CWPC Contingency Wartime Planning CourseCWPC Contingency Wartime Planning Course


USAF Mobilization

IP - 2400

INSTRUCTOR: Mr. Kenneth Hill

DESCRIPTION: This lesson presents an overview of the basic concept of mobilization.

OBJECTIVE: The object of this lesson is for each student to comprehend how the total force concept supports deliberate and crisis action planning.

SAMPLES OF BEHAVIOR: Each student will:

LESSON OBJECTIVE:

SAMPLES OF BEHAVIOR: Each student will:

1. Define mobilization.

2. State the purpose of mobilization.

3. Describe the forces available and characteristics for each mobilization level.

4. Describe when reserve forces are brought onto active duty.

REFERENCES: AFI 10-402, USAF Mobilization Planning,

AF Handbook 10-416, Personnel Readiness and Mobilization, 22 Dec 94

REQUIRED READING:

1. Read Handout #1, Mobilization Spectrum.

2. Review the CWPC Desktop Reference for definitions of the following:

 

 

 

OPTIONAL READING: None.

 

TOPICAL OUTLINE:

1. INTRODUCTION:

a. Overview:

(1) Definition

(2) Purpose

(3) Resources

(4) Levels

(5) Process

b. Authority:

(1) Basic Authority - Public law (USC Title 10 & 32).

(2) All Service Policy - DOD Directives.

(3) Joint Pub 4-05, Mobilization Planning

(4) USAF Emergency Action Book (EAB) cites USAF policy.

(5) AFI 10-402, USAF Mobilization Planning

(6) AFH 10-416 Personnel Readiness and Mobilization

2. DEFINITION: Mobilization is the act of preparing for war or other emergencies through assembling and organizing national resources.

3. PURPOSE: To provide the capability of the United States to expand the active force rapidly and efficiently. This capability is essential in deterring potential enemies and in reassuring US allies. A potential enemy must be convinced that the United States can mobilize and project a total (active and reserve component) force in time to influence the early stages of conflict.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. RESOURCES: Four major categories of resources are Ready Reserve, Standby Reserve, Retired Reserve and Retired Regular

a. Ready Reserves: Consists of Selected Reserve and members of the Individual

Ready Reserve (IRR).

(1) Selected Reserves: Units and Individual Mobilization Augmentees (IMA's) of the Ready Reserve. Have priority for training and equipment. All Selected Reservists are in an active status.

(a) Guard/Reserve Units. Units manned and equipped to serve and/or train either as operational or as augmentation units.

(b) Individual Mobilization Augmentee (IMA): An Air Force Ready Reservist assigned to a specific position within the active force which the reservist would assume upon mobilization or call- up.

(2) Individual Ready Reserve (IRR): Members of the Ready Reserve

who are not assigned to the Selected Reserve and who are not on active duty. It is a manpower pool principally consisting of individuals who have had training and who have served previously in the active component

or in the Selected Reserve and have some period of their military service obligation remaining. In addition there are some individuals in the IRR voluntarily, for hardship or in special non-pay programs that provide a variety of professional assignments and opportunities to earn retirement points and military benefits.

(a) Trained individuals- Members of the IRR who are judged to be trained and available for mobilization. Includes those members leaving active duty or transferred from the Selected Reserve within 1 Year.

(b) Untrained Individuals- Members of the IRR who are not locatable and any other member whose status is not known or whose mobilization probability is uncertain.

(c) In Training- also includes personnel who are participating in officer training programs or in the Armed Forces Health Scholarship program.

 

 

 

b. Standby Reserve: May only be ordered to active duty involuntarily in time of war or national emergency declared by Congress. It consists of personnel who maintain their military affiliation with being in the Ready Reserve, who have been designated key civilian employees or who have a temporary hardship or disability. These individuals are not required to perform training and are not part of units. They would generally be mobilized to fill manpower needs in specific skills.

(1) Active Status List- Those Standby Reservist temporarily assigned for hardship or other cogent reason; those not having fulfilled their statutory MSO, those retained in active status under the provisions of 10 USC 1006; or those members of Congress and others identified by their employers as "Key Personnel" and have been removed from the Ready Reserve because they are critical to the national security in their civilian employment.

