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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)

ISR-0001 - AWACS Radar System Improvement Program (RSIP)

DESCRIPTION: Hardware and software modification to the E-3 to improve radar set performance providing enhanced detection of targets, with an emphasis toward those with a low radar cross section (RCS). RSIP utilizes a Pulse Doppler Pulse Compression (PDPC) waveform, increases data sampling rates, increases range and velocity resolution, increases signal integration time, adds new signal processing algorithms to enhance detection sensitivity and unambiguous range determination, and improves radar set monitoring and control. Improved control and processing algorithms tailored to current threat data enhances system electronic counter-countermeasure (ECCM) capabilities.

JUSTIFICATION:

1. Increased range against reduced RCS targets to include cruise missiles.

2. Improved electronic counter-counter measures (ECCM) against current threats

3. Improved radar system reliability and maintainability (R&M)

4. Improved radar control and maintenance panel (RCMP) with embedded test equipment

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Joint US, NATO, and UK program. RSIP program production kits include 33, including TS-3, for the US, 18 for NATO, and eight for the UK. Estimates based on UK and NATO production participation and cost sharing agreements.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ADC/TAC ROC-66

ORD Number & Title: CAF (TAC 001-66)-I/II/III-A

Operational Requirements Document (ORD) for the Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) Radar System Improvement Program (RSIP)

1067 Number & Title: Multiple

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

ISR-0002 - AWACS Extend Sentry

DESCRIPTION: A COMACC, COMAFMC, and HQ USAF/XO agreed program to remedy declining E-3 Reliability, Maintainability, and Availability (R, M, & A) trends which are now below the ACC standard and improve AWACS readiness. The concept is to fix/replace aircraft systems that are most responsible for high failure rates, high abort rates, high code 3 rates, PDM days, large numbers of maintenance man-hours, and/or have a chronic negative impact on operational capability. The ACC funding strategy has been to prioritize the 66 selected projects (ranging in cost from $300K to $120M) in order of most benefit for dollar spent toward the objective. The FY98 ACC POM applied a "knee of the curve" analysis to determine a minimum funding level. AFMC RSD/SSD/IIRP funding is also involved. There is a 3 to 5 year delay from implementation of a project until the full positive impact on readiness. This program differs from all other E-3 acquisition programs in that it is a level of effort in which increased readiness is tied to dollars invested. The level of funding requested in this paper completes projects started prior to FY00 and completes projects deferred due to previous funding shortfalls. Extend Sentry Computer & Displays Modernization and SS IFF Transmitter are covered in separate Summary Sheets.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Reverse unacceptable E-3 readiness trends & achieve stable MC, TNMCS, & TNMCM rates within ACC standards that should sustain operational capability until retirement of E-3 in 2025.
  2. Generate an additional 900 hours of E-3 availability (FY97 baseline) without increasing O&M dollars.
  3. Achieve required operational capabilities from deficient systems for Joint/Combined contingency operations.
  4. Reduce 3100 lb. ZFW, reduce power consumption, improve MTBF, increase usable space, improves logistic supportability, and decreases cost of ownership ($$ for additional flying hours) & manpower requirements (1st to achieve 40hr wk).

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: The FY98 BES moved $30M from FY97-99 to FY02-03 delaying the positive impact of the program and skewing the delivery schedule. The required numbers above denote the amount required to finish projects started prior to FY00. Approved numbers above is after subtracting Computer (Step 1) & SS IFF Transmitter funded as Extend Sentry projects. Approved 3600 and 3010 funding approved does not support requirement and must be realigned. An ACC/ LGR, DOY, DRR, and DRM meeting is needed to develop a POM and MIP approach.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: One per project

Development Plan Date & Title: COMACC AWACS Ex Sentry Prog. Priorities, dated 24 Jun 96 -APC2 Dev plan

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0003 AWACS Combat ID /IFF

DESCRIPTION : This program includes: (1) the IFF Top Priority program second part, Block 30/35 APX-103B, including scan-to-scan processing for code de-garble improvement, and obtaining aircraft attitude and altitude data via GINS 1553 Bus and (2) replacing the current IFF Transmitter with a new Solid State IFF Transmitter that corrects R,M,&A problems and provides Mode S compatibility. The SS IFF Transmitter is an Extend Sentry "#1 Must Do" item. Classified Combat ID may be POMed via this program but have zero required funding at this time. The IFF Top Priority must be totally in an installation phase by FY00. The SS IFF Transmitter will be acquired as a NATO and US AWACS coordinated (no MOA) Project. NATO will fund the R&D effort in FY00 but is taking a slightly different approach to IFF improvements so minor US design changes may be necessary.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Completes IFF R,M,&A and ops deficiencies that stem from the Blackhawk friendly shootdown incident.
  2. Improve Combat ID and IFF.
  3. Provides Mode S compatibility to comply with RVSM ATC directives, European airspace restrictions and an initial step to complying with GANS.
  4. Improve MTBF and delete a DMS item.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: None. Japanese, NATO, UK and French participation in the IFF projects may result in some minor delivery slippage and possible cost reductions.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: temp install

Development Plan Date & Title: COMACC Extend Sentry Program Priorities, 24Jun96 .APC2 Dev Plan

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0004 - AWACS Communications Upgrades

DESCRIPTION : This program includes: Global Broadcast Service (GBS), digital communications system, and Intelligence Broadcast System (IBS).

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. GBS is key to increased flow of ATO, weather and other information warfare data to be received by AWACS and key to moving mission crew to ground in future.
  2. The digital communication system is part of the NATO E-3 Mid Term and can result in deleting one or two Communication Technicians from mission crew composition. It is also key to mission recording capability for training and documentation - a top ACC/DO Extend Sentry objective.
  3. The IBS will require upgrade of MATT(currently being installed) to JTT for receipt of Broadcast Intelligence.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Procurement not complete until 2009 at a total acquisition cost of $637.1M. Production and installation of different subprograms are on different schedules.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None Required

ORD Number & Title: GBS, IBS & JCTN ORDs

1067 Number & Title: None Required

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 32 Dec96

Current CINC IPL: yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8920

PEM Backup Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-8908

 

ISR-0005 - AWACS Computer & Display Modernization (Step 1)

DESCRIPTION: COMACC referred to the E-3’s "steam driven computer" in listing ACC’s most critical needs in 1996 and made it the highest ranked major project in the Extend Sentry priority list. Installation begins in the fall of 1998 with 1/3 of fleet complete at start of FY00 FYDP in an effort coordinated with NATO. The migration of the E-3 processing system to open system Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment (DII COE) compliance is as important to the AWACS mission as the RSIP sensor upgrade. The modernization of US AWACS mission computing capability is evolutionary. It’s goal is to inject crucial technological improvements in two steps. This approach is being used primarily due to funding constraints and the desire to get critical mission capabilities into the hands of the warfighter as soon as possible. The key components delivered to the user in Step 1 include a better target tracker algorithm, more detailed and useful maps, increased use of colors (allowing more and different symbols to be displayed), and an overall improved Human-Computer Interface (HCI) leading to better situational awareness. ATO processing, battle management decision aids, intel data overlays, weather overlays, and other critical software will be adapted from DII COE applications and delivered after the hardware and basic capability is in place.

JUSTIFICATION: This program is a Got-To-Complete for AWACS mission. Major advantages include:

  1. Fixes worst system on E-3 with respect to R,M,&A and operations deficiencies with a high MTBF COTS system that cuts the cost of future information upgrades.
  2. Provides a DII COE compliant, open system architecture to support current/future missions.
  3. Provides a tracker, data processing, data storage, and displays to support AWACS mission adequately.
  4. Provides access to off-board sensor data, maps, and growth to weather and ATO implementation information displays.
  5. Enables integration of large flat panel displays which will reduce weight by 1200 lbs.
  6. Provides the foundation for DISA’s "real time" DII COE solution for airborne weapon systems.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: None

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: None

Development Plan Date & Title: COMACC Extend Sentry Program Priorities, 24 Jun 96 . AFC2 Develop P.

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

ISR-0006 - AWACS Cockpit Avionics Modernization

DESCRIPTION: Entails acquiring and installing the commercially developed Boeing 737 cockpit display system (Honeywell) in the E-3. Necessary modifications will be made for E-3 unique items. The majority of the effort is the development of the E-3 unique software required to drive the NDI hardware. The software development is expected to take about 12 months. The NDI equipment will reduce the current 50 item system with 6 displays and 4 control panels. Projected MTBF increase of 35:1. New Flight Crew Simulators under consideration will be developed for easy conversion to glass cockpit configuration. E-3 Glass Cockpit reduces the cost of GANS and other future cockpit modifications.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Eliminates DMS, increases MTBF, decreases TNMCS &TNMCM, and saves $68.1M in O&M (to 2025).
  2. Compatible with cockpits that pilots learn to fly in. Higher training costs will emerge without glass cockpits.
  3. Compatible with GANS/GATM which will result in cost savings and technical risk in E-3 program.
  4. Improved displays increase flight safety, decrease crew fatigue, increase situation awareness and could eliminate need for navigator.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: $150M acquisition program to be completed in 2010 with 33 aircraft and 4 simulators (depending on simulator replacement program) converted to glass cockpit with spares. Program costs can be cut significantly if this is a joint program with Navy E-6, AF E-8’s and possibly NATO, French and British E-3’s.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: None required

1067 Number & Title: None

Development Plan Date & Title: US Navy developed complete plan for E-6. E-3 will be a modification.

