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Artillery
SYSTEM CALIBER TYPE ORIGIN RANGE (M) MAX EFF
DIRECT FIRE
RG (M)
ERBB
OR RAP
RANGE (M)
MIN RANGE (M) ECHELON REMARKS
25 PDR 87.6 GUN-HOW UK 12250       DIVISION HIGHLY MOBILE; TURNTABLE MOUNT ALLOWS FOR RAPID AIMING IN 360 DEGREES; OBSOLETE BUT FORMERLY IN WIDE UK AND COMMONWEALTH USE
2A36 152 GUN USSR 28000   33000 ARMY TWD VERSION OF 2S5 GUN
2A45M 125 AT GUN USSR 12200 2100 - APFSDS     REGIMENT T-12 F-O SYSTEM; AT-11 CAPABLE
2A61 152 HOWITZER USSR 15100     DIVISION + D20 F-O SYSTEM ?
2A65 152 GUN USSR 30000   40000 ARMY TWD VERSION OF 2S19 GUN
2B16 120 COMBO GUN USSR 8800 1000     ABN/NAVAL RGTS TOWED VERSION OF 2S23 AND 2S9 GUN; NAVAL INFANTRY USE
2B9 82 AUTO MORTAR USSR 5000 1000   100 BATTALION 2 RDS/SE; 4 RD CLIP FIRED
2S1 122 SP HOW USSR 15300   21900 REGIMENT AMPHIBIOUS
2S12 120 SP MORTAR USSR 8700   13000 460 BATTALION TRUCK MTD M120
2S19 152 SP GUN/HOW USSR 30000   40000 ARMY T-72HULL; AUTOLOADING
2S23 120 SP COMBO GUN USSR 8800 1000 BTR-80 HULL; CAN FIRE NATO 120MM MTR RDS
2S3 152 SP HOW USSR 17230   20500 DIVISION MAY HAVE 12.7 mm AAMG; NOT AMPHIBIOUS
2S31 120 SP COMBO GUN USSR 8800+ 1000 IMPROVED 120mm GUN SYSTEM; LIMITED INFORMATION
2S4 240 SP MORTAR USSR 9700   20000 800 THEATER MT-LB CARRIER OF M240 MORTAR
2S5 152 SP GUN USSR 28000   33000 ARMY 12.7 mm AAMG;
2S7 203 SP GUN USSR 37500   50000 FRONT + NBC OVERPRESSURE;
2S9 120 SP COMBO USSR 8800 1000 ARMY+ ABN/AASLT USE; BMD HULL; CAN FIRE NATO 120MM MTR RDS
5.5 IN 139.7 GUN UK 14800       CORPS LIMITED DEPLOYMENT; WIDE USE IN FORMER COMMONWEALTH NATIONS; CONDITION DOUBTFUL IN ALL BUT UK
9A52 BM-30 300 MRL USSR 70000     12000 FRONT 12 RDS
9P113M FROG 7 FREE ROCKET USSR 70000     11000   WIDE WP AND 3D WORLD USE
A-19 122 GUN USSR 20800 900     CORPS OBSOLETE; 3D WORLD USE
ABABEEL 50 262 MRL IRAQ 50000     2000   COPY OF YUGOSLAV M-87 MRL; 12 RDS
ABABEEL 100 400 MRL IRAQ 100000         4 RD LAUNCHER
ABBOT 105 SP HOW UK 17200       DIVISION INDIAN, CANADIAN, UK USE; AMPHIBIOUS
AL ABBAS MOD SS-1C SSM IRAQ 500000         STRETCHED SCUD-C; DECREASED ACCURACY; IMPROVED RANGE
AL FAO 210 GUN IRAQ 45000          
AL HUSSEIN MOD SS-1C SSM IRAQ           MODIFIED SS-1C
AS90 155 SP HOW UK 24700   40000     ENTERED UK SERVICE IN 1992; POWERED LOADING ASSIST FOR 3 ROUNDS IN 10 SECONDS
ASTROS SS-40 180 MRL BRAZIL 35000     15000   16 RD LAUNCHER; NORMALLY ON 6 X6 TECTRAN ARMORED TRUCK
ASTROS SS-30 127 MRL BRAZIL 30000     9000   32 RD LAUNCHER; NORMALLY ON 6 X6 TECTRAN ARMORED TRUCK
ASTROS SS-60 300 MRL BRAZIL 60000     20000   4 RD LAUNCHER; NORMALLY ON 6 X6 TECTRAN ARMORED TRUCK
B4/M 203 HOWITZER USSR 18025     FRONT TRACKED AND WHEELED CARRIAGE VERSIONS
BK 1A 155 SP GUN SWEDEN 25600   "BANDKANONE 1A"; S-TANK CHASSIS; 14 ROUND AUTOLOADER
BM-11 122 MRL PRNK 20500         MOUNTED ON URAL 375D, NORTH KOREAN COPY OF RUSSIAN BM-22
BM-13 132 MRL USSR 9000       RESERVE/ TNG 16 RDS; 3D WORLD USE
