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BMP-3 Fighting Vehicle

The BMP-3 [BMP = Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota - Infantry Fighting Vehicle], which represents a totally different design concept from BMP-1/2, is a light tank that can hold a squad of infantry. It has a 100mm main gun that fires HE to demolish buildings, can fire long-range ATGMs through its barrel, and a 30mm autocannon and a medium machine gun as a single unit in the turret. The innovative BMP-3 armament suite has been subjected to criticism in the Russian military, which has focused on deficiencies in the barrel-fired ATGM. The performance obtained from the 500 horsepower engine powering this 18 ton of vehicle compares favorably to the American Bradley, which has an engine of similar power for a 33 ton of vehicle. The BMP-3, first seen in public during a parade in Moscow in 1990, was built by Kurganmashzavod, developer and manufacturer of the BMP-2 infantry combat vehicle. The hull of the BMP-3 resembles the BMD Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle, with a new turret in the center of the vehicle. The troop compartment at the rear of the hull is accessed via a pair of doors in the hull rear. The BMP-3 is fully amphibious, propelled in water by two water-jets mounted at the rear of the hull.

A French SNPE ERA kit and others are available for use on the BMP-3. However, during dismounted troop movement ERA would be a hazard. Thus, passive armor is more likely and ERA application is doubtful. Other options are spall liners and air conditioning. Russian AG-17 30-mm automatic grenade launcher modification is available for use on BMP-3. Russian KBP offers a drop-in one-man turret called Kliver, with a stabilized 2A72 30-mm gun, a 4 Kornet ATGM launcher, thermal sights, and improved fire control system. The Namut thermal gunner's sight is available for use on BMP-3. This uses the French Athos thermal camera. Namut sight has 3x and 10x channels with a night acquisition range of 2,600 meters. Stowed rounds and ATGMs can be passed from the passenger compartment to the gunner for hand loading. This includes ATGMs. The "HEF" (or "HE-Shrapnel") round can be employed in indirect fire mode with air burst to 7,000 m.

VARIANTS

Specifications

Alternative Designations Soviet ICV M1990/1
Date of Introduction 1990
Proliferation At least 7 countries
Description
Crew 3
Troop Capacity 7 passengers
Combat Weight (mt) 18.70
Chassis Length Overall (m) 6.73
Height Overall (m) 2.45
Width Overall (m) 3.15
Ground Pressure (kg/cm 2 ) 0.62
Automotive Performance
Engine Type 500-hp Diesel
Cruising Range (km) 600
Speed (km/h)
Max Road 70
Max Off-Road 45
Average Cross-Country 35
Max Swim 10
Fording Depth (m) Amphibious
Radio R-173, R-173P
Protection
Armor, Turret Front (mm) 30-35 front glacis
Applique Armor (mm) Yes on turret
Explosive Reactive Armor (mm) Available
Active Protective System N/A
Mineclearing Equipment KMT-8 plow available
Self-Entrenching Blade Yes
NBC Protection System Collective
Smoke Equipment 6 smoke grenade launchers, VEESS
ARMAMENT
Main Armaments
Caliber, Type, Name 100-mm rifled gun 2A70
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 8-10
Loader Type Autoloader gun rounds; manual for gun and ATGMs
Ready/Stowed Rounds 22/18 for rounds, 3/5 for ATGMs
Elevation () -5 to +60
Fire on Move Yes
Caliber, Type, Name 30-mm automatic gun 2A72
Rate of Fire 350 rd/min (cyclic) in bursts
Loader Type Dual-belt feed
Ready/Stowed Rounds 500/ 0
Elevation () -5 to +60
Fire on Move Yes
Auxiliary Weapon
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) machinegun, PKT
Mount Type Turret coax
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000
Night INA
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical / 650 cyclic, in 2-10 round bursts
Caliber, Type, Name 7.62-mm (7.62x 54R) machinegun, PKT
Mount Type Bow left and right
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 1,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,000/400-500 on the move
Night N/A
Fire on Move Yes
Rate of Fire (rd/min) 250 practical / 650 cyclic, in 2-10 round bursts
ATGM Launcher
Name 2A70 100-mm gun
Launch Method Gun-launched
Guidance SACLOS, laser-beam rider
Command Link Encoded infrared laser-beam
Launcher Dismountable No
Firing Ports 2 on each side, 1 in left rear door
FIRE CONTROL
FCS Name 1K13-2
Main Gun Stabilization 2-plane
Rangefinder Laser
Infrared Searchlight Yes
Sights w/Magnification
Gunner
Day 1K13-2, 8x ; 1P3-10 antiaircraft, 2.6x; PPD-1 stand-by
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) 5,200
Night 1K13-2 II night channel, 5.5x
Field of View () INA
Acquisition Range (m) INA
Commander Fire Main Gun Yes
MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION
Caliber, Type, Name
100-mm HE 3UOF17
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 5,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 4,000
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) 25 (RHA)
Caliber, Type, Name 100-mm HE-Shapnel (HEF/MOD.96)
Focused-fragmentation, electronically-fuzed
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 5,200
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 5,200
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
30-mm APFSDS-T M929
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 2,000+
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor penetration (mm) 55 (RHA) at 1,000 m, 45 at 2,000 m
30-mm Frag-HE
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 4,000
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 4,000
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) INA
30-mm AP-T
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 1,500
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) 18 (RHA, 60) at 1,500 m
30-mm APDS
Maximum Aimed Range (m) 2,500
Max Effective Range (m)
Day 2,000
Night INA
Tactical AA Range 4,000
Armor Penetration (mm) 25 (RHA) at 1,500 m
Other Ammunition Types 100-mm HE-I, 30-mm HEI-T
Antitank Guided Missiles
Name AT-10/Basnya
Warhead Type Shaped charge
Command Link Encoded laser-beam
Warhead Type Shaped charge (HEAT)
Armor Penetration (mm) 650 (RHA)
Range (m) 4,000
Name AT-10 Improved
Warhead Type Tandem shaped charge
Armor Penetration (mm) 700 (RHA) behind ERA
Range (m) 4,000
Launcher Dismountable No

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