CWPC Contingency Wartime Planning CourseCWPC Contingency Wartime Planning Course





Access (to classified information). The ability and opportunity to obtain knowledge of classified information. Persons have access to classified information if they are permitted to gain information or if they are in a place where they would be expected to gain such knowledge. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Adequacy. Operation plan review criterion that evaluates the scope and concept of planned operations for sufficiency to accomplish the task assigned. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Administrative Control (ADCON).

Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect to administration and support, including organization of service forces, control of resources and training, readiness, mobilization, demobilization, discipline and other matters not included in operation missions of the subordinate or other organizations.

Advanced Echelon (ADVON). An initial deployment element of personnel and equipment within a specific unit type code (UTC). The ADVON portion of a UTC normally consists of the equipment and personnel required to establish an austere operational


capability for a period of up to seven days. (AFI 10-404)

Aerial Port of Debarkation (APOD). See Port of Debarkation (POD).

Aerial Port of Embarkation (APOE). See Port of Embarkation (POE).

Aerial Ports and Air Operating Bases File (APORTS). JOPES ADP file that contains physical descriptions and operating characteristics of airport facili-ties throughout the free world. Information includes runway length, width, and weightbearing capacity, load classification number, aircraft parking space, and fuel and cargo storage capacities. Each airport is identified by a specific Geolocation Code. (JCS Pub 1-03)

Aerospace Doctrine. A statement of officially sanctioned beliefs and warfighting principles which describe and guide the proper use of aerospace forces in military action. (AFM 1-1)

Aerospace Surveillance Reconnaissance. A collection of information from airborne, orbital, and surface-based sen-sors. These operations provide a wide variety of information that is key to the development of national security policy, force postures, planning actions, force employment, and informed responses in times of crisis. (AFM 1-1)

Air Division (AD). A unit, or its headquarters, on a level of command above wing level, composed of two or more combat wings but sometimes adapted to other organization structures. (AFR 26-2)

Air Force After Action Reporting System (AFAARS). Standard proce-dures to document exercise results, identify problems requiring corrective actions, and disseminate results. (AFR 53-37)

Air Force Remedial Action Program (AFRAP). Standardized procedures for documenting exercise problems, assigning accountability for corrective actions, and monitoring those actions. (AFI 10-204)

Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC). A combination of numbers (digits) used to identify an Air Force specially. (AFM 11 -1)

Air Force Wartime Manpower and Personnel Readiness Team (AFWMPRT). An Air Force named unit that: (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

a. Provides status/impact analysis of wartime manpower and personnel actions.

b. Serves as manager for OSD Wartime Manpower Planning System (WARMAPS).

c. Serves as focal point for wartime manpower and personnel sys-tems and data.

d. Serves as the executive agent for USAF support force sizing exercise (FORSIZE).

Air Interdiction. Air operations conducted disrupt, delay, or destroy an enemy's military potential before it can be used against friendly forces. These combat operations are performed at such distance from friendly forces that detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of friendly forces is not required. (AFM 1-1)

Airlift. The objectives of airlift are to deploy, employ, and sustain military forces through the medium of aerospace. Airlift accomplishes the timely move-ment, delivery, and recovery of personnel, equipment, and supplies, furthering military and national goals.

Airlift Control Center (ALCC). An operations center where the detailed planning, coordinating and tasking for tactical airlift operations are accom-plished. This is the focal point for com-munications and the source of control and direction for the tactical airlift forces. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Air Operations Center (AOC). Plans, coordinates, and directs the air effort and supervises all tactical air control functions. The AOC prepares the daily air operations combat plan, directs current operations execution of the plan, and orders in response to air operations tactical situations.

Aircraft Deployment Analysis System (ADANS). Successor to the Flow Generator (FLOGEN) program, Air Mobility Command (AMC) uses the ADANS program to automate the process of scheduling and analyzing support airlift capabilities.

Air Reserve Component. Air Reserve Component are composed of units and individuals of the Air National Guard of the United States (ANG) and the United States Air Force Reserve (AFRES). (AFI 10-402)

Air Support Operations Center (ASOC). An agency of a tactical air control system collocated with a corps headquarters or an appropriate land force headquarters, which coordinates and directs close air support and other tactical air support. See also air opera- tions center. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Alert Order. A formal directive issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It reflects a National Command Authorities (NCA) decision that US military forces may be required, provides essential guidance for planning in the prevailing situation, and marks the outset of CAP, Phase V (Execution Planning).

Allocation. The resources furnished to the commander of a unified command by the NCA with the advice from the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, for execution planning or actual execution. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Annex. A document appended to a basic plan or order to make it clearer or to give further details. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Appendix. A subsidiary addition to a main paper. Details essential to the main paper but too bulky or numerous to include are embodied in appendices. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Apportionment. (Planning) The resources made available to the commander of a unified command for deliberate planning. Apportioned resources are used in the development of operation plans and may be more or less than those allocated for execution planning or actual execution. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Apportionment (Air). The determi-nation and assignment of the total expected effort by percentage and/or by priority that should be devoted to the various air operations and/or geographic areas for a given period of time. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Area of Operations. An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and naval forces. Areas of operation do not typically encompass the entire operational area of the joint force commander, but should be large enough for component commanders to accomplish their missions and protect their forces (Joint Pub1-02)

Assign (Assigned Forces).

a. To place units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively permanent and/or where such organization controls and administers the units or personnel for the primary func-tion, or greater portion of the functions, of the unit or personnel.

b. To detail individuals to speci-fic duties or functions where such duties or functions are primary and/or relatively permanent. Also see attach. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Assumption. A supposition about the current situation or a presupposition about the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in the absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the commander in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the course of action. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Attach (DOD) 1. The placement of units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively temporary. 2. The detailing of individuals to specific functions where such functions are secondary or relatively temporary, e.g. attached for quarters and rations; attached for flying duty. See also assign.

Attrition. The reduction of the effec-tiveness of a force caused by the loss of personnel and materiel. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Attrition Rate. A factor, normally expressed as a percentage, reflecting the degree of losses of personnel or materiel due to various causes over a specified period of time. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Augmentation Forces. Forces to be transferred to the operational command of a supported commander during the execution of an operation. (JCS Pub 5-03.l /Joint Pub 1-02)


Authorized Personnel (AUTH). An element of a TPFDD which indicates the total number of personnel that a Unit Type Code (UTC) is authorized. This element differentiates from PAX (the number of personnel in the UTC that will require TCC transportation). (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Automatic Data Processing (ADP). 1. Data processing largely performed by automatic means. 2. That branch of science and technology concerned with methods and techniques relating to data processing largely performed by automatic means. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Available-to-Load Date (ALD). A date specified for each unit in a TPFDD indicating when that unit will be ready to move from the port of embarkation. (JCS Pub 5-03.2)


Bare Base. A base having a runway, taxiway(s), and parking area(s) which are adequate for the deployed force and possessing an adequate source of water that can be made potable. (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

Barrel. A unit of capacity or volume. It varies between 31 and 42 gallons. For fuel, a barrel is 42 gallons. (JCS Pub 1-03)

Base Engineering Emergency Force Teams (PRIME BEEF). Worldwide base civil engineer forces organized to provide trained military elements used in direct combat support or emergency recovery from natural disasters. (AFM 11-1)

Base Level Assessment (BLA). The process of determining wartime base support requirements after deployments and receptions have taken place. (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

Base Mobility Plan. A document which provides detailed procedures, instruc-tions, and comprehensive data required to expeditiously deploy personnel and equipment. (AFM 10-404)

Base Period. The period of time for which factors were determined for use in current planning and programming. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Base Support Element (BSE). A deployment echelon composed of personnel and materiel over and above the flight and tactical support element. The BSE will include all personnel and materiel required to support the most demanding operation plan, operation order, or tasking order under which a unit is tasked. (AFM 10-404)

Base Support Plan (BSP). The installation level planning accomplished to support unified and specified com-mand wartime operation plans, as well as MAJCOM supporting plans. It cuts across all functional support areas in a consolidated view of installation mis-sions, requirements, capabilities and limitations to plan for actions and resources supporting war or contingency operations, including deployment, post- deployment, and employment activities. (AFI 10-404)

Base Support Planning Committee (BSPC). A group of cross-functional representatives from base-level host and tenant operations and support agencies whose purpose is to review requirements and develop base support plans. The BSPC serves as the focal point for plan development and reports to the instal-lation commander on the status of base support plans. It serves to integrate the numerous base-level requirements and functional support actions to present a coordinated overview of base support activity in a BSP. (AFI 10-404)

Beachhead. A designated area on a hostile shore which, when seized and held, ensures the continuous landing of troops and materiel and provides maneuver space requisite for subsequent projected operations ashore. It is the physical objective of an amphibious operation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Beddown. Common terminology used for the destination of combat forces in a theater (Equivalent to a destination).

Bilateral. A plan or action involving two countries equally, neither having command or operational control over the other.

Blockade. A method to bring pressure to bear on the enemy by isolating a place or region. (AFM 1-1)

Budget Estimate Submission (BES). Detailed costing of the Program Objective Memorandum (POM) as modified by the Program Decision Memorandum (PDM) by appropriation and major force program. (AFI 10-401)

Bulk. A cargo designation for cargo that can be loaded onto a standard 463L airlift cargo pallet. (AFP 76-2)


C-Day. (See Times)

Campaign Plan. A plan for a series of related military operations aimed to achieve strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Campaign Planning. The process whereby combatant commanders and subordinate joint force commanders translate national or theater strategy into operational concepts through the development of campaign plans. Campaign planning may begin during deliberate planning when the actual threat, national guidance, and available resources become evident, but it only ends at the actual execution. (AFI 10-401)

Cargo Deployment Function. (CDF) A subordinate work center of the Deployment control Center (DCC) that receives, inspects, marshals, and loads cargo for deployment. (AFI 10-403)

Cargo Increment Number (CIN). A seven-character alphanumeric field that uniquely describes a non-unit cargo entry (line) in a TPFDD. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Chain of Command. The succession of commanding officers from a superior to a subordinate through which command is exercised; also called command channel. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Chairman's Program Assessment (CPA). An assessment of the composite Program Objective Memorandum (POM) force recommendations to assist the Secretary of Defense in decisions on the defense program subsequent to receipt of the POMS. The CPA summarize the views of the chairman on the balance and capabilities of the POM force and the levels to attain US national security objectives.

Change of Operational Control - (DOD). The date and time (Coordinated Universal Time) at which the respon-sibility for operational control of a force or unit passes from one operational con-trol authority to another. (JCS Pub 1-02)

CHOP - See change of operational control. (JCS Pub 1-02)

CINC's Required Date (CRD). The original date specified by the CINC for arrival of forces or cargo at the destination; shown in the TPFDD to access the impact of later arrival. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

CINC's Strategic Concept. Final document produced in Step 5 of the Concept Development Phase of the deliberate planning process. The CINC's Strategic Concept (CSC) is used as the vehicle to distribute the CINC's decision and planning guidance for accomplishing JSCP or other CJCS taskings. CJCS approval of the strategic concept becomes the basis of the plan for development into an OPLAN or CONPLAN. Formerly called "the concept of operations." (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF).

a. A group of commercial aircraft with crews which is allocated in time of emergency for exclusive military use in both international and domestic service. (JCS Pub 1-02)

b. This program uses the contractually-committed airlift and the support capability of United States Civil Air Carriers to augment Department of Defense airlift forces, international and domestic, during periods of increased airlift requirement.

Classification. (See Security Classification)

Close Air Support. Air action against hostile targets which are in proximity to friendly forces and which require detailed integration of each air mission with the fire and movement of these forces.

Closure. In transportation, the process of a unit arriving at a specified location. It begins when the first element arrives at a designated location, e.g., port of entry/ port of departure, intermediate stops, or final destination, and ends when the last element does likewise. For the purposes of studies and command post exercises, a unit is considered essentially closed after 95 percent of its movement requirements for personnel and equipment are completed. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Coalition Force. A force composed of military elements of nations that have formed a temporary alliance for some specific purpose. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Collocated Operating Base (COB). US use of such a base for contingencies or exercises is desirable. War Reserve Materiel (WRM) may be for use by these forces. A COB may be a Main, Standby, or Limited Base. (WMP 1, Vol I) (DOD) Those forces whose primary missions are to participate in combat. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Combat Forces. Those flying forces contained in the War and Mobilization Plan (WMP), which normally operate in a hostile environment and are subject to hostile fire. (AFI 10-401) (DOD) Those forces whose primary missions are to participate in combat. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Combat Service Support Elements. Those elements whose primary mission is to provide service support to combat forces and which are a part, or prepared to become a part, of a theater command or task force formed for combat operations. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Combat Unit. A military organization that is expected to be offensively employed to fire weapons, conduct reconnaissance, or engage in other operational activity directly related to combat and is likely to receive hostile fire. (AFR 55-15 and AFM 10-401)

Combatant Command. A unified or specified command with a broad, continuing mission under a single commander established and so designated by the President through the Secretary of Defense (usually via the unified command plan - UCP). (Joint Pub 1-02)

Combatant Command (Command & Authority-COCOM). Non-transferable command authority established by title 10, United States Code, section 164, exercised only by commanders of unified or specified combatant commands. Combatant Command (command authority) is the authority of a Combatant Commander to perform those functions of command over assigned forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations, joint training, and logistics necessary to accomplish the missions assigned to the command. Combatant Command (command authority) should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations; normally this authority is exercised through the Service component commander. Combatant Command (command authority) provides full authority to organize and employ commands and forces as the CINC considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions. Also called COCOM. See also combatant command; Combatant Commander; operational control. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Combatant Commander. A comman-der in chief of one of the unified or specified combatant commands estab-lished by the President. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Combined. (Combined Command) Between two or more forces or agencies of two or more allies. (When all allies or services are not involved, the participating nations and services shall be identified; e.g., Combined Navies.) (JCS Pub 1-02)


1. The authority which a commander in the military service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effec-tively using available resources and for planning the employment of organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel.