BM-14 140 MRL USSR 9810 MIN 400 - MAX = LOS   3800 RESERVE/ TNG 16 OR 17 RDS; 3D WORLD USE
BM-21 122 MRL USSR 20380 MIN 400 - MAX = LOS 30000 1500 DIVISION 40 RDS; WIDE EXPORT AND USE
BM-21-1 122 MRL USSR 20380 MIN 400 - MAX = LOS 30000 1500 DIVISION 36 RDS
BM-21B 122 MRL USSR 20380 MIN 400 - MAX = LOS 30000 1500 DIVISION 30 RDS
BM-21V 122 MRL USSR 20380 MIN 400 - MAX= LOS 30000 1500 ABN UNITS 12 RDS
BM-22 220 MRL USSR 40000     5000 ARMY + 16 RDS
BM-24 240 MRL USSR 11000       RESERVE/ TRAINING 12 RDS (TRACKED CARRIER = BM-24t)
BM-25 250 MRL USSR 30000       RESERVE/ TRAINING 6 RDS; 3D WORLD USE
BMD-20 200 MRL USSR 20000     2660 RESERVE/ TRAINING 4 RDS; 3D WORLD USE, ZIL-151 MOUNTED
Ch-26 57 AT GUN USSR   900     AIRBORNE TOWED VERSION OF ASU-57 GUN
D1 152 HOWITZER USSR 12400   DIVISION OBSOLETE
D20 152 HOWITZER USSR 17230   24000 DIVISION+ 2D LINE UNITS
D30 122 HOWITZER USSR 15300   21900 REGIMENT + BTR/ABN/AASLT/NAVAL INFANTRY USE; WIDE EXPORT
D44 85 FLD GUN USSR 15650 1150 - HVAP     ABN AT BN SD-44 HAS SP ATTACHMENT (25 KM/H SP/60 KM/H TOWED) IR SIGHTS
D48 85 FLD GUN USSR 18970 1200     AT BN/RGT IR SIGHTS; REPLACED BY T-12
D74 122 FIELDGUN USSR 23900   ARMY LIMITED DEPLOYMENT
DANA 152 SP HOW CZECH 18000       DIVISION 8 X 8 ARMORED TRUCK CARRIER
FIROS 6 51 MRL IT 6550         48 RD LAUNCHER; MOUNTED ON VARIOUS CARRIERS
FIROS 25 122 MRL IT 25000         40 RD LAUNCHER (2 X 20)
FIROS 30 122 MRL IT 34000         40 RD LAUNCHER (2 X 20)
FH70 155 HOW INT 24000          
FH77 155 HOW SWEDEN 24000         INDIAN AND NIGERIAN SERVICE
G5 155 GUN SA 30800   39000     EXPORTED
G6 155 SP GUN SA 30800   39000     WHEELED CARRIER; EXPORTED
GBT155 155 SP HOW UK 27400   31500      
GC45 155 GUN-HOW BELGIUM 30000   39000 2800    
GCT 155 SP GUN FR 23000   30500      
GH N 45 155 HOWITZER AUSTRIA     33000      
GIAT TR 155 GUN FR 18500   32000      
GM 45 155 GUN-HOWITZER PRC     39000      
KOORYONG 130 MRL ROK 32000     10000   RESEMBLES BM-21; 36 RD LAUNCHER ON 4 X 4 TRUCK
KUNG FENG III/IV 126 MRL ROC 9000         40 RD LAUNCHER; TOWED, TRUCK, M113, AND LVTP MOUNTED VERSIONS; TAIWANESE USE
KUNG FENG VI 117 MRL ROC 15000         45 RD LAUNCHER ON M52 TRUCK; TAIWANESE USE
51MM 51MM MORTAR UK 800     50 PLATOON STANDARD BRITISH PLATOON MORTAR; WIDE COPYING AND USE, ESPECIALLY IN FORMER UK TERRITORIES AND COMMONWEALTH NATIONS
L16 ML / M252 81 MORTAR UK / US 5650     166 BATTALION ADOPTED BY US; STANDARD UK MORTAR; CAN BE VEHICLE MOUNTED (FV432); WIDE EXPORT AND USE; CAN FIRE MERLIN GUIDED ROUND
LARS 160 MRL IS 30000     12000   ADOPTED BY VENEZUELA; FIRES FROM 18-RD PODS
LARS 110 MRL GE 14000   25000 6000 DIVISION WHEELED (6 x6); 36 RD LAUNCHER; FIELDGUARD RADAR FOR ADJUSTING FIRE; AIR TRANSPORTABLE; ALSO CALLED ArtRktWfr 110 SF.
LAITH 90 550 FREE ROCKET IRAQ 90000         MODIFIED FROG-7
L118 / M119 105 HOW UK / US 17200   20000   DIVISION LIGHT CARRIAGE; DESIGNED FOR AIR-MOBILE AND AIRBORNE OPERATIONS;WIDE USE AND EXPORT
MAKSAM RA-7040 70 MRL TURKEY 7400         40 RD LAUNCHER ON TRAILER; TURKISH ARMY AND AIR FORCE USE
