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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)

Avionics

 

AVON010 -- EXPANDED SITUATION AWARENESS INSERTION

DESCRIPTION: ESAI is an advanced avionics fusion program capable of providing timely, mission essential information allowing aircrews to make instantaneous mission adjustments in response to rapidly changing combat conditions. ESAI technologies apply to the functions necessary to receive, decrypt, filter, correlate and display on & off-board information in-flight, to update pre-mission planning and to augment on-board sensors. ESAI information consists of threat data, target images, enroute and target weather, Battle Damage Assessment (BDA) video/text and Command and Control (C2) data in text format. ESAI information originates from sources off-board the aircraft such as space systems, reconnaissance and surveillance systems, and other warfighters’ C2 systems. Other sources include on-board sensors such as radar warning receivers, missile warning, countermeasure, targeting, navigation and identification friend or foe systems. ESAI information is applied by the aircrew for detection and threat avoidance, self-protection, retasking and/or retargeting, combat identification and weapon delivery aiding.

JUSTIFICATION: ESAI’s open architecture is a significant leap in on-board mission management technology in that the system:

  1. provides commonality across platform and mission areas
  2. Interfaces with existing communication, aircraft navigation and display systems
  3. Is applicable not only to ACC but to AFSOC, AMC and other services,
  4. Employs commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technology and is scaleable to meet specific operational needs

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. O&S costs will be significantly reduced since the hardware and core software are common, regardless of the host aircraft. This is especially true for composite wing implementations and for joint force deployments as the O&S functions are identical for every aircraft.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID MNS, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92; MNS168, Real Time Information In the Cockpit (RTIC)

1067 Number and Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. J. Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655

ORD Number and Title: N/A

Development Plan Date and Title: Air-to-Surface Development Plan, 30 Sep 96, Concept #212

 

PEM Backup Name: Maj. Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

 

AVON013 -- Wideband Broadcast Data Link

DESCRIPTION: This concept develops a Wide-Band LOS Data link capable of broadcasting to multiple platforms at information at rates which exceed 200 MBPS. Interoperability with existing Common Data Link waveform will be provided along with the ability to easily incorporate other waveforms. Use of COTS and High Speed Digital signal processing technology will allow the production of an affordable data link that is easy to configure and that has flexibility to incorporate improved network and communications capabilities as they become available in a building block approach. The integration of this system with existing commercial and military switch networks (ATM, DDN, MSE, etc.) provides significant enhancements to communications interoperability.

This concept also lends itself to the incorporation of advanced image compression techniques to support the real-time transmission of multiple sensor outputs. The approach incorporates these advanced techniques into programmable digital signal processing hardware. This allows the incorporation of existing NITF imagery formats as well as new techniques such that analysis of these compression techniques can be accomplished in an operational environment.

 

 

AVON014 -- Laser Designation for a UAV for Laser Guided Munitions

Information not available.

 

 

AVON015 -- Acoustic Location of Artillery, Rockets and Missiles (ALARM)

Information not available.

 

AVON021 -- Panoramic Night Vision Gogles

DESCRIPTION: This effort will develop a lightweight, low-profile, ejection compatible, helmet-mounted Panoramic Night Vision Goggle (PNVG). Current NVGs have a field-of-view (FOV) of approximately 40 degrees, which restricts the safe operation of aircraft at night and at low altitude. An NVG with a wider FOV is necessary to improve navigation, targeting, weapons delivery, and search and rescue at night. The users are interested in a system capable of providing intensified images for a FOV >60 degrees, that minimizes center of gravity (cg) problems improves resolution over the ANVIS system, and has growth potential for adding flight and navigation symbology. The PNVG will also be capable of displaying HUD-type symbology and will incorporate a helmet tracker to update symbology based on the pilot’s line-of-sight.

 

AVON023 -- GPS-Aided Scoring Systems

 

Information not available.

