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Russian Navy

Project 1143.7 Orel Ul'yanovsk class

Initial design work on a full-deck nuclear-powered aircraft began in 1973 under Project #1153 "Orel", which envisioned catapult-launched aircraft such as the MiG-23K fighter and Su-25K attack aircraft. The ship would have displaced 80,000 tons and carried as many as 70 aircraft. Following the death of Defense Minister Marshal Grechko, who had sponsored the project, the Defense Ministry was taken over by Marshal Ustinov, who did not share his predecessor's priorities. This Project 1153 effort was terminated in 1983.

Plans for a large-deck carrier were subsequently revived under Project #1143.7, which was undertaken at the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau beginning in 1984. The carrier was laid down in November 1988, but with the end of the Cold War the project was cancelled in November 1991. At that time construction was about 45% complete, and scrapping began in February 1992. The metal prepared for building the second ship of this class was also scrapped.

Specifications

Designer: Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau
Builder: Nikolayev South
Length1065 feet overall
995 feet waterline
Flight Deck Width248.5 feet
Beam130.6 feet
Draft35.4 feet
Displacement79,758 tons Full Load
60,000 tons Standard
PropulsionPWR nuclear reactors
4 turbines 240,000 shp
Endurance
Max Speed30+ knots
Crew 2,300 Navy
1,500 Naval Air
Armament
  • 6 x 30mm/65 AK 630
  • 24 VLS ADAM launchers w/192 RZ-130 Kinzhal/Klinok/SA-N-9 Gauntlet missiles
  • 8 CADS-N-1/Kortik each with 1 twin 30mm Gatlingcombined w/ 256 3M-88/SA-N-11 Grison
  • 12 cell VLS installed under the upper deckw/12 P-500 Granit/SS-N-19 Shipwreck missiles
  • 2 RPK-5/Udav-1 Liven integrated ASW
  • Countermeasures
  • Sozbezie-BR suite
  • Wine Glass intercept
  • Bell Push intercept
  • Flat Track
  • Bell Nip
  • Cross Loop D/F
  • Radar Air/Surface Search
  • MR-710 Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3D
  • 2 MR-320M Topaz/Strut Pair 2D
    Navigation
  • 3 Palm Frond Fire Control
  • 4 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 control
  • 8 3P37/Hot Flash SA-N-11 control
    Aircraft Control
  • Fly Trap B
  • Sonar
  • Zvezda-2 suite
  • MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke hull mounted
  • Aircraft 70 aircraft total
  • 27 Su-27K Flankers
  • 10 Su-25 Frogfoots
  • Yak-44 radar picket aircraft
  • 15-20 helicopters
  • Class Listing

    UnitShipyardFleetChronologyNotes
    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    1Ul'YanovskSY 44411/25/1988------------------------------cancelled 11/01/1991
    2SY 444----------------------------------------cancelled 11/01/1991

    Sources and Resources



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