (Army XXI). Yesterday’s command, control, and support services relied heavily on voice, small data files and short text messaging. Today’s warfighter depends on a much broader spectrum of information services: video, graphics data, imagery, collaborative planning tools, remote interactive battlefield operating systems, and distributed databases.
      3. The Army’s digitization program and rapidly changing warfighting doctrine demand a substantial increase in communications capacity, as well as advances in information security, mobility, efficiency and transparency to the user.
      4. Technological advances in communications, automation, information assurance and network management makes competitively possible, a communications network responsive to the Army’s new information needs; WIN-T.
      5. WIN-T is a seamless integrated network of communications, automation, management and information security systems. These collectively rectify the warfighter’s current connectivity shortfalls and reshape tactical communications to support the Army’s 21st century move to achieve full spectrum dominance.
    2. Capstone Warfighter Concept
      1. Common to both the Army’s Force XXI experimentation and AAN exploration efforts are a greater understanding of the role that advanced technology will play in the future, especially in the in the area of information gathering and dissemination management. The linkage of individual soldiers, sensors, weapons and commanders into integrated systems-of-systems has identified unforeseen possibilities in the areas of lethality and operational agility.
      2. These same technology advances have also opened equally powerful asymmetric threat options for a growing range of potential adversaries. Speed of response to these threats with highly agile, mission-tailored teams has gained importance unforeseen before Force XXI experimentation.
      3. The information systems that are required to support these teams on a greatly expanded and complex battlefield have to be more dynamic, robust, tailorable, survivable and sustainable than any system imagined a decade ago. They must be truly mobile, virtually seamless and for the first time allow the commander to cut his tether to the supporting signal unit. WIN-T will provide C2OTM, global reachback, and enable situational awareness wherever and whenever the commander needs it.
    3. Joint Concept
    4. Joint Vision 2010 has established the methodology for today’s military to achieve Full Spectrum Dominance. This process begins with focused and orchestrated technology exploitation. The application of new technologies has generated new operational concepts; dominant maneuver, precision engagement, full dimensional protection and focused logistics. The basis for this conceptual framework is information superiority assured by improved C2 and intelligence systems. For the Army, WIN-T is the glue that binds all of these systems together and seamlessly connects to strategic/sustaining base, joint and commercial systems. WIN-T supports the concepts and goals of Joint Vision 2010 and those established in these Joint documents: Capstone Requirements White Paper For Joint Tactical Command, Control, Communications And Computers (C4) To Meet The Needs Of 2010 And Beyond (draft); and the Joint Network Management System Concept of Operation (draft).

    5. Other Warfighting Concepts
      1. WIN-T is an integral part of the Army XXI Signal support strategy. The Operations and Organizational (O&O) Concepts for Force XXI Conservative Heavy Division and Corps XXI describe a battlespace where operations are distributed, simultaneous and heavily reliant on information technology. Improved situational awareness, sensor to shooter capabilities and command and control are just a few aspects of information dominance that WIN-T enables.
      2. WIN-T supports the following strategies, concepts and visions: "Army Vision 2010"; "The Army Digitization Master Plan"; "Force Projection Army C4I Support," CG TRADOC, February 1992; "The Army Enterprise Strategy," Army Chief of Staff, January 1993; "The U.S. Army 1998 Modernization Plan," Secretary of the Army, April 1998; Warfighter Information Network Concept Paper, March 1995; TRADOC’s C4ISR Concept (draft); Warfighter Information Network (WIN) Capstone Requirements Document (CRD) (draft); Army Battle Command Systems (ABCS) CRD Revision 1b, Final Draft, dated 30 June 1999; and ORD for Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) Version 5.2, dated 23 September 1998.