[Index]

ANNEX E

Common Needs List

The information presented in this annex represents the complete list of needs used by ACC in the MPP process. These needs detail the generic shortfalls in mission capability. They are shown in a template format and include the need ID, Title, Description, Key Attributes, Quartile Rank. The Quartile Ranking of the needs indicate the relative importance of satisfying the needs without regard to individual platform or system; therefore, importance will vary by platform in individual mission areas. These needs are arranged into four groups, most important (Group 1) to least important (Group 4). It is important to note that this grouping is not the only factor which influences where ACC spends modernization dollars. For instance, it does not mean ACC plans to spend money only on solutions which satisfy Group 1 needs. ACC looks for cost effective solutions for all its needs. In fact, a solution to a Group 1 need may be too expensive even though it completely satisfies this need while an inexpensive solution to a Group 4 need may be funded. It is important to not eliminate a relatively inexpensive solution for a group 4 need. The bang (relative importance) for the buck (cost) ratio is the primary factor for funding recommendation.

Table of Contents

Need Title

ID

Page

Track high number of systems / platforms on range

R1

 

Training space to accommodate weapon system capabilities

R2

 

Realistic Physical Environment for Training

R3

 

Predictive Modeling and Campaign Simulation

R4

 

Improved Mission debrief capability

R5

 

Improved Weapon scoring systems

R6

 

Mission simulation capability

R7

 

Ability to employ live weapons against realistic targets

R8

 

Cargo support

M1

 

Reduced support package (reduced need for lift)

M2

 

Deployable Austere Field Support

M3

 

Detect, identify, and track military relevant events

IW1

 

Rapid assessment of plan status

IW2

 

Distributed, network-like capability to access information

IW3

 

JFACC-Level campaign builder/adjuster

MP1

 

Reactive force reallocation during mission execution (JFACC)

MP2

 

Unit level capability to pre plan missions

MP3

 

Reactive planning during the mission

MP4

 

Current and accurate data bases (Data representation)

MP5

 

Integration of BDI & Mission planning information (Wing/Squadron level)

MP6

 

Automated Management of forces and resources at unit level

MP7

 

Communications Throughput

C1

 

C4 Systems Connectivity

C2

 

C4 Systems Range

C3

 

Improved management of data networks

C4

 

C4 Systems Security

C5

 

Multi-Sensor integration/correlation (Data Fusion)

C6

 

Interoperable C4 Systems

C7

 

Reduce signature of communication

C8

 

Instantaneous control of UAVs

CF1

 

Near real-time data assessment and distribution of information/orders

CF2

 

Ability to continuously generate air execution orders

CF3

 

Extended range and loiter

SP1

 

Improved maneuverability

SP2

 

Improved acceleration

SP3

 

Increased speed

SP4

 

Prevent controlled flight into terrain

SP5

 

Increased external and internal ordnance carriage

SP6

 

Improved onboard computer resources

SP7

 

Improved integration of platform subsystems

SP8

 

Reduce operator task loading (Improve Operator/System Interface)

HP1

 

Reduce limitations to high altitude operations

HP2

 

Reduce thermal burden

HP3

 

Reduce operator fatigue

HP4

 

Accommodate full range of crew members in the platform

HP5

 

Improve crew escape systems

HP6

 

Improve operator performance under "G" loading

HP7

 

Improve platform crash survivability

HP8

 

Detect and locate airborne targets

T1

 

Positively ID airborne targets

T2

 

Detect and locate ground targets

T3

 

Positively ID ground targets

T4

 

Detect and Locate Computer Targets

T5

 

Aircraft-weapon interfaces that fully support weapons

T6

 

Provide target designation

T7

 

Receive target designation

T8

 

Generate precise coordinates

T9

 

Limit vulnerability to CCD

T10

 

Limit vulnerability of navigation systems to countermeasures

T11

 

Employ same tactics day or night

T12

 

Reduce susceptibility of detection by RF sensors

D1

 

Reduce susceptibility of detection by EO/IR sensors

D2

 

Reduce susceptibility of detection by acoustic sensors

D3

 

Detection and warning of RF threat

D4

 

Detection and warning of EO/IR threat

D5

 

Detection and warning of Directed Energy Weapons (DEW)

D6

 

Countermeasures against RF threat

D7

 

Countermeasures against EO/IR threat

D8

 

Countermeasures against DEW threat

D9

 

Low altitude terrain following/avoidance navigation

N1

 

Internationally compatible navigation systems

N2

 

Standoff attack capability

W1

 

Autonomous attack capability

W2

 

Expanded off-boresight target engagement

W3

 

Expanded weapons employment envelope

W4

 

Multiple kills per pass

W5

 

Weapon effectiveness against large area targets

W6

 

Area denial capability

W7

 

Deep, hardened target capability

W8

 

Contain or neutralize biological and chemical agents/ weapons

W9

 

Accurate/precision attack capability

W10

 

Attack capability unchanged by weather conditions

W11

 

Freefall munitions w/ accuracy from medium to high altitude

W12

 

Stimulate/decoy/saturate enemy air defenses

W13

 

Limit vulnerability of weapon to countermeasures

W14

 

Improved weapon lethality / effectiveness

W15

 

Minimize/negate collateral damage

W16

 

Improved test and fault isolation capability

LG1

 

Systems/subsystems/equipment standardization / interoperability

LG2

 

High reliability of systems/subsystems/equipment

LG3

 

Structural integrity through expected service life

LG4

 

Reduce impact of Diminishing Manufacturing Sources (DMS)

LG5

 

Efficient operational system turn times

LG6

 

Improved repairability/maintainability of systems/subsystems/equipment

LG7

 

Reduce impact of hazardous materials

LG8

 

Extended phase/preventative maintenance intervals

LG9

 

Timely reprogramming of electronic devices

LG10

 

Increased storage life for systems/subsystems / equipment

LG11

 

Visibility and timely distribution of resources

LG12

 

Efficient setup / breakdown of equipment or facilities

I1

 

Protection against health threats

I2

 

Improved medical care equipment for personnel

I3

 

Improved capability to provide essential services

I4

 

Improved capability to provide MWR services

I5

 

Detection and warning of NBC Threat

I6

 

Countermeasures against NBC threat

I7

 

Countermeasures against bullets, shrapnel

I8

 

Improve Force Protection of Deployed Personnel and Equipment

I9

 

Locate downed aircrews/isolated personnel

S1

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Track high number of systems / platforms on range

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the ability to track and record the activities and interactions of all players in daily training scenarios and in large training scenarios. This capability allows us to monitor, record and debrief the actions of participants in training exercises. Participant training and learning is multiplied by the ability to "re-run" the exercise in detail during the debrief.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Recording capability

(U) 2. Playback capability

(U) 3. Visual display to show interactions in real time (also faster/slower/freeze

(U) 4. Must capture key performance parameters with enough detail to allow assessment of success/failure and/or survival/death

(U) 5. Adequate processing capability to determine dynamic interaction of players and weapons

(U) 6. Deployability - must be able to easily move training system to wherever training is conducted (see need M3)

(U) 7. Compatibility - commonality with other training systems (see need LG2)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: training space to accommodate weapon system capabilities

(U) DESCRIPTION: We require the capability to practice realistic tactics. The largest current limitation to this capability is the lack of an area large enough to allow the practice of realistic tactics on a moderate to large scale.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Air Training areas: Faster aircraft speeds (mil-power supersonic capability), longer weapon ranges and greater sensor detection ranges make the size of current training airspace inadequate. Current, programmed, and planned platforms need more airspace to train as they will employ in combat.

(U) 2. Must be large enough to handle a realistic number of training "units" and the longer ranges and increased speeds of modern weapons.

(U) 3. Authorized for expendables (Live weapons/blanks/chaff/flares, etc.)

(U) 4. Minimum infrastructure required to support

(U) 5. Instrumentation should cover all parts of training area (coverage not restricted to LOS)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Realistic Physical Environment for training(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the capability to train realistically. Assuming we have the area needed to train realistically (need R2), we need to improve the "look and feel" of the training environment. Realism and the effectiveness of training is greatly enhanced by filling the physical (not virtual) training area with realistic targets and threats. Does not include simulated (virtual) environments, which are covered by need R7 (Mission simulation capability).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Realistic training environment: capability to accurately replicate the environment a system or operator works in.