Current CINC IPL: N/A

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

 

 

ISR-0007 - AWACS Bistatic UAV Adjunct

DESCRIPTION: High Altitude Endurance (HAE) Dark Star/Global Hawk UAVs with bistatic receivers for the AWACS radar will expand area coverage of a single E-3 orbit and with the inherent significant signal to interference ratio enhancement provide increased coverage of low RCS targets while operating inside and outside an air defense threat environment. The inclusion of the Bistatic UAV adjunct to the E-3 would allow reduced E-3 operational tempo in some theaters and the ability to cover two major regional conflicts with fewer E-3s. By only carrying the receiver, IFF interrogator and a JTIDS/JCTN transmitter package, the UAV weight limitations can be met (combat ID systems might also be included if weight and size allows). The bistatic UAV would also be able to serve as an adjunct to the E-2, TPS-75 and other air/ground radars. Most important, the Bistatic UAV is a key part of the USAF transition from the E-3 to UAVs and Space for the AWACS mission, with the mission crew on the ground. As indicated in the Air Power C2 Development Plan, the Bistatic UAV will be able to serve as the receiver using a satellite as the radar transmitter instead of the E-3. The bistatic UAV is a common link to a reduced E-3 fleet and use of Space for surveillance of large to LO/VLO air vehicles (missiles and aircraft) in the battlespace.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Reduce E-3 operations tempo and possibly fleet size.
  2. Provide greater coverage (area and deeper), detection, and tracking sensitivity to a single E-3 orbit.
  3. Cruise, ballistic and air-to-surface missile detection, identification and tracking capabilities.
  4. Provide bistatic capabilities for other radar platforms and a transition to use of Space-based radar transmitters with IFF/Combat ID complements on UAV bistatic receivers.
  5. Part of the learning curve to determine if effective phased array surveillance sensors can be placed on UAVs.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: This is a $850M+ acquisition program with prototype in FY08 and completed in 2015.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: UAV MNS

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

ISR-0008 - Mission Crew to Ground

DESCRIPTION: This proposed program migrates the battle management function off of AWACS to the ground to reduce manpower and cost, centralizes C2 in GTACS, provides room for additional E-3 sensor growth, and provides a transition step to move the majority of AWACS functions from the E-3 to UAVs and Space in the 2025 time frame. This program will allow more sensor growth in volume and weight on-board the E-3 for enhanced surveillance tasks without loss of time on station, and will centralize command and control at AOC/CRC nodes in the TACS using sensor data from AWACS and other sources such as UAVs. AWACS sensor data would be downlinked using LOS and/or SATCOM similar to the ground element of JSTARS today, but using the GBS (AWACS Comm Upgrades) with satellite cross-link capability. C2 Battle Management direction to aircraft would be accomplished via UAV communications relay, SATCOM beyond line-of-sight (BLOS), and installation of secure radio relay equipment aboard the E-3. The new tracker (AWACS Computer Step 1) and Multi-Sensor Integration (AWACS Computer Step 2) should make it possible to automatically create a JTIDS picture and transmit the picture to the "shooter". Moving the mission crew to the ground must occur before the E-3 is retired and UAV/Space sensors provide the "airborne" surveillance of the battlespace. The proposed program can provide major manpower (only the Communications Technician, Airborne Radar Technician, and the flight crew stay aboard the E-3) and training savings for the USAF. The cost concept includes four ground stations (CONUS, CONUS backup and two theater deployable). Of a 33 aircraft fleet, only 27 E-3s are converted to a sensor platform configuration in the development plan option used to cost this solution. The high acquisition cost results from the requirement to establish the same level of Global Engagement flexibility that the E-3 AWACS provides today. Relevant to "reduced footprint" concept in USAF core competencies.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Consolidates TACS C2 in CRC/AOC and a CONUS "reach back" AOC capability for contingencies in which it may not be necessary to deploy an AOC to the theater of operations.
  2. Sets stage for replacement of E-3 with UAVs/Space.
  3. Saves operations and support costs of $656.5M or more by end of 2024.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Total acquisition cost is $1.52 Billion. 2018 is last year of E-3 modifications with all but 5 aircraft retired in 2025. Program needs to be included in FY00 POM. There is no MNS for what will be a Cat. I USAF or Joint acquisition program. AFASC2 Agency interest item.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: N/A Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0010 - AWACS Block 30/35 Modification

DESCRIPTION: An in-progress production and installation program to add ESM, JTIDS, GPS Integrated Navigation, and additional computer processing power to the E-3.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. 200 times more accurate locations of targets passed via JTIDS (Link 16) and/or Link 11. GPS timing via 1553 bus synchronizes sensors, communications, and processors to common reference. A step toward GANS.
  2. Major improvement in Combat ID, detection & tracking, and threat warning capability from ESM. The ESM IU/CP improves R,M,&A (COO savings of $56.5M) and integrates ESM in DII COE compliant open COTS computer architecture. This sub-project is currently in production but funded for only 3 units.
  3. Full JTIDS interoperability for Joint/Combined operations with reductions in data throughput latency to shooter. AWACS shooter-quality cueing critical to stealthy counterair ops of F-22 and the JSF.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: The need to add the ESM IU/CP package to the FY00 POM extends 30/35 completion until FY03 and creates a shortfall in funds required vs. approved but must to be done to field an R,M,&A ESM system. ESM IU/CP is on FY98/99 Omnibus Restructure and Plus-up lists (assuming POM verifies program tail) so there is a chance figures will become more like FY00=$4M, FY01=$5M, FY02=$5M, & FY03=$5M.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ESM SORD (TAC001-66) approved 4 Feb 92

JTIDS ORD (TAF306-74) approved Apr 95

1067 Number & Title: Permanent Mod to TS-3 - 1067 for Temp Fit Test in work

Development Plan Date & Title: Air power C2 Development Plan - Dec96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0011 - AWACS ESM Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Includes 4 sub-projects: (1) RF Front End Redesign to remove local oscillator leakage, increase producibility/maintainability, and remove current frequency management for cosite interference (Dem/Val flight in 4Q98/1Q99); (2) Specific Emitter ID provides ability for ESM ID to emitter serial number -key to Blue/Gray and increases correlation to tracks at higher rates than available from primary sensors; (3) Side Lobe Detection Enhancement increases the sensitivity beyond current capabilities such that emitters can be detected without the E-3 in the emitter’s main beam; and (4) Multiple Platform Geolocation uses the ESM system to passively obtain very rapid and accurate geolocation of emitters. Together, these sub-projects substantially improve the E-3’s Global Engagement capabilities (deploy first with defensive counterair forces) to provide Combat ID, continuous tracking and threat warning to aircraft under AWACS control. Although these sub-projects are complementary, they can be procured separately to meet specific needs in a cost-constrained environment.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Improves ESM system to "see" more threats in battlespace and locates those threats more precisely.
  2. Provides greater "fingerprinting" capability to provide Combat ID in Post-Cold War environment.
  3. Improves ESM system flexibility and maintainability.
  4. Fills approved ESM SORD requirements sidelined by OSD in 1992 so that the E-3 ESM system could be developed as an International program.
  5. Ability to procure one or more of these ESM capabilities for other platforms after E-3 EMD.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: The future ELINT/ESM Joint needs picture is too cloudy to make a major investment decision on the above program at this point. The E-3 ESM Upgrade needs to be in the FY00 POM as an out year wedge.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ESM SORD (TAC001-66) approved 4 Feb 92

1067 Number & Title: None

Development Plan Date & Title: Near Term Dem/Val plans have been developed

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0012 - AWACS Flight Crew Simulators

DESCRIPTION: The current AWACS Flight Crew Training program is dependent upon aging, unsustainable training devices. The flight crew training program operates two operational flight trainers (OFT’s, 10 and 19 years old respectively), one cockpit procedures trainer (CPT, built as a "self help" project), one navigator part task trainer (NPTT) and two TC-18 aircraft. The training program also utilizes operational E-3s to fly proficiency or "P" sorties for pilot training. Additionally, the expense to operate two unique TC-18’s is becoming prohibitive. The required E-3 flight crew simulators consists of two level D operational flight trainers (OFT’s, full motion simulators) and two level 7 Flight Training Devices (FTD’s, includes navigator station, same as OFT’s but no motion or visual). Additionally, capability would exist to network FTD’s with E-3 mission crew simulators to create a "virtual" E-3 for future mission/theater training.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. A cost of ownership (COO) savings of $272M in E-3 simulator costs in period FY00 - FY24.
  2. Eliminates DMS simulator tubes/hardware and 2 old unique TC-18 aircraft.
  3. Provides complete flight crew training (including Navigator) on par with airlines.
  4. Provides ability to rehearse/train for contingencies with mission & flt crew simulators tied together.
  5. Provides means of reconstructing accidents and/or determining crew/aircraft response to "what if" situations.
  6. Reduces dependence on E-3’s for proficiency sorties: Increases E-3 availability by 1 aircraft.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Cost savings (Offset) within FY00 FYDP is in 3400 funds and will not cover full startup cost of new simulators. The 3400 offset during the FYDP is $39 million. This project should be aligned with Glass Cockpits and GANS.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: General simulator MNS?ORD Number & Title: not required

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: ASC Draft SOW

Current CINC IPL: NA

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

 

ISR-0013 - AWACS Computer & Display Modernization (Step 2)

DESCRIPTION: This program is the second of two steps and is being used primarily due to funding constraints. Step 1 is used to get critical mission capabilities into the hands of the warfighter as quickly as possible. Step 2 of the AWACS mission computing upgrade provides the warfighter with a completely open DII COE compliant computing architecture enabling rapid, low cost delivery of plug and play capability. It involves the removal of the CC-2E computer and the Airborne Operational Computer Program (AOCP) mission software and full migration to DII COE compliance. The hardware is replaced by a distributed client-server architecture in which AOCP functions previously run on the CC-2E are now executed on a number of single board computers (SBCs). The tracker will be upgraded to a Multi-Sensor Integrated (MSI) tracker and identification algorithm which will use other sensors in addition to radar and IFF to generate, maintain, and ID tracks. Additional Human Computer Interface (HCI) improvements and new consoles will also be included.

