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Russian Navy

Project 1155 Fregat I Udaloy-I class
Project 1155.1 Fregat II Udaloy-II class
Guided Missile Destroyer

Designed primarily as an anti-submarine warfare platform, with a long cruising range and underway replenishment capabilities, Udaloy class ships provide support to surface task forces. Udaloy reflects design changes that addressed the shortcomings of the previous Krivak program; namely the lack of helicopter facilities, limited sonar capabilities, and light air-defenses. The Udaloy has two helicopter hangars with doors that serve as a ramp to the flight deck. The ship uses a Polinom active/passive search/attack sonar system. The Udaloy’s air-defense system consists of 8 Klinok launchers, and the AK-630 and AK-100 gun mounts.

The Project 1155 dates to the 1970s when it was concluded that it was too costly to build large-displacement, single-role combatants. The concept of a specialized surface ships was developed by Soviet designers. Two different types of warships were laid down which were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau: Project 956 destroyer and Project 1155 large antisubmarine ship. Generally the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance class, there are variations in SAM and air search radar among units of the class. Based on the Krivak class, the empahasis on ASW left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.

Following Udaloy's commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities. The Project 1155.1 Fregat II Class Large ASW Ships [NATO Codename Udaloy II] Russia's only multipurpose warship -- intended to be the Russian counterpart to the American Arleigh Burke-class ships. The Udaloy-II is modified by the replacement of the SS-N-14 by the SS-N-22, reflecting a change in emphasis from ASW to anti-shipping. Other changes include an improved self defense capabilit with the addition of the gun/SAM CIWS systems. Similar to Udaloy externally, it was a new configuration with the Moskit antiship missiles, a twin 130mm gun, the Udav antitorpedo system and several anti-aircraft systems. Powered by a modern gas-turbine engine, it was equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry.

The first ship of this new class -- the Admiral Chabanenko -- was laid down at the Yantar Shipyard in Kaliningrad on 28 February 1989, and was launched on 14 December 1992. The ship, 98 percent complete, remained within the shipyard's wall for several years due to financially motivated delays in acceptance tests. The hull of the second Project 1155.1 ship, already assembled by the shipyard, was scrapped.

At the end of 1997 the only large surface combatants active in significant numbers were the newer units of the dozen remaining Sovremennyy-class guided-missile destroyers and a few of the half-dozen remaining operational Udaloy-class destroyers. The Admiral Chabanenko, launched in 1992, was not yet fully operational at the end of 1997. On 28 January 1999 the Admiral Chabanenko BPK large antisubmarine ship was finally commissioned in the Russian Navy.

According to some reports, the eventual goal was to deploy at least fourteen Udaloys in two brigades of seven ships each [roughly 12 Udaloy Is and 2 Udaloy IIs], and possibly three brigades with a total of 21 ships. However, follow-on ships of this class were cancelled in the early 1990s. The nearly complete second unit was scrapped in 1994, and a third planned unit was never laid down.

Specifications

Designation: Project 1155 Fregat I
Udaloy-I
Project 1155.1 Fregat II
Udaloy-II
Designer: Severnoye Design Bureau
Builder: Zavod 820 Yantar , Kaliningrad
Zavod 190 Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg
Zavod 820 Yantar , Kaliningrad
Displacement (tons): 6,200-6,700 tons standard
8,200-8,404 tons full load
6,200-6,700 tons standard
8,200-8,900 tons full load
Speed (kts): 29 knots 30-34 knots
Dimensions (m): 163.0 meters long
19.0-19.7 meters beam
7.87.9 meters draft
163.0-164.0 meters long
19.3 meters beam
6.2-8.0 meters draft
Propulsion: combined gas and gas (COGAG) configuration
2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 15,000 shp
2 M8KF boost gas turbines, 45,000 shp
2 props
Crew: 220-249 296
Armament:
Missiles:
  • 8 URK-5 Rastrub (SS-N-14 )
  • 8 x 8 Kinzhal (SA-N-9) Total: 64
  • 2 SA Kortik (SA-N-11)
  • 2 x 4 Moscit (SS-N-22)
  • 8 x 8 Kinzhal VLS (SA-N-9) Total: 64
  • 2 SA Kortik (SA-N-11)
  • Guns:
  • 1 dual 100mm/70cal DP
  • 4 30 mm AA
  • 1 x 2 AK-130 DP (130 mm)
  • 4 x 6 AK-630 gattl. AA (6x30 mm; 6'000 rds/m/mount)
  • Torpedoes: 8 21 inch torpedo tubes 2 x 4/533 mm Total: 30
    ASW: 2 RBU-6000 ASW RL 2 x 10 RBU-Udav ASW RL
    Aircraft: 2 Helicopter KA-25 2 Helicopter KA-32
    Electronics
  • MR-760MA Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search Radar
  • MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair air/surf search Radar
  • Polinom Sonar suite with Orion/Horse Jaw bow mounted LF
  • Platina/Horse Tail LF VDS Sonar
  • Lesorub-5 combat system,
  • 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting
  • 2 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SAM control
  • Start-2/Bell Shroud intercept
  • Bell Squat jammer
  • Bell Crown intercept
  • 2 PK-2 decoy RL
  • 10 PK-10 decoy RL in later ships
  • MR-700 Fregat-A/Top Plate 3-D air search Radar
  • MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair air/surf. search Radar
  • Zvezda-2 Sonar suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF
  • Ox Tail LF VDS Sonar
  • 2 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 SAM control
  • 2 3P37/Hot Flash SA-N-11 SAM control
  • Garpun-BAL SSM targeting
  • Start-series EW suite with Wine Glass intercept
  • Bell Shroud intercept
  • Bell Squat jammer
  • 2 PK-2 decoy RL
  • 10 PK-10 decoy RL
  • Class Listing

    UnitShipyardFleetChronologyNotes
    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    Project 1155A Fregat Udaloy I
    1Udaloy SY 820NOR1978 1980 11/**/1980 in reserve
    unlikely to return to service
    2Vitse-Admiral Kulakov SY 190BALTIC1978 1980 09/**/1981 in overhaul since 1990
    unlikely to return to service
    3Marshal Vasil'yevsky SY 190NOR1979 1982 06/**/1983
    4Admiral Zakharov SY 1901979 1982 10/**/1983 199203/**/1992 scrapped after fire
    5Admiral Spiridonov SY 820PAC1981 1983 09/**/1984 in reserve
    unlikely to return to service
    6Admiral Tributs SY 1901982 1983 08/**/1985 1995 **/**/1991 fire
    09/**/1995 fire
    to be scrapped
    7Marshal Shaposhnikov SY 190PAC 19831985 10/**/1985
    8SeveromorskSY 820NOR1983 1985 12/**/1986 ex-Marshal Budienny
    ex-Simferopol
    9Admiral Levchenko SY 190NOR? 1985 1987 01/**/1988
    10Admiral Vinogradov SY 820PAC? 1986 1987 10/**/1988
    11Admiral Kharlamov SY 820NOR ? 19871988 09/**/1989
    12Admiral Panteleyev SY 820PAC ? 19881990 07/**/1991
    Project 1155.1 Fregat Udaloy II
    13Admiral Chabanenko SY 820NOR ? 1989**/**/1995 01/23/1999 ex-Admiral Basisty
    14Admiral Basisty ? 1990 1994 scrapped
    15Admiral Kucherov ------------------------------cancelled

    Sources and Resources



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