 

 

AVON025 -- High Performance Solid State Threat Warning Sensors

DESCRIPTION: Future missile warning systems (MWS) are looking to the passive ultraviolet (UV) detection region because it is predicted to be less susceptible to false alarms than current infrared (IR) sensors. These systems would sense and image the UV emissions of missile plumes in the spectral region unaffected by solar radiation. The current approach for UV sensors uses a filter-stack and an image intensifier tube to detect the ultraviolet emission. These systems are bulky and have the requirement of high voltage and power consumption. In order to eliminate the solar spectral region, they also require combining complex vacuum tube technology with special ultraviolet bandpass filters. Both of these technology have the effect of lower efficiencies and reducing the overall sensor sensitivity. Thus, there is a critical need for a solar-blind, direct photon counting detector device and array.

 

AVON029 -- 3D CFLOS Real-time Meteorological Satellite Imagery Data

DESCRIPTION: The proposed concept will produce a PC based 3-D display of cloud-free-line - of sight for user specified points on the globe. The display will access a global, 5 km, 1 hr resolution cloud database that is derived from 8 different satellite platforms to simulate the input of real time data from those same systems. The program will accept user input of viewing perspective parameters. The program will then display the cloud field that is present at all azimuthal angles and elevations from that point.

Target acquisition and site selection for engagement are both impacted by clouds. Any system that is sensitive to infrared or laser transmission through the atmosphere will be impacted by thermally or optically opaque clouds.

Science and Technology Corporation (STC-METSAT will demonstrate a prototype system that will provide Theater Missile Defense (TMD) operators with the situational awareness of clouds at any point on the globe. STC-METSAT will use this prototype the demonstrate the economic feasibility of providing a three-dimensional cloud free line-of-site (CFLOS) display, in real time, from global satellite imagery, on a transportable and affordable system. An important part of this display will be the location of cloud tops. The height of the cloud top is a key input to calculating the time from launch to detection by airborne or space-based detection systems.

The deliverable for this proposed work is a demonstration package that will produce 3 dimensional (azimuthally dependent) cloud-free line-of-site analysis from global, high resolution, digital, meteorological satellite imagery. The demonstration will be developed to run on an IBM compatible PC. The prototype will be built to allow the operator to specify a point on the globe (latitude,longitude) for a CFLOS analysis. The system will then display the location of cloud free sectors about that point, cloud top height, and the fraction of the sky dome that is covered by cloud at that point.

The demonstration system will use the new DoD-sponsored global satellite image data base and allow operators to specify a point on the globe for the generation of an azimuthally dependent cloud free line-of-site product.

 

AVON030 -- Air Dropped Theater Missile Launch Acoustic Sensor

DESCRIPTION: Concept will provide military forces with covert, continuous, real-time, intelligence gathering in hostile areas without risk to personnel. Challenges include developing an unattended ground sensor (UGS) and real-time, uncompromised transmission of data to the appropriate Command and Control unit. The goal is to demonstrate operation and effectiveness of a clandestine, acoustic ground sensor for collection, dissemination, and use of time critical data both before and during hostilities. This sensor will be air delivered for land deployment and have capabilities to detect and classify enemy activity and vehicles. During Desert Storm, employment of high tech weapons such as Cruise Missiles and Smart Bombs were very successful against high value targets. Unfortunately, the Scud missile and other Time Critical Targets (TCT) were extremely evasive and hard to locate. Consequently, they were difficult to destroy. It became obvious that faster target detection and tracking, reduction in mission planning time, and destruction of these targets under all weather conditions would be essential in future encounters. Finding TCT's is critically important, and unattended sensors can effectively and reliably provide the needed strategic and tactical data. The proposed sensor is designed to provide long duration monitoring of selected geographical areas. The data collected from an acoustic sensor can measure activity in the intended target area for pre-hostility and Battle Damage Assessment (BDA). Multiple air dropped UGS's seeded in a field will transmit to remote monitoring equipment where their data can be fused with data from other sensors to achieve an overall picture of the tactical environment.