JUSTIFICATION: This program is a Got-To-Complete for AWACS mission. Major advantages include:

  1. Provides full DII COE compliance, open system architecture for future AWACS missions and growth.
  2. Provides multi-sensor integration, ATO implementation information displays and Global Command and Control System (GCCS)compatibility.
  3. Provides a real-time operating system, database, and Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) Information Manager.
  4. Deletes all closed proprietary hardware with all AOCP functions and LAN connections ported to SBCs.
  5. Provides upgraded consoles, switch actions and improved HCI.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: The intent is to leverage the development work from NATO modernization, and use this towards the US AWACS Step 2 program. This is anticipated to save approximately $154M in development dollars. Step 2 needs to be in the FY00 POM as an out year wedge.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: None

Development Plan Date & Title: COMACC Extend Sentry Program Priorities, 24 Jun 96 .

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0014 - AWACS Global Air Navigation System (GANS)

DESCRIPTION : GANS will be the most significant change in global Air Traffic Control (ATC) procedures since the implementation of radar flight following and control. This program installs necessary GANS equipment into the E-3 to comply with ICAO/FAA/DOD directives. Some GANS required equipment will already be installed in the E-3 by other programs for other primary purposes. These include the GPS Integrated Navigation System (30/35) HF ALE (Ex Sentry), possibly Mode S (Extend Sentry SS IFF Transmitter), possibly 8.33 comm. (Extend Sentry VHF), and possibly RVSM equipment (Flying Hours issue). The costs below include TCAS, RNAV, RNP, data link, cockpit integration, RAVM, required ground test equipment, and flight crew simulator updates

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Top down directed program.
  2. Failure to comply in timely manner will negatively impact AWACS operations and deployments through controlled airspace, increase fuel costs, create ATC delays, and negatively impact safety.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Program may be approached via single ACC PE. DOD directed implementation timing unknown. Above cost is low confidence due to many unknowns. If the new flight crew simulator program is approved, the two sets for TC-18s are eliminated. This project should be aligned with Glass Cockpit and Flight Simulators.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: DoD Directive in work

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: NA.

Current CINC IPL: no

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

 

 

ISR-0016 AWACS Mission Life Extension Projects

DESCRIPTION: Pre-planned, incremental technology insertion projects to mitigate technological obsolescence, forestall diminishing manufacturing sources, increase mission effectiveness, and improve reliability and maintainability. Targets specifically high failure "big ticket" components operating beyond their design life and nearing the end of their functional life. Three crucial radar components to be replaced with "off-the-shelf" non-developmental technology: (1) solid state floating deck pulser (SSFDP); (2) solid state high voltage power supply (SSHVPS); and (3) a synthesizer based stable local oscillator (STALO). Aggressive use of commercial off-the-shelf hardware/software components are be used to assure affordability while maximizing sustainability. Critical "enabling" technology required to sustain and support planned system upgrades. Prudent investment and systematic implementation will maintain the E-3’s critical roles in establishing and maintaining battlespace air superiority as well as providing essential unambiguous targeting information to the warfighter to insure uncompromised "shooter" lethality.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

I. Solid State High Voltage Power Supply (SSHVPS). Estimated 10:1 reliability improvement; reduces repair time by 3½ to 1. Existing power supply causes 25% of all radar failures. Substantial size and weight reductions - five line replaceable units (LRUs) replaced with three.

II. Synthesizer based stable local oscillator (STALO). Two-to-one reliability improvement; improves supportability and reparability; substantial size and weight reductions. Provides extremely stable frequency generation. Increases available frequency channels covering wider band.

III. Generate an additional 1800 hours of E-3 availability (FY97 baseline) without increasing O&M dollars.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: One per project

Development Plan Date & Title: AWACS Extend Sentry Program Priorities, dated 24 Jun 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

 

 

ISR-0019 S-Band RSM

DESCRIPTION: Currently Rome Laboratory is conducting an Advanced Technology Demonstration (ATD) entitled "Real-Time Cueing and Identification". The objective of the ATD is to develop, evaluate and demonstrate RSM NCTI techniques for S-Band C4I surveillance platforms, such as the E-3. This includes algorithm development, COTS ID processor development, flight testing, and performance evaluation. Such surveillance platforms often have radar detection and tracking ranges that far surpass that of fighter aircraft, and thus offer potential for identifying targets at significantly longer range allowing an earlier engagement of hostiles and a more effective utilization of beyond visual range (BVR) weapons. The objective of this effort is to develop, evaluate and demonstrate a long-range non-cooperative target identification capability for C4I radar platforms to identify airborne targets.

JUSTIFICATION: Long range target identification by off-board sensors allows ID at earlier stages of conflict and improved effectiveness of BVR weapons RSM is a Non-Cooperative Target ID technique requiring no cooperation on the part of the target being identified S-Band RSM is an all-weather technique, not sensitive to the presence or absence of stores, can produce ID declarations over a variety of Signal-to-Noise Ratios, and is capable of identifying a large variety of target types.

As Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) become more integrated into C4I force structure, these same RSM NCTI techniques can be implemented on UAV adjuncts (i.e. Tier II+) to existing surveillance platforms to improve ID range and timeliness.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: This ATD will complete concurrent with scheduled production of the Radar System Improvement Program (RSIP) for AWACS. Technology insertion could be integrated into the US production. The technology is relatively mature, requiring only the development necessary to adapt it to the surveillance radar application. This summary includes funding numbers to upgrade the entire fleet of 33 aircraft.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title: None Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-8650 PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-5277

 

ISR-0021 TS-3 Programmed Depot Maintenance (PDM)

DESCRIPTION: Accomplish Programmed Depot Maintenance (PDM) on Test System 3 (TS-3, AF S/N 73-1674). PDM is accomplished on a cyclic calendar basis to correct defects that have been identified as non-correctable by any one modification and are expected to re-occur throughout the life of the weapon system. PDM items generally range from a complete remove or replace to inspect and rework as necessary. PDM requirements are generally identified from the Analytical Condition Inspection (ACI) Program and the Corrosion Prevention and Control Program, but, may include items identified by various methods. Tasks may also include items identified by Mishaps and Material Deficiency Reports. Aircraft Structural Integrity Program (ASIP) Tasks are also included in TS-3 PDM. U.S. E-3 aircraft are scheduled on a four year cyclic schedule for PDM. TS-3 is contractually assigned as Government Furnished Property to the AWACS Development and Production Test (ADAPT) Program (Air Force Contract #C F19628-94-C-0047). The completion of PDM keeps aircraft structurally sound and airworthy.

JUSTIFICATION: This program is a Got-To-Complete for AWACS mission: All E-3 AWACS undergo a four year PDM cycle. The current plan is for the prime contractor to accomplish in early FY 1998. This effort will be the next cycle of PDM for TS-3. The following PDM is projected for 2nd quarter FY2006.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: None

REFERENCES: N/A

MNS Number & Title: None required

ORD Number & Title: AWACS ROC 1966

1067 Number & Title: None

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL:N/A

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

PEM Backup Name: Maj T. Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

ISR0026 High Altitude Endurance UAV

DESCRIPTION: The High Altitude Endurance (HAE) UAV program is an Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) aimed at developing and demonstrating long dwell, high altitude reconnaissance. Two complementary air vehicles and a common ground segment are being developed under this program, each capable of being controlled by a common ground segment. The Global Hawk is optimized for supporting low-to-moderate threat, long endurance surveillance missions in which range, endurance, and time on station are paramount. DarkStar is low observable air vehicle and is optimized for moderate endurance, high-threat reconnaissance missions in which ensured coverage is more important than range and endurance. This dual approach provides a flexible and cost-effective mix of platforms being separately acquired under the UFP requirement.

JUSTIFICATION: The HAE UAV system is a potential solution to the real time reconnaissance information needs of Theater and JTF Commanders. These shortfalls are documented in the following Joint Requirements Oversight Council Memoranda (JROCM); Long Endurance Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition Capability (JROCM-003-90); Assured Receipt of Imagery for Tactical Forces (JROCM-44-90); and Broad Area Coverage Imaging Capability (JROCM-037-95).

The warfighting Commanders-in-Chief (CINCs) require a responsive capability to conduct wide-area near-real-time Reconnaissance Surveillance Targeting Acquisition (RSTA), command and control, Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Electronic Warfare (EW), Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) and special operations missions during peace and all levels of war over extended periods of time. The HAE UAV will provide commanders a responsive and flexible platform capable of covering wide areas for long periods of time, in adverse weather conditions, to provide "in-time" receipt and integrated global communications for high volume exchange of voice and data for command and control of forces. If suitably equipped, this system could be used by the National Command Authority (NCA) to supplement other assets in conducting peacetime collection IAW Sensitive Reconnaissance Operations (SRO) and information transfer.