2. An order given by a commander; that is, the will of the commander expressed for the purpose of bringing about a particular action.

3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual.

4. To dominate by a field of weapon fire or by observation from a superior position. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Command and Control (C2). The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned forces in the accomplishment of the mission. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Command and Control Systems (C2). The procedures, facilities, equipment, communications, data processing systems, and personnel essential to a commander for planning, directing, and controlling operations of assigned forces pursuant to the missions assigned. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Command, Control, and Communications (C3). A system that is a combination of people, facilities, equip-, and other resources organized to process information. Processing includes creating, collecting, protecting, analy-zing, transmitting, storing, retrieving, disseminating, and disposing of informa-tion. Encompasses areas traditionally represented by command and control systems, telecommunications, computer resources, data automation, office infor-mation systems, and communications-electronics. (AFI 10-401)

Command Post Exercise (CPX).

a. An exercise involving the commander, his staff, and communi-cations within and between commands. Exercising command, control, and com-munication concepts and procedures, it is very broad in scope and depends heavily on international and intercommand coordination. (AFI 10-204)

b. An exercise in which the forces are simulated, involving the commander, his staff, and communi-cations within and between headquarters. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Commander In Chief (CINC). s Code. The acronym "CINC" refers to the commander of a command. (See Combatant Command and Combatant Commander.) (UNAAF)

Commander's Estimate of the Situa-tion. A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all the circumstances affecting the military situation and arrives at a decision as to a course of action to be taken to accomplish the mission. A commander's estimate which considers a military situation so far in the future as to require major assumptions is called a com-mander's long-range estimate of the situation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Commanderís Intent. The commanderís vision of the end state to be achieved. (JP 3.0)

Communications Intelligence (COMINT). Technical and intelligence information derived from foreign com-munications by other than the intended recipients. (JCS Pub 1-02)


Communications Security (COM-SEC). The protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value which might be derived from the possession and study of telecommunications or to mislead unauthorized persons in their interpretation of the results of such possession and study. (JCS Pub 1-02)


a. The disclosure of classi-fied information to personnel not authorized access.

b. The known or suspected exposure of clandestine personnel, installations, or other assets or of classified information and material to an unauthorized person. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Concept of Operations (CONOPS). (DOD) A verbal or graphic statement, in broad outline, of a commander's assumptions or intent in regard to an operation or series of operations. The concept of operations frequently is embodied in campaign plans and operation plans; in the latter case, particularly when the plans cover a series of connected operations to be carried out simultaneously or in succession. The concept is designed to give an overall picture of the operation. It is included primarily for additional clarity of purpose. Also called commander's concept. (JP 1-02)

Concept Plan (CONPLAN). An operation plan in an abbreviated format that would require considerable expan-sion or alteration to convert it into an OPLAN or OPORD. A CONPLAN contains the CINC's Strategic Concept and those annexes (A,B , C, D, J, & K) and appendixes deemed necessary by the CINC to com-plete planning. Generally, detailed sup-port requirements are not calculated and TPFDD files are not prepared. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Confidential. (See security classifications.)

Contingency. An emergency involving military forces caused by natural disasters, terrorists, subversives, or by required military operations. Due to the uncertainty of the situation, contingencies require plans, rapid response and special procedures to ensure the safety and readiness of personnel, installations, and equipment. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Contingency Operations Mobility Planning And Execution System (COMPES). A system that enables the Air Force to plan for war and contingencies and, at execution, to match and track requirements, people, and materiel in a time-sensitive manner. It standardizes and automates the proce-dures used by the Air Force at MAJCOM and base level to select, deploy, and monitor contingency forces. As a result, COMPES aids in the successful completion of the wartime mission of every Air Force unit, be it Active, Guard or Reserve. Provides a standard automated data system to capture, store, and report AF deployment (manpower and logistics) detail data from base level through MAJCOM to JCS, unified, specified command planning and reporting systems (e.g., JOPES, MEFPAK, GCCS, etc.). (AFI 10-401)

Contingency Plan. A plan for major contingencies that can reasonably be anticipated in principle geographic sub-areas of a command. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Contingency Planning Guidance (CPG). The SECDEF's statutory duty to provide annually to the CJCS, written policy guidance for contingency plan-ning. The CPG focuses the guidance provided in the NMS and DPG and directly impacts on the JSCP. (MOP 7)

Continuity Of Command. The degree or state of being continuous in the exercise of the authority vested in an individual of the armed forces for the direction, coordination and control of military forces. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Continuity of Operations. The degree or state of being continuous in the conduct of functions, tasks, or duties necessary to accomplish a military action or mission in carrying out the national military strategy. It includes the func-tions and duties of the commander, as well as the supporting functions and duties performed by the staff and others acting under the authority of the commander. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Control. Authority, which may be less than full command, exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate or other organizations. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Control Staff Instructions (COSIN). The document that governs conduct of each particular exercise. (AFI 10-204)

CORE UTC. A UTC packaging system that consists of a single combat unit, command structure, and minimum essential combat support/combat service support. It contains most, but not all, UTCs required for operation at a COB. The requirements are sourced from the combat unit to the maximum extent possible without regard to their sustainment mission. UTCs that are not available from the combat unit are sourced from the MAJCOM host at home station. Remaining requirements are sourced from the nearest available source to the highest priority units. (AFI 10-401)

Counter Air. A USAF term for air operations to gain control of the aerospace environment. Counter air operations protect friendly forces, ensures our freedom to use the aerospace environment to perform our other missions and tasks, and deny the use of that environment to an enemy. The ultimate goal of counter air is air supremacy. (AFM 1-1)

Crisis. A crisis is an incident or situation involving a threat to the United States, its territories, citizens, military forces, and possessions or vital interests that develops rapidly and creates a condition of such diplomatic, economic, political, or military importance that commitment of US military forces and resources is contemplated to achieve national objectives.

Crisis Action Procedures (CAP). A set of procedures which provide guidance and procedures for joint operation planning by military forces during emergency or time sensitive situations. The procedures give the JCS information to develop timely recommendations to the National Command Authorities for decisions involving the use of US military forces. (JOPES Vol I)

Critical Item.

a. Those essential items of support having a direct mission impact and which the JCS and/or supported CINC have identified as requiring intensified tracking and management; commonly called war-stoppers.

b. An essential item which is in short supply or expected to be in short supply for an extended period. (JCS Pub 1-02)


D-Day. (See Times)

Data Base. A group of data elements or related figures arranged in a logical sequence. A collection of one or more computer files which represents all the data associated with or supporting the objective of an ADP system. For example, one JOPES data base, the TPFDD/SRF, supports each OPLAN. It consists of two files: the Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data (TPFDD) and the Summary Reference File (SRF).

Data File. A collection of related records usually arranged in sequence according to a key contained in each record.

Data Element. A basic unit of information having a unique meaning and subcategories (data items) of distinct units or values. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Date-Time-Group (DTG). The date and time, expressed in digits and zone suffix, at which the message was prepared for transmission (expressed as six digits followed by the zone suffix; first pair of digits denoting the date, second pair the hours, third pair the minutes). (JCS Pub 1-02)

Defense Emergency. An emergency condition which exists when: (JCS Pub 1-02)

a. A major attack is made upon United States forces overseas or on allied forces in any theater and is confirmed either by the commander of a command established by the Secretary of Defense or by higher authority; or

b. An overt attack of any type is made upon the United States and is confirmed either by the commander of a command established by the Secretary of Defense or by higher authority.

Defense Planning Guidance (DPG). The Secretary of Defense's document which provides guidance to the Services on the development of their Program Objective Memorandums (POMs). It is drafted by the Under Secretary of Defense for policy (USD(P)) with the assistance of a DPG Steering Group. (AFI 10-401)

Defense Readiness Conditions (DEFCONs). A uniform system of pro-gressive alert postures for use between the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the commanders of unified and specified commands and for use by the Services. Defense Readiness Conditions are grad-uated to match situations of varying military severity or status of alert. Defense Readiness Conditions are identi-fied by the short title DEFCON (5), (4), (3), (2), and (1), as appropriate. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Defense Planning and Resources Board (DPRB). The corporate review body which assists the Secretary of Defense in managing the Planning, Programming, and Budgeting System (PPBS). (AFI 10-401)

Defensive Counter Air. Air operations conducted near to or over friendly territory to attain and maintain air superiority by the destruction or neutralization of enemy forces. Generally reactive to the initiative of the enemy forces. (AFM 1-1)

Deliberate Planning. The JOPES pro-cess involving the development of joint OPLANs for contingencies identified in joint strategic planning documents. Conducted principally in peacetime, deliberate planning is accomplished in prescribed cycles that complement other DOD planning cycles and in accordance with the formally established Joint Stra-tegic Planning System. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Demonstration. An attack or show of force on a front where a military decision is not sought. Made with the aim of deceiving the enemy. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Deployment Control Center (DCC). A predetermined area designated as a central point from which the wing/group mobility officers discharge their responsibilities of control, direction, and supervision of deployment functions. (AFR 28-4)

Deployability Posture. The state or stage of a unit's preparedness for deployment to participate in a military operation. (AFI 10-404)

Deployment. In the strategic sense, the relocation of forces to desired areas of operation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Deployment Data Base. The JOPES data base containing the necessary information on forces, material, and filler and replacement personnel movement requirements to support execution. The data base reflects information contained in the refined time-phased force and deployment data from the deliberate planning process or developed during the various phases of the crisis action planning process, and the movement schedules or tables developed by the transportation component commands to support the deployment of required forces, personnel, and material. (JCS Pub 5-03.1/Joint Pub 1-02)

Deployment Echelon. A capability within a UTC package which should be deployed as an entity, for example: En Route Support Teams, Tactical Support Teams, etc. The deployment echelon is a two-character alphanumeric code. The first character (alpha) represents the deployment echelon and the second character (numeric) represents the element/priority within that deployment echelon. (AFI 10-404)

Deployment Indicator Code (DEPID). Defines deployability categories and detail (equipment only/personnel only) characteristics of UTC packages. (AFM10-401)

Deployment Planning. That part of operation planning concerned with relocation of forces to the desired area of operation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Deployment Report (DEPREP). A formatted and coded means for con-veying deployment planning and redeployment planning data among commands and agencies. (JCS Pub 1-03)

Deployment Requirements Manning Document (DRMD). A document which lists manpower requirements of a UTC at AFSC detail and unit tasking for a specific exercise, contingency or OPLAN /OPORD.

Doctrine. Fundamental principles by which military forces guide their actions in support of national objectives. (JCS Pub 1-01) Also, see aerospace doctrine.

Designated Units. Those units tasked prior to D + 30 days with a mobility mission that requires them to be capable of deploying as an integral unit with mission essential equipment and supplies. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Designed Operational Capability (DOC). The mission for which a measured unit has been equipped, organized, or designed.

Designed Operational Capability (DOC) Statement. The document prepared by the parent MAJCOM for each measured unit which outlines the DOC of the unit and contains unit identification, mission tasking narrative, mission specifics, and resources to be measured.

Destination (DEST). The terminal geographic location in the routing scheme for forces. (Resupply and replacement personnel are routed to a Port of Support.) The destination identifies the station or location in the objective area where the unit will be employed. For some units, the destination may be the same as their POD. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

DYNAMIC ANALYSIS REPLAN- NING TOOL (DART). Facilitates the analysis and manipulation of the TPFDD TO BE REPLACED BY RDA.


Earliest Arrival Date (EAD). A day, relative to C-Day, that is specified by a planner as the earliest date when a unit, a resupply shipment, or replacement per-sonnel can be accepted at a port of debarkation during a deployment. Used with the latest arrival date (LAD), it defines a delivery window for trans-portation planning. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Emergency Action Book (EAB). The personnel Emergency Actions Book (EAB) contains concepts, procedures, and actions which are the basis for managing the USAF personnel system and its resources during an emergency. Actions reflected within it are based upon current personnel policies and procedures designed to meet specific defense conditions. The EAB is directive upon all agencies of the USAF involved in the management and administration of personnel. (WMP Vol I)

Employment. The tactical use of air-craft or forces in a desired area of operation. The actual use of forces with-in a combat zone or an objective area. Forces may be either deployed, already in-place, or both. (JCS Pub 1)

Employment Planning. That part of operation planning concerned with the strategic or tactical use of forces and materiel within the area of operations.