 

AVON034 -- Laser Activated Semiconductor Switch Applications (LASS)

DESCRIPTION: Provides improved offensive and defensive aircraft capability. Defensively improves aircraft survivability by providing all-aspect situational awareness and countermeasures capabilities against both IR and RF homing surface to air and air to air missiles. Utilizes multi-spectral integrated onboard situational radar and countermeasures systems using compact semiconductor lasers as emmitter source-drivers. The primary LASER source provides energy used to generate Ultra-WideBand waveforms capable of detecting targets with conventional and LO signatures. The emitting source can be embedded in the aircraft skin and be coupled to optically steered array antennas. The primary LASER can also be used to generate countermeasures in the RF and EO portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. A dual mode HPM/LASER radiating source can detect the threat and counter it with RF and/or LASER emissions in the required wavelenght band. This multispectral energy will counter a threat system via deception, saturation, blinding, upset or burnout.

LASS also provides improved precision air to ground targeting against elusive high value assets which may be hiding in foiliage camouflage or concealed in buried shelters. An UWB SAR can be integrated on new or existing aircraft and unmanned UAVs. This sensor could penetrate the camouflage or earth’s surface and provide a recognizable image to assist in directing time critical strikes.

Use a primary laser source to drive an UWB radar system, a defensive laser, and a defensive HPM weapon.

The UWB radar system would be capable of detecting targets with convential signatures and would provide a vast improvement in detecting aircraft with LO signatures. The UWB radar would be used to detect threats to the aircraft, and then provide targeting and cueing information to either the laser or the HPM weapons. In addition, this radar could be used in an Air-to-Surface role to overcome CCD efforts and provide target designation. The antenna for this system would be embedded in the skin of the aircraft, providing lower drag and the opportunity for better LO characteristics.

The defensive laser would be used to counter IR threats by confusing, blinding, or burning-out the missile seeker, depending on range, power, and the hardness of the missile seeker. It would be multi-band, solid state, and tunable to counter a range of air-to-ground and air-to-air IR threats.

The HPM source would counter any sort of guidance system on a missile. The energy would couple into the missile system through either front or back door entries and would counter the threat through deception, saturation, blinding, upset, or burnout, depending on range, power, and the hardness of the missile. In addition, the HPM source would be an extremely-high-power jammer which could be brought to bear against early warning/acquisition radars, fire control radars, and C4I systems.

The primary laser source would be used to drive the system at better than 1 kHz PRF, with 100-200 ps pulses.

 

AVON035 -- Responsive Electronic Warfare Training System

DESCRIPTION: The Responsive Electronic Warfare Training (REWTS) concept allows an EW instructor in real time to measure the response of a trainee and adjust the level of training accordingly. For efficient and effective an EW training system should provide a planned increasing level of jamming. Jamming techniques must be presented in a way (timing & sequencing) that realistically exercises the operator and his radar, forcing him to learn about himself and his radar, enabling him to make the correct tactical decisions. Training must be realistic and provide the type of stress that one would encounter in an actual engagement. Sophisticated ECM equipment and automatic mode selection are not the complete answer. To be real, the scenario must be played out - the trainee must be challenged; he must react. This back-and-forth scenario provides both effective and efficient training.

The A100 is a flight-proven REWTS pod-mounted ECM system developed specifically to train pilots and airborne radar operators in the effective use of ECCM. It operates over the entire range from 6.8-10.5GHz. The built-in Radar Warning (RWR) - and Set-On Receivers (SOR) give the user "eyes and ears" - the instructor knows what the target radar system is, where it is, and how far away it is. This information, provided to the cockpit control box by the RWR and SOR, enables the instructor to conduct closed-loop training. He can instantly monitor the response of the trainee to the jamming and adjust the type and level of training accordingly.