MAR 290 290 MRL IS 25000         4 RD LAUNCHER MOUNTED ON CENTURION TANK CHASSIS
MCB 81 81 COMBO GUN FR 8000 1000       EXPORT SALES; SHIPBOARD AND ARMORED VEHICLE MOUNTS; EXPORT SALES
MO-120-60 120 MORTAR FR 6610     600   MANPORTABLE; EXPORTED AND IN FRENCH SERVICE; CAN FIRE DIEHL "BUSSARD" GUIDED ROUND
MO-120-LT 120 MORTAR FR 7000   8000+     WHEELED CARRIAGE; CAN BE OPERATED AND TOWED BY ONLY TWO MEN; CAN FIRE DIEHL "BUSSARD" GUIDED ROUND
MO-120-RT-61 120 MORTAR FR 4250   13000 600   RIFLED MORTAR; WILL FILL ALL 120MM (BRANDT) AMMUNITION FOR SMOOTHBORE MORTARS;CAN FIRE DIEHL "BUSSARD" GUIDED ROUND
m/41D 120 MORTAR SWEDEN 6400   7500 600? BRIGADE STANDARD SWEDISH MORTAR; IRISH SERVICE; CAN FIRE STRIX GUIDED ROUND
M19 60 MORTAR USA 1814     45 COMPANY LIGHT UNIT COMPANY MORTAR; RANGES ARE FOR HEAVY (M5) BASEPLATE
M29 81 MORTAR USA 4737     46 CO / BN FORMERLY COMPANY-LEVEL MORTAR; USED AS BATTALION MORTAR IN LIGHT UNITS; WIDE EXPORT AND COPIES
M30 107 MORTAR USA 6800     400 BATTALION FIN-STABILIZED, RIFLED MORTAR; WIDE US AND ALLIED USE; BEING PHASED OUT SLOWLY FOR A 120MM REPLACEMENT; DPICM ROUNDS AVAILABLE BUT NOT IN US USE
M31 81 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 4100     85    
M57 60 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 1700     75    
M68 81 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 5000     90    
M69 82 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 3150     100    
M8 50 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 480     150    
M101 105 HOW US 11270   14600   DIVISION WIDE EXPORT; US VERSIONS UPGRADED TO M102
M102 105 HOW US 11500   15100   DIVISION WIDE EXPORT; US USE IN LIGHT AND AIRBORNE UNITS
M106 107 SP MORTAR USA 6800     770 BATTALION M 30 MORTAR IN M113
M107 175 SP GUN USA 32700       CORPS OBSOLETE; INTERNATIONAL USE;
M108 105 SP HOW USA 15000       DIVISION  
M109 155 SP HOW USA 18100   30000   DIVISION M109A6 CAN FIRE TO 24000 WITHOUT RAP; WIDE USE AND EXPORT
M110 203 SP HOW USA 21300          
M114 155 HOW USA 14600         JAPANESE,ITALIAN, IRANIAN, SPANISH, TAIWANESE, GREEK, INDIAN, JORDANIAN USE
M114 F 155 HOW FR 24000   32000     FRENCH VERSION OF M114
M115 203 HOW US 16800         TOWED VERSION OF BASIC GUN FROM M110
M116 75 PACK HOW US 8790         3D WORLD AND RESERVE USE; OBSOLETE
M120 120 MORTAR USSR 8700   13000 460 BATTALION REPLACING M1943 AT BATTALION LEVEL
M125 81 SP MORTAR USA 4737     46   M 29 MORTAR IN M113
M160 160 MORTAR USSR 8040     750 DIVISION LIMITED DEPLOYMENT; MOUNTAIN DIVISION USE
M1943 120 MORTAR USSR 5700     500 BATTALION BEING REPLACED BY M120 AND 2B9
M1944 100 FLD GUN USSR 21000 1000 - HEAT-FS     AT BN/RGT RESERVE; 3D WORLD USE
M1966 76 MT GUN USSR 11500       REGIMENT MOUNTAIN UNITS; LIMITED DEPLOYMENT; 3D WORLD USE
M1974 152 SP GUN/HOW NK 17400   20500 ATS-59 ARTILLERY TRACTOR, DAY AND NIGHT DIRECT FIRE SIGHTS
M1975 130 SP GUN NK 27500         SP M46 ON AT-T CHASSIS