(U) 2. Flexibility to quickly change the environment to accommodate the arrangement/number of challenges and be able to quickly reprogram them as the operational environment changes.

(U) 3. Connectivity and interoperability of equipment with instrumentation used for monitoring performance.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: PREDICTIVE MODELING AND CAMPAIGN SIMULATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the capability to model conflict from strategic planning at the theater level to weapon flyouts at the engagement level. This will require improved campaign modeling tools and techniques. Does not include the ability to perform training missions in simulators. This capability is needed for the following activities:

1. LONG RANGE PLANNING: Includes Mission Area Analysis, Mission Needs Analysis, and Cost and Operational Effectiveness Analysis.

2. COURSE OF ACTION PLANNING: To rehearse, simulate, analyze broad level courses of action (COAs) by for quality, resource constraints, and bed-down decisions. Includes the need to support other services.

3. CAMPAIGN MODELING: Capability to rate, compare, and select plans (COAs) in great detail by "playing" the plan against predicted RED strategy, resource use, time constraints, selected ROE, etc. This capability allows the planner to "fly the plan" before completion.

4. ENGAGEMENT MODELS: Quickly model and simulate execution--to fly the plan/missions ahead of time in support of near-real time operational decisions.

5. WEAPON PERFORMANCE MODELS: Weapon flyout models (also air- to- and weapon terminal ballistics).

6. INFORMATION WARFARE MODELS: Need to model the effects of information warfare weapons and integrate their effect into planning and campaign models.

Note: This need does not include the need for high fidelity platform simulators (i.e., F-15 simulator, F-16 simulator, AWACS controller simulator, etc.) which is covered in need R7.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Accurate

(U) 2. Validated

(U) 3. Current (periodically updated) models

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Improved MISSION Debrief Capability

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the ability to accurately recreate the mission or training session to provide accurate intel info or to maximize training benefits. This improved capability should ideally create or improve the system-level and platform level capability to record and debrief operator performance to maximize the value of the training. This does not include "range-wide" tracking of multiple systems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Availability (Location and timeliness)

(U) 2. Secure with option for unsecure

(U) 3. Recording and playback capability

(U) 4. Provide feedback both real-time and for debrief (record/playback)

(U) 5. User friendly - accessible, responsive.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Improved Weapon Scoring Systems

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the ability to assess the accuracy and effect of weapons (including information warfare) against test and/or training targets to evaluate weapon system capability. Concerned with improving test weapon scoring and normal training system scoring systems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. High fidelity

(U) 2. Non-cooperative

(U) 3. Accurate

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Mission Simulation Capability

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the ability to simulate actual system characteristics in high fidelity training systems. Includes a need to address simulation of information warfare weapon systems. This need concentrates on the need for platform simulators (i.e., F-15 simulator, B-2 simulator, AWACS control console simulator, etc.). Does not include "real-world" training on physical ranges.

This need includes the need for a capability to rehearse missions in virtual reality format. We should be able to cooperatively fly a mission including all aircraft assigned to fly together in support of the single tasked target: weapon release platforms, air defense suppression assets, counterair platforms, and air control assets. This capability allows all players to rehearse a mission together, although they might be geographically separated.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Look and "feel" of using the real system

(U) 2. Ability to simulate malfunctions and emergencies

(U) 3. Simulates environment system operates in (terrain, weather, threat, etc.)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: R8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Ability to Employ Live Weapons Against Realistic Targets.

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to evaluate the accuracy, lethality, and effectiveness of our weapons against realistic targets. To do this, we need t targets that better replicate threat size, signature, maneuverability (for moving targets) and countermeasures of our threats to improve weapon evaluation. We also require adequate instrumentation to determine weapon effectiveness and lethality. The term "live" includes more than just high explosive weapons. It includes inert missiles and inert laser-guided bombs--the expense of their "real-world" guidance packages make them "live" for training purposes. They are maneuvering weapons that can be evaluated in terms of guidance accuracy. This is an attempt to capture the WSEP and test aspects of shooting weapons against airborne targets (drones). Applies to air-to-ground test targets also. Will also apply to information weapons in the future.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Size and shape of realistic wartime target

(U) 2. Detectability: training target sensor signature similar to real target

(U) 3. Able to use realistic tactics when employing weapon (Linked to the R2 Training Space need)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: M1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: CARGO SUPPORT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Capability to carry cargo and to support cargo carrying activities. Lack the ability to carry oversize and outsize cargo with current combat delivery platforms. Need improved cargo handling capabilities to upload and download cargo.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Ability to move oversize and outsize cargo in theater

(U) 2. Time, effort, and equipment required to load and unload cargo

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

NONE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: M2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Reduced supPort package (reduced need for lift)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to "Reduce the support package" required for deploying to and from a contingency location. Current equipment is obsolete, heavy, inefficient, and lacks flexibility to reconfigure and respond to contingencies.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Size, volume, weight and amount of Support Equipment (SE) required for deployment

(U) 2. Amount of spares & supplies requirements.

(U) 3. Amount of manpower required to mobilize and maintain the above SE and spares

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: M3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: DEPLOYABLE AUSTERE FIELD SUPPORT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to have adequate support for operations in austere or forward contingency operating areas. Includes airfield support, deployable training systems, austere field maintenance and remote location command and control.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Landing guidance day and night.

(U) 2. Austere load and unload capability.

(U) 3. Essential maintenance capability.

(U) 4. Communication link to command channels

(U) 5. Minimal external support, and built so you can take it with you

(U) 6. Systems will operate in any deployed location (shelter, various power supplies, etc.)

(U) 7. Barriers & emergency airfield lighting

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: IW1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Detect, identify, and track military relevant events

(U) DESCRIPTION: To support military planning and execution we need to improve the detection, identification and tracking of military relevant objects and events for both friendly and adversary (enemy, warring parties, hurricane, insurgents etc.)

Does not include:

Traditional fixed and mobile platforms or targets on land, sea, air, and space (covered by needs T!, T2, T3, and T4) or computer targets.

Includes but are not limited to:

Nonmilitary fixed and mobile objects on land, sea, and air which are of military or economic interest.

C2 structures, communication links and nodes, people, mobility and logistic platforms, depots, and command centers, events which are of military, political, or economic interest

Does not include the employment platforms’ need to detect, identify, and track air, space and surface targets. It does include the surveillance mission flown by national collection assets (satellites, U-2s, etc.) and general intelligence gathering capability of objects and events which are of military, political, or economic interest. These assets will be use means and assets against an extremely large set of objects and events.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Collecting and disseminating data (e.g. BDA) before, during and after specified events

(U) 2. Probability of detection

(U) 3. Coverage to match requirements

(U) 4. Detection and identification range

(U) 5. Identification capability

(U) 6. Tracking friendly and adversary

(U) 7. Sensor and sensor platform management

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: IW2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: RAPID assessMENT OF PLAN STATUS

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need an improved capability to assess the raw collected data from both US and coalition partners and filter it to create fused information useful to determine the success of warfighter plans. Battle Damage Information (BDI) is a key part of assessment of execution status. We must have the capability to obtain a visual status of BDI for targets that have been attacked and which are (in accordance with the plan) within a short time of being attacked. We must also be able to determine which targets have been attacked with no BDI results received or planned. The methodology should include a way to summarize this data into an overall visual status of plan execution. This status shows not only what has been done, but also how well it has been done and if the operation is going "according to plan".

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Automatic building of status reports

(U) 2. Visual display of current status

(U) 3. Assessing collected data (e.g. BDA) before, during and after specified events

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: IW3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: DISTRIBUTED, NETWORK-LIKE CAPABILITY TO ACCESS INFORMATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Capability to create, associate, access, and edit planning and command information at any time from multiple physically separated locations. Various groups of users (including users from Allied or Coalition Partner countries) need access to information that is cross-referenced for specific purposes. Possible types of information valuable to user groups include target data, rules of engagement, operations guidance, force readiness data, rationale for planning decisions, weather, supply status, et cetera. Different access permissions of information must be maintained to support users and protect data.