 

AVON048 -- Time Critical Target Detection/Recognition via Joint Utilization

DESCRIPTION: This concept provides a Post Image Exploitation Processing (PIEP) workstation to capitalize on the unique capabilities of the JSTARS MTI and SAR (U-2, Tier2/3) assets. The proposed system will provide a unique tool to detect, recognize, and precisely geo-locate time critical targets. The approach does not require any modifications of the existing airborne sensors on either the JSTARs or U2/TIER programs. The capability provided is self-contained and capable of being rapidly deployed. The PIEP workstation environment (approximately the size of a desktop computer) will address a problem that is currently unsolvable by either sensor system alone. The need exists for a mechanism that allows each sensor to jointly function in the mode which can provide optimal information and facilitate the cross coupling of the operational information in a way which would not require modification to the fundamental equipment complement of either platform. The approach to achieving this concept is through the use of a workstation environment to exploit, and task the imaging platform to obtain high quality information about the target, for accurate recognition, estimates of target position, and target state without regard to the target's motion. All of this is a common coordinate framework for both the surveillance assets, as well as the attack assets.

To accomplish this, we conceive a Post Image Exploitation Processing (PIEP) workstation environment which will use MTI (JSTARS) information on the moving target environment to cue a SAR (U2/TIER) platform for recognition of the candidate moving targets. During the normal course of operations, the SAR will naturally produce information for stationary target recognition. The MTI inputs of position relative to a global framework, and radial velocity are normally used to build a track file which is used to project the target's path. This information is used to cue the SAR platform to image the area of interest. The PIEP workstation performs the transformation to map the MTI cues into the reference frame of the SAR platform and passes this on to the SAR ground station for SAR system tasking. Upon receipt of the SAR data, the ground station forms the imagery in a normal way. As the images are formed, the data is passed to the PIEP to determine where moving targets are in the scene and segments movers from stationary targets. The stationary targets in the scene are passed on to the recognition algorithms in the PIEP where a target class, geo-position (in a user prescribed coordinate system) and geo-position accuracy contours are reported to generate an attack profile. For the segment that has moving targets, additional processing is accomplished in the PIEP. This additional processing corrects the artifacts caused by the target motion during the SAR imaging interval. Upon correction, the images of the moving targets are passed on to the recognizer algorithms for target class determination. For the moving target, the PIEP estimates the target geo-position during the imaging interval and uses the MTI data to project a path for the moving target with position accuracies to generate a moving target attack profile. In all cases, the image chips can be transformed into useful map products in the PIEP to provide imagery of the target and surrounding area.

Another potential use of this concept would be the possibility detect, track and identify cruise missiles, UAVs and low observable platforms.

 

AVON050Wide-band Multi-Platform Data Exchange System

DESCRIPTION: A communications system capable of sending large amounts of information at high rate (T1-1.544 MBPS) to airborne and/or surface assets with a corresponding order wire link to allow for positive reception validation and request generation. The system would also have jam resistance and reduced probability of enemy detection features. Commonality with existing data link communications equipment would also be an objective. This system would also be configurable to allow surface based operations centers, etc to participate in the communications system.

 

 

AVON058 -- Realistic EW Training

DESCRIPTION: This concept involves the use of government owned Convair turboprop aircraft outfitted with ECM gear coupled with a multimedia EW presentation to serve as a traveling classroom. The turboprop Convair has a greater loiter time and cargo capacity than any of the aircraft currently being used for EW training. This concept involves outfitting it with a combination of captured equipment (jammers, chaff, and flares) to present aircrew training in an actual ECM environment. Tied to the aircraft is a multimedia training package already developed called the Electronic Combat Training System (ECTS). ECTS covers theory and operation of EW equipment and contains classified information on enemy equipment and how to respond to it. Along with this the Convair will be able to carry pods capable of simulating a wide variety of airborne and ground-based radars, evaluating RWRs , training ESM operators and allowing instructor interaction to tailor specific training needs. Aircrews would be provided PC based training as a prelude to flight operations with the Convair containing the actual hardware. As studies indicate, this appears to be a very cost effective way to put a traveling package which can provide training against actual enemy equipment for the first time. Additionally, the Convair, due to its limited maneuverability, could be replaced by the soon retiring T-39 or Mig 21.