Additionally, fielding this capability is an End State identified in the Air Force Long-Range Plan.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: The Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (EUAV) programs are covered under PE 0305205D. This includes the MAE, Predator; Conventional HAE, Global Hawk; Low Observable HAE, DarkStar; HAE UAV Common Ground Segment (CGS) and associated support items.

FUNDING: DARO is the resource provider for the HAE UAV program. Details on funding requirements will be provided under separate cover to support the AF Long-Range Plan.

ISSUES: The HAE ACTD will provide a residual operational capability however, it is likely the production version(s) will require follow-on development to support JROC requirements. Decisions to phase-out manned platforms and selected space systems will not occur until UAVs have been proven affordable, capable, cost effective, and reliable for that particular mission.

The ACTD program schedule has slipped and the development phase is now scheduled to be completed by Sep 98. The remaining demonstration phase of the ACTD is scheduled for Oct 98 through Dec 99, with lead service responsibility for residual asset operations commencing Jan 00 at the completion of the ACTD. This program restructure shortened the demonstration phase which will impact the ability to characterize the system. This may require additional system characterization following the ACTD to provide sufficient information to make a transition decision.

Studies to assess the optimum sensor payload configuration should be initiated in parallel with the ACTD to minimize the period from ACTD completion to production. Integrating a multi-INT capability to the baseline ACTD systems could require redesign and should be evaluated during these feasibility trade studies. SIGINT and MASINT packages are in development for the Predator but have not yet been tested. Such packages for the Global Hawk and DarkStar are still in the conceptual phase. Other UAV issues such as airspace integration, direct air traffic control communications links, weather avoidance, and standardization of the ground segment are areas which could have an impact on the program.

Production capacity must be sufficient for delivery of enough ISR HAE UAV assets to begin replacing existing manned aircraft. Nominal production capacity is approximately four air vehicles per year. Any activity for modification of airframes in test or other programs could reduce the production capacity. Depot maintenance and/or repair could also impact the production capacity.

Since this capability supports deficiencies in the ISR mission area, offsets will conceivably come from existing ISR programs. However, to take funding from manned ISR platforms only, in the amounts required, would decrease operational effectiveness of our heavily tasked ISR systems. The result of obtaining offsets exclusively from manned ISR platforms will be a gap in ISR capabilities/coverage while waiting for ISR HAE UAVs to become operational. An analysis is required to determine the impact of re-prioritizing ongoing programs based on fully funding this End State.

The current family of UAVs are heavily dependent on satellite communications for beyond line-of-sight operations (vehicle C2 and data relay) but much less constrained when operating within LOS. Additionally, the HAE UAV system is contingent on Common Imagery Ground/Surface Systems (CIGSS) compliance for imagery exploitation to support a variety of users to include sister services. Finally, dissemination of processed data from the IES to the end user will place a significant demand on theater communications architectures.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

JROCM-003-90 Long Endurance Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) Capability

JROCM-44-90 Assured Receipt of Imagery for Tactical Forces

JROCM-037-95Broad Area Coverage Imaging Capability

ACC PEM Name: Maj Lamb PEM Backup Name: Lt Col Hatchell

 

ISR0027 PREDATOR UAV

DESCRIPTION: RQ-1A Predator Medium Altitude Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System (MAE UAV system)

JUSTIFICATION: Completes the procurement of 12 Predator systems

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35205 - This is Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Program (DARP) Funded

ISSUES: None

REFERENCES:

MNS NUMBER & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 003-90-I-A for the RQ-1A Predator Medium Altitude Endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicle/System

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Cpt Brian Waranauskas ACC/DOU PEM Backup Name: Maj Baine,

ACC/DRRR

 

ISRO028 -- JSTARS Tagging

DESCRIPTION: The goal is to develop and implement a Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) Radar Responsive (R2) Tag System comprised of two types of R2 Tags and corresponding functionality on board Joint STARS aircraft. The Joint STARS radar has two primary modes of operation, Moving Target Indicator (MTI) and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). The R2 Tags are designed to work with the rapid revisit, MTI mode of the radar, providing positive identification of targets equipped with the tag. The tagged targets will be visible to the radar operator whether they are moving or stationary, as long as they are located within the radar field of view. The R2 Tags are also designed to interface with Unattended Ground Sensors (UGS) to provide data collected by the UGS to Joint STARS operators on-board the E-8 aircraft. This data could be a frame of video image, time/date of acoustic sensor activation, or other data provided by an UGS sensor suite.

JUSTIFICATION: The Radar Responsive Tag will allow the Joint STARS aircraft to positively identify any tagged vehicle, person, or structure. This capability addresses the need for wide area surveillance capability to Detect, Locate, Track and Identify time critical targets and correlate and fuse data.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. This effort is subject to Joint STARS T-3 availability. The transition of this technology from Joint STARS T-3 to operational Joint STARS requires a significant modification to the processing architecture implemented in the operational aircraft. There is an existing program investigating the replacement of this processing architecture for operational Joint STARS aircraft. By leveraging this processing upgrade, technology transition of RR Tag to Joint STARS is a relatively feasible venture. Productization of the technology would be completed in concert with other enhancements to the Joint STARS thereby reducing costs.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: JROC CID MNS, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92

1067 Number and Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. J. Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655

ORD Number and Title: Final Operational Requirements CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III - A (Rev 4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS) (U), ACAT Level ID, Dated 9 Sep 96.

Development Plan Date and Title: Air-to-Surface Development Plan, 30 Sep 96.

PEM Backup Name: Maj. Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

 

ISR029--Identification Data Combining Process (IDCP)

DESCRIPTION: The goal is to implement the Identification Data Combining Process (IDCP) within the E-3 Sentry Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS). The IDCP is a process definition for the combination of data from multiple, distributed identification sources. The intent is to assimilate the valuable information available within the NATO C3I environment and support Identification Officers, Weapon Allocaters and Weapon Controllers in identifying friend, foe and neutral aircraft within the battle space. The process uses information from electronic support measures, radar track, target behavior, nationally sensitive sources and IFF to produce an output mapped to ID categories (i.e. assumed friend, friend, hostile, etc.). The IDCP will become the NATO standard for the combination and fusion of identification data within the NATO infrastructure. Application is for NATO ACCS & NATO AWACS with possible extension to the UK Next Generation Air Superiority Fighter and French C3 net for Army Air Defense. The IDCP concept is defined in NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 4162 Annexes C & D. A demonstration and evaluation (D&E) is currently underway to validate the concept proposed in the STANAG. Funding for the demonstration is provided by the NATO infrastructure group.

JUSTIFICATION: The E-3 AWACS requires processes to fuse track and identification data from organic sensor suites and off-board C3I networks. The current integrated air defense system has limited ability to positively identify hostile targets. The purpose of the STANAG is to ensure interoperability throughout the NATO force structure. It is anticipated that AWACS will also require interoperability with the NATO infrastructure.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. The current STANAG is not complete and difficulty exists in assessing the full implementation costs. AWACS implementation will take advantage of and leverage current programs aimed at ensuring aircraft maintainability and mission readiness through the end of its current life cycle.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: JROC Combat ID Mission ORD Number & Title: N/A

Need Statement, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92 Development Plan Date & Title:

1067 Number & Title: N/A Aerospace Control, 30 Sep 96

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Jay Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655 PEM Backup Name: Maj Bob Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

ISR0030 -- Enhanced Joint STARS ATR

DESCRIPTION: This program provides an enhanced means of targeting critical mobile ground targets. The technical objective is to accelerate the transition of targeting enhancements to the Joint STARS system. These enhancements enable more effective targeting against Time Critical Targets (TCTs). There are two primary goals: (1) demonstrate the robustness of using Hi-Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) based Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) technology for improved identification of Time Critical Targets (TCTs) and; (2) demonstrate the effectiveness of using Hi-Resolution Moving Target Indication (MTI) sorting of targets in a scan mode to pick out target areas of interest in a non-cooperative mode.

JUSTIFICATION: The approach is to upgrade software capability on-board Joint STARS to take advantage of available hardware and processing to allow for Enhanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ESAR) and High Range Resolution (HRR) MTI. The ESAR capability will provide a resolution 6X the baseline resolution. The HRR/MTI provides target vehicle range extents and integrating this with a tracker capability provides vehicle target length measurements. Conceptually, the HRR/MTI is being used as a cueing mechanism for the detection of TCTs by length measurements. This cue is handed off to the ESAR algorithm for imaging the long length vehicles for the ATR to perform non-cooperative target ID of Tactical Erector Launchers (TEL). The current system performs ATR of TEL type targets in the clear (no obscurations of the target). The major areas of algorithm development include:

1. Camouflage, Concealment, and Deception: Incorporate partial obscurations into the ATR algorithm.

2. ATR Small Targets: Evaluate and implement a "Super Resolution" algorithm for the ATR to be used on targets smaller than TEL type vehicles.

3. Expanded Target Set: Template development through data collections, real-time template development, and model based vision.