One of the most critical shortfalls in information access capability is in readiness data. Commanders and planners require access to readiness information concerning all forces under their command even if the forces and the commander (and the command function) are physically located in different locations.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Speed of Access

(U) 2. Ease of Use

(U) 3. Information Security

(U) 4. Data Format

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: JFACC-leveL CAMPAIGN BUILDER/ADJUSTER

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need planning tools which help the JFACC plan where to place and how to employ forces based on the threat lay down and threat envelopes (based upon up-to-date strategic and tactical intelligence) and to evaluate the effectiveness of different campaign options. This is a comprehensive and deliberate theater planning capability which would help decision makers decide where to place units based on the threat, desired distance from base to operating areas, and mission requirements. Once force basing is decided, the tool would help decision makers determine the location combat air patrols (CAPs), air surveillance units, air refueling orbits, etc. using an automated system which crunches sensor coverage, platform ranges, and weapon ranges. This tool should also be able to task available types of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets (considering availability, restrictions/constraints to their use and the ability to collect the desired information) so that pre strike and post strike recce can be integrated into the campaign plan. The tool would also help build notional air tasking orders (ATOs) and test different courses of action to determine which ATO option would be most effective in achieving military objectives.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Access to all (including coalition) intel and logistics databases

(U) 2. Continuous intel feedback

(U) 3. Planning decision support

(U) 4. Secure

(U) 5. Deployable

(U) 6. Capability to manage a time frame indexed library of plans

(U) 7. Cross functional and joint access (all functional elements have access to view and edit)

(U) 8. Coalition partners have appropriate access and capability for view and edit

(U) 9. Information for theater air operations strategy and plan development.

(U) 10. Non-linear, reentrant, and asynchronous planning tools

(U) 11. Collaborative planning capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Reactive force reallocation during MISSION execution (JFACC)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to have a JFACC level execution-phase decision tool which helps the decision maker adjust the plan to fit the current and immediate tactical situation. When the tactical situation changes, this capability starts processes including plan re-evaluation, re-planning in whole or in part, and available resources to deal with the situation. This results in an improved capability to make near real-time, parallel, execution adjustments and to communicate information and instructions to forces before a fleeting opportunity is lost. Similar to the JFACC planning tool described in MP1, but optimized for use during the execution where the same strategy and planning decisions must be made in minutes or seconds. Key issues:

1. near real-time reporting to command nodes and rapid assessment of mission execution as connected to the air plan

2. real-time capability to distribute (beyond line of sight) C2 decisions and direction to executing mission

3. near real-time capability to distribute (beyond line of sight) time-sensitive updates of threat, target, E&R, weather and other related information

4. dynamic capability to perform airspace deconfliction and management between the assets of all services (including manned aircraft, UAVs, artillery fire, ATACMS, MLRS, etc.)

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Real-time or near-real time intelligence (threat locations + envelopes, target info)

(U) 2. Continuous intelligence feedback

(U) 3. Execution decision support (executive level)

(U) 4. Secure

(U) 5. Deployable

(U) 6. Short decision cycle (seconds to minutes)

(U) 7. Dynamic engagement control of executing missions

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: Unit level capABILITY to Preplan Missions

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need wing or squadron planning tools to help operations personnel plan missions. Tool should include sufficient data (platform specific data, battle damage information and environmental data such as terrain, threat location, and threat envelopes) to allow effective preplanning of missions. Needs to be secure from tampering and espionage.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Incorporates operations platform / equipment performance

(U) 2. Threat Penetration Analysis - determines optimum ingress/egress routes to avoid threats

based on terrain; threat location and characteristics such as sensor coverage, range, etc.

(U) 3. Tactics, attack, weapons planning - determines optimum target area tactics/maneuvers,

sensor coverage, etc.

(U) 4. Generates Combat Mission Folder and briefing materials to include map (time, distance,

fuel), escape and evasion requirements, etc.

(U) 5. Connectivity to other nodes: Accepts updates directly from Information systems; easily transfers information to on-board board aircraft/weapon systems (Data Transfer Device)

(U) 6. Time required to complete mission planning

(U) 7. Incorporates environmental data - climatology, weather

(U) 8. Ease of use

(U) 9. Deployable; available at contingency location

(U)10. Interoperability between weapon systems

(U)11.Security - handles multiple levels of information and is protected from interference,

tampering, etc.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: REACTIVE planning DURING the MISSION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need wing and squadron level capability to dynamically replan missions which are already being executed. This tool should allow planners to conduct rapid, detailed planning after the rapid reallocation of forces. Should help decision makers calculate new target locations, new threat locations, threat envelopes, new routings, adjusted fuel calculations and other information which change during execution of the plan.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Real-time or near real-time intel and environmental information

(U) 2. Multi-platform performance calculation capability

(U) 3. User friendly

(U) 4. Secure

(U) 5. Accurate

(U) 6. Deployable

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: CURRENT AND ACCURATE DATA BASES (DATA REPRESENTATION)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need current and accurate databases (data representation) about every aspect of enemy and friendly forces. Entering and extracting information from the database should be independent of where the data and user are located. This data representation will contain a wide variety of material such as target tracks, in-process video, continuously updated maps, HUMINT, MASINT, SIGINT, translated speech and documents, simulation results and predictions, and publicly available, open source information. Databases should also include environmental data, platform / equipment data, and weapon performance data. Data should be current, accurate, and easily updatable. Threat, platform signature, command and control, and integrated air defense system (IADS) databases should be compatible.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Accuracy, relevance, timeliness, usability, completeness, brevity, security

(U) 2. Multi-level security (coalition-friendly): controlled access, multi-level classification, releasability, translators for coalition personnel

(U) 3. Adjustable views: allows use of multiple and different views definable by the user

(U) 4. Easy to update

(U) 5. Ease of data distribution/data filtering

(U) 6. Platform independent

(U) 7. Near real-time intelligence and other environmental data

(U) 8. Links to data collection platforms and activities

(U) 9. Data storage capacity

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) (U) NEED TITLE: INTEGRATION OF BDI AND MISSION PLANNING INFORMATION (WING/SQUADRON LEVEL)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the integration of Battle Damage Information (BDI) with mission planning information made available to the planners at the squadron level. Key information is not always assessed, declassified, and distributed to the warfighter in time for the most current information to be used during a combat mission. We must improve our capability to assess large amounts of data, filter key BDI, and provide this key information to the warfighter. We must streamline the processes used to declassify information to the warfighter level. We must have the ability to transmit classified information to all deployed locations where expeditionary forces are planning missions.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. Accuracy and speed of battle damage assessment

(U) 2. Time from strike to assessment to planners (information processing capability)

(U) 3. Secure transmission

(U) 4. Real-time or near-real time intelligence

(U) 5. Continuous intelligence feedback

(U) 6. Execution decision support (executive level)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: MP7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: AUTOMATED manageMENT OF forces and resources AT UNIT LEVEL

(U) DESCRIPTION: Each unit must effectively and efficiently respond to the tasking(s) and prepare for execution (mission planning and pre-play covered under separate need). This requires a myriad of command and control decisions.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

(U) 8.

(U) 9.

Crisis response tools

Automated examination of tasking to assess unit level alternatives; capability to respond to dynamic continuous reception of tasking orders

Automated advice to the planner of applicable unit level plans (case based planning)

Automated advice to the unit command and control planners of alternatives (knowledge base)

Improved capability to match weapons to targets (task end state criteria)

Improved automation for cross functional scheduling of available resources to meet tasking (maintenance, crews, airplanes, fuel, etc.)

Automated and semi-automated definition of unit objective/task/activity/event priorities

Improved reachback support for deployed forces

Improved capability to assess and report mission results, status, disposition, capability, availability to joint and combined command structures

Improved capability for workflow management

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: Communications Throughput

(U) DESCRIPTION: Robust (dependable, survivable) information infrastructure of sufficient capacity to deliver information to the warfighter on time.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2. (U) 3.