 

 

AVON061 -- FCHMD (Full Color Binocular Helmet-Mounted Display)

DESCRIPTION: A full (2,3,or 4) color binocular helmet-mounted display (FCBHMD) with a line-of-sight aiming system is proposed for day/night, air-to-air (AIM-9X) and air-to-ground weapon delivery, and for search and rescue. It will be ejection compatible but not motion box limited. FCBHMD will incorporate outside-in display formats to minimize roll-reversal and spatial disorientation during maneuvering and will present an intuitive rendering of aircraft attitude using an aircraft moving in a grid. It will separate friendly forces from aggressor targets through the use of colored symbols and provide a high accuracy tracker and solid-state image source HMD that will address the fundamental performance issues associated with high off-boresight angle (HOBA) weapons (AIM-9X) and sensors. It will provide full color imagery to integrate both on and off-board sources. It will display any type of air-to-air, air-to-surface or search and rescue related information while providing the display necessary to optimize JSTARS or AWACS information.

 

AVON 0071 Attack Operations Concept Development

DESCRIPTION: Attack Operations Concept Development focus on advanced sensor and target recognition/identification improvements, CONOPS and requirements development for Time Critical Target Wide Area Surveillance and Strike systems, and their optimized integration within the Battle Management architecture. Migration of technologies such as Automatic Target Cueing/Recognition (ATC/R), Moving Target Indicator/Track (MTI/T) upgrades, and Data Fusion to Joint STARS, F-15E and potentially U-2, F-16 and UAVs. Evaluating using constructive analysis, Technology/Operational Concept Demonstrations and CINC Experiments along with command and control connectivity upgrades critical to their optimum employment against Time Critical Targets (TCT).

JUSTIFICATION:

1. Matures Laboratory efforts that improve the CAFs ability to locate, identify, target and destroy TCTs.

2. Develops and demonstrates prototype systems and/or upgrades through Operational Concept Demonstrations and CINC experiments

3. Quantifies requirements for inclusion into specific system ORDs.

4. Allows transition of laboratory programs such as Automatic Target Recognition and IR sensor improvements to specific platforms and/or systems.

5. Develops common algorithm baseline/modules that will be used across many platforms .

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 28060F

ISSUES: Pre-Milestone 0 concept development.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: JMNS-064-91, Joint Theater Missile Defense MNS, 18 Nov 91; Air Force MNS (USAF-004091) Theater Missile Defense, 1 Oct 91

ORD Number & Title: Draft Time Critical Target (TCT) Capstone Requirements Document

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: Aerospace Control, 30 Sep 96

Current CINC IPL: YES, Multiple CINC IPLs address TMD Attack Operations

ACC PEM Name: Maj Braun, DRAO, 4-7067 PEM Backup Name: Mr D Shepherd, 4-7067

 

AVON072 -- Air-to-Ground Radar Imaging (AGRI)

DESCRIPTION: AGRI provides non-cooperative air-to-ground target identification (ID) using radar high range resolution (HRR) for use in multi-role fighters like the Joint Strike Fighter. HRR uses a wideband pulse to generate a high degree of range resolution. This gives the radar the capability to detect individual scatterers within a given target and develop a one-dimensional profile of the scatterers along the length of the target. This 1-D profile is compared to an onboard database, containing stored profiles of all targets of interest, to determine the by-type ID of the target.

JUSTIFICATION: Current capability for air-to-ground (A/G) combat ID is limited to cooperative ID systems, which forces ground vehicles to emit a signal, or visual ID by a pilot. AGRI provides a new capability for beyond visual range ID of ground targets giving the user increased mission effectiveness while minimizing both threats to own ship and fratricide. The Joint Service Mission Need Statement (JMNS) and the Joint Combat Identification Master Plan both affirm the need for standoff ID along with identification of friend, foe, or neutrals in the regime of Air-to-Surface (Ground) missions. Deficiencies from FY96 CAS/Interdiction MAP that AGRI addresses include:

Additional deficiencies from FY96 Counterair (TMD), TBM, Surveillance and Recce, and SA/Interdiction MAP’s:

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. Technical issues include HRR identification in ground clutter using A/G ATR, attack fighter implementation, waveform implementation, and the Pilot-vehicle-interface (PVI) environment.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID MNS, JROCM- ORD Number and Title: N/A

027092, 13 Apr 92

1067 Number and Title: N/A Development Plan Date and Title: Air-to-Surface Development Plan, 30 Sep 96

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655 PEM Backup Name: Maj. Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

AVON073 -- Laser Vibration Sensing for Combat ID

DESCRIPTION: This program uses Laser Radar (LADAR) technology for airborne or ground target detection and classification/identification (ID) systems. Very small displacements can be sensed by the LADAR. For aircraft ID, the system senses and measures the aeroflexure vibration signatures of aircraft as induced by the engine and its rotating parts. This vibration induced displacement and its velocity produces a micro-Doppler shift in the frequency of the LADAR return signal. The frequency shift is processed and compared to a library of target signatures. These signatures are unique to a particular engine, rotating part, etc. and an Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithm produces the target ID, all of which is accomplished in real time. The system works similarly for ground targets.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. Aspect Invariant non-cooperative identification (NCID) at stand-off ranges (beyond visual range ID) that allows weapons employment outside the envelope of enemy fire.

2. Vibration sensing is a non-imaging method of identification; it is independent of target resolution. This ID technique is applicable to any vibrating target (A/C, Ground Vehicles)

3. Provides both air-to-air and air-to-ground NCID capability.

4. Modular design allows integration into many different aircraft classes for either internal configurations or pod-mounted designs that will not compromise radar cross section of host platform.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. Program was formerly Radiant Mist/Radiant Outlaw Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD), currently seeking transition sponsorship.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID Mission Need Statement, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92

1067 Number and Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES

ORD Number and Title: Included in Draft ORD for F-15 Sustainability, CAF-308-92-I-A, 16 Sep 93

Development Plan Date and Title: Mission Area Plans for CA, SAD, and SA/I.

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Jay Dunham, DRAO,

4-8655

PEM Backup Name: Maj. Bob Braun, DRAO,

4-7067

 

 

AVON074 – Have Centaur

DESCRIPTION: Have Centaur implements a new method of air target identification (ID) employing radar high range resolution (HRR). HRR uses a wideband pulse to generate a high degree of range resolution. This gives the radar the capability to detect individual scatterers within a given target and develop a one-dimensional profile of the scatterers along the length of the target. This 1-D profile is compared to an onboard database, containing stored profiles of all targets of interest, to determine the by-type ID of the target. The goal of Have Centaur is to provide fighters with an autonomous ID capability that is long range, high confidence, and nearly all-aspect.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. Provides a source of positive, timely, and reliable by-type ID of hostiles, friendlies, and neutrals.

2. Improves overall mission effectiveness of fighters (increases lethality against hostiles, reduces friendly attrition, reduces fratricide).

3. Have Centaur can help fill several of the deficiencies in three of ACC’s Mission Area Plans (MAPs): Counter Air MAP; Strategic Air Defense MAP; and Strategic Attack/Interdiction MAP. The key deficiencies that Have Centaur addresses are:

• Inadequate target ID capability;

• Inadequate situation awareness; and

• Inadequate detection and acquisition areas.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. Main technology issue is the data collection required to generate the HRR 1-D profiles. Since many of the targets of interest in the database are threat aircraft, collecting measured data on these targets is not practical. Therefore, these 1-D profiles need to be generated synthetically using CAD models of the targets and computer simulations. that can generate the 1-D profiles based on the CAD models. These synthetic profiles will be used to populate the HRR database is a new technology and has moderate risk. The payoff of this technology definitely warrants strong consideration.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID MNS, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92

1067 Number and Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. J. Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655

ORD Number and Title: Classified. Available upon request from ACC POC.