4. ISAR ATR: The current SAR based ATR technology can be extended to Inverse SAR type images increasing the operational capability to include ATR of moving TCTs.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded requirement. This program develops a contingency roll-on/off capability for Joint STARS T-3 deployment. The transition of this technology from Joint STARS T-3 to operational Joint STARS is dependent on the currently funded Programmable Signal Processor (PSP) upgrades to the procurement Joint STARS. Subject to this processing upgrade, technology transition of ATR to Joint STARS is a software upgrade.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: AF MNS 004-91, Theater ORD Number & Title: USAF 001-84, Missile Defense Joint STARS, 9 Sep 96

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: Air-to-Current CINC IPL: YES Surface Development Plan, 30 Sep 96

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Jay Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655 PEM Backup Name: Maj Bob Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

ISR0031 -- Target ID

DESCRIPTION: This combat ID program exploits acoustic background noise, transmitter characteristic anomalies and speaker voice identity from radio communications. Algorithms have been developed in the laboratory that can identify different types of aircraft and speakers. This target identification capability is primarily targeted for implementation on intelligence and reconnaissance platforms.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. An important part of the CID "system-of-systems," and a new signal source for target identification.
  2. Automated real-time target identification process versus the current manual (operator intensive) process.
  3. Target ID from radio communications has the advantage of long range, all-weather capability.
  4. This capability, coupled with RF line of bearing, will afford timely tagging of unknown targets/tracks.
  5. Platform ID correlated with speaker identification technology will provide a tool to detect deceptive operations such as spoofing.
  6. Platform ID coupled with language identification techniques assists in determining ownership/nationality of target.
  7. No emissions required from the reconnaissance platform.
  8. More accurate and timely reporting of intelligence information.

PROGRAM ELEMENTS: PE 63742F

ISSUES: Unfunded beyond FY00.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: JROC Combat ID ORD Number & Title: N/A

Mission Need Statement, JROCM-027092, 13 Apr 92 Development Plan Date & Title:

1067 Number & Title: N/A Aerospace Control, 30 Sep 96

Current CINC IPL: YES

ACC PEM Name: Maj. Jay Dunham, DRAO, 4-8655 PEM Backup Name: Maj Bob Braun, DRAO, 4-7067

 

ISR0032 -- JOINT STARS BASELINE SYSTEM

DESCRIPTION: Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Joint STARS). Joint STARS is a joint Army and Air Force program. It carries a side-looking, electronically scanned, pulse-Doppler radar; a joint mission crew; and communications facilities. The ground segment is designated the Common Ground Station (CGS). Joint STARS detects, locates, and tracks targets deep in enemy territory. The radar provides continuous broad Wide-Area Surveillance (WAS) for moving targets. Within the revisit interval, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Attack Support functions are interleaved with the WAS in response to operator requests. The E-8 provides secure, jam resistance UHF, VHF, HF voice and UHF SATCOM voice capability. The E-8 utilizes the Surveillance and Control Data Link (SCDL) for data connectivity to the Army CGS, and utilizes JTIDS/Link 16 and UHF SATCOM for data connectivity to air and ground nodes. The radar products are processed aboard the E-8C, provided to Army and Air Force operators aboard the aircraft, and simultaneously broadcast to all appropriately equipped Army and Air Force command, control, and intelligence centers within the theater. The surveillance data generated by Joint STARS supports real-time situation assessment and battle management of multiple engagements against TELs, and other ground forces by artillery, attack helicopters, attack aircraft, and standoff missiles.

JUSTIFICATION: The Joint STARS requirement dates back to 1973 and an Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (USDRE) memorandum that asked the Army and Air Force to present proposals for systems that could detect, locate, and attack enemy armor at ranges well beyond the Forward Line Of Own Troops (FLOT). A USDRE memorandum in May, 1982, formally directed the development of Joint STARS. A requirement for 20 E-8s was established by the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) in Sep 90. Of these 20 E-8s, 17 were classified as Primary Aircraft Authorization (PAA), 2 as Backup Aircraft Inventory (BAI), and 1 as a test aircraft. The 1997 QDR recommended the fleet size be cut to 10 PAA, 2 BAI, and 1 Test for a total of 13, contingent on NATO buying 6 Joint STARS aircraft.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: QDR suggested cuts to 13 PAA falls well below the Joint STARS COEA recommended fleet size.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J PEM Backup Name: N/A

 

ISR0034 -- JOINT STARS SECOND MISSION CREW TRAINER AND RETROFIT

DESCRIPTION: This program would provide two fully functional E-8C Mission Crew Simulators to the 93d ACW. The simulators would be enhanced with dynamic scenario change capability, interactive data link simulation, FMS-800 training capability, imagery (SAR and MTI) simulation capability and simulation links to the Army Joint STARS ground station trainers.

JUSTIFICATION: A second E-8C mission crew simulator is required to meet the training capacity needs of the Joint STARS wing. The existing simulator does not have the same functionality as the E-8C to perform full training. Also, retrofit of the first mission crew simulator to meet current operational capabilities is essential. The retrofited exisiting simulator and the second simulator are required in order to meet the training capacity forcasted for the number of Joint STARS mission crew members being assigned to the wing.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: This was an ORD baseline requirement previously defered due to budget constraints. A single, nonretrofited mission crew simulator can not meet the required capacity or level of training necessary to produce mission qualified crew members for Joint STARS.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84)

-I/II/III -A (REV 4) for Joint Surveillance Target

Attack Radar System (U) (Joint STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes Development Plan Date & Title:

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0035 -- JOINT STARS IMPROVED DATA MODEM (IDM)/SINCGARS INSTALLATION

DESCRIPTION: Installation in the E-8C of the Improved Data Modem (IDM) connected to four radios and the concurrent installation of a SINCGARS radio with the IDM and an additional SINCGARS hot spare. This provides an interoperable, full duplex, direct targeting support data link to the US Army’s Army Aviation Command and Control System (A2C2S) and Apache attack helicopters. This installation will be accessible from any E-8 Operator Work Station (OWS), will be fully logistically supportable and includes associated C2 and attack support messages.

JUSTIFICATION: Joint STARS E-8 does not have the capability to provide direct data-link targeting information to A2C2S and Apaches. The E-8 communications suite does not have fully compatible and interoperable VHF voice and data capable radios with US Army aviation and ground forces. This capability emulates the initiative to provide Joint STARS data to fighter aircraft. This vastly improves targeting support primarily to Army aviation by providing a fully interoperable data link to C2 and attack helicopters. This capability will also increase Army Joint STARS Common Ground Station (CGS) communications capabilities through the E-8 to Army aviation when helicopters are Beyond-Line-Of-Sight (BLOS) of the CGS. This also has potential to support USMC aviation and USAF IDM equipped fighters and to decrease fratricide. The IDM can also pass Apache sensor information back to the E-8, increasing situational awareness and improving target correlation capability.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: This supports an original ORD requirement for Air Force-Army communications interoperability using SINCGARS radios. Without this capability there is no direct data link between the E-8 and Army aviation for attack support.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: ORD Number and Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number and Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup: N/A

 

ISR0036 -- JOINT STARS JT3D-7 ENGINE UPGRADE

DESCRIPTION: Modify the TF33-102B (Joint STARS configuration of the JT3D-3B engine) to the JT3D-7 configuration. This modification will allow the E-8 to operate between FL340 to FL 420 with a climb to altitude within one hour. It will increase the capablity of flying a ten hour sortie without air refueling (two our transit time, eight hours in tactical orbit). It will also increase the capablity of flying a 20 hour sortie with an air refueling (two ours transit time, one hour for air refueling, 17 hours in the tactical orbit).

JUSTIFICATION: Low engine thrust limits deployment of Joint STARS to only those airfields with long runways. The E-8 can operate at maximum gross weight on only the longest runways (10,000 ft) under optimum weather conditions. Any crosswind, gust, or wet runway conditions severely limits takeoff gross weight. Low thrust engines limit capability to meet required operating altitudes between FL340 and FL420. At heavy gross weights the E-8 cannot meet climb and on station requirements. Higher thrust engines will provide faster climb to higher operational altitude. This improvement increases sensor coverage, on orbit time, communications reach, survivability, and decreases sensor screening. This effort also provides a small RMA return.

 

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: E-8 engines are being purchased from available commercial stocks which include many JT3D-7 engines. The JT3D-7 engines will have to be down scoped to match the existing JT3D-3B engines if this upgrade is not funded. The total requirement of 80 operational engines plus spares is not reflected in the schedule and cost because some JT3D-7 engines have already been purhcased but not yet down scoped.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84)

- I/II/III - A (REV 4) for Joint Surveillance Target

Attack Radar System (U) (Joint STARS)

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0037 - PROGRAMMABLE SIGNAL PROCESSOR (PSP) REPLACEMENT

DESCRIPTION: Replaces four PSPs with two Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) processors with five additional SHARC processor cards for a total of eight. The solution replaces the four PSPs with two COTS processors with five additional SHARC processor cards, replaces the existing PSP/GPC LAN with a fiber ring, redesigns the PSP code from microcode to HOL, redesigns the PSP rack configuration from a four rack to a two rack design to include installation, power, cooling, and cabling and improved diagnostics and Shop Replaceable Unit (SRU) maintainability.

JUSTIFICATION: The aircraft currently uses four PSPs which work at maximum processing capacity providing adequate mission support. The E-8 has little growth capability for increased processing required for sensor upgrades. Current processors incorporate inefficient sensor idle time when processing Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). The current PSPs also have a high potential for becoming a Diminishing Manufacturing Source (DMS). Currently there is no sensor or processing growth potential and no open architecture capability.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: Provides improved radar timeline by eliminating the sensor idle time. Required to provide growth processing and memory capacity for sensor upgrades (ESAR, ISAR, ATR). Improves supportability of both hardware and software components of the PSPs. This also provides an open architecture base and limited weight and space reductions.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes Development Plan Date & Title:

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0038 - ENHANCED SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (ESAR) AND INVERSE SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (ISAR) UPGRADE

DESCRIPTION: These upgrades allow for target classification and identification through a six-fold enhancement of current SAR resolution with ESAR and the ability to image moving targets and perform mensuration with ISAR. This upgrade assumes the PSP replacement is already implemented. The upgrade also increases both range and azimuth resolution. ESAR and ISAR are concurrent upgrades to reduce cost of Non-Reoccurring Engineering (NRE) and testing. ESAR requires 27.5K SLOC and 34.5K SLOC for ISAR.

