[Index]

ANNEX C

Common Strategy-to-Task (U)

Campaign Objectives

Establish air and space supremacy
Establish maritime supremacy
Establish ground supremacy
Counter weapons of mass destruction
Eliminate war making will/ability

 

Operational Objectives

Defeat airborne/spaceborne forces
Defeat air defense forces (surface)
Prevent sortie generation
Defeat ground forces
Defeat naval forces
Disrupt military support basis
Disrupt economic support basis
Disrupt political base
Disrupt C4I

 

Operational Tasks

Neutralize aircraft inflight
Neutralize cruise missiles & UAVs inflight
Neutralize ballistic missiles inflight
Neutralize space vehicles
Neutralize engaged ground forces
Neutralize fixed surface to air threats
Neutralize mobile surface to air threats
Neutralize air defense information collection/dissemination
Neutralize industrial production
Neutralize WMD production & storage
Neutralize airfield operating surfaces
Neutralize military support facilities
Neutralize aircraft, cruise missiles and UAVs on the ground
Neutralize lines of communication (LOCs)
Neutralize advancing combat forces
Neutralize fixed forces
Neutralize ports & harbors
Neutralize enemy political and military leaders
Neutralize naval vessels
Neutralize power production
Neutralize weapons factories & storage sites
Neutralize ballistic missiles & support on the ground

Campaign Objective (CO) Definitions

CO1 Establish air and space supremacy

Air/space supremacy is that degree of air superiority wherein the opposing force is incapable of effective interference. Air/space superiority is that degree of dominance in air/space that permits friendly land, sea, and air/space forces to operate at a given time and place without prohibitive interference by the opposing force. While air/space supremacy is most desirable , it may exact too high a price. Air/space superiority often can provide sufficient freedom of action. (AFDD 1, p 8.)

CO2 Establish maritime supremacy

Employment of forces to achieve military objectives in vital sea areas by destruction of enemy naval forces, suppression of enemy sea commerce and protection of vital sea lanes. Pre-condition for maritime power projection such as amphibious assaults, attacks of targets ashore, etc.

The old definition implies that only naval forces can accomplish maritime supremacy when, in fact, air and land based forces can contribute significantly to this objective.

CO3 Establish ground supremacy (Formerly "Defeat ground forces")

Prevent enemy ground forces from achieving their critical objectives by halting their movement, isolating the enemy, and destroying enemy forces to include reserve forces prior to their commitment.

CO4 Counter weapons of mass destruction (WMD)

Prevent WMDs from being employed against US or allied forces using destructive and non-destructive measures during any portion of the life cycle of the weapon as determined by national command authority (NCA) and joint force commander (JFC).

CO5 Eliminate war making will/ability

Effect a level of destruction and disintegration of the enemy's military capacity to a point where the enemy no longer retains the ability or will to wage war or carry out aggressive activity. (AFDD 1 DRAFT, pg. 13/AFDD 20 DRAFT, pg. 4)

This may entail destroying some parts of his infrastructure and/or only neutralizing some parts to enable a simple, "turn the switch back on", once hostilities are over.

Operational Objective (OO) Definitions

OO1 Defeat airborne/spaceborne forces

AIR - Consists of active and passive measures to defeat airborne systems which are employed against friendly interests.

SPACE - Consists of active and passive measures to defeat spaceborne systems which are employed against friendly interests.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: all fixed- and rotary winged aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, air-, land-, and sea-launched cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, air-to-surface missiles, satellites, space stations, or other space vehicles. (AFDD 1, p. 11-13.)

OO2 Defeat air defense forces (surface)

Defeat enemy surface-based (land and sea) air defenses to enable freedom of action by friendly forces. (AFDD 1, p. 11)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: IADS (surface to air missiles, local defense systems, AAA, and EW/GCI). (AFDD 1, p. 11.)