Development Plan Date and Title: Technology Transition Plan for Noncooperative Target ID, Tech-nology Program No. 156, ITTP 91P17AA, 10 Apr 92

PEM Backup Name: Maj. Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

AVON075 -- Air Target Algorithm Development (ATAD) Program

DESCRIPTION: ATAD will demonstrate and transition advanced air-to-air target identification fusion algorithms for next generation aircraft (F-22). This effort will leverage off work completed under the ATAD I program that developed model-based reasoning ID fusion algorithms and demonstrated improved performance using radar-based ID techniques. Additional performance improvements will be recognized when the ID fusion algorithms are expanded to include additional target features from multiple sensors. Additional target features to be exploited include information from offensive/defensive, cooperative/non-cooperative, and off-board systems.

JUSTIFICATION:

  1. ATAD can help fill several of the deficiencies in three of ACC’s Mission Area Plans (MAPs): Counter Air (CA) MAP; Strategic Air Defense (SAD) MAP; and Strategic Attack/Interdiction (SA/I) MAP. The key deficiencies that ATAD can help solve are:
  2. • Inadequate target ID capability;

    • Inadequate detection and acquisition areas; and,

    • Inadequate situation awareness.

  3. Improvements in sensor management and target tracking algorithms will be incorporated to provide better target state estimation and to maximize sensor resource use while reducing own-ship emissions.
  4. This improved capability will provide the warfighter with a long-range, high-confidence, all-aspect ID capability that is jam-resistant and expandable to meet future combat ID (CID) needs.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. Technical issues facing the program are computational limitations and model fidelity.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID Mission Need Statement, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92

1067 Number and Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES

ORD Number and Title: Included in Draft ORD for F-15 Sustainability, CAF-308-92-I-A, 16 Sep 93

Development Plan Date and Title: Mission Area Plans for CA, SAD, and SA/I.

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655

PEM Backup Name: Maj. Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

AVON0076

Theater Missile Defense (TMD)/Time Critical Targets (TCTs)

Battle Management Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (BM/C4I)

DESCRIPTION: Conducts pre-milestone 0 concept development that focues on improvements to detect, locate, track, identify and destroy/deny an enemy's TMs/TCTs during all phases of a conflict. Effort identifies key surveillance and BM/C4I integration requirements using analysis, modeling, and simulation, system prototyping ,and operational concept demonstrations (OCDs). Develops prototype battle management decision aids and planning tools for migration to C4I systems. Provides for data link message set development and integration. Develops prototype data link range extension capability. Defines overall architecture and sensor fusion requirements for attacking all types of time critical targets.

JUSTIFICATION: The Air Force requires a theater missile defense (TMD) capability to protect US forces and allies from conventional, biological, chemical and nuclear missile strikes. Theater missile threats are part of the time critical target (TCT) set and are difficult to destroy due to the limited time that they are exposed to attack by US weapon systems. The time available to destroy these targets is their most critical aspect and challenges our capability to defeat them. As a result, process and equipment changes are necessary to ensure the defeat of TCTs. While much of our effort addresses theater missiles, the information requirements to defeat them will provide the capability to defeat any and all TCTs.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 28060F

ISSUES: This PE is funded to develop the concepts that push technology and process changes to operational configuration. The results provide the information dominance needed by the Air Force to command and control Joint Air Operations as the Joint Force Air Component Commander and Area Air Defense Commander. This PE addresses system of system issues and modifications.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: JROCM-064-91, Theater Missile Defense MNS, 18 Nov 91; and Air Force MNS (USAF-004-91) for Theater Missile Defense, 1 Oct 91

ORD Number & Title: The draft Time Critical Target (TCT) Capstone Requirements Document (CRD), Jul 97

Development Plan Date & Title: 30 Sep 96, Aerospace Control 1067 Number & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES, Multiple CINC IPLs address TMD BMC4I

ACC PEM: Robert Braun, Maj, DRAO PEM Backup: Shepherd, Dennis, Mr, DRAO

 



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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)