End of Exercise (ENDEX). The date-time group that officially ends the exe-cution phase of an exercise. (AFI 10-204)

End State. What the National Command Authorities want the situation to be when operations conclude - both military operations, as well as those where the military is in support of other instruments of national power. (Approved for inclusion in the next edition of Joint Pub 1-02)

En Route Support Team (EST). A functional package of personnel and materiel, consisting of selected person-nel, skills, equipment, and supplies necessary to service and perform limited specialized maintenance on tactical air-craft at en route bases so that the aircraft can proceed to their destination base with a minimum of delay. (AFI 10-404)

Essential Elements of Friendly Information (EEFI). Key questions likely to be asked by adversary officials and intelligence systems about specific friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities, so they can obtain answers critical to their operational effectiveness. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Execute Order (EXORD). An order issued by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, by the authority and at the direction of the Secretary of Defense, to implement an NCA decision to initiate military operations. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Execution Planning. The phase of CAP (JOPES Vol 1) planning in which an approved operation plan or other NCA-designated course of action is adjusted, refined and translated into an operation order. Execution planning can proceed on the basis of prior deliberate planning, or it can take place under a NOPLAN situation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Exercise. A military maneuver or simulated wartime operation involving plan-ning, preparation, and execution. It is carried out for the purpose of training and evaluation. It may be a combined, joint, or single service exercise, depend-ing on participating organizations. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Exercise Commander. A commander taking part in the exercise who will issue appropriate operation orders to forces placed under his control. He may be allocated responsibilities regarding con-trolling, conducting, and/or directing the exercise in addition to that of command. (JCS Pub 0-2)

Exercise Control Group (ECG). For a given exercise the personnel (controllers) providing overall control of exercise play, controlling and monitoring Master Scenario Events List (MSEL) item inputs and coordinating controller activities to regulate, control, or modify exercise activity. (AFI 10-204)

Exercise Plan (EXPLAN). The document published as guidance for a specific exercise. (AFI 10-204)

Exercise Summary (EXSUM). The post exercise first impressions report which provides an initial summarized assessment of the exercise results. (AFI 10-204)

Expenditure Per Sortie Factor (EPSF). A number that tells how many of the items are used on each combat sortie. The value is the average value for the aircraft in a specific role or utilization and theater. (WMP Vol V)


Feasibility. Operation plan review criterion. The determination of whether the assigned tasks could be accomplished by using available resources. (JCS Pub 503.1)

F Hour. (See Times)

Field Training Exercise. An exercise conducted in the field under simulated war conditions in which troops and armament of one side are actually pre-sent, while those of the other side may be imaginary or in outline. (AFI 10-204)

File. A collection of one or more types of related computer records for some overall topic. For example, the TPFDD file is made up of force records, non-unit-related cargo records, and personnel records. Together this information repre- sents the overall timephased trans-portation requirement. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Filler Personnel. Individuals of suitable grade and skill initially required to bring a unit or organization to its authorized strength. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Force Entry. The most extreme mission option available to the CINC. Force entry involves actual use of military forces in the objective area. In this option US forces are moved forward with the intention to do battle if necessary to accomplish the mission.

Force Identification. Assignment or reassignment of a Force Requirement Number (FRN) to each unit level entry in the TPFDD to distinguish units with identical UTCs. This assignment is com-pleted by a specific module of the FRG. (CSM UM 200-85)

Force List. The total list of forces required by an operation plan, including assigned forces, augmentation forces, and other forces to be employed in support of the plan. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Force Module. A grouping of combat and combat support force packages linked together or uniquely identified so they may be extracted from or adjusted as an entity in the time-phased force and deployment data file to enhance flexibility and usefulness of the operation plan during a crisis. (AFI 10-401)

Force Package. A predefined, standardized grouping of manpower and/or equipment to provide a specific wartime capability. Commonly called a UTC. (See UTC)

Force Record Extract File (FREF). One of the JOPES ADP plan-unique files that contains data taken from a set of TPFDD unit records for input into the LOGSAFE. The data includes service, UTC, ULN, AUTH, DEST, LAD, and Force Module Identifications for each force requirement. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Force Requirement Number (FRN). A five character alphanumeric code used to uniquely identify force entries (UTCs) in a given OPLAN TPFDD. (JCS Pub 503.1/JCS Pub 1-02)

Force Shortfall. A deficiency in the number or type of units available for planning within the time required for the performance an assigned task. (AFI 10-401)

Force Sourcing. The identification of the actual units, their origins, ports of embarkation and movement character-istics to satisfy the time-phased force requirements of a supported commander. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Force Tailoring. The process of altering or tailoring the UTC packages that are described in the TUCHA to meet specific needs or requirements (CSM UM 200-85)

Force Time-Phasing. Use of a specific FRG module to assign deployment information that will describe unit movement schemes once the forces have been built and assigned an FRN by the FRG. (CSM UM 200-85)

For Official Use Only (FOUO). Information that has not been given a security classification according to an executive order but which may be with-held from the public for one or more of the reasons identified in AFR 12-30, paragraph 10b - 10i.

FORSIZE (Force Sizing Exercise). The Air Force method of determining total wartime support force require-ments. (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD). An abbreviated form of an operation order, usually issued on a day-today basis, that eliminates the need for restating information contained in a basic operation order. It may be issued in sections. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Fragmentation Code (FRAG). A one-character code, the second of three parts of a unit line number (ULN). It is used to uniquely identify subordinate units, fragmentations, or increments of a single force requirement. If a single unit satisfies a force requirement, the FRAG code will be left blank. When more than one unit is needed to satisfy the requirement, each unit is assigned a separate FRAG. See the definitions for ULN, FRN, and Insert Code. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Full Mobilization. Requires passage by the Congress of a Public Law or Joint Resolution declaring war or a national emergency. Provides authority for expansion of the active armed forces to mobilize all reserve component units, individual reservists, retired military personnel, and the resources needed for their support to meet the total requirements of a war or other national emergency involving an external threat of the national security. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Functional Account Code (FAC). A six digit code used to represent the descriptive title of a functional element of a unit. (AFM 30-3, Vol VI)

Functional Area Manager (FAM): The Functional Area (FAM) is the individual responsible for the management and planning of all personnel and equipment within a specific functional area to support wartime and peacetime contingencies. (AFI 10-401)

Functional Component Command (DOD). A command normally, but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more Services which may be established in peacetime or war to perform particular operational missions that may be of short duration or may extend over a period of time. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Functional Plans. Plans developed for specific functions or discrete tasks (nuclear weapon recovery or evacuation, intratheater logistics, communications, and continuity of operations. May also address peacetime operations such as disaster relief, humanitarian assistance or peacekeeping.


Geolocation Code (GEOLOC). Four character alpha code for all locations (origins, POEs, PODS, intermediate locations, or destinations) selected from the Geolocation File in JOPES. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Geolocation File. The Geolocation file is an automated table of worldwide geographic locations, including water areas. It contains the following fields of data: geolocation code, name, installation type, state or country code and abbreviation, and coordinates. There may be more than one geolocation code for the same location name, the difference being the type of installation (seaport, city, airport, etc.). The file includes codes for unknown locations in countries and codes for unknown foreign locations. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Grossly Transportation Feasible. A determination made by a supported commander that a draft OPlan can be supported with the apportioned trans-portation assets. This determination is made by using the JFAST in JOPES to simulate movement of personnel and cargo from POE to POD within a specified time frame. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)


H-Hour. (See Times)

HARVEST EAGLE. A nickname for an air transportable package of house-keeping equipment, spare parts, and supplies required to support AF general purpose forces and personnel under bare base conditions. Each kit is designed to provide softwall housekeeping support for 1100 personnel. (AFR 400-24)

HARVEST FALCON. A nickname for an air transportable package of hardwall shelters, softwall tents, and equipment required for base and personnel house-keeping sets and aircraft support sets in bare base conditions. (AFR 400-24)

Headquarters Support Element (HSE). The HSE is used in planning for deployment of the wing's headquarters element. The HSE consists of personnel and equipment designed to establish command elements and a command structure for deploying tactical forces. (AFI 10-404)

Host Country. A nation in which representatives or organizations of another state are present because of government invitation and/or international agreement. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Host-Tenant Support Agreement (HTSA). A statement of the major support between two units, wings, etc. In addition to key dates, HTSA may contain statements on reporting policies, command relationships, or other matters of broad policy that are not appropriate for inclusion as specific provisions of functional statements. (DOD 4000.19-R)

Host Unit. The organization designated by the host major command or HQ USAF to furnish support to a tenant unit. (AFI 10-403)


Increment. An assemblage of materiel from one or more functions. Functions may be assigned to more than one increment, when large quantities of materiel are involved. Precedence of increments is governed by the priority in which functions (or portions thereof) are normally required at a deployment site. An "increment" is used in mobility planning as a lowest common denom-inator in planning and assembling loads for cargo aircraft. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Increment of Materiel. Equipment, supplies, and spare parts arranged to support a deployment capability. The increments are used for planning and assembling loads for cargo aircraft, Normally, increments are designed to fit a standard 463L pallet; however, material providing more than one capability may be combined to form an increment if the pallet space is not fully used. The increment:

a. is the primary method of organizing materiel for deployment;

b. provides a means to establish a sequence and priority of mobility assets for deployment;

c. allows a shorthand method of communication for cargo shipments, i.e., load departure messages and its eventual redeployment;

d. provides a reference point for mobility planning in support of a specific OPLAN, i.e., mobility annex preparation;

e. provides a reference point for tailoring mobility packages;

f. provides a point of reference for control of equipment processing during deployments;

g. provides the basic planning element during aircraft load planning and cargo manifesting; and

h. provides the reference point for establishing and maintaining stan-dardization among units with like weapon systems. Use of increments maintains standardization through the pilot/non-pilot unit concept. Wheeled equipment, that is, AGE or other cargo items of equipment, constitute a single increment of materiel. (AFM 28-740, Vol I)

Individual Mobilization Augmentee (IMA). An Air Force Ready Reservist assigned to a specific position within the active force, which would be assumed upon mobilization. (AFI 10-402)

Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). Members of the Ready Reserve who are not assigned to the Selected Reserve and are not on active duty. (AFI 10-402)

Initial Preplanned Supply Support (IPSS). Standardized procedures to identify, locate, and prioritize for shipping critical items of supply (Classes III, V, and VII) that must commence movement simultaneously with the implementation of an OPLAN. IPSS is mandatory for the first 30-day require-ment for those OPLANs specifically designated by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (AFI 10-401)

Initial Support Team (IST) or Element (ISE). A functional package of personnel and materiel which will precede the tactical aircraft to the employment base and perform the functions of receiving, servicing, and arming the aircraft for the initial launching of combat missions. (AFI 10-404)

In-place Force. An assigned force which conducts its wartime mission from its peacetime location.

Insert Code. A one-character code that is the third of three parts of a unit line number (ULN). It is used to show another level of unit fragmentation below that indicated by the FRAG code. Since the FRAG is limited to identifying 33 units, the INSERT can be used to identify additional units that satisfy a force requirement. Using the two codes combined, more than 1000 subordinate units can be uniquely identified. INSERT codes use the alphanumeric values of 1-9 and AZ, except for the letters I and 0. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Intelligence Estimate. The appraisal, expressed in writing or orally, of available intelligence relating to a specific situation or condition with a view to determining the courses of action open to the enemy or potential enemy and the order of probability of their adoption. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Intensive Management. The continuous process by which the supported and supporting commanders, the Services, TCCS, and appropriate Defense agencies ensure that movement data in the JOPES deployment data base for the initial days of deployment/ mobilization are current to support immediate execution of an OPLAN. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Interdiction. An action to divert, disrupt, delay or destroy the enemyís surface military potential before it can be used effectively against friendly forces (Joint Pub 1-02)

Intermediate Location (ILOC or IL). An intermediate stopping point in the deployment routing of a unit used to lay over the force for a specified time, normally longer than one day. It is often used to unite personnel and cargo portions of split shipments. This point may occur between the Origin and POE, the POE and POD, or the POD and Destination. The TFE can accept only one intermediate location during the deployment of a unit. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Inter-Service Support Agreement (ISA) Action by one military Service or element to provide logistic and/or administrative support to another military Service or element. Such action can be recurring or nonrecurring in character on an installation, area, or worldwide basis. (DOD 4000.19-R)

lntertheater. The movement between the CONUS and overseas areas or between overseas theaters. (AFP 76-2)

lntratheater. The movement within an area command or theater of operations. (AFP 76-2)

Issue Books (IB). A series of ten documents containing major issues or alternatives to programs contained in the Program Objective Memorandum (POM). The ten issues books are: Policy and Risk Assessment, CINC's Issues, Nuclear Forces, Conventional Forces, Modernization and Investment, Readi-ness and Other Logistics, Manpower, Intelligence, Management Initiatives and the Offset book. (PPBS Primer)


JCS-coordinated Exercise. A minor exercise, the scheduling of which requires coordination by the Joint Chiefs of Staff because it involves units or forces of more than one commander in chief or agency. (JCS Pub 1-02)

JCS-directed Exercise. A strategic mobility or major commander in chiefdirected exercise of considerable interest to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (JCS Pub 1-02)

JCS-Review Comments.

a. Execution-critical comments are major deficiencies that impact negatively on the capability of the plan to meet the JSCP objective and may prevent execution of the plan as written. Examples include such items as failure to meet assigned tasks, deviations from joint policy, and major logistic shortfalls.

b. Substantive comments are less significant deficiencies that include deviations from CJCS guidance, JOPES formatting, and/or significant errors involving the TPFDD. These deficiencies would not prevent execution of the plan.

c. Administrative comments are comments offered for clarity, accuracy, and consistency. They include such items as outdated references, improper terminology, and minor errors, provided to the supported commander as suggestions. (JCS Pub 5-03.2)



JCS Types of Plan Review.

a. Review of CINC's Strategic Concept. This review is conducted at the conclusion of the Concept Development Phase of the deliberate planning process and is applicable to new operation plans or existing plans in which the concept has changed. The purpose of the review is to determine whether the scope and concept of operations are sufficient to accomplish the task assigned and to assess the validity of the assumptions and compliance with JCS tasking and guidance, and Joint Doctrine. Reviews will be processed under the provisions of CJCS MOP 9. The review should be completed within 60 days of referral. JCS approval of the concept will be for "further planning, or disapproved and requires significant changes prior to resubmission."

b. Final Review. This review is conducted during the Plan Review Phase of the deliberate planning process and is applicable to all, operation plans. It is a formal review of the entire operation plan, including TPFDD, updated medical working file, and appropriate Civil Engineering Support Planning Generator (CESPG) files, if applicable. The Joint Staff, Services and Defense agencies will conduct independent reviews and submit comments within 30 days of referral. (JCS Pub 5-03.2)

Joint. Connotes activities, operations, organizations, etc., in which elements of more than one military department of the same nation participate. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) consist of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman, the Chief of Staff of the Army, The Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Currently The JCS have no executive authority to command combatant forces. All JCS members are, by law, military advisors to the President, Secretary of Defense, or the NSC; however, the Chairman is the principal military advisor.