OO3 Prevent sortie generation

Prevent enemy air, space and offensive missile threats from launching. (AFDD 1 DRAFT, p. 11.)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Parked aircraft, UAVs, cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, space payloads, airfields, missile/space launch facilities and their supporting infrastructure. (AFDD 1 DRAFT, p. 11-13.)

OO4 Defeat ground forces

Defeat the enemy's surface military force from the FEBA to rear areas before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: troops and associated combat vehicles throughout the battle area (including those located at key logistic sites/choke points), including reserve forces not yet committed (AFDD 1, p. 14-15)

OO5 Defeat naval forces

Defeat the enemy's maritime force before it can be brought to bear effectively against friendly forces. (AFDD 1, p. 14-15)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: any naval assets in the theater, to include vessels (includes aircraft carriers) and operating bases.

OO6 Disrupt military support basis

Disrupt the enemy's war-sustaining infrastructure and convince the enemy that the cost of continuing the war/aggressive activity is too high. Generally, offensive attacks should concentrate on the enemy's center(s) of gravity in order to most effectively destroy the enemy's ability or will to wage war. (AFDD20 DRAFT, pg. 3 and 5)

TARGET EXAMPLES:

Includes but not limited to: large concentrations of equipment or supplies, fixed or traveling overland or on the national transportation system; radio, TV, telecommunications, and power production directly in support of these centers of gravity, weapons factories & storage sights. This does not include combat vehicles.

OO7 Disrupt economic support basis

Disrupt use of key industrial facilities, tools, products, and raw materials, and services not in direct support of military or political actions.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: bridges, tunnels, rail yards, ports and harbors, industrial complex, refineries, oil fields, national banking and economic centers, national power grids.

OO8 Disrupt political base

Conduct operations to influence public opinion and offensive operations against key non-military leadership agencies.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Congress, Parliament, Palace, etc. (JAST OO#21)

OO9 Disrupt C4I

Disrupt C4I through the use of lethal and non-lethal means. These include blast, electromagnetic, directed energy and counterinformation. Includes the elements of electronic attack (support jamming, reactive suppression and preemptive destruction), electronic protection (deny acquisition, detect and warn, counter) and electronic support (collect electronic information and reprogram) .

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Command posts and telecommunications in direct support of military actions.

Operational Task (OT) Definitions

OT1 Neutralize aircraft in flight

Prevent airborne aircraft from effectively employing their weapons or conducting operations against friendly forces (land, naval, or air) through any means available. This can include destructive or non-destructive means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: fighters, bombers, support/C2 aircraft and helicopters in flight.

OT2 Neutralize cruise missiles & UAVs inflight

Prevent airborne cruise missile & UAV operations against friendly forces through any means available. This can include destructive or non-destructive means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: airborne cruise missiles & UAVs and associated data/communications links.

OT3 Neutralize Ballistic Missiles inflight

Prevent airborne ballistic missile employment, before fractionization if possible, against friendly forces (land, naval, or air) through any means available. This can include destructive or non-destructive means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: ballistic missiles and surface attack missiles

OT4 Neutralize space vehicles

Prevent space vehicles from employing their weapons against friendly forces (land, naval, or air) or performing in support of enemy forces, through any means available. This includes destructive or non-destructive means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Ground facilities, manned or unmanned satellites, space stations or other space vehicles and associated data/communications links.

OT5 Neutralize engaged ground forces

Neutralize tactical targets engaged with friendly forces throughout the depth of the battlefield. Target areas include the deep battle area (beyond the FEBA), and also in the rear battle area (friendly side of the FEBA).

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: tanks, APCs, artillery, troops, ADA, and equipment.

OT6 Neutralize fixed surface to air threats

Destroy, damage, suppress fixed surface to air threats through lethal and non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Fixed elements of the IADS such as strategic SAMs and support vehicles, fixed AAA batteries, bunkered SAMs, associated acquisition and guidance systems, and associated communications and data link systems. Future directed energy weapons systems may include lasers, RF weapons, particle beams, etc.