M1977 122 SP HOW NK 15300   21900     SP D-30
M1978 170 SP GUN NK 40000   53000     T-55 CHASSIS, SUPPORT REQUIRED BY SECONDARY VEHICLE TO TRANSPORT CREW AND AMMUNITION
M198 155 HOW US/UK 18150   30000   CORPS/DIV IMPROVED 155mm ON LIGHT FRAME; USE IN BRITISH AND US LIGHT UNITS
M1981 122 SP GUN NK 23900 1060       D-74 MOUNTED ON AN ATS-59 ARTILLERY TRACTOR,
M1985 122 SP GUN NK 20800 980       COPY OF THE RUSSIAN A-19 MOUNTED ON A MODIFIED ATS-59 ARTILLERY TRACTOR
M1985 122 MRL NK 20500         30 TUBES WITH AN ONBOARD RELOAD
M1985 240 MRL NK 43000         12 TUBES ON A 6X6 TRUCK, DEDICATED RESUPPLY VEHICLE
M1989 170 SP GUN NK 40000         IMPROVED VERSION OF THE M1978
M1989 240 MRL NK 43000         IMPROVED VERSION OF THE M1985, 22 TUBES ON A 6X6 TRUCK
M1991 122 SP HOW NK 23900 1060       IMPROVED VERSION OF THE M1981
M1993 120 SP COMBO GUN NK 8800 1000       COPY OF RUSSIAN 2S9
M240 240 MORTAR USSR 9700   20000 800 THEATER BREECH-LOADING
M30 122 HOW USSR 11800 800 DIVISION 3D WORLD USE
M36 82 MORTAR USSR 3100     100 BATTALION WIDE USE IN ASIA AND AFRICA
M37 82 MORTAR USSR 3000     100 BATTALION CIS AND 3D WORLD USE; MAY BE FITTED WITH DOUBLE LOAD SAFETY
M38 107 MORTAR USSR 6300     800 BATTALION MOUNTAIN UNIT USE; CIS RESERVE; MAN-PORTABLE
M41 82 MORTAR USSR 2550     100 BATTALION 3D WORLD USE
M42 45 AT GUN USSR            
M44T 155 SP HOW FR 24700   30000      
M46 130 FLD/GUN USSR 27150         OBSOLETE
M46 130 GUN USSR 27490   FRONT HIGHLY ACCURATE; WIDE 3D WORLD USE AND EXPORT
M48 76 MT HOW YUGOSLAV 8750         MAN/MULE TRANSPORTED IN EIGHT LOADS
M50 155 HOW FR            
M52 85 AT GUN CZECH 16160 1150        
M53 100 AT GUN CZECH 21000 1100+       IR SIGHTS
M56 105 HOW YUGOSLAV 13000          
M56 105 PACK HOW IT 10575         WIDE EXPORT AND USE
M59 155 GUN US 22000          
M60 122 FIELD GUN FINLAND 25000          
M63 262 MRL YUGOSLAV 12800     800   32 RDS
M65 155 HOW YUGOSLAV 14600         YUGOSLAV COPY OF M114
M68 155 HOW IS            
M68 155 HOWITZER FINLAND 23000          
M71 155 HOW IS            
M74 120 MORTAR YUGOSLAV          
M74 155 GUN-HOW FINLAND 24000          
M75 120 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 5400   9056      
M77   MRL YUGOSLAV 20600     1500   AUTORELOAD SYSTEM W/1 RELOAD; 32 RDS
M839P 155 HOW IS   25000      
M84 152 GUN-HOWITZER YUGOSLAV 24400         COPY OF SOVIET D-20
M85 128 MRL YUGOSLAV 12500         MOUNTED ON TAM TRUCK; 32 RD LAUNCHER
M845P 155 HOW IS     27500      
M87 262 MRL YUGOSLAV 50000     2000   12 RDS
MECAR FIELD 90 AT GUN BE            
MK 61 105 SP HOW FR 15000          
MK F3 155 SP HOW FR 20047   25300      
ML20 152 GUN/HOW USSR 17265     DIVISION OBSOLETE; 3D WORLD USE
MT-12 T-12 A 100 AT GUN USSR 21000 2000 - APFSDS     REGIMENT IR SIGHTS; AT-10 CAPABLE; INDIRECT FIRE CAPABLE
NODONG-1   SSM NK 1000000         TRANSPORTED BY A COPY OF A RUSSIAN MAZ 543 TEL
TAEPO DONG-1   SSM NK 2000000         TRANSPORTED ON MODIFIED SCUD TRANSPORTER