Joint Engineering Planning and Execution System (JEPES). program that developes and analyzes Civil Engineering requirements for the Civil Engineering Support Plan. (Replacing CESPG)

Joint Exercise Manual (JEM). The Joint Chiefs of Staff manual containing guidance on planning, conducting, and evaluating exercises. (AFR 10-204)

Joint Flow and Analysis System for Transportation (JFAST). Determines the transportation feasibility of a COA or OPlan; provides daily lift assets needed to move forces and resupply; advises logistics planners of channel and port inefficiencies; and interprets shortfalls from various flow possibilities.

Joint Force. A general term applied to a force which is composed of significant elements of two or more military departments operating under a single commander authorized to exercise command authority or operational control over joint forces. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Joint Force Air Component Commander. The joint force air component commander derives authority from the joint force commander who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among subordinates commanders, redirect and organize forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplish of the overall mission. The joint force commander will normally designate a joint force air component commander. The joint force air component commander. The joint force air component commanderís resonsibilities will be assigned by the joint force commander (normally these would include, but not be limited to, planning, coordination, allocation, and tasking based on the joint force commanderís apportionment decision). Using the joint force commanderís guidance and authority, and in coordination with other service component commanders and other assigned or supporting commanders, the joint force air component commander will recommend to the joint force commander apportionment of air sorties to various missions or geographic areas also call JFACC. (Joint Pub 56.1)

Joint Force Commander. A general term applied to a combatant commander, subunified commander, or joint task force commander authorized to exercise combatant command (command authority-COCOM) or operational control (OPCON) over a joint force. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Joint Operations. A general term to describe military actions conducted by joint forces, or by service forces in relationships (e.g., support, coordinating authority), which, of themselves, do not create joint forces. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Joint Operations Area. An area of land, sea, and airspace, defined by a geographic combatant commander or subordinate unified commander, in which a joint force commander (normally a joint task force commander) conducts military operations to accomplish a specific mission. Joint operations areas are limited in scope and geographic area or when operations are to be conducted on the boundaries between theaters. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES). A system that supports integrated planning and command & control of mobilization, deployment, employment, and sustain-ment activities using an improved information system.

Joint Planning Document (JPD). The JPD supports the NMS by providing concise programming priorities , requirements , or advice to the SECDEF for consideration during preparation of the defense planning guidance. (CJCS MOP 7)

Joint Planning And Execution Community (JPEC). Those headquarters, commands, and agencies involved in the training, preparation, movement, reception, employment, support, and sustainment of military forces assigned or committed to a theater of operations or objective area. The JPEC usually consists of the JCS, Services, certain Service major commands (including the Service wholesale logistic commands), unified and specified commands (and their Service component commands), sub-unified commands, Transportation Component Commands, JTFs (as applicable), DLA, and other Defense agencies (e.g., DIA) as may be appropriate to a given scenario. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Joint Planning Process. A coordinated process used by a commander to determine the best method of accomplishing the mission.

Joint Staff.

a. The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command or of a joint task force; includes members from the several Services comprising the force. (JCS Pub 1-02)

b. The staff of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for under the National Security Act of 1947, as amended. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP). The JSCP provides guidance to the CINCs and the Chiefs of the Services to accomplish tasks and missions based on current military capabilities. It apportions resources to CINCs, based on military capabilities resulting from completed program and budget actions. The JSCP provides a coherent framework for capabilities-based military advice provided to the NCA. (JOPES, Vol I)

Joint Strategic Planning System (JSPS). The JSPS is the primary formal means by which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and CINCs, carries out statutory responsibilites required by title 10, USC, 6 April 1991, and further delineated in DOD 5100.1, 25 September 1987. (JOPES Vol I)

Joint Strategy Review (JSR). The JSR assesses the strategic environment for issues and factors that affect the National Military Strategy (NMS) in the near-term of the long-range. It is a process that continuously gathers information; examines current, emerging and future issues, threats, technologies, organization, doctrinal concepts, force structures, and military missions; and reviews assesses current strategy, forces, and national policy objectives. The JSR facilities the integration of strategy, operational planning, and program assessment. (JOPES, Vol I)

Joint Task Force (JTF). A joint force that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense, a combatant commander, a sub-unified commander, or an existing Joint Task Force commander. Also called JTF. (JP-02)


Key Facilities List. A register of selected command installations and industrial facilities which are of primary importance to the support of military operations or military production programs. It is prepared under the policy direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (JCS Pub 1-02)


L-Hour. (See Times)

Latest Arrival Date (LAD). A day, relative to C-Day, that is specified by a planner as the latest date when a unit, a resupply shipment, or replacement personnel can arrive at the port of debarkation and support the concept of operations. Used with the earliest arrival date (EAD), it defines a delivery window for transportation planning. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Limited Base. A base which is austerely manned and normally has no permanently assigned operational tactical forces but may possess a small force for specific operations (weather surveillance, alert aircraft, special purpose aircraft, etc.). With personnel augmentation, this base is capable of receiving deploying forces. It may have facilities for communications, air traffic control, navigational aids, maintenance, base supply, munitions, weather, medical services, billeting, messing, transportation, and operational support. It may or may not be supported in peacetime as a satellite of a main base. War reserve materiel, including POL, may be maintained in a state of readiness for use by the deploying force. To initiate and sustain operations, additional support personnel and equipment must be provided. (AFM 11-1, Vol I)

Limiting Factor (LIMFAC). A factor or condition that, either temporarily or permanently, impedes mission accomplishment. This limitation has a significant impact on the capability to perform the wartime mission and has become a mission constraint. Illustrative examples are transportation network deficiencies, lack of in-place facilities, malpositioned forces or materiel, extreme climatic conditions, distance, transit/ overflight rights, political conditions, etc. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Line Number. A number identification assigned to each manpower space requirement listed in a deployment manning document (DMD). When an appendix is produced using COMPES, line numbers are computer generated, using one of the following:

a. Force Requirement Number (FRN), Line Number. For example, A2C2299 would indicate Force Requirement Number A2C2 and Line Number 299 within that Force Requirement Number. The FRN will normally be associated with the line number for OPLAN requirements communicated between commands.

b. Appendix, TAB, Enclosure, Line Number. This grouping provides a unique identification for each manpower requirement contained within the plan. For example, 1 A12299 would indicate Appendix 1, Tab A, Enclosure 12, Line number 299. This method provides a ready reference to each requirement that may be listed within a comprehensive planning document.

Lines of Communications (LOC). All the routes (land, water, and air) that connect an operating military force to a base of operations along which supplies and military forces move. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Load Plan. All individually prepared documents which, taken together, present instructions in detail for the arrangement of personnel and the loading of equipment for one or more units' or other special grouping of personnel or materiel moving by highway, water, rail, or air transportation. (AFI 10-404)

Lodgement Area. A designated area in a hostile or threatened territory which, when seized and held, ensures the continuous and uninterrupted landing, by air or sea, of troops and materiel and provides maneuver space requisite for subsequent projected joint operations. (See the definitions for Airhead and Beachhead) (JCS Pub 1-02)

Logistics. The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Logistics Detail (LOGDET) Data. The specific identification of materiel planned for deployment within the UTC. It includes detailed data on each stock number, such as weight, dimensions, and Cargo Category Code. (AFI 10-401)

Logistics Force Packaging Subsystem (LOGFOR). The LOGFOR is a software package in COMPES. This system collects and stores UTC LOGDET data (MEFPAK) and acts as a data base for OPLAN development and execution. (AFI 10-401)

Logistic Module (LOGMOD). In COMPES, the computer software packages-for logistics.

a. Logistics Module-Base Level (LOGMOD-B). In COMPES, computer software programs designed to provide base level planners with a tool to aid mobility programs.

b. Logistics Module-MAJCOM level (LOGMOD-M). In COMPES, the computer software program designed to provide MAJCOM planners tools to aid in mobility/contingency scenarios (AFI 10-401)

Logistics Planning Subsystem (LOG PLAN). A COMPES software package which assists planners in building detailed materiel data to support specific OPLANS. (AFI 10-401)

Logistics Sourcing. Identification of the origin and determination of availability of TPFDD non-unit logistic requirements. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Logistics Sustainment Analysis and Feasibility Estimator / Logisitics Sustainment Assessment (LOGSAFE/ LSA). Generates sustainment estimates for all classes of supply, compares requirements with assets available, and eliminates the feasibility of the sustainment portion of a COA or OPlan. LSA is a tool to assist CINCs with logistics sustainability assessment.

Logistics Feasibility Analysis Subsystem (LOGFAC). In COMPES, a LOGMOD-M software package which provides the MAJCOM planner with a capability to monitor status of equipment within the command. The materiel which the command has transferred and aids in WRM/WMP 4 analysis and calculation. (AFM 28-740, Vol I)

Long Ton (LT). The unit of measurement for cargo which equates to a short ton of 2,000 lbs + 10% for packing and crating, totaling 2200 lbs.


M-Day. (See Times)

Main Base (MB). A base on which all essential buildings and facilities are erected. Total organizational and intermediate maintenance capability exists for assigned weapon systems. The intermediate maintenance capability may be expanded to support specific weapon systems deployed to the MB. (AFM 11-1, Vol I)

Major Command (MAJCOM). A major subdivision of the Air Force; for operational purposes it normally consists of two or more Air Forces. (AFR 26-2)

Malposition. To place military units, equipment, or supplies at another location instead of the point of planned use but close enough to reduce reaction time. Reasons one may malposition: host country won't permit storage/staging, not enough storage space, etc. (AFR 400-24)

Manpower and Equipment Force Packaging System (MEFPAK). The HQ USAF standard method for describing Air Force forces available for use in operation planning. (AFI 10-401)

Manpower And Personnel Module (MANPER). In COMPES, the computer software applications for manpower and personnel are:

a. Manpower and Personnel Module Base Level (MANPER-B). In COMPES, the base level automated capabilities to support operation, contingency, mobility and exercise planning, readiness, and execution responsibilities.

b. Manpower and Personnel Module MAJCOM Level (MANPER-M). In COMPES, the major command computer programs designed to support the manpower and personnel planners in the day-to-day planning and execution process. (AFI 10-401)

Manpower Force Packaging System (MANFOR). The subsystem of both MEFPAK and COMPES which automates the creation and maintenance of manpower detail for the Manpower Force Elements (MFEs) of UTC packages. (AFI 10-401)

Manpower Force Element (MFE). A distinctive grouping of manpower requirements structured to provide a specific capability. (AFI 10-401)

Manpower Force Element Listing (MFEL). A listing which provides manpower detail (function, grade, AFSC, and SEI) required to provide the capability defined for a Unit Type Code (UTC) package. (AFI 10-401)

Master Force List (MFL). A JOPES file which contains the current status of each requirement for a given OPLAN. The MFL is made available in the File Transfer Service to other WWMCCS activities from a file produced from the JOPES deployment database. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Master Scenario Events List (MSEL). A list of sequentially numbered events that directs exercise play toward the desired objectives. It is part of the Control Staff Instructions (COSIN). (AFI 10-204)

Measured Unit. Those AF active duty,

Air Force Reserve, and Air National Guard units that are registered in SORTS with a unit descriptor code (UDC) indicating combat or combat support. In addition, certain combat service support units will be measured. (AFI 10-201)

Measurement Ton (MTon). The unit for volumetric measurement of equipment associated with cargo. Used extensively by MSC to load plan ships. 1 MTon = 40 Cubic Feet. (AFM 28-346)

Medical Evacuees. Personnel who are wounded, injured, or ill (NBI) and must be moved to or between medical facilities. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Medical Planning And Execution System (MEPES). Provides automated assistance to the planner and quantifies the impact of an operation on an existing or proposed medical system; integrates and time phases medical requirements and provides status and readiness of medical facilities, personnel, and supply.

Medical Working File (MWF). A plan-unique file that provides specific information on medical planning data for up to four services in one plan or for one service in up to four plans. The file contains information of the population at risk (i.e., the cumulative in-theater force strength, derived from the TPFDD) and scenario-dependent medical planning factors, of which the time-phased levels and evacuation levels are pertinent to NPG. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Military Sealift Command (MSC).

