CWPC Contingency Wartime Planning CourseCWPC Contingency Wartime Planning Course


Transportation Planning

Strategic Mobility

IP - 4160

INSTRUCTOR: Lt Col Buck Buchanan

DESCRIPTION: This lesson presents an introduction to USTRANSCOM; its three Transportation Component Commands (TCCs), and their relationship to the planning process.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this lesson is for each student to comprehend transportation planning and its role in contingency wartime planning

SAMPLE OF BEHAVIOR: Each student will:

1. Describe USTRANSCOM’s mission, organization, and primary responsibilities

2. Describe the mission and primary responsibility of USTRANSCOM’s TCC’s

3. Describe how JFAST supports transportation planning

4. Describe the transportation planning process of deliberate planning

 

REQUIRED READING: Review the CWPC Desktop Reference for the definition of the following:

1. Component Command.

2. Air Mobility Command (AMC)

3 Military Sealift Command (MSC)

4. Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC)

5. Transportation Component Command (TCC)

6. Joint Flow and Analysis System for Transportation (JFAST)

 

OPTIONAL READING: USTRANSCOM FACT FILE, this section.

 

 

 

TOPICAL OUTLINE:

1. DEFINITIONS:

a. MOBILITY: A quality or capability of military forces which permits them to move from place to place while retaining the ability to fulfill their primary mission.

b. DEPLOYMENT: In the strategic sense, the relocation of forces to desired areas

of operation.

(1) INTERTHEATER: The movement between the CONUS and overseas areas or between overseas theaters.

(2) INTRATHEATER: The movement within an area command or theater of operations.

2. UNITED STATES TRANSPORTATION COMMAND (USTRANSCOM)

a. Definition. A unified command comprising all forces assigned for the accomplishment of global air, land, and sea transportation. The global nature of transportation precludes assignment of a conventional area of responsibility.

b. Planning Mission. To provide global air, sea, and land transportation to meet national security objectives:

(1) Develop and operate the deployment elements of the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System.

(2) Receive, evaluate, task, and coordinate global mobility requirements in support of unified CINCs.

(3) Direct deployment execution and redirect transportation to meet NCA/CINC tasking.

(4) Optimize the use of transportation capability.

c. Organization.

(1) There are three Transportation Component Commands - AMC, MTMC, and MSC.

(2) Joint deployment coordination at USTRANSCOM J-3/4.

(3) CINCTRANS is dual-hatted as COMAMC

 

3. TRANSPORTATION COMPONENT COMMANDS (TCCs):

a. Air Mobility Command (AMC) is the Air Force component.

(1) AMC’s TCC mission.

(a) Provide strategic airlift forces for global mobility.

(b) Maintain the DOD airlift system.

(2) Management Structure:

(a) Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC )

(b) Tanker / Airlift Control Element ( TALCE )

(3) Strategic Assets.

(a) C-5A/B aircraft.

(b) C-141 aircraft.

(c) C-17 aircraft

(d) KC-10 aircraft.

(e) KC-135 aircraft

(f) Civil Reserve Air Fleet ( CRAF )

b. Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC) is the Army component.

(1) Responsible for the movement of forces and re-supplying the continental

United States. For example: MTMC moves forces from Origin to Sea Port of Embarkation (SPOE)

(2) For military operations, they operate out of several major seaports – in both CONUS and Overseas

(3) Most operations are dependent on commercial transportation – very few assets.

c. Military Sealift Command (MSC) is the Navy component.

(1) MISSION: Responsible for strategic sealift.

(2) STRATEGIC ASSETS:

(a) Fast Sealift Ships

(b) Ready Reserve Fleet through Maritime Administration (MARAD)

(c) Afloat Prepositioning Force consists of the Maritime Preposition Ships, Prepositioning Ships, and the Brigade Afloat Force.

4. TRANSPORTATION IN DELIBERATE PLANNING.

a. Phase III, Step 4: Transportation Planning. Initial transportation feasibility determination of the TPFDD is the responsibility of the supported CINC

b. Phase III, Step 5: Shortfall Identification. USTRANSCOM works with the supported commander to overcome shortfalls by adjusting POEs, PODs, routing and timing, and changing lift mode and/or source.

c. Phase III, Step 6: Transportation Feasibility Analysis. The supported commander conducts a gross transportation feasibility analysis during a plan development conference or before submitting the TPFDD for refinement.

d. Phase III, Step 7: TPFDD Refinement. The TPFDD refinement process consists of several discrete steps that may be conducted sequentially or concurrently, in whole or in part. The TPFDD file for regional plans will normally be refined using two refinement conferences, a combined Forces and Logistics conference, and a Transportation Conference.

(1) USCINCTRANS will normally host forces refinement conferences at the request of the supported commander. Forces refinement is conducted in coordination with supported and supporting commanders, Services, the Joint Staff, and other supporting agencies. The purpose of forces refinement is to confirm that forces are sourced and tailored within JSCP, Joint Staff, and Service guidance and to assess the adequacy of CS and CSS force apportionment and resolve shortfalls. USTRANSCOM provides sealift and airlift capability estimates based on lift apportionment throughout the process to ensure transportation feasibility.

(2) USCINCTRANS will normally host logistic refinement conferences.

The purpose of logistic refinement is to confirm sourcing of logistic. At

the conclusion of a logistic refinement conference, USCINCTRANS will

reassess transportation feasibility for the supported commander to ensure

the TPFDD is ready for TCC flow.

(3) USCINCTRANS will normally host transportation refinement conferences. The purpose of transportation refinement is to adjust the flow of OPLANs to endure they are transportation feasible and consistent with JSCP, Joint Staff, and Service guidance.

1. Transportation refinement will begin with the supported commander providing a sourced TPFDD file to USCINCTRANS for transportation flow.

2. At the completion of a transportation refinement conference, the refined TPFDD will be maintained in the JOPES database.

(4) Upon completion of force and logistic TPFDD refinement, USTRANSCOM will assess the gross transportation feasibility of the OPLAN. If grossly transportation feasible at that stage, the Joint Staff, in coordination with the supported commander, may deem the OPLAN "effective for planning." The term "effective for planning" recognizes that the work to date is valid and current and could be used for execution prior to submission of the final OPLAN for CJCS approval.

  1. JOPES ADP IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
  1. Joint Flow and Analysis System for Transportation (JFAST). JFAST makes closure estimates, determines optimum transportation modes, simulates loading and unloading, and identifies transportation shortfalls.
  2. Global Transportation Network (GTN)

- Collects data automatically, integrates into one database.

- Primary purpose is to provide information for transportation management decisions.

- Coverage of multiple/continuous operations.

- Provides in-transit visibility (ITV) of pax and cargo loads from "port to port".

e. Scheduling and Movement Module: (S&M)

- Capability to retain and compare allocations versus actual manifests.

- Primary purpose is to provide schedules and manifests of organic

carriers.