OT7 Neutralize mobile surface to air threats

Destroy, damage, suppress mobile surface to air threats through lethal and non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES:

Includes mobile elements of the IADS such as tactical SAMs and associated TELs and support vehicles, mobile air defense artillery units, towed or self propelled guns, associated acquisition and guidance systems, and associated communications and data link systems. Future directed energy weapons systems may include lasers, RF weapons, particle beams, etc.

OT8 Neutralize air defense information collection/dissemination

Neutralize air defense information collection/dissemination through lethal or non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Air Defense Control Centers, GCI and EW radars in mobile or fixed site configuration and ground communication/electrical equipment

OT9 Neutralize industrial production

Neutralize industrial production through lethal or non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: factories, including manufactured goods, refineries, medical/pharmaceutical, agriculture/food production.

OT10 Neutralize WMD production & storage

Damage, destroy, or deny access to facilities which produce and store weapons of mass destruction through lethal or non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, production and hardened storage facilities, nuclear material production facilities, biological facilities, biological support bunkers, and nuclear support bunkers.

OT11 Neutralize airfield operating surfaces.

Neutralize airfield operating surfaces.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: stressed concrete/asphalt runways, taxiways, sod strips and ramp areas which can be used as takeoff and landing surfaces.

OT12 Neutralize military support facilities

Neutralize military support facilities including airfield and naval bases.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to:

AIRFIELD: aircraft maintenance hangars, barracks, support facilities, command posts, POL and supply buildings.

NAVAL: anchorages, maintenance hangars, barracks, support facilities, command posts, POL and supply buildings. Targets are attacked either directly or neutralized through use of mines.

OT13 Neutralize aircraft, cruise missiles and UAVs on the ground

Neutralize aircraft, cruise missiles and UAVs on the ground

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: aircraft, UAVs, and cruise missiles dispersed in the open, in revetments, in hangars, in hardened shelters including caves, and in cave entrances.

OT14 Neutralize lines of communication (LOCs)

Neutralize LOCs either directly or indirectly.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: major roads, railways, navigable waterways, pipelines, tunnels/subways, bridges, transportation choke points/structures and national telecommunication facilities.

OT15 Neutralize advancing combat forces

Neutralize advancing combat forces (not engaged or rear echelon)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: troops, tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, air defense units, and artillery.

OT 16 Neutralize fixed forces

Neutralize fixed forces (not engaged or advancing.) Includes strategic reserve.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: armored vehicles, artillery, air defense units, trucks, and other support vehicles with mounted or dismounted infantry.

OT17 Neutralize ports & harbors

Neutralize ports & harbors (not military base)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: structures and equipment at sea ports, such as docks, cranes, ships in port, warehouses, maintenance facilities, POL, support buildings, vehicle or equipment storage yards, and material storage areas.

OT18 Neutralize enemy political and military leaders

Neutralize enemy political and military leaders through direct or indirect means. (Lethal applications must comply with US and international law)

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: national, area, and local government bodies and other legitimate authoritative organizations, collectively or individually.

OT19 Neutralize naval vessels

Targets are neutralized directly or indirectly; lethal or nonlethal.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: naval surface and subsurface vessels in ports or at sea.

OT 20 Neutralize power production

Neutralize power production. Some targets can be attacked using lethal or non-lethal means.

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: nuclear, hydroelectric, and petroleum/gas/coal facilities for producing electrical power. Includes major electrical grid components.

OT21 Neutralize weapons factories & storage sites

Neutralize weapons factories & storage sites

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: power supplies, steam or air plants, explosive loading buildings and storage buildings/bunkers.

OT22 Neutralize Ballistic Missiles & support on the ground

Neutralize Ballistic Missiles & support on the ground

TARGET EXAMPLES

Includes but not limited to: Missiles and all assets necessary for the launch of ballistic missiles.