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THE MOBILIZATION SPECTRUM

 

 

 

 

 

TYPE

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

NUMBERS

INVOLVED

 

WHO CALLS UP

LEGAL

BASIS

PERSONS OR UNITS ELIGIBLE

METHOD OF CALL-UP

CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET

(CRAF)

VOLUNTEERS

Volunteers form the National Guard and Reserves.

As Required

SECAF

Any Level of Emergency requiring additional assistance

Selected Reserve

and ANG members serving under 10USC 12301

Secretary of Air Forces requests assistance.

NA

SELECTIVE

For a domestic emergency, The President (or Congress upon special action) may order expansion of the Active Armed Forces by mobilization or RC units and/or individual reservists to deal with a situation where the Armed forces may be required to protect life, Federal property and functions, or to prevent disruption of Federal activities. A Selective mobilization normally would not be associated with a requirement for contingency plans involving external threats to the national security.

As determined by units selected

President/

Congress

10 USC 3500,8500 & appropriate orders of higher authority

10 USC 331,332,333

(Presidential authority only) 10 USC 673

ARNG units and/or individual Reservists

RC units and/or

individual Reservists

SECDEF announces

F-Hour (alert notification in writing to individuals and units)

STAGE 1

CINCMAC has

authority to activate

PRESIDENTIAL

SELECTED RESERVE

CALL-UP

The President may augment the Active Armed Forces by a call-up of units and IMA’s of the Selected Reserve up to 200,000 for up to 270 days to meet the requirements of an operational mission. Must notify Congress and state reasons for action.

Limited to 200,000

(All services) for up to 270 days

Presidential Executive

Order

10 USC 12304

Selected Reserve

As above

STAGE II

SECDEF has authority

PARTIAL

 

 

To meet the requirements of war or the national emergency involving an external threat to national security, the Congress or the President may order augmentation of the Active Armed forces (short of Full Mobilization) and mobilization of up to 1,000,000 personnel of the Ready Reserve (units or individuals) for up to 24 months. The Congress can increase the numbers and duration by separate action

Up to 1,000,000 (All services) for up to 2 years. Can be increased by Congressional action

Presidential Proclamation of a national emergency and an executive order. Act of Congress

10 USC 12302

 

Ready Reserve

As above

STAGE III

SECDEF has authority, provided President or Congress declares a national emergency

FULL

 

 

 

Full Mobilization requires passage by the Congress of a public law or joint resolutions declaring war or a national emergency. It involves the mobilization or all RC units in the existing approved force structure, all individuals Reservists, and the material resource needed for the expanded force structure. Duration plus 6 months

Up to the strength of the approved force structure of the Armed forces.

Public Law or Joint Resolution by Congress declaring war or national emergency

10 USC 12301

10 USC 12301 (A)

10 USC 12306

All

As above (Notice from Local Draft Board for those conscripted)

As above

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

Total Mobilization involves expansion of the Active Armed Forces by organizing and/or activating additional units beyond the existing approved troop basis and the mobilization of all additional resources needed, including production facilities to round our the sustain such forces. Forces are brought on to active duty indefinitely

Strength level beyond Full Mobilization as determined by the President and approved by Congress

As above

10 USC 12301

10 USC 12301 (A)

10 USC 12306

All

As Above

As above