The single manager operating agency for designated sealift service (JCS Pub 1-02)

Military Service. (DOD) A branch of the Armed Forces of the United States, established by act of Congress, in which persons are appointed, enlisted, or inducted for military service, and which operates and is administered within a military or executive department. The Military Services are: the United States Army, the United States Navy, the United States Air Force, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard. (JP 1-02)

Military Traffic Management Com-mand (MTMC). The single manager operating agency for military traffic, land transportation, and common-user ocean terminals. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Minimize. A condition wherein normal message and telephone traffic is drastically reduced in order that messages connected with an actual or simulated emergency shall not be delayed. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Mini-Records. The TDY mini-record is a small (approximately 200 characters) individual data record used for the tracking and management of every individual who is TDY for manning assistance, exercise, rotational, and contingency purposes. Data in the record is updated as changes and corrections occur. The mini-record, when requested, is generated by the Personnel Data System when an individual departs or is projected for departure for contingency or manning assistance TDY. The record, once flowed, is maintained on the TDY deployment file at the assigned MAJCOM and the designated servicing MPF. At HQ USAF (HAF), TDY data is maintained in the TDY segment of the master personnel record. At the assigned MPF, TDY data is maintained as a part of the APDS record. (AFM 36-2621)


a. The task, together with the purpose, which clearly indicates the action to be taken and the reason for taking it.

b. In common usage, especially when applied to lower military units, a duty assigned to an individual or unit; a task.

c. The dispatching of one or more aircraft to accomplish one particular task. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Mission Capability Statement (MISCAP). A short paragraph associated with each UTC which describes significant employment information. The MISCAP contains:

a. A brief explanation of mission capabilities.

b. A statement concerning the types of bases to which the unit can be deployed (e.g., bare base, standby deployment base, or limited operating base).

c. A list of the major functional areas included in the force element.

d. A description of the significant work load considerations used to determine the size of the element. (AFI 10-401)

Mission Support Element (MSE). Personnel and equipment deployed for direct support of airlift operations. An MSE normally provides a capability in one functional area and is identified by a unique UTC. (AFM 11-1, Vol I)

Mission Support Kits (MSK). An air transportable package of supplies and spare parts for aircraft, engines, support equipment, ground communications, and munitions equipment used to support deployed operations when use of a war readiness spares kit (RSP) is not authorized. MSKs are not WRM.

Mobility. A quality or capability of military forces which permits them to move from place to place while retaining the ability to fulfill their primary mission. (AFI 10-404)

Mobility Equipment. Items of equipment deployed with the unit to a programmed emergency or wartime location. Only units scheduled to deploy in the event of emergency or wartime have mobility equipment. (AFM 67-1)

Mobility Position Roster (MPR). A listing of all personnel assigned a mobility position number which can/will deploy to support tasking. (AFR 28-7)

Mobility Requirement Resource Roster (MRRR). A listing of mobility requirements by unit and the primary and alternate personnel assigned against the mobility positions. (MANPER-B User's


Mobility Work Centers. Those activities activated during deployments or exercises which process personnel and equipment for deployment. (AFI 10-403)

Mobilization. The act of assembling and organizing national resources to support national objectives in time of war or other emergencies. (AFI 10-204)

Mode of Transport. The various modes used for a movement. There are several means of transportation for each mode. They are: inland surface transportation (rail, road, and inland waterway); air transportation; sea transportation (coastal and ocean); and pipelines. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Movement Directive. The basic document published by the Department of the Army or the Department of the Air Force, or jointly, which authorizes a command to take action to move a designated unit from one location to another. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Movement Order. An order issued by a commander covering the details for a move of his command. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Movement Schedule. A schedule developed to monitor or track a separate entity, whether it is a force requirement, cargo or personnel increment, or lift asset. The schedule reflects the assignment of specific lift resources (such as an aircraft or ship) that will be used to move the personnel and cargo included in a specific movement increment. Arrival and departure times at POE, etc., are detailed to show a flow and work load at each location. Movement schedules are detailed enough to support plan implementation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Movement Table. A table giving detailed instructions or data for a move. When necessary it will be qualified by the words road, rail, sea, air, etc., to signify the type of movement. Normally issued as an annex to a movement order or instruction. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Multinational Operations. A collective term to describe military actions conducted by forces of two or more nations, typically organized within the structure of a coalition or alliance. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Munitions Support Element (MSE). Selected personnel and materiel that provide munitions support at the employment base. (AFI 10-404)


N-Day. (See Times)

National Command Authorities (NCA). (DOD) The President and the Secretary of Defense or their duly deputized alternates or successors. Also called NCA. (JP 1-02)

National Emergency. A condition declared by the President or the Congress by virtue of powers previously vested in them which authorize certain emergency actions to be undertaken in the national interest. Actions to be taken may include partial or total mobilization of national resources. (JCS Pub 1-02)

National Military Strategy. (DOD) The art and science of distributing and applying military power to attain national objectives in peace and war.

(JP 1-02)

National Objectives. (DOD) The aims, derived from national goals and interests, toward which a national policy or strategy is directed and efforts and resources of the nation are applied.

(JP 1-02)

National Policy. (DOD) A broad course of action or statements of guidance adopted by the government at the national level in pursuit of national objectives. (JP 1-02)

National Security. A collective term encompassing both national defense and foreign relations of the United States. Specifically, the condition provided by:

a. a military or defense advantage over any foreign nation or group of nations, or

b. a favorable foreign relations position, or

c. a defense posture capable of successfully resisting hostile or destructive action from within or without, overt or covert. (JCS Pub 1-02)

National Security Council (NSC). (DOD) A governmental body specifically designed to assist the President in integrating all spheres of national security policy. The President, Vice President, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense are statutory members. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Director, Central Intelligence Agency; and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs serve as advisers. Also called NSC. (JP 1-02)

National Security Strategy. (DOD) The art and science of developing, applying, and coordinating the instruments of national power (political, economic, military, and informational) to achieve objectives that contribute to national security. Also called national strategy or grand strategy. (JP 1-02)

Need to Know. A criterion used in security procedures which requires the custodians of classified information to establish, prior to disclosure, that the intended recipient must have access to the information to perform his official duties. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Nonair Transportable. That which is not transportable by air by virtue of dimension, weight, and/or special characteristics or restrictions. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Noncombatant Evacuation Operation (NEO). The planned operation to move DOD-sponsored personnel, Department of State personnel, other US Government-sponsored personnel, and US citizens and designated aliens from a threatened geographic area or theater of operations. (WMP Vol I)

Nonorganic Transportation Requirements. Unit personnel and cargo for which the transportation source must be an outside agency, normally a component of USTRANSCOM. (JCS Pub 1-03)

Non-Pilot Unit. A unit having a weapon system or functional tasking the same as a pilot (lead) unit. The non-pilot unit normally is not subordinate to the pilot unit, except when the MAJCOM retains control of UTC composition or a parent organization develops a UTC to be distributed to its subordinate units. (See Pilot Unit) (AFI 10-401)

Nonstandard Unit. A force require-ment identified in an OPLAN for which movement characteristics have not been described in the TUCHA file. The planner is required to submit detailed movement characteristics into the OPLAN Summary Reference File for these units. (AFI 10-401)

Non-Unit Personnel Generator (NPG). A JOPES ADP application program that generates non-unit personnel replacement requirements for an OPLAN based on the casualty computation in the JOPES Medical Planning Module (MPM). (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Non-Unit-Related Cargo (NRC). All equipment and supplies requiring transportation to an area of operations, other than those identified as the equipment or accompanying supplies of a specific unit (e.g., resupply, military support for allies, and support for nonmilitary programs, such as civil relief). (JCS Pub 1-02)

Non-Unit-Related (N-U-R) Personnel (NRP). All personnel requiring trans- portation to or from an area of operations other than those assigned to a specific unit. Examples are filler personnel, replacements, temporary duty/temporary additional duty civilians, medical evacuees, and retrograde personnel. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Notional Planning. Planning with type forces instead of actual forces. For notional planning the Unit Type Code (UTC) identifies the type unit requirement with no reference to a specific unit to fulfill that requirement. When notional units are used, notional origins and POEs must also be identified to permit reasonable transportation simulation and analysis. (AFI 10-401)

Notional Tasking. Procedures to facilitate planning among all the Services, commands, and agencies whereby operation plan forces are expressed as standard type units as described in the type unit data files. No specific units are identified. A concept under which a unit does not receive specific tasking in support of a particular OPLAN but is tasked at the time an execution order is received. Notional tasking is used during the planning stages of a contingency to identify type forces instead of actual forces. (AFI 10-401)

Notional Unit. Refers to a specific unit type code designator used to identify units or elements for which there is no equivalent organization in the Air Force inventory but which could be constituted from existing resources. (AFR 28-3)


Offensive Counter Air. An operation mounted to destroy, disrupt, or limit enemy air power as close to its source as possible. (AFM 1-1)

On-site Commander. The person dele- gated the responsibility to carry out the employment location's primary mission. (JCS Pub 0-2)

Operation. A military action or the carrying out of a strategic, tactical, service, training, or administrative military mission; the process of carrying on combat, including movement, supply, attack, defense, and maneuvers needed to gain the objectives of any battle or campaign. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Operation Order (OPORD). A directive issued by a commander to subordinate commanders for the purpose of effecting the coordinated execution of an operation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Operation Plan (OPLAN). Any plan, except for the Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP), for the conduct of military operations. Plans are prepared by Combatant Commanders in response to requirements established by the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and by commanders of subordinate commands in response to requirements tasked by the establishing Unified Commander. Operation plans are prepared in either a complete format (OPLAN) or as a concept plan (CONPLAN).

    1. OPLAN. An operation plan for the conduct of joint operations that can be used as a basis for development of an OPORD. An OPLAN identifies the forces and supplies required to execute the CINCís Strategic Concept and movement schedule of these resources to the theater of operations. The forces and supplies are identified in time-phased force deployment data (TFDD) files. OPLANs will include all phases of the tasked operation. The plan is prepared with the appropriate annexes, appendixes, and TPDD files as describes in the JOPES Manuals containing planning policies, procedures and formats.

    1. Concept Plan (CONPLAN). An operation plan in an abbreviated format that would require considerable expansion or alteration to convert it into an OPLAN or OPORD. A CONPLAN contains the CINCís Strategic Concept and those anexes and appendixes deemed necessary by the CINC to complete planning. CONPLANs may or may not have TPFDDs prepared. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

OPLAN-Dependent Force Modules. Service force modules that have been modified to respond to a specific planning task. These modules are tailored to a specific plan in terms of role, mission, destination, terrain, weather, expected intensity of warfare, etc. The UTC packages identified in the service modules can be sourced with specific unit identification codes when they become OPLAN-dependent modules. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Operational Tasking and Priorities (OT&P). In COMPES/DECAPCS the

Computer Software Program that interfaces with JOPES and the MANPER/LOGMOD modules of COMPE. (AFI 10-401)

Operations Security (OPSEC). A process of analyzing friendly actions attendant to military operations and other activities to identify those actions that can be observed by adversary intelligence systems, determine indicators hostile intelligence systems might obtain that could be pieced together to derive critical information, or select and execute measures that eliminate or reduce to an acceptable level the vulnerabilities of friendly actions to adversary exploitation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Operational Concept. A statement about intended employment of forces that provides guidance for posturing and supporting combat forces. Standards are specified for deployment, organization, basing, and support from which detailed resource requirements and implementing programs can be derived. (JCS Pub 5-03. 1) (Obsolete, see CINC's Strategic Concept)

Operational Control. Transferable command authority that may be exercised by commanders at any echelon at or below the level of combatant command. Operational control is inherent in combatant command (command authority). Operational control may be delegated and is the authority to perform those functions of command over subordinate forces involving organizing and employing commands and forces, assigning tasks, designating objectives, and giving authoritative direction necessary to accomplish the mission. Operational control includes authoritative direction over all aspects of military operations and joint training necessary to accomplish missions assigned to the command. Operational control should be exercised through the commanders of subordinate organizations. Normally this authority is exercised through subordinate joint force commanders and Service and/or functional component commanders. Operational control normally provides full authority to organize commands and forces and to employ those forces as the commander in operational control considers necessary to accomplish assigned missions. Operational control does not, in and of itself, include authoritative direction for logistics or matters of administration, discipline, internal organization, or unit training. Also call OPCON. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Operational Level of War. The level of war at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to accomplish strategic objective within theaters or areas of operations. Activities at this level link tactics and strategy by establishing operational objectives needed to accomplish the accomplish the strategic objectives, sequencing events to achieve the operational objectives, initiating actions, and applying resources to bring about and sustain these events. These activities imply a broader dimension of time or space than do tactics; they ensure the logistic and administrative support of tactical forces, and provide the means by which tactical successes are exploited to achieve strategic objectives. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Order. A communication, written, oral, or by signal, which conveys instructions from a superior to a subordinate. In a broad sense, the terms "order" and "command" are synonymous. However, an order implies discretion as to the details of execution whereas a command does not. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Organic. Assigned to and forming an essential part of a military organization. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Origin (ORIG). The beginning point of a deployment. The point or station at which a movement requirement is located. For notional requirements, the origin will be the most likely station at which the requirement will originate. (AFI 10-401)

Outsized Cargo. A single item that exceeds 1,000 inches long by 117 inches wide by 105 inches high in any one dimension and requires the use of C-5 aircraft. (AFP 76-2)

Oversized Cargo. Air cargo that exceeds the usable dimensions of a 463L pallet loaded to design height of 96 inches but is equal to or less than 1090 inches in length, 117 inches in width, and 105 inches in height. (AFP 76-2)


PACER FLEX. The nickname for WRM prestocked in the CONUS by AFMC to support the planned nonnuclear activities reflected in the USAF WMP. It consists of:

a. Basic Pacer Flex. Those quantities of WRM required to be prestocked for follow-on support of the activities reflected in the USAF WMP-4.

b. Command Overflow. War consumables that are required to be prepositioned but lack command storage or maintenance capability. (AFR 400-24)

Partial Mobilization. Expansion of active armed forces to meet requirement of war or other national emergency. The Congress or the President may order the mobilization of the Ready Reserve (Units and Individuals) for up to 24 months, There is a limitation of 1,000,000 Ready Reserve members. (AFI 10-402)

Passengers (PAX). One of the elements of a TPFDD. PAX identifies the number of passengers from the listed FRN that will require transportation by the TCCS. PAX and AUTH may be the same but will differ if some of the UTC is traveling by organic transportation. (AFI 10-401)

Peace Operations. The umbrella term encompassing peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and any other military, paramilitary, or nonmilitary action taken in support of a diplomatic peacemaking process. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Personnel Accounting Symbol (PAS). An eight-character identifying symbol for each Air Force unit represented by a detailed record in a computerized directory of all Air Force units. (AFM 30-3, Vol IV)

Personnel Data System (PDS). An integrated automated personnel data system that serves the personnel management information needs of numerous users. It is a vertical flow of personnel information from base level to the central site data bank at AFMPC. Data flow between base, central site, and MAJCOM is from computer to computer, via AUTODIN and dedicated, shared telephone lines.

