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Russian Navy

Project 1134.2 Berkut-B
Kara class
Guided Missile Destroyer

The Kara-class was a further development of the the Kresta-II design, with gas-turbines replacing the steam plants of the previous classes, resulting in major modifications to the layout of the midships section. Although larger than the Kresta-II cruiser and with significant anti-air and anti-submarine capabilities, these ships are classified as destroyers rather than cruisers by the Russian Navy. The fourth unit was modified during construction as a test ship for the SA-N-6 SAM system, which replaced the aft SA-N-3 SAM system. Sources disagree as to the current status of this unit. Only one ship [the Kerch, which was the Russian Black Fleet flagship until 1997] remains in service, but it may not be deployable. There is considerable disagreement among various sources as to the construction chronology of the units of this class.

Specifications

Designer:
Builder: Shipyard 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine
Displacement (tons): 8,200-8,565 tons standard
8,825-9,700 tons full load
Speed (kts): 34
Dimensions (m): 173.0-173.4 meters long
18.5-18.6 meters beam
5.74-6.7 meters draft
Propulsion: 4-6 gas. Turbines
96,000-120,000 shp
2 propellers
Crew: 350-525
Armament:
Missiles:
  • 6 x 4 Fort (SA-N-6) Total: 24
  • 4 x 2 Storm (SA-N-3) Total: 80
  • 2 x 2 Osa (SA-N-4) Total: 40
  • 24 S-300MPU/SA-N-6 Fort/Grumble SAM [on Azov]
  • Guns:
  • 2 x 2 AK-726 DP (2x76 mm)
  • 4 x 6 AK-630 gattl. AA
    (6x30 mm; 6'000 rds/m/mount)
  • Torpedoes: No
    Other:
  • 2 x 12 RBU-6000 ASW RL (R: 3'000 m)
  • 2 x 6 RBU-1000 ASW RL (R: 1'200 m)

    Helicopter KA-25
  • Electronics:
  • MR-700 FPobderezovik/Flat Screen, 3D Air Search radar
  • MR-310U Angara-M/Head Net C ,3D Surface Search radar
  • 2 Don Kay Navigation
  • Don 2 or 2 Palm Frond Navigation
  • 2 Grom/Head Light B for SA-N-3 Goblet and SS-N-14
  • 1 Grom/Head Light C for SA-N-3 and SS-N-14 (Azov only)
  • 2 Baza/Pop Group for SA-N-4
  • 2 Owl Screech for 76mm
  • 2 Bass Tilt for 30mm
  • MR-105 Turel AK-726 fire control
  • 1 Top Dome (aft in place of Head Light C for SA-N-6) (Azov only)
  • Kurs gyrocompass
  • ARP-50P HFDF
  • High Pole A IFF
  • High Pole B IFF
  • MG-332 Titan-2T/Bull Nose, hull mounted Sonar
  • MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail, VDS Sonar
  • Class Listing

    UnitShipyardFleetChronologyNotes
    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    1538NikolayevSY 445PAC06/25/196812/19/196912/31/197110/29/1992transferred to Ukraine
    1994 scrapped in India
    2539OchakovSY 445PAC**/**/1970**/**/1972**/**/19751999 in reserve
    3KerchSY 445BLACK04/30/197107/02/197212/26/19741998-99 in refit
    2000 in service
    4AzovSY 445BLACK07/21/197209/14/197311/03/1975modified for SA-N-6 SAM tests
    5PetropavlovskSY 445PAC09/09/197311/22/197412/28/19761999 in reserve
    may be scrapped
    6TashkentSY 445PAC11/22/197411/05/197512/21/197707/03/19921994 scrapped
    7VladivostokSY 445BLACK11/05/197511/05/197612/31/1979(ex-Tallinn)
    08/02/1990 renamed in reserve

    Sources and Resources



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