PRITHVI   SSM INDIA 250000         WHEELED TRANSPORTER; ONLY IN INDIAN ARMY SERVICEZ
PZH2000 155 SP HOW GE 30000   40000      
RPU-14 140 MRL USSR 9810 MIN 400 - MAX = LOS   3800 ABN / RESERVE 16 RDS; TOWED LAUNCHER
S23 180 GUN USSR 30400   43800 FRONT 3D WORLD USE; LIMITED CIS USE
SAJEEL 30 127 MRL IRAQ 30000     9000   IRAQI COPY OF ASTROS II
SAJEEL 40 180 MRL IRAQ 35000     15000   IRAQI COPY OF ASTROS II
SAJEEL 60 300 MRL IRAQ 60000     20000   IRAQI COPY OF ASTROS II
SAKR 80 210 FREE RKT EGYPT 80000         AVAILABLE FOR EXPORT; WHEELED CARRIER
SLAMMER 155 SP GUN-HOW IS     39000   DIVISION AUTOLOADING (9 RDS/MINUTE); OFFERED FOR EXPORT
SS-1 "SCUD" SSM USSR 300000         WIDE 3D WORLD USE AND COPYING
SS-12 "SCALEBOARD" SSM USSR 900000         TO BE DESTROYED UNDER INF
SS-1C "SCUD B" SSM USSR 300000       FRONT WIDE 3D WORLD USE AND COPYING
SS-21 "SCARAB" SSM USSR 100000         LIMITED DEPLOYMENT
SS-23 "SPIDER" SSM USSR 500000         TO BE DESTROYED UNDER INF
T-63 107 MRL NK 10000         SMALL, EASILY TRANSPORTABLE, HAS WHEELED AND TRACKED VERSIONSMOUNTED ON M1973 APCs, COPY OF CHINESE TYPE 63 MRL, ALSO MANPACKABLE
TERUEL 140 MRL SPAIN 28000     6000   40 RD LAUNCHER ON 6 X 6 TRUCK
TYPE 31 / TYPE 63 60 MORTAR PRC 1530     200    
TYPE 53 82 MORTAR PRC 3040     100    
TYPE 53 120 MORTAR PRC 5700     460    
TYPE 54 122 HOWITZER PRC 11800         CHINESE AND 3D WORLD USE
TYPE 54 152 HOWITZER PRC 12400         CHINESE COPY OF D1
TYPE 54 76 AT GUN PRC   1000        
TYPE 54-1 122 SP HOWITZER PRC 11800         SP COPY OF M-30
TYPE 54-1 122 HOWITZER PRC 11800         CHINESE COPY OF M30
TYPE 55 57 AT GUN PRC 8400          
TYPE 56 85 FIELD GUN PRC 15650 970       CHINESE AND 3D WORLD USE
TYPE 59 100 FIELD GUN PRC 20000 1040       CHINESE COPY OF BS-3/M1944
TYPE 59-1 130 GUN PRC 27490   38000     CHINESE COPY OF M46
TYPE 60 122 FIELD GUN PRC 24000         CHINESE COPY OF D74
TYPE 63 130 MRL   15000          
TYPE 66 152 GUN-HOW PRC 17230   21880     CHINESE COPY OF D20; WIDE 3D USE
TYPE 67 337 TWIN FREE ROCKET JAPAN 28000         ONLY IN SERVICE WITH JSDF; RESEMBLES US ARMY LITTLE JOHN
TYPE 70 130 MRL   15000          
TYPE 74 105 HOWITZER JAPAN 11270          
TYPE 74 284 MRL PRC 1500         CHINESE MINECLEARING MRL; MAY USE A FUEL-AIR TYPE WARHEAD; 10 RD LAUNCHER
TYPE 75 130 MRL JAPAN 15000         30 RD LAUNCHER ON TYPE 73 APC CHASSIS
TYPE 75 155 HOWITZER JAPAN 15000          
TYPE 762 425 MRL PRC 1000         CHINESE MINECLEARING MRL; MAY USE A FUEL-AIR TYPE WARHEAD; 2 RD LAUNCHER
TYPE 81 107 MRL PRC 10000         JAMMER ROCKETS AVAILABLE
TYPE 81 122 MRL   20580          
TYPE 83 273 MRL PRC 40000         10 RD LAUNCHER; SPECIALISED MINELAYER MRL
TYPE 83 152 SP GUN-HOW PRC 17230   39000      
TYPE 83 122 HOWITZER PRC 18000     3700    
TYPE 83 122 MRL   20580          
TYPE 83 152 GUN PRC 30370 1170 38000      
TYPE 85 122 SP HOWITZER PRC           SP COPY OF D-30
TYPE 85 130 MRL   15000          
TYPE 86 100 AT GUN PRC 13654 1800        
                   