Data transfer rate

Bandwidth

Number of channels

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: C4 Systems Connectivity

(U) DESCRIPTION: Robust (dependable, survivable) information infrastructure with global availability to the warfighter.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Integration of current communications systems

Network-like functionality

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: C4 Systems Range

(U) DESCRIPTION: Robust (dependable, survivable) information infrastructure with global reach for the warfighter.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Distance between transmitter and receiver

Strength and clarity of signal received

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: Improved Management of Data Networks

(U) DESCRIPTION: Ensure that information "moves" across the entire information infrastructure with maximum efficiency. Currently lack sufficient tools to anticipate, identify and repair network problems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Central management (identify and repair problems; track usage; protect against un-authorized usage; forecast improvements) of intra and inter-base connectivity

Integrated base and Defense Information Infrastructure network management capabilities

Joint, fully interoperable, deployed network management capability

Tools to manage intra and inter-base information

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: C4 Systems Security

(U) DESCRIPTION: Robust (dependable, survivable) information protection that preserves information integrity for the warfighter, yet intelligent enough to automatically recognize threats and launch countermeasures.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2. (U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Embedded/integral protection of resident information in automated information systems

Universal, user-friendly information protection tools and techniques

Multi-level security within and between diverse information systems

Protection against intercept, jamming, and intrusion of various radio communications systems

Universal, efficient, cost-effective, user-friendly electronic key management capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: Multi-Sensor Integration/Correlation (Data Fusion)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Diverse information sources are fully integrated and a common data system is in place to achieve global situation awareness. Require near-real time power fusion --must reconcile/consolidate different sensor inputs (both automatic and interactive) onboard specific platforms and on the ground. Effective fusion reduces or eliminates ambiguity, improves geospatial accuracy, and provides control over the detail, context scope of battlespace awareness.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Real-time or near real-time capability

Fusion of multiple sensor indications into one cohesive picture (Integrated sensor capabilities to produce a common air/ground picture of the battle space)

Accuracy of presentation

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: Interoperable C4 Systems

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the ability of different C4 equipment to "talk" to one another. Diverse joint and coalition C4 systems must be fully integrated and common protocols put in place to achieve the desired level of C4 capability.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Standardized joint C4 capability

Interoperable/compatible with combined partner C4 capability

Common operating environment

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: C8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE SIGNATURE OF COMMUNICATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce the detection signature of communications.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Magnitude of signal

Length of signal

Temperature difference between communication system and background

Size

Audio level

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: CF1

 

(U) NEED TITLE: Instantaneous control of UAVs

(U) DESCRIPTION: The JFACC (through his / her subordinates) must be able to exercise instantaneous control of uninhabited aerial vehicles (UAVs) to successfully accomplish their assigned mission. This is especially important when UAVs must be deconflicted from manned aircraft or react to threats at a moment’s notice. This capability must allow us to simultaneously control UAVs of many types in various areas performing multiple missions for multiple agencies (e.g. Army, Navy, Marines, et cetera).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Accuracy

Speed of Operation

Ease of Use

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: CF2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: NEAR REAL-TIME DATA ASSESSMENT AND DISTRIBUTION

(U) DESCRIPTION: We must determine how quickly the warfighters need updated information and provide it to them. The update rate may need to change as the mission progresses. We must respond within the short dwell time of mobile targets. Current systems do not provide information updates fast enough - particularly for theater ballistic missiles and for BDA assessments. We must also be able to assess the time criticality of a desired attack relative to other options and to the overall prosecution of the air campaign.

We must develop the capability to rapidly process data to allow us to send filtered information to users real-time or near-real time. Our surveillance, reconnaissance, and battle damage assessment must include automatic recognition of targets of significance, recognition of new opportunities due to enemy actions, and recognition of shortfalls in the joint or combined force plan. This assessment must occur in a matter of seconds or minutes; as must command decisions and distribution of new or adjusted execution orders to probably will require data-link types of solutions.

(U) ATTRIBUTES: None developed

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: CF3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: ABILITY TO CONTINUOUSLY GENERATE AIR EXECUTION ORDERS

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to continuously create air execution orders that reflect near-real time changes to the tactical situation to better concentrate force at the critical place and time. This capability would make our forces more effective by allowing our forces to react to ground and air targets as soon as we detected them or were aware of their movement. Currently, air execution orders are passed from decision makers in the Air Operations Center (AOC) to units in the form of a daily Air Tasking Order (ATO). The Air Tasking Order is the result of deliberate planning at the JFACC level and it directs subordinate units to begin planning for their assigned tasks on the next day. The ATO tells units what tasks they are to perform, when, and with what resources during the next 24 hours.

The tactical situation often changes--new targets are detected, targets move, higher priorities emerge, and higher priority targets must be retargeted if they were missed on a previous mission. We could greatly improve the effectiveness of our air assets if we could continuously produce a "dynamic" air tasking order which included the highest priorities as of the moment the orders were issued to lower units.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Near real-time

Continually evaluate campaign success

Capability to track the availability of all resources

Automated ability to create and send (publish) an Air Tasking Order in a matter of minutes, rather than in hours or days.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: EXTENDED RANGE AND LOITER

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the range and loiter capability of platforms when fully loaded. Need to increase unrefueled range while maintaining platform performance.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Platform range (distance from base to mission area)

Platform loiter (time spent in the mission area)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED MANEUVERABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Improve the capability of platforms to maneuver when fully loaded. Especially applies to offensive and defensive maneuvering in a combat situation.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Structural symmetric limits

Structural asymmetric limits

Platform energy management

Human performance limitations

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED ACCELERATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Platforms must retain a superior ability to accelerate during maneuvering to improve survival when attacked by threats. Must be able to produce adequate acceleration even when fully loaded.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

Acceleration capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: INCREASED SPEED

(U) DESCRIPTION: Platforms need increased maximum speed. Increased speed is required to reach mission area faster and to reduce vulnerability to threat systems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Platform speed

Fuel usage

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: PREVENT CONTROLLED FLIGHT INTO TERRAIN

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved method of preventing controlled flight into terrain during high task workload situations. Ideal system would recover platform without operator input. Improvements which would improve operator situation awareness of flight condition in extremely stressful situations and aid in operator directed recovery is also highly desirable.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Visual display of aircraft condition

Visual, auditory or other warning of an approaching hazardous condition

Detection the onset of a hazardous condition

Recovery of platform to a safe flight condition

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: INCREASED EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL ORDNANCE CARRIAGE

(U) DESCRIPTION: Platforms need to increase the amount of ordnance they carry. We need to have the capability of carrying air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons in internal bays inside stealthy platforms.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Number of active weapon stations compatible with current and proposed weapons

Platform structural limitations which affect weapon carriage

System limitations which affect weapon carriage

Optimum Loadout

Internal and External Compatibility with Both Current and Future Platforms

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED COMPUTER RESOURCES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an improved data processing capability.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

System memory

Data processing speed

Data transfer speed

Expansion capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: SP8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED INTEGRATION OF PLATFORM SUBSYSTEMS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the integration of platform subsystems. Subsystems should work together to achieve a synergistic effect--subsystems should not interfere or degrade the function of each other.

This need attempts to capture the requirement to correct the system integration mistakes of the past--future projects must be developed in an integrated manner.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Frequency band compatibility (degree of desensitivity or interference between systems)

Functional compatibility (for example, all defensive systems should work together)

Common subsystem protocols and gateways between systems

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE OPERATOR TASK LOADING (IMPROVE OPERATOR/SYSTEM INTERFACE)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Improve the human interface with the weapon system to enhance cognitive performance of the operator; for example improve the avionics suite and provide the SA required to accurately detect, ID, target and neutralize the threat/target. Should exploit more intuitive (and therefore more effective) information presentation methods/technologies.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Clear display/presentation of appropriate information to the operator

Ability to process and present all appropriate information for effective operator

exploitation of all of the senses (visual, auditory, vestibular, tactile, etc.).