Personnel Increment Number (PIN). A seven-character alphanumeric field that uniquely describes a non-unit personnel entry (line) in a TPFDD. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Personnel Readiness Center (PRC). Established at AFMPC and MAJCOMs, PRCs are OPRs for all support personnel actions required to support contingency and exercise operations. Close liaison between the MPF/PRU and the other base functions (finance, transportation, etc.) must be established and maintained to ensure responsiveness. (AFM 30-130, Vol I)

Personnel Resources File (PRF). The file that contains individual data on current assignment, availability for deployment, and deployment used to identify, task, track and manage deployed personnel.

Personnel Status Monitoring (PSM) Subsystem. The PSM subsystem provides the functional user the capability to review and monitor the deployment availability of personnel resources, to assist in determining the most equitable unit or base tasking, and to track the subsequent deployment of the tasked forces. (AFI 10-401)

Personnel Support for Contingency Operations (PERSCO). A UTC capability that provides essential personnel support for USAF forces deployed TDY on contingency operations and information required for operational and management decisions and control of the deployed force. (AFI 10-215)

Personnel Control Team (PCT). A group of personnel technicians and specialists who may be deployed to a bare base without an existing MPF or as augmentation to an existing MPF which is supporting TDY contingency forces. During the initial stages of a contingency operation, PTs are responsible for in-processing the deployed force at the employment location and providing an on-site strength accounting and reporting capability. Following the initial in-process phase, PTs provide continuing personnel support to the TDY forces throughout the period of the deployment. (AFI 10-215)

Personnel Working File (PWF). JOPES ADP plan-unique file used in the Non-Unit Personnel Generator (NPG) that contains the origins and APOEs for movement of non-unit replacement personnel for each service and the percentage of the total replacements flowing from a specified origin to a specified APOE. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Physical Security. That part of security concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel, to prevent unauthorized access to equipment, installations, material and documents, and to safeguard them against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Pilot Unit. A unit tasked to develop the standard manpower and/or logistics (MFEL and LOGDET) portion of a UTC package for use by all units (non-pilot) with the same functional tasking or the same weapon system. (AFI 10-401)

Plan. The scheme or proposed method for accomplishing a mission or reaching an objective. It implies a scheme or proposed method or design or formulation of ideas for the accomplishment of a mission, which suggests use of imaginative scope and vision. (AFM 11-1, Vol I)

Plan Identification Number (PID). A five position alphanumeric code which is used to identify an OPLAN. (AFI 10-401)

Plan Maintenance. The process that allows a supported commander to incorporate changes to Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data that have occurred since TPFDD refinement. Plan maintenance is normally conducted using the WWMCCS Intercomputer Network. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Plan Summary. A required element of an operation plan which provides a brief description of the mission, the general situation, the concept of operations, the major forces required, command arrangements, and the commander's appraisal of logistic feasibility. (JCS Pub 5-03.2)

Plan-Unique File. A JOPES ADP data file containing information which applies to only one plan (e.g., TPFDD, Summary Reference File, Planning Factors File). (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Planning. The procedure by which a commander identifies those forces required to carry out an assigned task within a prescribed area of responsibility. (AFI 10-401)

Planning Factor. A multiplier used in planning to estimate the amount and type of effort involved in a contemplated operation. Planning factors are often expressed as rates, ratios, or lengths of time. [i.e., sortie rates, durations, attrition factors] (JCS Pub 1-02)

Planning Factors File (PFF). JOPES ADP plan-unique file that contains planning factors used by the Movement Requirements Generator (MRG) and Logistics Capability Estimator (LCE) in the computation of supply consumption and subsequent generation of non-unit records. (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Planning Order. Issued when JCS wants continued execution planning before NCA approval of a COA.

Planning, Programming, And Budgeting System (PPBS). An integrated system for the establishment, maintenance, and revision of the Future Year Defense Plan (FYDP) and the DOD budget. (AFI 10-401)

Planning Units File (PUF). A COMPES file used by the planner to source force requirements in the TPFDD. The PUF provides unit identification code (UIC), location (GEOLOC), and transportation source and mode information. (AFI 10-401)

Port Characteristics File (PORTS). JOPES ADP file containing physical descriptions and operating characteristics of shipping ports throughout the free world (size, depth of harbor entrance, beach data, number of berths available by ship type, categories and capacities of cargo handling and storage facilities). (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Port of Debarkation (POD). The geographic point (port or airport) in the routing scheme where a movement requirement will complete its strategic deployment. The POD may or may not be the same as the destination. For nonunit related requirements, the POD will be the designated Port of Support. (AFI 10-401)

Port of Embarkation (POE). The geographic point (port or airport) in the routing scheme where a movement requirement will begin its strategic deployment. This point may or may not be the same as the origin. (AFI 10-401)

Port of Support (POS). The geo-graphic point (port or airport) in an objective area which may be used as a distribution point for non-unit-related supplies and replacement personnel. The POS is the terminal point in the routing scheme for strategic deployment. JOPES calls for each base/destination to designate ports of support for four categories of resupply: general cargo, ammunition, POL, and air deliveries. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Ports of Support File (POSF). A JOPES ADP data file that specifies the offload ports that each service will use for air, sea, POL, and ammunition supply for each TPFDD destination. The MRG uses the POSF to determine the POD for non-unit cargo, and the NPG uses the POSF to determine the APOD for non-unit personnel. The POSF is planner-generated and is either plan-unique or area-unique. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Prepositioned War Reserve Materiel. That portion of the WRM which approved plans dictate to be positioned before hostilities to ensure timely support of a specific project or designated force during the initial phase of a war or contingency, pending resupply. (AFR 400-24)

Presidential Selected Reserve Call Up (PSRC)/Presidential 200,000 Call-Up Authority. Presidential authority to order involuntarily to active duty for temporary and limited expansion of active force levels with or without a declaration of war or other national emergency up to 200,000 members of the Selected Reserves of all the Services for up to 180 days. (AFI 10-402)

Program Decisions Memorandum (PDM). SECDEF's approval of each Service's Program Objective Memorandum (POM) which forms the basis for developing the Budget Estimate Submission (BES). (AFI 10-401)

Preposition. To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and to ensure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Program Budget Decision (PBD) Derived from the BES, represents the Dep/SecDefís decision on the Service budgets, approving them for inclusion in the Presidentís Budget.

Program Objective Memorandum (POM). The memorandum which the Secretary of a military department or the Director of a defense agency submits to the Secretary of Defense to recommend the total resource requirements within the parameters of the fiscal guidance published by the SECDEF. (AFI 10-401)

Projected Closure Date. The date that a unit which is moving by organic transportation expects to arrive and com-plete unloading at its destination. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Psychological Operations (PSYOPS) Planned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ulti-mately the behavior of foreign govern-ments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose is to induce foreign attitudes favorable to the originator's objectives. (JCS Pub 1-02)


Q-Hour. (See Times)

Quarantine. An act short of war designed to exclude specific items from movement into or from a state.


R-Day. (See Times)

Readiness. The ability of forces, units, weapon systems, or equipment to deliver the outputs for which they were designed (includes the ability to deploy and employ without unacceptable delays.) (JCS Pub 1-02)

Ready Reserve. The Selected Reserve and Individual Ready Reserve liable for active duty as prescribed by law. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Readiness Spares Package. An air transportable package of spares, repair parts, and related maintenance supplies required to support planned wartime or contingency operations of a weapon or support system for a specified period of time pending resupply. RSP may support aircraft, vehicles, communications systems, and other systems as appropriate Wartime Training Requirement (WTR.) Training requirement levied on Air Training Command to meet wartime manpower shortfalls. (AFR 400-24)

Ready to Load Date (RLD). The date when a unit will be ready to move from its origin. (AFI 10-401)

Reception Planning. A subset of base support planning which focuses on receiving forces transiting or bedding down in support of war or contingency operations. It includes both CONUS and theater bases. Such planning facilitates the efficient flow of forces, particularly the early deployers, to their wartime destinations for rapid and effective employment. (AFI 10-403)

Reconstitution Site. A location selected by the surviving command authority as the site at which a damaged or destroyed headquarters can be reformed from survivors of the attack and/or personnel from sources predesignated as replacements. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Record. A collection of data elements pertaining to one logical subject. In JOPES, for example, all the data elements used to describe a force requirement and routing are stored in the "Force Record." For resupply and replacement personnel, all the data elements are stored in non-unit-related cargo records and non-unit-related personnel records. (JCS Pub 1-03)


a. In air operations, that phase of a mission which involves the return of an aircraft to a base.

b. In naval mine warfare, salvage of mines as nearly intact as possible to permit further investigation for intelligence and/or evaluation purposes.

c. In amphibious reconnaissance, the physical extraction of landed forces or their link-up with friendly forces.

d. An ADP term for actions necessary, whether user-directed or automatic, to restore an application to a usable condition after a failure. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Redeployment. The transfer of a unit, an individual, or supplies deployed in one area to another area, to another location within the area, or to the zone of interior for the purpose of further employment. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Remaining Forces. The total surviving United States forces at any given stage of combat operations. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Replacements (Replacement Personnel). Personnel required to take the

place of others who depart a unit. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Reported Unit. A unit designation which has been mentioned in an agent report, captured document, or interrogation report, but available information is insufficient to include the unit in accepted order of battle holdings. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Required Delivery Date (RDD). The date that a force must arrive at the destination and complete unloading. (AFI 10-401)

Reserve Components. The Reserve Components of the Armed Forces of the United States are the Army National Guard, Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve, and the Coast Guard Reserve. Each component has three reserve categories: the Ready Reserve, Standby Reserve, and the Retired Reserve. (AFI 10-402)

Residual Forces. Unexpended portions of the remaining United States forces which have an immediate combat potential for continued military operations and which have been deliberately withheld from utilization. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Resources. The forces, materiel, lift, or other assets and capabilities apportioned or allocated to the commander of a unified or specified command. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Retired Reserve. USAFR members who have met the criteria for assignment

to the Retired Reserve and regular airmen who have served 20 years on active duty. Members may be ordered to active duty in time of war or national emergency as declared by Congress or otherwise declared by law when an adequate number of other qualified members is not readily available. (AFI 10-402)


Safe Haven. Designated area(s) to which noncombatants of the United States Government's responsibility and commercial vehicles and materiel, may be evacuated during a domestic or other valid emergency. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Security Classification. A category to which national security information and material is assigned to denote the degree of damage that unauthorized disclosure would cause to national defense or foreign relations of the United States and to denote the degree of protection required. There are three such categories:

a. Top Secret - National security information or material which requires the highest degree of protection and the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the national security. Examples of "excep-tionally grave damage" include armed hostilities against the United States or its allies; disruption of foreign relations vitally affecting the national security; the compromise of vital national defense plans or complex cryptologic and com-munications intelligence systems; the revelation of sensitive intelligence operations; and the disclosure of scientific or technological developments vital to national security.

b. Secret - National security information or material which requires a substantial degree of protection and the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to the national security. Exam-ples of "serious damage" include disrup-tion of foreign relations significantly affecting the national security; significant impairment of a program or policy directly related to the national security; revelation of significant military plans or intelligence operations; and compromise of significant scientific or technological developments relating to national security.

c. Confidential - National security information or material which requires protection and the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause damage to the national security. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Security Incident. A deviation from security procedures where there is no indication that an actual compromise of classified information occurred. (AFR 205-1)

Selected Reserve. Those units and individuals within the Ready Reserve designated by their respective Services and approved by the JCS as so essential to initial wartime missions that they have priority over all other Reserves. All selected reservists are in an active status. The Selected Reserve also includes persons performing initial active duty for training. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Selective Mobilization. Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress and/or the President to mobilize Reserve Component units, Individual Ready Reservists, and the resources needed for their support to meet the requirements of a domestic emergency that is not the result of an enemy attack. (AFI 10-402)

Separate Operating Agency (SOA). An operating agency directly subordinate to HO USAF. Its mission does not fit into the mission of any of the major commands and is more restricted and specialized in scope. (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

Service Component Command. (DOD) A command consisting of the Service component commander and all those Service forces, such as individuals, units, detachments, organizations, and installations under the command, including the support forces that have been assigned to a combatant command, or further assigned to a subordinate unified command or joint task force.

