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Russian Navy

Project 56 Kotlin class
Project 56-A Kotlin SAM class
Project 56-PLO Kotlin Mod class
Destroyer

The last Soviet "conventional" destroyers, armed only with guns and torpedoes, the layout of the Project 56 [Kotlin class] was similar to that of the earlier Skory class though with improved armament. According to Western sources, a total of 36 units of this class were initially planned, though in fact only 27 were completed between 1954 and 1961. Four of the hulls initially laid down to the Kotlin design were completed at Kildin missile destroyers, with an additional eight Krupnyy/Kanin missile destroyers built to a similar design.

Subsequently 11 or 12 units were modernized under Project 56-PLO [Kotlin Mod]. Bravy was completed as Project 56-K [Kotlin SAM] to serve as an experimental prototype to test the SA-N-1 before 7 or 8 other ships were modernized under Project 56-A [Kotlin SAM]. The SA-N-1 mount aft, in place of their original guns, made them the first Soviet Anti-Air Warfare oriented destroyers. One Kotlin SAM ship, the Spavedlivy, was transfered to Poland and renamed the Warszawa. The last of the Kotlin, SAM Kotlin and MOD Kildin destroyers were retired in the late 1980s.

There is an unusual level of confusion among sources as to the composition and chronology of this class. The usually quite reliable warships1.com lists only half of the ships that are well attested by other sources.

Specifications

Designer:
Builder:
Designation Project 56
Kotlin
Project 56-PLO
Kotlin Mod
Project 56-A
Kotlin SAM
Displacement (tons): 2,600 tons standard
3,500 tons full load
2,700 tons standard
3,600 tons full load
Speed (kts): 36 knots
Dimensions (m): 126.5 meters long
13.0 meters beam
4.6 meters draft
Propulsion: steam turbines, 72,000 shp, 2 shafts
Crew: 335 285-300
Armament:
Missiles: 1 x twin SA-N-1 Goa launchers
[16-22 missiles]
Guns:
  • 4 x 130mm DP in 2 twin turrets
  • 16 x 45mm in 4 quad mounts
  • 4 x 25mm in 2 twin mounts
  • 4 x 130mm DP in 2 twin turrets
  • 16 x 45mm in 4 quad mounts
  • 8 x 25mm in 4 twin mounts
  • 2 x 130mm DP in 1 twin turret
  • 4 x 45mm in 1 quad mount
  • 8 x 30mm in 4 twin mounts
    [4 ships]
  • Torpedoes: 10 x 21" in 2 quint launchers 5 x 21" in 1 quint launcher 5 x 21" in 1 quint launcher
    ASW:
  • 6 BMB-2 Depth Charge projectors
  • 2 Depth Charage racks
  • 2 RBU 6000 12 tubed
  • Systems:
  • 2 Don 2 Navigation radar
  • 1 Egg Cup Fire Control
  • 2 Hawk Screech Fire Control
  • 1 Post Lamp or Top Bow Fire Control
  • 1 Sun Visor Fire Control
  • Herkules hull mounted Sonar
  • Head Net C 3D Air Search radar
  • Head Net A 3D Air Search radar [in Bravy]
  • 1 Palm Frond Surface Search radar
  • 1 Don 2 Navigation radar
  • 1 Hawk Screech Fire Control
  • 1 Peel Group Fire Control
  • 2 Drum Tilt Fire Control
  • Bull Horn or Bull Nose hull mounted Sonar
  • Class Listing

    UnitShipyardFleetChronologyNotes
    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    Project 56 Kotlin / Project 56-PLO Kotlin Mod
    1Speshny SY 190BALTIC05/30/1953 08/7/1954 09/30/1955 04/25/19891984-1985 in reserve
    1989 scrapped at Liyepaya
    2Byvaly SY 445NOR05/06/1953 03/31/1954 12/21/1955 07/17/19881960-65 modernized
    1988 scrapped
    3Blestyashiy SY 445PAC02/20/1953 11/27/1953 09/30/1955 07/30/19871960 modernized
    1987 scrapped
    4Svetly SY 190BALTIC03/04/1953 10/27/1953 09/17/1955 04/25/198908/22/1980 in reserve
    1990 scrapped at Liyepaya
    5Svedushiy SY 190BLACK12/07/1953 02/17/1955 01/31/1956 04/8/19921977-1979 modernized
    1979-80 in reserve
    1992 scrapped
    6Veskiy SY 199PAC01/30/1954 07/31/1955 03/30/1956 07/30/19871987 scrapped
    7Vyzyvayushiy SY 199PAC07/25/1953 05/20/1955 03/31/1956 04/25/19891970-1975 modernized
    09/1/1985 in reserve
    1989 scrapped
    8Spokoyny SY 190NOR03/04/1953 11/28/1953 06/27/1956 04/19/199003/25/1984 in reserve
    1990 scrapped
    9Moskovsky
    Komsomolets
    SY 190NOR02/23/1954 05/24/1955 06/28/1956 07/22/1986(ex-Smyshleny)
    10/29/1958 renamed
    1958-61 modernized
    1987 scrapped
    10Vdokhnovenny SY 199PAC08/31/1954 05/07/1956 10/31/1956 03/5/19871960 modernized
    1962-1968 in reserve
    1987 scrapped
    11Bessledny SY 445PAC04/01/1954 11/5/1955 10/31/1956 07/17/19881973-1976 modernized
    1977-79 in reserve
    01/**/1990 India for scrapping
    sank during tow
    12BurlivyySY 4451956Kotin Mod
    13VliyatelnyySY 1991956
    14BlagorodnyySY 4451957Kotlin Mod
    15NaporistiySY 4451958Kotlin Mod
    16Dalnyvostochnyy
    Komsomolets
    SY 1991958
    17PlamennyySY 4451958Kotlin Mod
    18VyderzhannnyySY 1991958Kotlin Mod
    Project 56-A Kotlin SAM
    19Skromny SY 190NOR07/27/1953 10/26/1954 12/30/1955 04/25/19891965-1969 modernized
    02/22/1980 in reserve
    1989 scrapped
    20Skrytny SY 190PAC07/25/1954 09/27/1955 09/30/1956 04/25/19891970-72 conversion
    1989 scrapped
    21NesokrushimyySY 19019561967 conversion
    22NakhodchivyySY 19019571968 conversion
    23VozbuzhdennyySY 19919571970 conversion
    24NatoychivyySY 19019581970 conversion
    25Spavedlivy 19581970 to Poland
    renamed Warszawa
    26Soznatel'nyySY 19019581972 conversion
    27Bravvy SY 445 1962 SA-N-1 trials ship

    Sources and Resources



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