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE LIMITATIONS TO HIGH ALTITUDE OPERATIONS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to counter the physiologic effects of high altitude operations. Enable operators to overcome altitude induced physiologic limitations that prevent full exploitation of weapon system performance capabilities. These symptoms range from increased incidence and severity of fatigue to more serious phenomena such as High Altitude Mountain Sickness in ground troops and Decompression Sickness (the "Bends") in aircrew.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Physiologic indicators

Cognitive performance indicators

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE THERMAL BURDEN

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce the thermal burden on personnel. The physiologic stresses associated with the increased thermal burden degrade operator physical and cognitive performance (i.e., decreases aircrew’s G-tolerance and negatively impact the aircrew's cognitive functioning with a concomitant degradation in SA maintenance). Weather extremes and chemical warfare gear also create thermal burdens which degrade the capability of ground personnel to perform their duties. The net result is a measurable degradation in performance. Need to provide protection from these thermal stresses which are associated with both the operational environment of the weapon system as well as the micro-environment created by the equipment/clothing worn on the bodies of personnel. Maintain optimum operator core body temperature associated with maximum performance in the weapon system; or the optimum core body temperatures associated with acceptable performance of ground duties.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Hydration

Body Core Temperature

Physical and Cognitive performance while experiencing heat loading

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE OPERATOR FATIGUE

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to counter the onset and effects of operator fatigue. Need to enable operators to overcome fatigue induced physiologic limitations that prevent full exploitation of weapon system performance capabilities.

Instead, this specifically addresses issues associated with chronic cumulative fatigue; this is fatigue associated with prolonged duration/sustained operations without opportunity for adequate rest, either as a single extended episode (i.e., working days of greater than 12 hours duration) or occurring over a protracted time period (long workdays daily every day for weeks in a row). Typically, this is a fatigue which requires more than a single typical rest period (i.e., 8 hrs sleep) to resolve, and can involve cumulative effects of chronic sleep deprivation.

This also includes fatigue resulting from circadian dysrythmia where personnel have to immediately function on a schedule contrary to their physiologic sleep-rest cycle (i.e., compelled to work when their body "expects" to sleep, and sleep when their body is prepared to work). It takes several days before physiologic readjustment to the new time zone occurs, during which time they experience a form of sleep deprivation fatigue.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Physiologic indicators of fatigue

Cognitive performance indicators

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: ACCOMMODATE FULL RANGE OF CREW MEMBERS IN THE PLATFORM

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to be able to accommodate the full range of crew members in the platform. Aircraft and life support equipment must be appropriate and usable for all physically approved crewmembers. Need to reduce current human performance limitations during long missions; for example, the current inability to accommodate female crewmember urinary relief in certain platforms. Need to ensure that there is adequate seating for all crew members in helicopter aircraft.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Life support equipment

Cockpit control switches/functions

Platform configuration

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVE CREW ESCAPE SYSTEMS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve crew escape systems. Need to expand the performance capabilities of escape systems such that safe escape can be accomplished under more varied and adverse flight parameters (higher and lower altitudes, faster airspeed at ejection, much more adverse aircraft pitch, roll and yaw position). Improved system will also provide effective safe-escape for a broader range of aircrew anthropometric characteristics (i.e., smaller, lighter).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

System protection matches the performance parameters of fighter aircraft

System protection covers the new expanded aircrew population anthropometric parameters.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP7

 

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVE OPERATOR PERFORMANCE UNDER G-LOADING(U) DESCRIPTION: Enable aircrew to overcome G-induced physiologic limitations that prevent full exploitation of aircraft performance capabilities.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Sustain greater single episode sudden onset G-loads (i.e., 12 G sudden onset one time)

Sustain any given G load for a longer period of time (i.e., prolong G-tolerance for any single exposure to G-loading)

Increase endurance to recurrent/repeated G-loads (sustain more episodes of G-loading without fatigue)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: HP8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED PLATFORM CRASH SURVIVABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve crew crash survivability systems. This could include seat, struts, aircraft systems to mitigate high G deceleration during crash landing.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Adequate crewmember protection during ground impact for non-ejection seat aircraft

Energy-absorbing platform design for crash protection

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECT AND LOCATE AIRBORNE TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the ability to detect airborne targets. Detection and targeting capability should not be significantly reduced by electronic countermeasures or other interference, and should not be limited to onboard sensors. Includes the need to detect non-emitting targets.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

(U) 8.

Detection range

Number of targets tracked

Radar, EO, and IR cross sections

Sensors have sufficient processing nand throughput capacity with future growth

Elimination of the effect of interference or electronic countermeasures

Reduce threat detectability of friendly active sensor (maintain tactical advantage/surprise)

Speed/ time required to detect/locate

Dwell time required by sensor

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: POSITIVELY ID AIRBORNE TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved ability to accurately characterize airborne entities in the combatant's area of responsibility to the extend that high confidence, real-time application of tactical resources can occur within the Rules of Engagement (ROE). Ideal identification capability would be omni directional and "target" aspect independent and would positively identify multiple potential targets beyond maximum weapon employment ranges. ID capability is not necessarily an on-board capability. Also require a way to identify non-emitting targets.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

(U) 8.

(U) 9.

Probability of declaration (friend, hostile, noncombatant, neutral) for all flying entities

Directionality of capability (relative to CID system and target)

Range between platforms when ID is completed

Fusion of on and off board information

Speed/time required to complete ID

ID capacity

Positional accuracy of ID entity

Confidence of correct ID

Level of descriptive ID (i.e. Friend, foe, neutral, country, class, type, and intent)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECT AND LOCATE GROUND TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the ability to detect ground targets. Need ways to detect and locate non-emitting targets. Does not include the need to counter camouflage, concealment and deception (CCD) which is covered in a separate need.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Detection range

Number of targets tracked

Time to detect/locate

Dwell time required by sensor

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: POSITIVELY ID GROUND TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved ability to accurately characterize ground platforms, vehicles, and structures as friendly, noncombatant, or hostile and identify platform/target type to the extend that high confidence, real-time application of tactical resources can occur within the ROE. Ideal identification capability would be omni directional and "target" type aspect independent and would positively identify multiple potential targets (including non-emitting targets) beyond maximum weapon employment ranges. ID capability is not necessarily an on-board capability, but may be conducted in conjunction with off board assets.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

  1. 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

(U) 8.

(U) 9.

Probability of declaration (friend, hostile, noncombatant) for all ground targets

Directionality of capability (relative to CID system and target)

Operational range between platforms (friendly and adversary) when ID is completed

Fusion of on and off board information

Speed/time required to complete ID

ID capacity

Positional accuracy of identified target

Confidence of correct ID

Level of descriptive ID (i.e. Friend, foe, neutral, country, class, type, and intent)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECT AND LOCATE COMPUTER TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the ability to detect computer (info) targets. Detection and targeting capability should not be significantly reduced by countermeasures. Include intelligence efforts, platform and individual capabilities.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

Detection of system

Identification of system vulnerabilities

Passive detection capability

Threat/target database update capability

Time to locate

Degree of integration with communication services

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: AIRCRAFT-WEAPON INTERFACES THAT FULLY SUPPORT WEAPONS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require aircraft-weapon interfaces which fully support the capability of current and planned weapons. Need to pass timely information between the platform and weapons. Require accurate target cue and tracking information to maintain the weapon probability of guidance requirement.. Includes flow of off-board data to the platform, on-board processing, advanced cueing systems, data flow to weapons, and accurate indications of when the weapon no longer needs data from the platform.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Off-board data reception capability

On-board processing of all on board and (received) off board sensor data

Timely data flow to weapons

Accurate target cue and tracking information (includes at high off boresight angles)

Accurate indication when weapon no longer needs data

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: PROVIDE TARGET DESIGNATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to provide target designation/guidance with on-board and off board systems. Includes IR pointers, laser designators, etc.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Accuracy

Length of designation capability

Passage of designation from designator to shooter

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: RECEIVE TARGET DESIGNATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an improved capability to receive off-board target designations.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Visual display or visual cue of designation

Range

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T9

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: GENERATE PRECISE COORDINATES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to generate precise coordinates which are compatible with current navigation and targeting systems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Compatibility with current navigation systems

Compatibility with current targeting systems

Accuracy of coordinates

Time required

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T10

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: LIMIT VULNERABILITY TO CCD

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to limit the vulnerability of operators, other personnel, and sensors to camouflage, concealment, and deception techniques and methods. (Combined T12 into this "Need".)