(Approved by JMTGM# 076-2864-94)

Service Component Commander. The senior officer of each Service assigned to a unified command (except for the unified commander and members of his joint staff) and qualified for command by the regulations of his Service unless another officer is so designated by competent authority. (JCS Pub 0-2)


Service Modules. Service Modules contain UTC packages and an estimate of the sustainment requirements. These modules are mission-oriented or task-oriented and represent an Air Force service doctrinal statement of what elements should comprise the force but are not intended to fit any specific scenario. The service module is designed to be a basic building block to aid the planner in TPFDD development in both deliberate and time-sensitive planning. (See Force Module) (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Servicing MPF. The MPF designated by the supported MAJCOM as the MPF responsible for supporting a PCT/ PERSCO support force at a specified employment location. This MPF may or may not be augmented by a PCT. This MPF normally is responsible for the input of update transactions to the Personnel Deployment Report System (PERSDEP) and the generation and production of management information products in support of the TDY force commanders.

Shortfall. The lack of forces, equip-ment, personnel, materiel, or capability, identified as a plan requirement that would adversely affect a command's ability to accomplish its mission and that are not immediately available to satisfy mission requirements. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Short Ton (STON or S/T). The unit of measure (2,000 lbs.) For equipment or supplies. (AFI 10-401)

Show of Force. Show of force is an extension of presence which stops just short of conflict, i.e. "Saber rattling." (JCS Pub 1-02)

Sortie. An operational flight by one aircraft. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Source (Transportation). A TPFDD element that identifies the command or agency who will provide the transpor-tation for the force from one location to another. The transportation mode and source codes can be found in AFI 10-401, Table 7.9. (AFI 10-401)

Sourcing. The identification of the actual units, their origins and POEs to satisfy the notional force requirements in the TPFDD. (AFM 28-626)

Sourcing (Logistic). The identification of the origin and determination of the availability of the non-unit-related logistics requirements in the TPFDD. (AFM 28-740, Vol III)

Spares and Repair Parts. An equip-ment item of material support for a weapon system. (See RSP) (AFR 400-24)

Special Operations. Operations conducted by specially trained, equipped, and organized DOD forces against strategic or tactical targets in pursuit of national military, political, economical, or psychological objectives. These operations may be conducted during periods of peace or hostilities. They may support conventional operations, or they may be prosecuted independently when use of conventional forces is either inappropriate or infeasible. (AFM 1-1)

Specific Tasking. A phase of planning wherein responsible commanders and agencies designate actual units to fill the force list of an operation plan; normally deferred until the execution phase of planning but, in special circumstances, may be done when a plan is prepared. (JCS Pub 0-2)

Standard Reference Files. Files created and maintained in the JOPES ADP system for the planner's access (such as cruise speed of a certain aircraft; runway size and ramp space of an airport). Using certain programs in the JOPES ADP system, a planner can access the standard files, review the information contained in them, and transfer the data into the OPlan TPFDD. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Standard Unit. A type unit whose UTC and movement characteristics are des-cribed in the TUCHA file. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Standby Base (SB). An austere base, designated for wartime use, having adequate airfield facilities to accept deployed aircraft. SBs will be maintained in a caretaker status until augmented, at which time the SB will be capable of receiving and employing assigned air-craft. To initiate and sustain operations, all supporting personnel, supplies, and equipment must be provided POL and munitions may be prepositioned in a state of readiness for use by the deploying forces. (AFM 11-1, Vol I)

Standby Reserve. Those units and members of the Reserve Components (other than those in the Ready Reserve or Retired Reserve) who are liable for active duty only as provided in 10 U.S.C. 273, 672 and 674.

a. Active Status, Standby Reserve Reservists who (1) are com-pleting their statutory military service obligation, (2) are being retained in an active status under 10 U.S.C. 1006, (3) were screened from the Ready Reserve as being key personnel and requested assignment to the Active Status List, or (4) may be temporarily assigned to the Standby Reserve for hardship or other cogent reason determined by the Secre-tary concerned, with the expectation of their being returned to the Ready Reserve.

b. Inactive Status, Standby Reserve Individuals who are not required by law or regulation to remain members of an active status program but who (1) desire to retain their Reserve affiliation in non-participating status, and (2) have skills which may be of possible future use to the Military Department concerned. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Start of Exercise (STARTEX). The date and time designating the start of an exercise. (AFI 10-204)

Status of Resources And Training System (SORTS). A JCS Controlled, automated data system primarily created to provide the NCA and JCS with authoritative identification, location, and resource information. It is used throughout the chain of command to measure the daily resource status of operating forces. (AFI 10-201)

Strategic Airlift. The continuous or sustained movement of units, personnel, and material in support of all Department of Defense agencies between area commands or between the continental United States and overseas areas. Strategic air-lift resources possess a capability to airland or airdrop troops, supplies, and equipment for augmentation of tactical forces when required.

Strategic Level of War. The level of war at which a nation, often as a member of a group of nations, determines national or multinational (alliance or coalition) strategic security objectives and guidance, and develops and uses national resources to accomplish these objectives. Activities at this level establish national and multinational military objectives; sequence initiatives; define limits and assess risks for the use of military objectives; sequence initiatives; define limits and assess risks for the use of military and other instruments of national power; develop global plans or theater war plans to achieve those objectives; and provide military forces and other capabilities in accordance with strategic plans. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Sub-Motor Pool (SMP). A subordinate mobility work center of the TCU responsible for providing on-base transportation requirements to support mobility activities. (AFI 10-404)

Subordinate Command. A command consisting of the commander and all those individuals, units, detachments, organizations, or installations that have been placed under the command by the authority establishing the subordinate command. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Subordinate Unified Command. A command established by commanders of unified commands, when so authorized through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to conduct operations on a continuing basis in accordance with the criteria set forth for unified commands. A subordinate uunified command may be established on an area or functional basis. Commander subordinate unified commands have functions and responsibilities similar to those of the commanders of unified commands and exercise operational control of assigned commands and forces within the assigned joint operations area. Also called subunified command. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Subsystem. A portion of an overall automated data system (ADS) having a distinct subfunction within the ADS. Based on ADS design, subsystem breakouts may be related to the major areas within the functional requirements, the type processing, or the processing frequency. (AFR 30-3, Vol 1)

Summary Reference File (SRF). A JOPES file containing information that expands requirements data contained in a JOPES TPFDD. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Supplies. All items necessary for the equipment, maintenance, and operation of a military command, including food, clothing, equipment, arms, ammunition, fuel, materials, and machinery of all kinds. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Support. The action of a force which aids, protects, complements, or sustains another force in accordance with a directive requiring such action. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Support Equipment. Items of organi-zational equipment required for the support of units that are not scheduled for physical movement to combat or support positions in the event of emergency or wartime situations. Sup-port equipment or combat and support units, which are authorized mobility equipment. Support equipment consists of all items or organizational equipment required in addition to mobility equip-ment for support of the unit at the CONUS home base. (AFM 67-1)

Support Forces. Non-flying forces such as those contained in the USAF War and Mobilization Plan, Volume 3, Part 2, which normally operate in a combat area and must maintain a deployment capability.

Supported CINC. The Unified commander-in-chief having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the JSCP or by other authority. This term also refers to the commander who originates OPlans in response to requirements of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (JSCP)

Supported Command. A command receiving and exercising operational control over contingency forces. (JCS Pub 0-2)

Supported Commander. The unified commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned in the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP) or otherwise assigned; the commander who originates operations plans in response to requirements of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (JSCP)

Supporting Commander. A command who provides augmentation forces or other support to a supported commander or who develops a supporting plan. Includes the designated combatant commands and defense agencies as appropriate. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Supporting Forces. Forces stationed in or to be deployed to an area of operations to provide support for the execution of an OPORD. Operational command of supporting forces is not passed to the supported commander. (JCS Pub 5-03.2/JCS Pub 1-02)

Supporting Plan. An operation plan prepared by a supporting commander or a subordinate commander to satisfy the requirements of the supported comman-der's plan. (JCS Pub 5-03.2)

Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD). That activity which neutralizes, destroys, or temporarily degrades enemy air defenses in a specific area by physical and/or electronic attack. (AFM 1-1)

Sustainability. The ability to maintain the necessary level and duration of combat activity to achieve national objec-tives. Sustainability is a function of providing and maintaining those levels of force, materiel, and consumables neces-sary to support a military effort. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Sustaining Supply. Materiel required to support a unit after arrival in-theater from the time accompanying supply and PWRS are anticipated to run out until regular resupply begins. (AFR 400-24)

Sustainment. The provision of person-nel, logistic, and other support required to maintain and prolong operations or combat until successful accomplishment or revision of the mission or of the national objective. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

System. Any organized assembly of resources and procedures united and regulated by interaction or interdependence to accomplish a set of specific functions. (JCS Pub 1-02)


Tactical Airlift. The airlift which provides the immediate and responsive air movement and delivery of combat troops and supplies directly into objective areas through air landing, extraction, airdrop, or other delivery techniques; and the air logistics support of all theater forces, including those engaged in combat operations, to meet specific theater objectives and requirements. (AFM 1-1)

Tactical Control (TACON). The detailed and, usually, local direction and control of movements or maneuvers necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Tactical Level of War. The level of war at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to accomplish military objectives assigned to tactical units of task forces. Activities at this level focus on the ordered arrangement and maneuver of combat elements in relation to each other and to the enemy to achieve combat objectives. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Tactical Support Element (TSE) or Team (TST). The portion of a deployment unit of the additional personnel and materiel (supplies, spare parts and equipment) of a tactical squadron and that required field mainte-nance level support which, when combined with the flight element, ESTS, and ISES, will provide a unit with operational capability for a period of time as prescribed by the operation plan or order. The TSE is moved by air trans-portation to the deployment location. (AFM 11-1 Vol I)

Tailoring. Revising a predefined mobility package, prior to departure, to allow for the existing personnel and materiel situation at the deployment location. (AFM 28-740, Vol 2)

Tanker/Airlift Control Element (TALCE). A functional airlift organization (provi-sional) established to provide operational control and support to air elements at an air facility. Normally, it includes an operations function such as movement control and communications, a support function that is related to the air facility itself, and a liaison with appropriate airborne or other units. (AFM 11-1)

Tanks, Racks, Aapters, and Pylons (TRAP). An air transportable package that consists of a prescribed quantity of tanks, racks, adapters, and pylons. (AFR 400-24) For more information see Pacer Flex.

Target Date. The date on which it is desired that an action be accomplished or initiated. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Target List. The listing of targets maintained and promulgated by the senior echelon of command. It contains those targets that are engaged by supporting arms, as distinguished from a "list of targets" that may be maintained by any echelon as confirmed, suspected, or possible targets for informational and planning purposes. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Tasking (Task) (NATO Term). The process of translating the allocation in orders and passing these orders to the units involved. Each order normally contains sufficient detailed instructions to enable the executing agency to accomplish the mission successfully. (JCS Pub 1-02)

TEMPEST. An unclassified short name referring to investigations of compromise emanations. Compromising emanations are unintentional data-related or intelligence-bearing signals which, if intercepted and analyzed, disclose classified information being transmitted, received, handled, or otherwise processed by any information processing equipment. (AFR 205-1)

Theater. The geographic area outside the continental United States for which a commander of a unified or specified command has been assigned military responsibility. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Theater Manpower Forces (TMF) File. A COMPES file which contains all units located within a theater. The TMF is used as a starting point for determining the forces necessary to augment a supported commander during TPFDD development. (AFM 28-740, Vol VI)

Theater of Operations. A subarea within a theater of war defined by the geographic combatant commander required to conduct or support specific combat operations. Different theaters of operations within the same theater of war will normally be geographically separate and focused on different enemy forces. Theaters of operations are usually of significant size, allowing for operations over extended periods of time. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Theater of War. Defined by the National Command Authorities or the geographic combatant commander, the area of air, land, and water that is, or may become , directly involved in the conduct of the war. A theater of war does not normally encompass the geographic combatant commanderís entire area of responsibility and may contain more than one theater of operations (Joint Pub 1-02)

Throughput. The average quantity of cargo and passengers that can pass through a port on a daily basis from arrival at the port to loading onto a ship or plane, or from discharge from a ship or plane to the exit (clearance) from the port complex. Throughput is usually expressed in measurement tons, short tons, or passengers. Reception and stor-age limitation may affect final through-put. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

Times. All days, including C-Day, M-Day, and D-Day for deliberate planning are assumed to be 24-hours long. However at execution they may be less since all days end at 2400Z. The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, normally coordinates the proposed date with the commanders of the appropriate unified and specified commands, as well as any recommended changes to C-day. L-hour will be established per plan, crisis, or theater of operations and will apply to both air and surface movements. Normally, L-hour will be established to allow C-day to be a 24-hour day. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

a. C-Day. The unnamed day on which a deployment operation com-mences or is to commence. The deployment may be movement or troops, cargo, weapon systems, or a combination of these elements utilizing any or all types of transport. The letter "C" will be the only one used to denote the above. the highest command or headquarters responsible for coordinating the planning will specify the exact meaning of C-day within the aforementioned definition. the command or headquarters directly responsible for the execution of the operation, if other than the one coordi-nating the planning, will do so in light of the meaning specified by the highest command or headquarters coordinating the planning. (Joint Pub 1-02, JCS Pub 5-03.1)

b. D-Day. The unnamed day on which a particular operation (i.e., land assault, air strike, naval bombardment, parachute assault, or amphibious assault) commences or is to commence.

c. F-Hour. The effective time of announcement by the Secretary of Defense to the military department of a decision to mobilize Reserve units.

d. H-Hour. The specific time at which an operation or exercise commences or is due to commence. (Joint Pub 1-02)

e. L-Hour. The specific hour on C-day at which a deployment operation commences or is to commence. (JOPES)

f. M-Day. The term used to designate the day on which mobilization commences or is due to commence.

g. N-Day. In deliberate planning, N-day signifies a negative C-day or the number of days preceding C-day. In execution or time-sensitive planning, N-day signifies the day a unit is notified for deployment or redeployment. (JOPES)

h. Q-Hour. The hour mobility operations start in preparation for deployment.

i. R-Day. Redeployment day. The day on which redeployment of major combat CS and CSS forces begins in an operation.

j. X-Hour. The effective beginning time of an exercise.

