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Russian Navy

Project 56M Kildin class
Guided Missile Destroyer

Initially laid down as destroyers of the Kotlin class, these were the first Soviet ships fitted with the SS-N-1 "Scrubber" anti-ship missile. Several were refitted in the early 1970s with the newer SS-N-2C anti ship missile. The ships were reclassified as Large Missile Ship (Bol'shoy Raketny Korabl' - BRK) in the mid-1960s, and as Large Anti-submarine Ship (Bol'shoy Protivolodochny Korabl' - BPK) in the mid-1970s. The last of the MOD Kildin and Kildin class destroyers were stricken in the early 1990s.

Specifications

Designer:
Builder: Shipyard 190 Zhdanov (Nothern Yard), Leningrad
Shipyard 199 named Lenin Komsomol, Komsomolsk-on-Amur
Shipyard 445 named 61 Kommunar (factory #200), Nikolayev
Project 56M KildinProject 56EMProject 56U
Kildin Mod
Displacement (tons): 2,767 tons standard
3,315 tons full load
2,890 tons standard
3,447 tons full load
2,940 tons standard
3,447 tons full load
Dimensions (m): 126.1 meters long
12.7 meters beam
4.3 meters draft
Complement19 officers 251 enlisted273 total in Pr.# 56U
Propulsion 2 geared steam 72,000 shp 2 Shafts
Endurance 3,900 NM @ 14 knts
2,400 NM @ 18 knts
Max Speed 39 knots35 knots
Armament
Guns
  • 16 x 57mm in four quad mounts ZIF-75
  • 16 x 45mm in four quad mounts SM-20-Zif
  • 16 x 57mm in four quad mounts ZIF-75
  • 4 x 76mm/60 cal in two twin mountings AK-276 aft
  • Missiles
  • 1 x SM-59 launcher w/ 8 KSSh P-1A Shchuka-A/SS-N-1 Scrubber missiles
  • 5 Termit/SS-N-2C Styx in KT-67ER single launchers
  • ASW
  • 2 x RBU-2500 w/ 128 RGB-25
  • 2 x RPK-8 Zapad/RBU 6000 12 tubed mortar launchers
  • Torpedoes 4 x 21" (533mm) in two twin launcher
    Systems:
  • Head Net C 3D Air Search Radars
  • Strut Pair 3D Air Search Radars in Bedovy
  • 2 Palm Frond Surface Search Radars
  • 2 Don 2 Navigation Radars
  • 2 Don Kay Navigation Radars
  • 1 Hawk Screech Fire Control Radar
  • 1 Owl Screech Fire Control Radar mounted in refit
  • Bull Horn or Bull Nose hull mounted Sonars
  • Class Listing

    UnitShipyardFleetChronologyNotes
    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    1Bedovy SY 445BLACK12/01/1953 07/31/1955 06/30/1958 04/25/1989Project 56-EM
    1972-74 modernized to Project 56-U
    1989 scrapped
    2Neulovimy SY 190BLACK02/23/1957 02/27/1958 12/30/1958 04/19/1990completed as Project 56-M
    1971-72 modernized to Project 56-U
    1974-82 in reserve
    1991 scrapped
    3Neuderzhimy SY 199 PAC02/23/1957 05/25/1958 12/30/1958 04/10/1987completed as Project 56-M
    1985 disarmed training station
    scrapped
    4Prozorlivy SY 445BALTIC09/01/1956 07/30/1957 12/30/1958 06/24/1991completed as Project 56-M
    1976-77 modernized to Project 56-U
    1991 scrapped
    5Neukrotimy SY 199construction cancelled

    Sources and Resources



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