UBM 52 120 MORTAR YUGOSLAV 4760   6010      
VALKIRI 127 MRL SA 22000     5000   24 RD LAUNCHER ON 4 X 4 TRUCK
WA-021 155 GUN-HOW PRC 30000          
WAC 21 155 GUN-HOW PRC     39000      
WS-1 320 MRL PRC 80000          
ZIS-2 57 AT GUN USSR 8400          
ZIS-3 76 AT GUN USSR 13290 1000        
ZUZANA 155 SP GUN-HOW SLOVAKIA     39600   DIVISION 8 X 8 ARMORED CARRIER; 30 RDS CAN BE FIRED IN 6 MINUTES (AUTOLOADING ASSIST); OFFERED FOR EXPORT

Artillery, Multiple Rocket Launchers, and
Surface-to-Surface Missiles

This table lists the major artillery systems in use world-wide, excluding very old (pre-World War II) and prototype systems. Many older artillery pieces are still in service (the former Yugoslav states still use 88mm German dual-purpose guns and produce ammo for them) in limited numbers, although they may be of limited effectiveness and used in only limited areas and numbers.

Caliber indicates the weapons bore width/diameter or rocket size, except for surface-to-surface missiles. The nickname of missiles and free rockets is listed in place of the missile diameter. Type indicates the basic role of the weapon, or basic weapon type. The table extension shows the known ammunition types in service or available for the weapon, although not every type is available to all users.

Surface-to-Surface Missiles are only included if they have operational or tactical use. ICBM, IRBM, and other strategic systems are not included. Several regional and local SSM systems (example, NODONG) are included, because of their relative obscurity and potential for tactical use, even though their primary use may be strategic or political.

The wide range of mortars available precludes a full listing here. However, some of the most representative or common ones are listed here. Many other models are local copies of those listed, or are based on their designs. Mortars are largely limited by the ammunition available, not the system. Many mortars can fire other nationís ammunition, and some nations specialise in improved ammunition for older mortars, so the ranges listed here are a guide only.

RANGE: The nominal maximum range of the weapon in the indirect fire role. Not all types of ammo may be capable of this range, and many systems may not be normally used/equipped for indirect use.

MAX EFF DIRECT FIRE RANGE: The nominal maximum effective range for the system when fired directly. Almost artillery systems have potential direct fire capability; when known, a planning range is provided for these systems. Not all types of ammunition may be rated for this range on any given system.

ERBB OR RAP RANGE: The maximum range this system can attain with Extended Range/Base Bleed or Rocket Assisted Projectiles. For Multiple Rocket Launchers, this represents the range of any extended range rocket, if available. These shells may have other names (Extended Range Full Bore, etc.)

MIN RANGE: The minimum indirect fire range for the system. This is most frequently associated with mortars, SSMs, and free rocket systems. However, some MRLs and mortars can be fired directly, and some nations train crews for this role. "Directly" does not equate to direct lay, where the crew acts as its own spotter for indirect fire; it means shooting directly at the target in a flat trajectory (like a tank gun).

ECHELON: The unit or area where the weapon is normally organic or used.

Adapted From: Devil Brigade DataBase CPT W. Scott Phillips
[S-2, 1st (Devil) Brigade] 01 November 1994
Last Updated on 8/31/1999 By John Pike