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Range

Personnel or operator workload

Target signature

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T11

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: LIMIT VULNERABILITY OF NAVIGATION SYSTEMS TO COUNTERMEASURES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Limit vulnerability of selected navigation aids to platforms, systems and equipment to countermeasures.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Accuracy

CEP deltas

Performance of onboard navigation systems (i.e. INS/IMU drift rates)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: T12

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: EMPLOY SAME TACTICS DAY OR NIGHT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require the ability to employ the same tactics day or night. Includes the following: platform or system ingress to the target area; target detection/targeting/attack and egress from the target area.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Terrain avoidance

Target detection, targeting and attack capability

Same visual cues at night as in the day

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF DETECTION BY RF SENSORS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce susceptibility of detection of platform/stores/weapon delivery configuration/equipment by RF sensors.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

RF signature

Passive detection

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF DETECTION BY EO/IR SENSORS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce susceptibility of platform/stores/weapons delivery configuration/personnel/equipment to detection by EO/IR sensors.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

EO signature

IR signature

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: REDUCE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF DETECTION BY ACOUSTIC SENSORS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce susceptibility of platform/stores/weapons delivery configuration/personnel/equipment to detection by acoustic sensors.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

Acoustic signature

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECTION AND WARNING OF RF THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to detect the use of RF threat systems. Need to be able to determine that an RF threat is in the vicinity of the platform (detection of a non-emitting target which would allow preemptive neutralization is highly desired). Need to determine when the RF threat has detected (and is tracking) the platform. Need to be able to detect the launch of a weapon by the RF threat. Need immediate notification when the RF threat is no longer tracking the platform (real-time or near real-time notification that countermeasures used were effective).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Ability to detect & differentiate between search, track, & launch emissions

Ability to locate the threat

Timely notification of the termination of the threat engagement

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECTION AND WARNING OF EO/IR THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to detect the use of EO/IR threat systems. Need to be able to determine that an EO/IR threat is in the vicinity of the platform (detection of a non-emitting target which would allow preemptive neutralization is highly desired). Need to determine when the EO/IR threat has detected (and is tracking) the platform. Need to be able to detect the launch of a weapon by the EO/IR threat. Need immediate notification when the EO/IR threat is no longer tracking the platform (real-time or near real-time notification that countermeasures used were effective).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Ability to detect & differentiate between search, track, & launch emissions

Ability to locate the threat

Timely notification of the termination of the threat engagement

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECTION AND WARNING OF DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPONS (DEW)

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to detect the use of DEW threat systems. Need to be able to determine that an DEW threat is in the vicinity of the platform. Need to determine when the DEW threat has detected (and is tracking) the platform. Need to be able to detect the firing of a DEW threat weapon. Need immediate notification when the DEW threat is no longer tracking the platform (real-time or near real-time notification that countermeasures used were effective).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Ability to detect & differentiate between search, track, & launch emissions

Ability to locate the threat

Timely notification of the termination of the threat engagement

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST RF THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved, sustained capability to counter RF threats. Need an improved capability to synchronize all countermeasures to achieve a synergistic effect against the threat. Detecting the end of the engagement (need D4) is an important parallel need, as this allows operators to conserve countermeasures for future engagements.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Degrade/denial of RF tracking

Degrade/denial of weapon tracking or weapon effect (survival of platform)

Countermeasure programs, multi-band countermeasures

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST EO/IR THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved, sustained capability to counter EO/IR threats. Need an improved capability to synchronize all countermeasures to achieve a synergistic effect against the threat. Desire a generic countermeasure to work against this threat class, rather than specific countermeasures for each one. Detecting the end of the engagement (need D5) is an important parallel need, as this allows operators to conserve countermeasures for future engagements.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Degrade/denial of EO/IR tracking

Degrade/denial of weapon tracking or weapon effect (survival of platform)

Ability to defeat EO and IR threats i.e. flare programs / multi spectral flares

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: D9

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST DEW THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved, sustained capability to counter DEW threats. Need an improved capability to synchronize all countermeasures to achieve a synergistic effect against the threat. Detecting the end of the engagement (need D6) is an important parallel need, as this allows operators to conserve countermeasures for future engagements.

This need includes countering laser dazzlers, laser search (ladars), laser fusing, laser ranging, laser coding, as well as countering a directed energy weapon with the power to disable a platform with directed energy alone.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Denial/degrade of directed energy fusing, coding or ranging

Denial/degrade of DEW weapon effect (absorption or deflection)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: N1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: LOW ALTITUDE TERRAIN FOLLOWING / AVOIDANCE NAVIGATION

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve low altitude terrain following / terrain avoidance and navigation.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Speed

Degrees of bank

Environmental limitations (minimum altitudes, terrain, weather, etc.)

Sensitivity to "seeing" obstructions

Quality of visibility

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: N2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: INTERNATIONALLY COMPATIBLE NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to comply with ICAO/FAA communications/navigation requirements. The FAA has scheduled the phase-out of ground based navigational aids beginning in 2000. The FAA has directed the phase out of the Instrument Landing System (ILS) after 2000. A TCAS capability will be required for operations in Europe by 1999 (and to comply with US Federal Aviation Navigation System guidelines).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

International point-to-point navigation capability independent of ground aids

Capability to fly precision approaches at airfields which lack ground based precision approach equipment

Ability to meet TCAS capability requirements

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: STANDOFF ATTACK CAPABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require a standoff attack capability to allow platforms and systems to avoid the threat engagement zones (aircraft, SAMs, AAA, tanks). Includes information warfare or electronic warfare techniques.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Range - Distance away from target / threat F-pole, threat no escape zone

Altitude

Environmental conditions

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: AUTONOMOUS ATTACK CAPABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an autonomous attack capability for weapons after launch. This capability frees the launching platform to perform other tasks or to egress from the engagement area during the weapon time of flight.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

Launch platform support - Lock on prior to launch - best it can get is a 3.

Off board platform support - must be in non vulnerable position

Acquisition of target

Identification of target

Accuracy

Weapon memory: ability to remember a targeting cue after launch (especially important for targets which stop emitting during weapon time of flight)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: EXPANDED OFF-BORESIGHT TARGET ENGAGEMENT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to expand the ability of platforms to employ weapons against off-boresight targets (targets which are not aligned with the platform’s axis of movement).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1. .

Weapon employment envelope

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: EXPANDED WEAPONS EMPLOYMENT ENVELOPE

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an expanded weapons employment envelope. Weapon employment envelopes and delivery platform performance envelopes must be the same, or nearly the same. Employment envelope should be equal to the aircraft performance capability during combat maneuvering.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Platform performance envelope

Weapon delivery envelope

Platform / weapon separation

Weapon function (fusing, CBU canister spin, etc.)

Accuracy

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W5

 

(U) NEED TITLE: MULTIPLE KILLS PER PASS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need the ability to attack multiple target elements during a single platform pass. Platform or weapon must support multi-targeting before a ripple launch in the target area. Autonomous--not subject to control from the outside; independent.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Target resolution

Number of targets engaged

Targeting footprint (how far apart can the targets be)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: WEAPON EFFECTIVENESS AGAINST LARGE AREA TARGETS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve weapon effectiveness against large area targets. Target set includes very large targets with highly distributed target elements. Size of target and dispersion of target elements distinguishes this from multiple kills per pass. Target element spacing is such that target elements must be attacked individually. Strategic target versus hitting multiple tactical targets on one pass (e.g. Republican Guard is strategic target). CONVENTIONAL surface attack FLAVOR ONLY!

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Target area

Target density or target element separation

Weapon footprint

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: AREA DENIAL CAPABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an area denial capability. Must be able to deny access to an area regardless of the physical environment. Denial must last for a specific period of time (persistence).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

Persistence - Area denial for a period of time selectable persistence

Remote activation or deactivation (ON and OFF switch)

Survivable in multimedia (water, earth, hard surfaces)

Overt or Covert implantation

Area of influence

Multi sensor capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: DEEP, HARDENED TARGET CAPABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require the capability to neutralize a deep and hardened target through lethal or non-lethal means. This can include a physical weapon which propagates damage through "x" number of feet of reinforced concrete, or an information weapon which denies the target the ability to perform key functions (command and control, etc.). The key desired weapons effect is to disable the function of the facility for a specified duration. This may or may not require physical destruction of the facility.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

Depth

Hardness

Concealment/location

Weapon effect on target function

Degree of communication service integration with target

Time criticality of desired attack relative to overall prosecution of campaign

Duration of desired effects

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W9

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: CONTAIN OR NEUTRALIZE BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL AGENTS/WEAPONS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require the capability to defeat or minimize the effect of (neutralize) biological and chemical agents/weapons.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Limit dispersion rate

Limit dispersion area

Time to neutralize/contain

Applicability against multiple types of agents

Identification of biological or chemical agents

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W10

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: ACCURATE/PRECISION ATTACK CAPABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved accurate / precision attack capability.