Time-Phased Force And Deployment Data (TPFDD). The data base portion of an operation plan; it contains time-phased force data, non-unit-related cargo and personnel data, and movement data for the operation plan, including:

a. In-place units.

b. Units to be deployed to support the OPLAN with a priority indicating the desired sequence for their arrival at the port of debarkation.

c. Routing of forces to be deployed.

d. Movement data associated with

deploying forces.

e. Estimates of non-unit-related cargo and personnel movements to be conducted concurrently with the deployment of forces.

f. Estimate of transportation requirements that must be fulfilled by common-user lift resources as well as those requirements that can be fulfilled by assigned or attached transportation resources. (JCS Pub 1-02)

TPFDD Maintenance. The process that allows a supported commander to incorporate changes to Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data that occur after the TPFDD becomes effective for execu-tion. TPFDD maintenance is conducted by the supported CINC in coordination with the supporting CINC, Service components, USTRANSCOM, and other agencies as required. At designated intervals, changes to data in the TPFDD, including force structure, standard refer-ence files, and Services' TUCHA, are updated in JOPES to ensure currency of deployment data. TPFDD maintenance may also be used to update the TPFDD for CJCS or JSCP submission in lieu of refinement during the JOPES plan devel-opment phase. (JCS Pub 5-03.1)

TPFDD Refinement. For both global and regional OPLAN development, the process consists of several discrete phases that may be conducted sequen-tially or concurrently, in whole or in part. These phases are Concept, Plan Develop-ment, and Review. The Plan develop-ment Phase consists of several sub-phases: Forces, Logistics, and Transport-ation, with shortfall identification associated with each phase. The Plan Development phases are collectively referred to as TPFDD refinement. The normal TPFDD refinement process consists of sequentially refining forces, logistics (nonunit-personnel and sustainment), and transportation data to develop a TPFDD file that supports a feasible and adequate overlapping of several refinement phases. The decision is made by the supported commander, unless otherwise directed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. For Global planning, refinement conferences are conducted by the Joint Staff in conjunction with USTRANS-COM. TPFDD refinement is conducted in coordination with supported and supporting commanders, Services, the Joint Staff, and other supporting agencies. USCINCTRANS will normally host refinement conferences at the request of the Joint Staff or the sup-ported commander. (JCS Pub 5-03. 1)

Time-Phased Force And Deployment List (TPFDL). Appendix 1 to Annex A of the operation plan. It identifies types and/or actual units required to support the operation plan and indicates origin and port of debarkation or ocean area. It may also be generated as a computer listing from the time-phased force and deployment data. Also called TPFDL. (JCS Pub 5-03.1/JCS Pub 1-02)

Time-Sensitive Planning. See Crisis Action Procedures)

Time-Sharing. A technique or system for furnishing computer services to multiple users simultaneously while pro-viding rapid responses to each of the users. (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Top Secret. (See Security Classifica-tions)

Total Force Policy. In the Department of Defense, both active Reserve Forces components are considered part of a single United States military resource. Under the Total Force Policy, Selected Reserves are the initial and primary source of augmentation of the active forces in emergencies that require rapid expansion of the active force. (AFI 10-402)

Total Mobilization. Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress and the President to organize and/or generate additional units or personnel, beyond the existing force structure, and the resources needed for their support, to meet the total requirements of a war or other national emergency involving an external threat to the national security. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Transient. An individual awaiting orders, transport, etc., at a post or station to which he is not attached or assigned. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Transient Forces. Forces which process or stage through or base temporarily within the area of responsibility of another command but not under its operational control. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Transmittal Document. A general term that refers to the document which conveys the CINC's concept of operation, his concept of support, and other planning information to the joint planning community. It is sent out at the end of the Concept Development Phase of deliberate planning. A transmittal document can take one of several forms: an outline plan, a letter of instruction (LOI), a plan directive, or a draft OPLAN. Whatever the form is called, the information in the outline plan format shown in Appendix I of AFSC Pub 1 (Purple Book) should be included in the transmittal document. Another require-ment at the conclusion of the Concept Development Phase calls for the submission of the concept of operations to the JCS for concept review. Since the format for that document is not specified, its form is likely to be similar to the one chosen by the CINC for his transmittal document. (AFI 10-401)

Transportation Assets File (ASSETS). JOPES ADP list of strategic transportation resources by time period and mobilization condition that are available at predefined ports of embarkation. Information includes type and source of all military and commercial transportation assets and for strategic airlift and sealift. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Transportation Component Com-mand (TCC). One of three components of USTRANSCOM. The Air Force component is AMC. The Navy and Army components are MSC and MTMC respectively.

Transportation Feasibility Estimator (TFE) Control File. A JOPES ADP plan unique file that is used to pass data between modules of the TFE. This can produce plan-unique data on the movement requirements, channel distances, port constraints, aircraft and ship charac-teristics and availability, and details of movement. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Type Unit Characteristics Data File (TUCHA). It provides standard plan-ning data and movement characteristics of personnel, cargo, and accompanying supplies associated with deployable type units of fixed composition. The TUCHA file contains the weight and volume of selected cargo categories, physical characteristics of the cargo, and the number of personnel requiring nonorganic transportation. (AFI 10-401)


Unit Descriptor Code (UDC). A one character, alphanumeric code indicating the component, general status, and primary mission for which the organization was established. (AFI 10-201)

Unified Action Armed Forces (UNAAF). A publication setting forth the principles, doctrines, and functions governing the activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States when two or more military departments or elements thereof are acting together. (JCS Pub 0-2)

Unified Command. A command with a broad continuing mission under a single commander and composed of significant assigned components of two or more military departments. And which is established and so designated by the President, through the Secretary of Defense with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Also called unified combatant command. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Unified Command Plan (UCP). The document, approved by the President, which sets forth basic guidance to all unified combatant commanders; establishes their missions, responsibilities, and force structure; delineates the general geographical area if responsibility for geographic combatant commanders; and specifies functional responsibilities for functional combatant commanders. Also called UCP. (Joint Pub 1-02)

Unilateral. A plan or action involving only one country.


a. Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as a table of organization and equipment; specifically, part of an organization.

b. An organizational title of a sub-division of a group in a task force.

c. A standard basic quantity into which an item of supply is divided, issued, or used. In this meaning, also called unit of issue. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Unit Candidate List (UCL). A COMPES application which compares selected TPFDD force records against SORTS data from which a UCL provides the planner current unit status, so the planner can accelerate or defer unit deployments during execution planning and/or actual OPlan execution. (AFR 28-740, Vol VI)

Unit Designation List (UDL). A list of actual units by UIC designated to fill requirements of a force list. (AFR 28-627)

Unit Equipment (UE). The equipment prescribed by the table of organization and equipment or national equivalents pertaining to that unit. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Unit Identification Code (UIC). A sixcharacter alphanumeric code that uniquely identifies each Active, Reserve, and National Guard unit of the Armed Forces. (JCS Pub 1-02)

Unit Level Code (ULC). A TPFDD data element indicating the level of command of the force requirement. (AFI 10-401)

Unit Line Number (ULN). A seven-character alphanumeric code that uniquely describes a unit entry (line) in a JOPES TPFDD. (JCS Pub 1-03.2)

Unit Manpower Document (UMD). The UMD is an automated record of the command's manpower resources. It reflects the status of manpower resources for each unit down to and including operating locations. (AFR 26-1, Vol IV)

Unit-Related Equipment and Sup-plies. All equipment and supplies that are assigned to a specific unit or that are designated as accompanying supplies. The logistic parameters of these items are contained in the TUCHA standard reference file. (JCS Pub 5-02.3)

Unit Type Code (UTC). A five-character alphanumeric code that unique-ly identifies each force package. (AFI 10-401)

Unity of Effort. Effective use of the military power of the Nation requires that the efforts of the separate Military Services be closely integrated.

a. Unity of effort among Military Services at the national level is obtained by the authority of the President and the Secretary of Defense exercised through the Secretaries of the Military Depart-ments and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and by command, joint, and cross-Service efforts by the Military Departments.

b. Unity of effort among Military Service forces assigned to Unified or Specified Commands is achieved by exer-cise of combatant command (COCOM), by adherence to common strategic plans and directives, and by sound operational and administrative command organization. This concept is the basis for a sound working relation-ship among the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commanders of Unified and Specified Commands, and the Military Departments and Services. (JCS Pub 0-2)

UTC Consumption Factors File (UCFF) JOPES ADP plan-unique file that provides the use rate (consumption rate) by pounds-per-unit-per-day for supply classes and sub-classes or for CINC-essential sustainability' items. (JCS Pub 5-02-3)

UTC Group. A file or name given to a family of UTCs having a common or related mission (e.g. 3FSIEA, 24PAA F4E and 3FSFA, 18PAA F4E tactical fighter squadron, 4F9CB and 4F9CC, Prime Beef Contingency Force.) LOGMOD-B uses a six position suffix code to identify different versions of one UTC tailored for different missions or deployment locations. (AFM 28-740, Vol II)

UTC Package. A statement of force capability with associated manpower and logistics support requirements keyed for automated data processing. A UTC package is comprised of a 5-character UTC, a 31 character UTC title, a mission capability statement, and applicable MANFOR and LOGFOR support detail data. (AFI 10-401)


Voluntary Training. Training in a non-pay status for Individual Ready Reservists and active status Standby Reservists. Participation in voluntary training is for retirement points only and may be achieved by training with Selected Reserve or Voluntary Training Units; by active duty training; by completion of authorized military correspondence courses; by attendance at designated courses of instruction; by performing equivalent duty; by participation in special military and professional events designated by the Military Department; or by participation in authorized Civil Defense activities. (AFI 10-402)


a. The susceptibility of a nation or military force to any action by any means through which its war potential or combat effectiveness may be reduced or its will to fight diminished.

b. The characteristics of a system which causes it to suffer a definite degradation (incapability to perform the designated mission) as a result of having been subjected to a certain level of effects in an unnatural (man-made) hostile environment. (JCS Pub 1-02)


Waiver. Official modification of a previously-established policy.

War. Sustained use of armed force between nations or organized group within a nation involving regular and irregular forces in a series of connected battles and campaigns to achieve vital national objectives. (Joint Pub 5-00.1)

War And Mobilization Plan (WMP). The WMP provides the Air Staff and Air Force commander with current policies and planning factors for conducting and supporting wartime operations. It establishes requirements for developing mobilization and planning programs for industrial production to support sustained contingency operations of the programmed forces. (WMP Vol I)

War Consumables. Expendable items directly related and absolutely necessary to a weapon system/support system or combat/combat support activity for which the expenditure factors are indicated in the USAF War and Mobilization Plan (WMP). Examples of these items are: auxiliary fuel tanks, pylons, petroleum, oil, lubricants, chaff, aircraft guns and gun barrels, air munitions (i.e., bombs, dispensers, rockets, air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles), in-flight food packets, and related flight expendables, racks, adapters, launchers, film, etc. (AFR 400-24)

War Consumables Distribution Objectives (WCDO). A classified document authorized by AFR 400-24 for publication and distribution by AFMC to reflect the distribution objectives for prestocking and prepositioning supplies at bases and depots world-wide as projected in the WMP. (AFR 400-24)

War Game. A simulation, by whatever means, of a military operation involving two or more opposing forces, using rules, data and procedures designed to depict an actual or assumed real life situation. (JCS Pub 1-02)

War Readiness Spares Kit (WRSK). See RSP.

War Reserve Materiel (WRM). That portion of materiel, above and beyond peacetime operating stocks, required to support the increase activity of forces during wartime. WRM is necessary to assure the timely response and sustainability of weapon systems to support forces, activities and mission objectives for wartime scenarios consistent with Defense Guidance. (AFR 400-24, AFM 67-1)

Warning Order.

a. A preliminary notice of an order or action which is to follow. (JCS Pub 1-02)

b. A directive used by commanders to advise subordinates of impending action. The JCS may use the warning order as a planning directive to initiate Phase Ill of the Crisis Action Procedures, Course of Action Development.

Wartime Aircraft Activity (WAA). Volume 4 of the USAF War and Mobilization Plan (WMP). A Top Secret document which lists the aircraft activities of all approved war plans for each intended airfield or assault strip. Extracts for individual airfields are usually classified Secret and may be provided to the base planning staff by the parent MAJCOM. (WMP Vol. IV)


X-Hour. (See Times)