JUSTIFICATION: The E-8 SAR resolution does not provide for classification or identification. The E-8 SAR resolution provides some target situational awareness and terrain mapping. ESAR and ISAR will contribute to more accurate targeting data and supports potential growth to Automatic Target Recognition. ISAR also supports maritime potential by using the translational motion of the targets.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: The greatest applications support Theater Missile Defense (TMD) identification of high value mobile targets such as SCUD Transporter-Erector-Launchers (TELs). This capability also increases targeting capability, location and identification accuracy, and the potential for fratricide reduction. The cost data is only valid with concurrent development of both systems.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes Development Plan Date & Title:

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0039 -- SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR (SAR) MANAGEMENT UPGRADE

DESCRIPTION: The SAR Management upgrade is a software modification that allows for the storing of a nominal mission’s worth of SAR images in a centralized retrievable database. The estimated Software Lines Of Code (SLOC) count for this is 6K.

JUSTIFICATION: The E-8 Operator Work Station (OWS) can only hold 16 SAR images in the local memory. This is basically a screen store and recall capability. This upgrade would provide the capability to store all SAR imagery collected during a nominal mission. The system will have a master SAR file with all the SARs saved as well as individual save files with OWS unique entries (a subset of the master file). When the Radar Management Officer (RMO) receives a request for SAR, the system automatically searches the SAR imagery database to determine if images have already been taken of the area. If imagery exists, the RMO will be notified and also be provided the option of satisfying the Radar Service Requests (RSR) with the existing imagery rather than tasking the sensor again. The database will be accessible from all OWS, include date/time and position data for each image, a search engine capability to recall images, and provide a SAR-to-SAR comparison capability.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: This upgrade eliminates redundant sensor tasking and produces a sensor timeline savings. There is no need to reshoot SARs of the same area.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup Name: N/A

 

ISR0040 -- JOINT STARS LINK 16 UPGRADE

DESCRIPTION: There are four phases to the Joint STARS Link 16 upgrade programs: Current Capability, TADIL J Upgrade (TJU), Theater Missile Defense (TMD), and Attack Support Upgrade. When added to the current capability, TJU provides a basic, rudimentary Link 16 capability for passing ground tracks to link participants. TJU is partially funded and will be operational by 4qtr FY99. TMD will add three messages and part of another message to provide Joint STARS the capability to identify, monitor and report Transporter Erector Launchers (TELs), TEL reload locations, and TEL hide locations. The ASU will add 25 Link 16 messages to the Joint STARS data base. The upgrades will allow Joint STARS to realize its attack support role by passing sensor to shooter information for target assignment, target sorting, target/track correlation, and various command and platform managemant taskings. The implementation of these messages will give Joint STARS a robust, command and control, full up battle management capability. Software development and implementation will occur concurretn with each program software annual release. The Link 16 upgrades will provide Joint STARS with the capability to contribute heavily to TMD, interdiction, SEAD, and CAS mision areas.

JUSTIFICATION: The current Joint STARS Link 16 capability is very limited. The E-8 can transmit and receive airborne link participant location and identification (PPLI) messages, receive air track and track management messages, and transmit part of a ground track message. Without this upgrade, Joint STARS can not effectivly contribute to its attack support mission as called for in the Joint STARS ORD, CONOPS and theater employment documents. Primary communications between Joint STARS and fighter aircraft will remain voice radio, and without the upgrades, Joint STARS will realize only a small portion of its potential as a sensor to shooter platform for the Air Force. Concurrent rather than sequential development and implementation of these upgrades will provide substantial cost savings.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F/27581F

ISSUES: This upgrade directly enhances TMD targeting mission execution. TJU is funded (except for $3.8M for ground support). TMD, ASU and Future enhancements are totally unfunded.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number and Title: ORD Number and Title: CAF (USAF 001-84)

- I/II/III - A (REV 4) for Joint Surveillance Target

Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number and Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J, 4-8912 PEM Backup:

 

ISR-0041 - AWACS SATCOM DAMA Integration

DESCRIPTION : This program provides E-3 specific integration for the OSD directed UHF SATCOM (DAMA) system to replace the current low R & M UHF SATCOM system. This retrofit is needed now but must begin installation by FY00 to maintain contingency interoperability. The 2 terminal system is integrated with the MATT terminal currently being installed in FY98 - 00. The current plan is to attempt harmonization of US DAMA requirements with the NATO E-3 Mid Term Modernization Program and to possibly purchase the DAMA system developed for the NATO E-3s (The NATO program is priced at $80M for 17 aircraft). This approach would avoid nearly all EMD costs and lower individual kit costs for ACC(US E-3 fleet cost is reduced from $110M (AIT) to $59M). The AS C2 Agency DAMA PE is funded to spend $16.3M on the E-3 UHF SATCOM DAMA system. The integration funding listed in this MIP assumes that the C2 Agency funds $16.3M of the requirement as currently planned. It is anticipated that the UK, France and Japan will adopt the same AWACS UHF SATCOM DAMA terminal that the US and NATO use providing a significant commonality of equipment for world-wide employment and logistics support.

JUSTIFICATION: SATCOM DAMA is an OSD directed program with a waiver only until 2000. The CINCs have requested that ACC accelerate the fielding of DAMA equipped C2 systems...The AWACS UHF SATCOM DAMA study conducted by MITRE for ACC concluded that the E-3 must be equipped with UHF SATCOM DAMA as soon as feasible. The ability of the AWACS to leverage Information Dominance is severely limited without the improved data and voice BLOS capability the UHF SATCOM DAMA system provides. The US and NATO E-3 UHF SATCOM DAMA flight testing of the system in April 1998 is on schedule.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: The $16.3M programmed for the E-3 in the DAMA PE will not produce an executable acquisition program. AWACS will be unable to complete integration of the DAMA equipment provided by the C2 Agency without the funds in this MIP program. If the SATCOM DAMA terminal, chosen by NATO, is not selected as the US Airborne Integrated Terminal (AIT), it will cost an additional $51M for the E-3 to participate in the AIT program.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: AFSPC 001-93 III, Addendum B, Improved Ultrahigh Frequency Satellite Communications Capability(Draft)

1067 Number & Title: TBD

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-5277

 

ISR0042 COBRA BALL RE-ENGINING

DESCRIPTION: Completes re-engining of RC-135 aircraft with CFM-56 engines. Modifies the airframes to support re-engining.

JUSTIFICATION: Decreases cost of ownership and increases operational capability by installing new, fuel efficient engines. Reduces maintenance manpower and logistics costs; the new engine is more reliable than the current engine, and the engine is common with the AMC KC-135 fleet. Extends unrefueled range and time-on-station, and permits operations at higher altitudes, increasing airborne sensor field of view and effectiveness. Increased altitude range provides flexibility to airspace planners integrating aircraft into conjested airspace just behind the FEBA. Decreases dependency on tankers for air refueling. Provides capability to takeoff on shorter runways at increased gross weights. Facilitates two-level maintenance concept reducing costs by 32%. Supports improved aircraft environmental system prolonging sensitive sensor life. Meets, or exceeds, all FAA/ICAO and EPA standards for noise and emissions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

ISSUES: Failure to fund re-engining to completion will leave a logistically split RC-135 fleet, equipped with two completely different engines. Increased cost of ownership due to duplicate spares at each operating location. Increased training requirements to maintain dual qualification. Current TF-33 engines will become more difficult and costly to support requiring significant increases in future O&M costs (TF-33 parts no longer in production). RC-135 fleet will lack commonality with re-engined KC-135 fleet. GAO validated $1.7B life cycle savings (total RC-135 program) will not be realized.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0043 COBRA BALL Cockpit Modernization

DESCRIPTION: Includes the COBRA BALL in the Air Force PACER CRAG initiative to upgrade the C-135 fleet cockpit, and installs the GATM/FANS avionics required to operate in the evolving civil air structure. PACER CRAG installs new compasses, radar, multi-function displays, and global positioning system/flight management system. New fuel panel, Mode S IFF, TCAS, precision altimeters, and DAMA compliant, 8.333 KHz channel radios are included in this upgrade.

JUSTIFICATION: Provides COBRA BALL aircraft commonality with the C-135 fleet for training, logistics, and parts. Eliminated "vanishing vendor" problems associated with diverging from the KC-135 avionics. Permits aircraft to comply with ICAO navigation and communication standards to operate in the trans-oceanic and European portions of the commercial air structure. Improves safety, reliability, and maintainability of aircraft. PACER CRAG kits/generic installation funds provided by AMC.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

ISSUES: Aircraft will be denied access to increasing portions of civil air space without proper navigation/communications equipment. Current avionics systems will become unsupportable as KC-135 migrates to newer equipment. Commonality will be lost with the rest of the C-135 fleet. Common parts supply base will not be available.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0044 COMBAT SENT RE-ENGINING

DESCRIPTION: Completes re-engining of RC-135 aircraft with CFM-56 engines. Modifies the airframes to support re-engining.

