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WARFIGHTER INFORMATION NETWORK
(WIN)

Recent experience of Just Cause and Desert Shield/Storm, and a shift in national military strategy have led to doctrinal changes that directly affect communications architectures. These include the umbrella concept, called Force XXI Operations (TRADOC Pam 525-5, 1 Aug 94), the revision of Army Operations (FM 100-5, Jun 93), and the Warfighter Information Network Concept (draft, Jan 97).

The Warfighter Information Network (WIN) is the Army's planned communications architecture to support the capabilities mandated by Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) for the Warrior, The Army Enterprise Strategy, and The Army Modernization Plan. WIN is a culmination of supporting concepts derived from insights gained from Advanced Warfighter Experiments and the efforts of organized Concept Teams lead by the United States Army Signal Center and Fort Gordon (USASC&FG). WIN will be integrated into the future architecture of DoD as defined in the Defense Information Infrastructure Master Plan.

The Warfighter Information Network is an evolving, integrated C4 Network of Communications that is comprised of evolving, commercially based, high technology information and communications systems. WIN is designed to increase the capacity and velocity of information distribution throughout the battlespace in order to gain Information Dominance. WIN will maximize Information Services for the Warfighter and support the Power Projection Force of the 21st Century from sustaining base to foxhole. WIN is made of up major component threads and supporting systems, including Power Projection and Sustaining Base (PPSB), Satellite Systems, Terrestrial Transport Systems, Tactical Internet/Combat Net Radio (CNR), Information Services, Information Systems, and Network Management.

Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) and Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN) provide a commercially accepted infrastructure for the information support architecture since it allows the Army to leverage developments in commercial technology and the warfighter can use the same telephone or personal computer in the field that he uses in garrison. Core components of WIN ATM hub (nodal) switches, and extension switches include embedded multilevel security and other network services. Personal Communications Systems (PCS) at Command Posts (CPs). PCS service is based upon commercial Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) or Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) cellular technology. Satellite and surrogate satellite coverage is provided by unmanned communications nodes mounted on high altitude aerial vehicles (UAVs) to support early/forced entry operations. Large volume data is passed over global broadcast services (GBS) which supplements the existing DSSCS, MILSTAR and commercial satellite systems.

Critical Network Services provided by the network to all information systems include internet standard host naming and addressing and routing, multilevel security (identification/authentication, confidentiality, access controls, data integrity, and nonrepudiation).

At brigade and below, battle command and situation awareness data is passed over the Tactical Internet. In the objective WIN network, the Future Digital Radio (FDR) multiband radio replaces the number and functionality today's Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio Systems (SINCGARS) and Enhanced Position and Location Reporting System (EPLRS) combat net radio (CNR) systems, integrating voice and data and embedded routing.

ACQUISITION CATEGORY: Currently ACAT III (as of 5 DEC 96), requesting ACAT IC authority

ACQUISITION PHASE: III - Production & Deployment

PE & LINE #:

Division Set -------------------------------------- BB1600
Secure Terminal Equipment (STE) ------------- BB1600
Switch Modernization -------------------------- BB1600
Radio Access Unit (RAU) Range Extension --- BB1611
Fiber Optics -------------------------------------- BB1600
Airborne Repeater --------------------------------- BB1600
Radio Modernization --------------------------- BB1600/11
WIN Spares ---------------------------------------- BB1611
Personal Communications System (PCS) --- BB1600
Tactical Internet (TI) Manager ----------------- BB1611
Wireless Local Area Network (LAN) -------- BB1611
Training Device Upgrade ------------------------ BB1611
Battlefield Video Teleconference (BVTC) - BB1611
Defense Message System (DMS) in switches - None
DMS management functions -------------------- None

DESCRIPTION: The Warfighter Information Network (WIN) is a total system architecture that supports the requirements of the Digitized Force XXI. WIN is the architecture that will seamlessly link our diverse information resources into a network our warfighters can use on the 21st century's digitized battlefield. The components of the terrestrial portion of WIN are:

Also included are spares to support all upgrades and associated upgrades to the Training Devices.

TRANSPORTATION CHARACTERISTICS / LIMITATIONS:

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND: N/A

REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT: Area Common User System Modernization Plan (ACUS-MP), signed March 1996 by US Army Signal Center and April 1996 by PEO-C3S

TYPE CLASSIFICATION:

EVENT SCHEDULE FISCAL YEAR

96

97

98

99

00

01

QTR

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

Division Slice

 

1---------

-----------

--1

 

 

Switch Mod

 

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

BVTC

 

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

Radio Mod

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

-----------

WLAN

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

-----------

RAU Range Ext

 

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

Fiber Optics

 

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

TI Manager

 

 

1---------

-----------

-----------

-----------

Training Development Upgrade

1---------

---------4

 

1---------

---------4

 


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