Includes improvements in terminal guidance for guided weapons.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

CEP

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W11

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: ATTACK CAPABILITY UNCHANGED BY ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an attack capability which is unchanged by environmental conditions.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Accuracy

Capability unchanged down to 0 ft ceiling, 0 ft visibility

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W12

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: FREEFALL MUNITIONS WITH ACCURACY FROM MEDIUM TO HIGH ALTITUDE

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require more accuracy from freefall weapons delivered from medium to high altitude.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

Adjustment for changing winds at different altitudes

Accuracy

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W13

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: STIMULATE/DECOY/SATURATE ENEMY AIR DEFENSES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require the capability to stimulate enemy air defenses into action. Need to be able to decoy enemy air defenses without exposing manned aircraft to the threat. Require the capability to saturate enemy air defenses with information (false targets, etc.) to degrade their effectiveness..

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

(U) 8.

(U) 9.

Decoy must realistically simulate an aircraft in signature and flight characteristics (includes unmanned decoys and information warfare techniques)

Must be able to launch from radar horizon line to prevent early warning sites from detecting decoy/launch aircraft separation.

Decoy capability

Saturation capability

Duration of effect

Range of effect

Multiple engagement capability (more than one air defense site)

Degree of integration with communication services

Time criticality of desired attack relative to overall prosecution of campaign

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Air Superiority DRA

2. Global Attack DRP

3. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W14

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: LIMIT VULNERABILITY OF WEAPON TO COUNTERMEASURES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to limit the vulnerability of weapons to countermeasures.

Electronic protection (EP) and counter-countermeasures capabilities of current weapons need to be improved to be responsive to changes in threat countermeasures. Threat assessments have recognized the inherent vulnerability of weapons to information warfare (IW). A wide variety IW will be developed and produced by many threat countries to reduce the effectiveness of weapons. The elements of IW assessed to be the highest threats through 2010 will continue to be .......(CLASSIFIED)

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Susceptibility to enemy active countermeasures

Susceptibility to enemy passive countermeasures

Susceptibility to friendly active countermeasures

Susceptibility to other emissions in the employment area

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

4. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W15

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED WEAPON LETHALITY / EFFECTIVENESS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need improved weapon lethality or effectiveness of weapons. Current and future weapons must be improved to neutralize or negate their target. The weapon effect must last for the desired period of time. Includes improvements in weapon speed, kill mechanisms and fusing.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Target function negation

Persistency of target function negation

Weapon speed--time from launch to target negation

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: W16

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: MINIMIZE / NEGATE COLLATERAL DAMAGE

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an improved capability to minimize the amount of collateral damage caused around the desired target. Weapons must destroy target function and not damage surrounding structures or personnel. Also includes the capability to neutralize a key portion of a target without effecting other components (for example: negating the function of a scud launcher without damaging the chemical warhead of the missile).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

Accuracy

Radius of effect

Target interaction/secondary effects

Degree of integration with communication services

Time criticality of desired attack relative to overall prosecution of campaign

Duration of desired effects

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: test and Fault Isolation Capability

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to test and find faults with components while they are still in place. This will reduce component removal trying to find the problem. (causes increased maintenance time, thereby reducing system availability)

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Troubleshooting capability on the system (BIT/Isolate) to identify the problem.

Tester capability (one tester "does it all")

Rate of false indications

Ability to test overall system function in addition to individual components

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: Systems / Subsystems / Equipment Standardization / INTEROPERABILITY

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to reduce the amount of unique systems, unique support systems unique configurations, and unique tools needed to sustain platforms and equipment. This will give us the capability to deploy with a smaller package of support equipment and parts, and will reduce sustainment costs. Increase standardization and interoperability also improves the ability to train with other services or allies.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Standardization / interoperability / integration capability with functionally similar systems

Non-proliferation of unique systems and support systems (commonality of components, logistics support, line maintenance)

Processing compatible with Navy, Army systems

Compatible with Allied nations

Standardized system configurations

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: High reliability of Systems / Subsystems / Equipment

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to increase the reliability and employment time capability of systems, subsystems and equipment to increase utilization rates of systems while reducing maintenance actions required. Includes the need to design systems based on realistic projections of system usage in the field, such as weapons and countermeasures, for increased captive carriage reliability and service life capability following exposure to extremes of operational environments..

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) or Mean Operating Hours Between Critical Failure (MOHBCF)

Rugged construction

Testability of components (highly desire capability to test while still installed)

Cockpit / tester equipment indications of degraded operation

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG4

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: Structural Integrity Through Expected Service Life

(U) DESCRIPTION: Our platforms must be capable of performing their functions throughout their service lives. An important limitation to platform availability is structural defects which will prevent use of the platform (and resulting in a total loss of that platform’s capabilities). We must repair and overhaul the structures of platforms to keep the desired force structure available for use until we modernize to new platforms or systems. We must also improve analysis of the future use of platforms being designed so that we can build platforms or systems which do not require extensive repair or overhaul during the expected service life of the system.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

Service life of platform--meet original or changed usage requirements

Resistance to cracking

Resistance to fatigue

Resistance to corrosion

Resistance to g-loading

Resistance to environmental extremes (heat, cold/freezing, dust, dirt, moisture, etc.)

Improved modeling tools to determine actual service life

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

NEED TITLE: Reduce impact of diminishing manufacturing sources (DMS)

(U) DESCRIPTION: We must have the capability to repair systems and subsystems which may be supported by few or no manufacturers. We need to be able to replace parts and equipment which are no longer being manufactured. This might include a new replacement part or system similar to the original or upgraded systems with components which are currently being supported by manufacturers (for example: replace tube-based systems with integrated circuits systems).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Open architecture (to allow entry of new manufacturer; or to enable competitive effort by more than one manufacturer in the design of system improvements)

Modular systems with standard or interoperable interfaces

Ability to upgrade with new technology

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: eFficient OPERATIONAL SYSTEM turn Times

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to do required maintenance actions on platforms quickly when the platforms are immediately needed for another mission. Need to reduce the time required to prepare or return a system to operational service by reducing the number of maintenance tasks or by making their accomplishment easier.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Servicing timelines

Maintenance timelines

Data loading and downloading

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Air Superiority DRA

3. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: RepaIrability / Maintainability of Systems / Subsystems / Equipment

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need to keep our platforms and systems mission capable. We can do this more efficiently and cheaply if we can reduce the amount of time and the level of effort required to maintain and repair systems, subsystems, and equipment. Platforms, weapons, and other systems can be built or modified to be more rugged (to prevent accidental damage), more reliable (to reduce the number of periodic repairs), and more maintainable (easier to fix).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Maintenance requirements

Servicing requirements

System complexity

System accessibility

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

5. Counterinformation DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: Reduce Impact of Hazardous Materials

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to perform our functions without polluting the area we are working in (which is often a foreign country). To do this, we need to use non-toxic materials whenever possible. We need to know what is considered hazardous material at a deployed contingency location (i.e., Saudi, Bosnia, etc.) to better comply with the environmental laws of allies. Need to reduce the amount of hazardous materials (human, medical, industrial and other dangerous waste) used or created. Need to reduce the impact of hazardous materials used or created (neutralization, handling, storage, disposal).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Storage

Handling

Disposal

Legal

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG 9

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: Extended Phase / Preventative Maintenance Intervals

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to increase the amount of time or missions between planned required periodic maintenance requirements. Includes the design of new equipment/systems, and retrofitting existing equipment to extend phase and preventative maintenance intervals.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Inspection requirements

Reliability

Individual parts of system have comparable reliability (eliminate "long poles")

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG10

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: Timely Reprogramming of Electronic Devices

(U) DESCRIPTION: We need the capability to effectively operate in a rapidly changing electronic environment. To do this, we need to create systems which are easily reprogrammable. We need to devise a process to rapidly react to changes in the electronic environment and convert those changes into data or information compatible with electronic devices in use or in development.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Complexity

Timeliness

Secure

Reliable

Survivable communications

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG11

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: Increased Storage Life for Systems / Subsystems / Equipment:

(U) DESCRIPTION: To improve the probability that a stored item will work when used. Includes resistance to environmental fluctuations, long-term (define) shelf life, and the ability to easily confirm proper operation of the part before it is installed in the platform / system (the test should be accurate and much quicker than the installation).