JUSTIFICATION: Decreases cost of ownership and increases operational capability by installing new, fuel efficient engines. Reduces maintenance manpower and logistics costs; the new is more reliable than the current engine, and the engine is common with the AMC KC-135 fleet. Extends unrefueled range and time-on-station, and permits operations at higher altitudes, increasing airborne sensor field of view and effectiveness. Increased altitude range provides flexibility to airspace planners integrating aircraft into conjested airspace just behind the FEBA. Decreases dependency on tankers for air refueling. Provides capability to takeoff on shorter runways at increased gross weights. Facilitates two-level maintenance concept reducing costs by 32%. Supports improved aircraft environmental system prolonging sensitive sensor life. Meets, or exceeds, all FAA/ICAO and EPA standards for noise and emissions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Failure to fund re-engining to completion will leave a logistically split RC-135 fleet, equipped with two completely different engines. Increased cost of ownership due to duplicate spares at each operating location. Increased training requirements to maintain dual qualification. Current TF-33 engines will become more difficult and costly to support requiring significant increases in future O&M costs (TF-33 parts no longer in production). RC-135 fleet will lack commonality with re-engined KC-135 fleet. GAO validated $1.7B life cycle savings (total RC-135 program) will not be realized.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0045 COMBAT SENT Cockpit Modernization

DESCRIPTION: Includes the COMBAT SENT in the Air Force PACER CRAG initiative to upgrade the C-135 fleet cockpit, and installs the GATM/FANS avionics required to operate in the evolving civil air structure. PACER CRAG installs new compasses, radar, multi-function displays, and global positioning system/flight management system. New fuel panel, Mode S IFF, TCAS, precision altimeters, and DAMA compliant, 8.333 KHz channel radios are included in this upgrade.

JUSTIFICATION: Provides COMBAT SENT aircraft commonality with the C-135 fleet for training, logistics, and parts. Eliminated "vanishing vendor" problems associated with diverging from the KC-135 avionics. Permits aircraft to comply with ICAO navigation and communication standards to operate in the trans-oceanic and European portions of the commercial air structure. Improves safety, reliability, and maintainability of aircraft. PACER CRAG kits/generic installation funds provided by AMC.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Aircraft will be denied access to increasing portions of civil air space without proper navigation/communications equipment. Current avionics systems will become unsupportable as KC-135 migrates to newer equipment. Commonality will be lost with the rest of the C-135 fleet. Common parts supply base will not be available.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0046 RIVET JOINT RE-ENGINING

DESCRIPTION: Completes re-engining of RC-135 aircraft with CFM-56 engines. Modifies the airframes to support re-engining.

JUSTIFICATION: Decreases cost of ownership and increases operational capability by installing new, fuel efficient engines. Reduces maintenance manpower and logistics costs; the new is more reliable than the current engine, and the engine is common with the AMC KC-135 fleet. Extends unrefueled range and time-on-station, and permits operations at higher altitudes, increasing airborne sensor field of view and effectiveness. Increased altitude range provides flexibility to airspace planners integrating aircraft into conjested airspace just behind the FEBA. Decreases dependency on tankers for air refueling. Provides capability to takeoff on shorter runways at increased gross weights. Facilitates two-level maintenance concept reducing costs by 32%. Supports improved aircraft environmental system prolonging sensitive sensor life. Meets, or exceeds, all FAA/ICAO and EPA standards for noise and emissions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Failure to fund re-engining to completion will leave a logistically split RC-135 fleet, equipped with two completely different engines. Increased cost of ownership due to duplicate spares at each operating location. Increased training requirements to maintain dual qualification. Current TF-33 engines will become more difficult and costly to support requiring significant increases in future O&M costs (TF-33 parts no longer in production). RC-135 fleet will lack commonality with re-engined KC-135 fleet. GAO validated $1.7B life cycle savings (total RC-135 program) will not be realized.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

 

ISR0047 RIVET JOINT Cockpit Modernization

DESCRIPTION: Includes the RIVET JOINT in the Air Force PACER CRAG initiative to upgrade the C-135 fleet cockpit, and installs the GATM/FANS avionics required to operate in the evolving civil air structure. PACER CRAG installs new compasses, radar, multi-function displays, and global positioning system/flight management system. New fuel panel, Mode S IFF, TCAS, precision altimeters, and DAMA compliant, 8.333 KHz channel radios are included in this upgrade.

JUSTIFICATION: Provides RIVET JOINT and RJ Trainer (TC-135) aircraft commonality with the C-135 fleet for training, logistics, and parts. Eliminated "vanishing vendor" problems associated with diverging from the KC-135 avionics. Permits aircraft to comply with ICAO navigation and communication standards to operate in the trans-oceanic and European portions of the commercial air structure. Improves safety, reliability, and maintainability of aircraft.

PACER CRAG kits/generic installation funds provided by AMC.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Aircraft will be denied access to increasing portions of civil air space without proper navigation/communications equipment. Current avionics systems will become unsupportable as KC-135 migrates to newer equipment. Commonality will be lost with the rest of the C-135 fleet. Common parts supply base will not be available.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0048 RIVET JOINT Mission Trainer (RJMT)

DESCRIPTION: The RJMT will provide a high fidelity ground trainer for RC-135 RIVET JOINT reconnaissance compartment personnel, using aircraft hardware and software. The trainer will be equipped with signal generators to create and display a full range of radar and communications signals to the reconnaissance crew. A complex, syncronized signal environment can be presented to the crew, permitting coordinated exploitation of these signal. The trainer will be equipped with Link-11, Link-16, and TIBS datalinks to train aircrew to effectively interact with other battle management assets. The trainer will be Distributed Interactive Simulation capable, permitting RIVET JOINT participation in large scale exercises. The RJMT will provide initial qualification, currency, and upgrade training.

JUSTIFICATION: RJMT is required to conduct efficient and cost effective initial qualification, continuation/proficiency, and specific mission area training for RC-135 reconnaissance compartment aircrew. Current RC-135 mission training devices are limited to position mock-ups, outdated part-task trainers, PC-based procedural trainers, and audio playback workstations. These devices are supplimented with extensive airborne training flights on mission aircraft. The heavy dependence upon mission aircraft directly impacts training timeliness, continuity, and costs, and this training does not adequately simulate a challenging collection environment. RJMT will relieve the training load in the ops squadron, reduce dependence on aircraft availability for training, and facilitate decreasing the total aircrew TDY rate to 120 days per year (ACC goal). RJMT will provide an improved margin of safety during contingency operations. The only contingency training available is OJT during actual operations. The simulator will provide a safe controlled environment to practice tactics, develop new procedures, and exploit new capabilities. RJMT will allow RC-135 aircrews to interact, through Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS), with other platforms’ simulators. Through electronic exercises, the RJMT will provide aircrew exposure to multiple interoperability issues, tactics, and procedures.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: RC-135 operational effectiveness is significantly impacted because an integrated training device is not available for the training of crewmembers in Sensitive Reconnaissance Operations (SRO), contingency support, SIOP missions, and exercises. Ops tempo is reduced to support initial training and proficiency requirements. Air crewmember TDY will continue to exceed the stated ACC goal of 120 days per year. Capability to train entire squadrons on aircraft equipment modifications/upgrades is not available. Capability for RC-135 aircrews to electronically exercise with other platform simulators developing new tactics and procedures, performing interoperability issues will not be available.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0049 RIVET JOINT OPERATIONAL FLIGHT TRAINER (OFT) UPGRADE

DESCRIPTION: Updates the RC-135W OFT to correspond with aircraft re-engining, GATM, and PACER CRAG modifications. PACER CRAG installs new compasses, radar, multi-function displays, and global positioning system/flight management system. New fuel panel, Mode S IFF, TCAS, precision altimeters, and DAMA compliant, 8.333 KHz channel radios are included in this upgrade.

JUSTIFICATION: Required to maintain the OFT cockpit in the same configuration as the actual aircraft the OFT simulates. The OFT provides full fidelity simulation of normal, abnormal, and emergency operations for both aircraft pilot positions. Instruction is accomplished using an on-board instructor operator’s station. The OFT currently supports continuation, difference, requalification, upgrade, pre-deployment and advanced training for assigned 135 aircrews.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Failure to update the OFT to current aircraft configurations will severely limit its effectiveness to provide adequate pilot training. The RC-135W OFT provides the only means for unit pilots to gain and maintain proficiency on tasks which cannot be safely or effectively trained in the aircraft. Failure to update the OFT to the current aircraft configuration would severely limit the unit’s ability to provide adequate pilot training. Some events could not be fully trained, which directly impacts flying safety and aircrew readiness.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0050 RC-135 JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY (JSAF)

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install collection system to intercept, exploit, and report on modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. Permit the collection of signals in the presence of co-channel interfering signals. Provide interoperability between primary DOD airborne collection platforms, establishing the infrastructure to support near-real-time exchange of information for rapid signal geolocation and targeting. Provide compliance with DOD directed Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA).

JUSTIFICATION: Current aircraft architecture and collection system have insufficient capability to intercept modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. System requires improvements to accurately measure signal polarization and angle of arrival to the required accuracy, and to process signals in the presence of co-channel interfering signals. DOD airborne collection platforms do not operate under a common architecture and are limited in their ability to exchange data among platforms for the purpose of rapid signal triangulation for geolocation and targeting.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207F

ISSUES:

Four aircraft undergo PDM per year. Current funding in FY01/02 only supports JSAF modification for three of the four aircraft during those years. Result will be 2 different aircraft configurations moving thorugh PDM. Impact: Dual qualified aircrews, split logisticis, increased training, increased cost for "out-of-cycle" modification.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

CRD Number & Title: CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

ISR0051 - Angle of Attack Indicator (AOA)

DESCRIPTION: Cockpit indicator which provides the pilot with a visual and audio warning of approach-to-stall.