(2) Inactive Status List- Those Standby Reservists who are not required by law or regulation to remain in an active program and who retain their reserve affiliation in a non-participating status and those who have skills which may be of possible future use to the Armed Force concerned. Inactive status list members may not train for points or pay and are not eligible for promotion. Includes members transferred to inactive status in lieu of separation under

10 USC1209.

c. Retired Reserve: Comprised of all Reserve officers and enlisted personnel who receive retired pay on the basis of their active duty and or reserve service; who are otherwise eligible for retired pay but have not reached age 60 and who have not elected discharge and are not voluntary members of the Ready or Standby Reserve. Retired Reserve Officers and Retired Enlisted Reservist with 20 or more years satisfactory service (not EAD) are liable for recall only in time of war or national emergency as declared by Congress (Title 10 U. S. C. 12301 and 12307) and only after all Ready Reserve and Standby Reserve resources have been exhausted.

 

d. Retired Regular: Regular officers and Enlisted who have completed at least 15 years of active duty and are retired with pay may be recalled at any time by the authority of the Service Departments under 10 U. S. C. 688. Enlisted members of the Regular Air Force with 20 Years of active duty but less than 30 years Services have a dual status as a retired regular active duty member as a member of the Retired Reserve. These members are liable for recall to active duty either as a Retired Reservist under title 10 U.S. C. 12301 or a Retired Regular under Title 10 U.S. C. 688. Upon completion of 30 years of total service (Active and Retired) the enlisted member assumes Retired Regular status and subject for recall under title 10 U.S.C. 688 only. Retired Mobilization of Retired Regulars and Reserves has been standardized by Public Law 96-513, Sep 1983.

5. LEVELS: Normally envisioned as a stair-step use of forces, but does not have to happen in that sequence.

a. Selective Mobilization

(1) Presidential or Congressional authority.

(2) For domestic problems; not for national emergency.

(3) Not a big player in the Air Force; uses primarily Army guard resources.

b. Presidential Selected Reserve Call-up (PSRC)

(1) Presidential Authority

(a) Must notify Congress.

(b) Sends a Strong Message.

(c) Declaration of National Emergency Not Required.

(2) Forces

(a) Selected Reserve (Units and IMAs) up to 200K.

(b) Retired Regular.

(3) Duration Call up is for 270 Days Maximum.

(4) Still managed by NGB/AFRC.

(5) OPCON to Gaining MAJCOM.

c. Partial Mobilization:

(1) President and/or Congress.

(a) Declaration of War or national Emergency required.

(2) Forces

    1. Includes All Ready Reserve (Units. IMA’s and IRR), Retired Regular. (Note that the Retired Reserve and Standby reserve may be used if Congress Declares a National Emergency. These resources would generally not be used until Full or Total mobilization. Retired reserve can only be used after Ready and Standby resources have been exhausted. Standby mobilized to fill manpower needs in specific skills. )
    2. Congress can exceed the 1 million number.

 

    1. Constraints
    1. Up to 1 million Ready Reservists by the President.
    2. Duration of Call-Up is a maximum of 24 months.

d. Full Mobilization:

(1) President and Congress.

(a) Declaration of War or National Emergency required.

(2) Forces

    1. Includes All Ready Reserve (Units. IMA’s and IRR), Retired Regular and Retired Reserve and Standby Reserve.

(b) National Conscription would need to happen.

(3) Constraints: All reserve forces within existing approved force

structure.

(4) Retained for duration plus 6 months.

e. Total Mobilization:

(1) President and Congress.

(a) Declaration of National Emergency required.

(2) Forces

    1. Includes All Ready Reserve (Units. IMA’s and IRR), Retired Regular and Retired Reserve and Standby Reserve.

(b) National Conscription would need to happen.

(3) Constraints: None. Beyond existing Funded Force Structure.

(4) Retained for indefinite period of time.

(5) Take control of US production.

6. Process:

a. CINC's requests reserve augmentation.

b. President/Congress take action.

c. Air Staff

d. Gaining MAJCOM

e. Units