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Minimal environmental restrictions

Test capability

Graceful degradation

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

3. Air Superiority DRA

4. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: LG12

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 3

(U) NEED TITLE: VISIBILITY AND TIMELY DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the capability of commanders to have near real-time visibility of people, units, equipment, and supplies which are in storage, in process, in transient, or in theater. We must also have the ability to act on this information and quickly execute control decisions to move resources to where they are needed within hours or minutes.

This capability requires an automatic supply order generation process and a process that predicts use of resources. In addition to historical re-supply orders, the predictive process must also consider the operation at hand and its impact on resource use. This necessitates access to and use of data provided in the plan built by the higher level Commander.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Visibility of people, units, equipment, supplies

Ability to quickly redirect resources

Ability to determine resources needed at each organizational location

Ability to access Joint Force Commander plans to predict resource use

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 3 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: EFFICIENT SETUP / BREAKDOWN OF EQUIPMENT OR FACILITIES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to improve the ability to setup and breakdown equipment or facilities efficiently.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Time required for setup

Manpower required

Modularity (reconfigurable components, individual components of manageable size and weight)

Time and effort required to breakdown and clean equipment or facilities for redeployment

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I2

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: PROTECTION AGAINST HEALTH THREATS

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need protection against world-wide health threats. Air Force personnel must be ready to deploy anywhere in the world. Many countries, particularly third world countries, pose a wide range of health problems to include unusual flora and fauna, unsanitary conditions, and disease transmission modes. Require a means to protect personnel from these dangers. Severe pollution of local water, foods, and population health risks can overwhelm attempts to prevent contamination of base systems.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Threat identified before deployment

Access to database: for health threats, and to track personnel

Effective protection against threats

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I3

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED MEDICAL CARE EQUIPMENT FOR PERSONNEL

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need to provide improved health care for personnel. Includes improvements to current health equipment required to provide care for personnel in contingency operations. Includes deployable equipment that rapidly diagnoses casualties and provides anesthesia both for contingency locations on the ground and in-flight medical evacuations. Equipment lacks full second and third echelon diagnostic capability for on-ground or in-flight casualty care. Also includes operation room specific telecommunications equipment, field oxygen systems; anesthesia ventilators, and field sterilization units.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Deployable

Functional effectiveness

Time required to get output

Interoperable with long range communication systems (link to communications)

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I4(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED CAPABILITY TO PROVIDE ESSENTIAL SERVICES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Need an improved capability to provide essential services.

Lack capability to ship refrigerated/frozen items aboard aircraft. Services does not have a deployable container for transporting refrigerated/ frozen supplies for forward operating locations. Existing means of transporting are large cardboard boxes and dry ice.

Current personal / organizational laundry capability is airlift intensive, labor intensive, unreliable, and difficult to maintain.

Inadequate capability to process/store remains. No deployable facility is available for mortuary processing that provides a water source, easily sanitized work surfaces, walls and floors. Existing 150 cu. ft. refrigerators have inadequate space and shelving for storage of multiple bodies.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Preservation

Sanitation

Labor requirement

Reliability and availability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I5

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: IMPROVED CAPABILITY TO PROVIDE MWR SERVICES

(U) DESCRIPTION: Lack ability to provide deployable MWR services. Inadequate capability to provide exchange services. There is no dedicated securable facility with shelving, storage space, cash registers, etc. to support resale operations. Inadequate to provide flight/flight line meals. No self-contained, mobile, deployable facility available for production of flight meals and hot ground support meals near the flight line. Limited ability to provide fitness/recreation facilities. No self-contained, deployable facility to conduct fitness activities.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

Deployability

Security

Impact on morale

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I6

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: DETECTION AND WARNING OF NBC THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an improved capability to detect nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. Also require an improved capability to warn platform operators and other personnel of the existence of an NBC threat.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

NBC threat avoidance

Nuclear threat detection and warning

Biological threat detection and warning

Chemical threat detection and warning

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I7

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST NBC THREAT

(U) DESCRIPTION: Limited personal protection against NBC threat. Current facilities have limited collective protection capability. Without operating areas protected from chem/bio agents, essential, time critical services such as emergency medical care cannot occur. Decontamination of platforms and equipment & personnel.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

Effectiveness against nuclear threat

Effectiveness against biological threat

Effectiveness against chemical threat

Decontamination of chemical and biological agents

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I8

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 2

(U) NEED TITLE: COUNTERMEASURES AGAINST BULLETS, SHRAPNEL

(U) DESCRIPTION: Inadequate body protection against bullets and shrapnel. Need protection against new and emerging small arms, bombing and other ballistic threats. This need increases as personnel (especially base defense forces) are exposed to newer, more accurate and more powerful threat weapons.

Mobile individuals: should provide maximum protection without imposing free range of movement restrictions or debilitating heat stress-induced performance degradation. Desire a layering capability so protective capabilities can be mission tailored and matched to the threat.

Individuals in defensive fighting positions: Need the capability to use new/emerging technologies to build fighting stations in contingency operations or fast-developing base defense situations. There is a need for protection from belligerents in close contact with AF personnel, particularly in peacekeeping operations. Peaceful situations can quickly turn into dangerous confrontations and AF personnel need the capability to erect expedient fighting positions to protect themselves from small arms fire and shrapnel.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

Mobile systems: Weight: The weight of the basic protective system.

Unrestricted body movement. The ability of an individual to perform a full range of motions while wearing the protective system.

Protection of vital body areas from the effects of direct-fire small arms, indirect-fire weapons, or shrapnel.

Compatibility with load bearing equipment/systems, e.g., combat harness.

Fixed systems: physical size/weight. Solution(s) components must be deployable fitting on a standard airlift pallet, and be man-portable.

Provide ballistic protection of vital body areas from the effects of high-speed shrapnel and small arms fire.

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 2 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: I9

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 1

(U) NEED TITLE: Improve Force Protection of Deployed Personnel and Equipment

(U) DESCRIPTION: Improve capability to protect deployed personnel and equipment, in all locations and situations, accomplished through planned and integrated application of combating terrorism, physical security, operations security, personal protective services, and supported by intelligence, counter intelligence, and other security programs. (Add any explanation necessary to make this clear. The attributes section may help do this. The need should be written so it will apply to whatever systems might be in use now and in the future.)

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

Improve capability to safely transport personnel in response to ground threats

Improve capability to defend against new and emerging ground-based threats.

(a) intruder detection systems

(b) adequate security personnel

(c) hardened shelters

Improve capability to defeat new and emerging ground-based threats

Improve capability to detect enemy forces (maybe already captured in sensors)

Improve Point Air Defense (PAD) capability

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 1 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Agile Combat Support DRS

2. Global Attack DRP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(U) ACC NEED ID#: S1

(U) QUARTILE GROUP: 4

(U) NEED TITLE: LOCATE DOWNED AIRCREW / ISOLATED PERSONNEL

(U) DESCRIPTION: Require an improved capability to locate downed aircrew or isolated personnel.

(U) ATTRIBUTES:

(U) 1.

(U) 2.

(U) 3.

(U) 4.

(U) 5.

(U) 6.

(U) 7.

Search method (visual or electronic)

Accuracy of position by electronic means

Visual acquisition of survivor

Over the horizon location ability

Time required to locate survivor

Probability of hostile interception of signals

Communication range

(U) NEED RANK HISTORY:

FY98 4 FY00 FY02 FY06

(U) MAPs CONTAINING THIS NEED:

MAP OPR

1. Combat Search and Rescue DRA

2. Global Attack DRP