CWPC Contingency Wartime Planning CourseCWPC Contingency Wartime Planning Course


EXERCISE PLANNING

IP – 10xx

INSTRUCTOR: Lt Col Buck Buchanan

DESCRIPTION: This lesson presents an introduction to exercise planning.

OBJECTIVES: Understand the relationship of the Joint Training System to the Air Force Exercise Program (AFEP) and know the elements and purpose of the AFEP.

SAMPLES OF BEHAVIOR: Each student will be able to:

    1. State how Air Force exercise objectives relate to Unified Commander mission requirements.

2. Name the AFI that directs participation in the military exercise program.

3. State the purpose of the Air Force Exercise Program.

4. Identify the primary purposes of each phase of the Air Force Exercise Program

 

REQUIRED READING: None

OPTIONAL READING: None

TOPICAL OUTLINE

JOINT TRAINING SYSTEM

FY 98 POM GUIDANCE - Minimize redundancy in training support effectiveness in the face of downsizing. Consolidate and synchronize exercises to enhance joint training

1. Joint Training System: Designed to provide a standardized process for Unified Commanders to state requirements and allow supporting commanders and Services to best allocate resources to meet requirements. There are four elements to the Joint Training System.

    1. Mission Requirement
    1. Direct linkage between National Military Strategy, combatant command mission requirements and training, down to the unit level.
    2. CINC OPLANs, CONPLANs and Functional Plans establish the majority of mission requirements.

b. Joint Training Plans establish objectives to meet mission requirements.

    1. Worldwide Exercise Program allows CINCs and CJCS to integrate core Service training to meet mission requirements.
    1. Assessment
    1. Commander’ assess and document training effectiveness and readiness.
    2. Identify shortfalls in organization, doctrine, material, training and

education.

  1. Universal Joint Task List (UJTL):.

a. Purpose: Tool for joint force commanders to communicate mission requirements. Provides a common training language. UTJL provides an ordered listing of tasks that describe the capabilities of the Armed Forces to perform activities or processes the combatant commanders require to execute their assigned mission. This approach:

(1). Provides a Common Language

(2). Standardizes tasks required to execute the mission.

(3). Provides varying conditions that influence task execution.

(4). Identifies standards for each task.

b. Joint Tasks: The tasks contained in the UJTL are organized by the levels of war (strategic, operational, tactical). Each of the three levels of war is described by tasks organized around the major tasks that have to be performed at that level of war. Each task in the UJTL is assigned a reference number consisting of a code referring to the level of war of the task. (SN is Strategic National, ST is strategic theater, OP is operational and TA is tactical.)

(1). STRATEGIC LEVEL

(a). NATIONAL MILITARY TASKS (SN). These are national and multinational level objectives and guidance, and develops and uses national resources to accomplish objectives.

(b). THEATER TASKS (ST). It means developing theater plans to achieve objectives and providing forces/capabilities in accordance with strategic plans.

(2). OPERATIONAL LEVEL TASKS (OP). Links tactics and strategy by establishing operational objectives, initiating actions, and applying resources.

(3). TACTICAL LEVEL TASKS (TA). These tasks are built around planning and executing battles and engagements to accomplish military objectives. Each Service publishes a tactical task lists.

3. Joint Mission Essential Task List (JMETL): Specific tasks a CINC selects from the UJTL. The selected tasks are those required by a commander for a specific mission or OPLAN, CONPLAN, or Functional Plan. The final JMETL product is a Joint Mission Capabilities List that includes a complete linking of tasks, conditions and standards.

a. Tasks. Selected tasks from the UJTL.

b. Conditions. Variables in the operational environment or situation in which a unit, system or individual is expected to operate that may affect performance. There are three categories of conditions.

(1). PHYSICAL (land, sea, air, space)

(2). MILITARY ENVIRONMENT (mission, forces, C3,

deployment, movement and maneuver, firepower, protection, (sustainment)

(3). CIVIL ENVIRONMENT (political, culture, economy)

c. Standards. Two parameters: a measure and a criterion.

(1). MEASURES provide a basis for describing varying levels of

JMET performance.

(2). CRITERION define acceptable levels of performance, and

are often expressed as a minimum acceptable level of performance.

 

4. Air Force Tactical Task List:

    1. States training requirements in precise terms.

b. Source of Air Force exercise objectives that are linked to CINC mission requirements.

AIR FORCE EXERCISE PLANNING

1. Purpose of the Air Force Exercise Program: To provide a mechanism for enhancing readiness, boost combat capability, streamline procedures, and improve system support. Primary objectives are:

a. Enhanced Readiness.

b. Improved Crisis Response capability.

2. AFI 10-204 " Participation in the Military Exercise Program": Provides basic foundation, structure, and objectives of an integrated and comprehensive Air Force Exercise Program. Applies to all Air Force personnel who design, plan, schedule, conduct, monitor, or participate in exercises. Defines procedures for planning, executing and evaluating Air Force exercise participation. The AFEP goal is to maximize the benefits gained through exercises. Specifically, it strives to enhance readiness, boost combat capability, streamline procedures, and improve system support.

3. Duties and responsibilities

a. OPR for AFEP. HQ USAF/XOO

(1). Administers funds for AF participation in CJCS Exercise Program

(2). Manage AF Remedial Action Program (AFRAP)

(3). AF rep to CJCS Remedial Action Program (RAP)

    1. MAJCOMs, FOAs, and DRUs

(1). Assign personnel to plan, conduct, evaluate and report on exercises.

(2). Participate in and support CJCS RAP, AFRAP and AFAARS.

(3). Submit funding requirements for port handling (PH) and inland

transportation (IT) for exercise movement.

4. Exercise Phases:

a. Planning. Foundation phase to any successful exercise.

(1). Establish the exercise objectives and concept

(2). Develop the Control Staff Instructions (COSIN)

(3). Master Scenario Events List (MSEL)

(4). Develop the player instructions (EXPLAN)

(5). Develop the Analysis & Data Collection Plan

b. Executing

(1). Application of plans, policies and procedures.

(2). Control/monitor the MSEL and maintain events log

(3). Data collectors gather data for the Analysis and Data Collection Plan (A&DCP) activities.

c. Evaluating.

(1). Determine whether objectives were met.

(2). Document the exercise results.

(3). Provide feedback to players and generates data for post exercise reports and procedures and distribute exercise results and lessons learned.

6. Post Exercise Procedures:

a. Air Force After-Action Reporting System (AFAARS). Documents exercise results, identifies problems, and provides feedback through JULLS.

    1. Joint Universal Lessons Learned System (JULLS):

(1). Standard format to document and distribute lessons learned.

(2). Air Force Instructional Input System is the single software for Air Force JULLS.

(3). HQ USAF/XOOOE maintains Air Force Center for Lessons Learned. JULLS database available on CD-ROM.

c. Air Force Remedial Action Program (AFRAP)

(1). Standard procedure to document problems

(2). Assign accountability for corrective action as part of the CJCS Remedial action project (RAP)

(3). AFRAP board chaired by HQ USAF/XOO

(4). Share information on problems and problem resolutions