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People's Liberation Army Navy

Type 053 Jianghu-class frigates

The most numerous class of warships serving with the PLAN, Jianghu-class represents a modification of the Jiangdong-class with SSM in place of SAM. The frigates carry high-powered ant-aircraft guns, air and surface search radar and depth charges for anti-submarine warfare. The early variants of this small, obsolete frigate are now primarily useful for coastal patrol, given the absence of gunfire control radars and obsolete missiles.

As many as five variants have been produced, with considerable variation in armament and electronics among units.

  • Type 53 Jianghu I Xiamen - 1 dual 100 mm gun mounts and 4 37 mm guns
  • Type 53H Jianghu II Xiamen - 2 dual 100 mm gun mounts and 2 37 mm guns
  • Type 53HT Jianghu III Huangshi - 8 C-801/YJ-1 SSM replace 2 C-201/HY-2 SSM
  • Type 53HT-H Jianghu IV Siping - intended primarily for ASW, a helicopter facility replaces half the armament.
  • Type 53HT Jianghu V Zigong - the least expensive and least powerful variant feature a reduction in missiles and no helicopter facilities.

    In early 1999 China deployed a pair of Jianghu-class frigates to the Mischief Reef area in the South China Sea. The two frigates were spotted moving around the Chinese-occupied Mischief, Fiery Cross and Johnson atolls. Although publicly expressing concern, the Phillipine government did not formally protest this deployment, since the presence of such warships is allowed by international law in high seas, even if they are within another country's exclusive economic zone. In November 1998 the Philippines protested China's intrusion into the Mischief Reef, a part of the Spratlys group of islands which is claimed in whole or in part by Malaysia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei, the Philippines and China.

    Thailand has purchased four Chinese Jianghu-class FFGs and two improved Type IV frigates. The frigates, four being of the Chinese-made F25T class, were designed and built by the China State Shipbuilding Corp in Shanghai. The frigates are HTMS Taksin (delivered in November 1995), HTMS Bang Pakong, HTMS Chao Phraya (delivered in 1991), HTMS Saiburi, and HTMS Naresuan. The ships were purchased at "friendship prices" of 2,000 million baht each, compared to the 8,000 million baht price tag for Western-built frigates.

    Specifications

    BuilderJiangnan SY, Shanghai
    Hudong SY, Shanghai
    Propulsion diesel
    Length 338.5 feet / 103.2 meters
    Beam 33.4 feet / 10.2 meters
    Draft 10.2 feet / 3 meters
    Displacement 1,702 - 1,925 tons Full Load
    1,425 tons Standard Load
    Endurance 4,000 miles
    Speed 28 knots
    Crew 200
    Armament
    			Jianghu I/II	Jianghu IV	
    				Jianghu III	Jianghu V
    
    C-201/HY-2 SSM			2		2	4
    C-801/YJ-1 SSM				8
    100mm/56cal gun / dual		2	2		2
    100mm/55cal gun / single			1
    dual 37 mm AA gun		2	4	4	4
    triple 12.75 inch ASW torpedo			2
    ASW rocket launcher		2	2	2	2
    
    
    
    Construction Type 53/53H Jianghu I/II' Class
    509 Chang De
    510 Shaoxing
    511 Nantong
    512 Wuxi
    513 Huayin
    514 Zhenjiang
    515 Xiamen
    516 Jiujiang
    517 Nanping
    518 Jian
    519 Changzai
    520 Kaifeng
    533 Ningpo
    534 Jinhua
    543 Dandong
    545 Linfen
    551 Maoming
    552 Yibin
    553 Shaoguan
    554 Anshun
    555 Zhaotang
    556 Xiangtan
    557 Jishou
    558 Zigong

    'Type 53HT Jianghu III' Class
    535 Huangshi
    536 Wuhu
    537 Zhoushan

    'Type 53 HT-H Jianghu IV' Class
    544 Siping

    'Type 53HT Jianghu V' Class Frigates
    558 Zigong
    559 Kangding
    560 Dongguan
    561 Shantou
    562 unnamed
    563 unnamed

  • 23 Jianghu I/II were built, 3 being sold and others remain in service.
  • 3 Jianghu III were built.
  • 1 Jianghu IV was built as a test ship for the later Luda program.
  • 6 Jianghu V ordered, with 2 awaiting delivery.
  • Sources and Resources



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