JUSTIFICATION: Because the U-2 operates very close to stall during most phases of flight, this tool will greatly increase pilot warning of an approaching stall. Lack of stall warning was indicated as a possible contributing factor to two of the last four U-2 mishaps. The AOA alerts the pilot to approach-to-stall during landings, takeoffs, and operations stages of flight. The U-2 has been termed by CSAF as the "most challenging of Air Force aircraft." It operates within 5 knots of stall speed through most phases of flight. It also performs unique maneuvers, such as low altitude angle of attack changes to release "auxiliary gear" (wing ‘pogos’).

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Preferred contractor has agreed to provide prototype hardware for testing, however the Senior Year program does not have sufficient funds to conduct test flights or acquisition. This is the 9th Reconnaissance Wing’s first priority safety need.

REFERENCES: Safety Inspection Board Report of 28 Aug 95 U-2 mishap. S&R MAP.

MNS Number & Title: N/A

ORD Number & Title: N/A

1067 Number & Title: 95-201, U-2S Angle of Attack Indicator

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol James Brennan

 

ISR0052 - Full Motion Simulator

DESCRIPTION: Provides a full motion simulator to allow realistic training in flight conditions that are impractical or hazardous to practice.

JUSTIFICATION: Loss of 15% of the U-2 fleet in the last 5 years signaled the need for safety improvements to compensate for a less experienced pilot force. Many flight conditions in the U-2 such as high cross wind landings or heavy weight flame-out landings cannot be safely practiced in actual flight.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Currently waiting for fidelity studies to determine whether simulation of the U-2’s low level handling characteristics can be accurately portrayed.

REFERENCES: Safety Investigation Board Report of 28 Aug 95 U-2 mishap, S&R MAP

MNS Number & Title: N/A

ORD Number & Title: SRD For The CAF U-2S Simulator

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

ISR0053 - IMPROVED RF SENSOR

DESCRIPTION: Intercepts, exploits, and reports on modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. Permits the collection of signals in the presence of co-channel interference. Provide interoperability between primary DOD airborne collection platforms, establishing the infrastructure to support near-real-time exchange of information for rapid signal geolocation and targeting. Provides compliance with DOD directed Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA). Includes PME procurement, initial spares, platform group A kit manufacturing, and system acceptance flights for both high and low band sub-systems.

JUSTIFICATION: Current architecture and collection system have insufficient capability to intercept modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. Improvements are required to accurately measure signal polarization and angle of arrival to the required accuracy, and process signals in the presence of co-channel interfering signals. DOD airborne collection platforms do not operate under a common architecture and are limited in their ability to exchange data among platforms for rapid geolocation and targeting.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Still updating low-band production baseline and revising high-band component projections. Provides only the minimum baseline capability outlined by the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Steering Committee. It does not take full advantage of the available technology and the architecture currently being offered by the contractor.

REFERENCES: Joint SIGINT Avionics Architecture; JSAF SAMP

ORD Number & Title: CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol James Brennan

 

 

ISR0054 - ASARS Improvement Program

DESCRIPTION: The Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar System - 2 (ASARS-2) is an advanced imaging radar using synthetic aperture techniques to achieve extremely fine resolution imagery. It is a multimode, all-weather, day/night programmable sensor with improved range in both search and spotlight imagery modes. The ASARS improvement program (AIP) provides on-board processing, improved image quality, broad area coverage of fixed and moving targets, and improved target geolocation.

JUSTIFICATION: Provide and maintain dominant battlespace awareness and knowledge, and support targeting of PGMs, artillery, and long range stand-off weapons. S&R MAP #1 priority.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: The AIP includes funds for unilaterally tapping the aircraft generator. However, a preferred option is to reallocate a portion of the AIP and other sensor funds to create a power distribution architecture to serve all planned and future sensor power requirements.

REFERENCES: S&R MAP; Airborne Reconnaissance and Surveillance Architecture.

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 353-92, Advanced Imagery Reconnaissance Capability

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 353-92, Improved Synthetic Aperture Radar

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

ISR0055 - SYERS P3I, Lot 2

DESCRIPTION: The Senior Year Electro-Optical Reconnaissance System (SYERS) sensor collects and transmits digital imagery for near-real-time (NRT) exploitation and reporting. The SYERS upgrade program provides for improved resolution, range, and geolocation accuracy, and improved performance in darkness, haze, and inclement weather. The ORD calls for 16 sensors with 12 required for FOC. The FY 98 PB funds the 6 initial sensors. This initiative funds 3 additional SYERS P3I sensors, bringing the total number to 9.

JUSTIFICATION: The multi-spectral capabilities of the SYERS P3I upgrade will provide war fighters with the ability to locate, identify, and analyze military equipment through haze day or night. It will defeat enemy camouflage, concealment, and deception efforts, and improve geolocation accuracy for NRT targeting of artillery, PGMs, or long-range standoff weaponry.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES: S&R Mission Area Plan, Airborne Reconnaissance and Surveillance Architecture p4-64

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 353-92, Advanced Imagery Reconnaissance Capability

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 353-92, Advanced Multi-Spectral Electro-Optical Reconnaissance Sensor for the U-2.

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0056 - Defensive System

DESCRIPTION: Upgrades the U-2 aircraft to survive against current and expected threats and effectively meet growing intelligence requirements of the National Command Authority and warfighting CINCs. The initiative improves threat warning, RF countermeasures, and situation awareness capabilities. Provides group A wiring for all PAI U-2s plus 20 defensive systems with spares. Additionally all aircraft will receive I/R signature reduction and cockpit modifications. Growth provisions for IR warning and countermeasures are currently planned.

JUSTIFICATION: Upgrades the ‘BANDAID’ defensive capability procured for the U-2 as a result of DESERT STORM operations. The U-2 operates in hostile territory within the engagement envelope of long range SAM and airborne interceptor threats. Currently the platform relies on limited on-board situational awareness, political factors, and the inherent protection of high altitude as its only means of defense. The changing technological and international political environments require the pilot to have greater situational awareness and a modern defensive system to continue to operate and survive. Without survivability upgrades, the U-2 must rely on limited CAP and SEAD air assets for protection or maintain stand-off orbits which significantly reduce its ability to collect intelligence information on critical targets. This initiative is migratable to the Tier 2+ Global Hawk UAV.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: In a response to Joint Staff request for command input on use of U-2 as a penetrator, all CINCs queried stated they intend to employ the U-2 as a penetrating reconnaissance aircraft in future conflicts and unanimously support the fielding of an advanced defensive system capability for the U-2.

REFERENCES: S&R MAP, COMUSKOREA MSG DTG 190440Z Jan 95, cincusacom/j3 msg dtg 181631z Jan 95, USCINCEUR/ECDC msg dtg 181600Z Jan 95, USCINCPAC/J3 msg dtg 192300Z Jan 95, USCINCCENT/CCJ3 msg dtg 241440Z Jan 95.

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 304-95 U-2 Improved Survivability

ORD Number & Title: (Draft) CAF ORD 004-95 I/II-A, U-2 Improved Defensive System

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol James Brennan

 

ISR0057 - Power Distribution Backbone

DESCRIPTION: The U-2 reengining effort provided increased electrical capacity from 22 KVA to 36 KVA. This initiative installs a power distribution backbone which makes the increased electrical capacity available to the sensor payload.

JUSTIFICATION: The power distribution was initially part of the ‘SENIOR SMART’ program

which was canceled in 1995. Advanced sensors currently in development require increased power to provide on-board processing and utilize additional capabilities. Failure to upgrade the power distribution will result in inability to conduct some simultaneous sensor operations and to fully utilize sensor capability.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: A related issue is rewiring and electro-magnetic interference improvements (U2007) to reduce the platform electrical emissions ‘noise’ floor and permit advanced sensors to receive and process intelligence signals to their full capability. Further savings can be realized by doing mod during PDM together with rewire and JPTS/JP-8 mods.

REFERENCES: ISR MAP

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 353-92, Advanced Imagery Reconnaissance Capability

ORD Number & Title: CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY; CAF ORD 353-92, Improved Synthetic Aperture Radar

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol Jim Brennan

 

ISR0058 - Rewire and Electro-Magnetic Interference Reduction

DESCRIPTION: Removes legacy wiring and cabling throughout the aircraft and replaces it with shielded, grounded, low emission copper and fiber optic wiring. Will take advantage of modern wiring technology to reduce weight and inherent electro-magnetic interference with on board systems. Block upgrade includes single piece windscreen and windscreen de-icer mod.

JUSTIFICATION: As the U-2 avionics and sensor suites evolved, wiring was added to existing cables and harnesses until it became too expensive to identify and remove old wiring before new wiring was added. As a result, platform integrators have run out of space and weight to introduce wiring for new components. In addition, many of the old systems were grounded to the airframe. This initiative is required to lower the platform electrical emissions ‘noise’ floor and permit advanced sensors to receive and process new and developing high interest intelligence signals to the necessary degree. Windscreen changes greatly improve pilot visibility and maintenance access to the cockpit, reduce weight, and conserve power.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Related to initiative to install power distribution backbone in the U-2. Further savings can be realized by doing mod during PDM together with JPTS/JP8 and power distribution mods.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol James Brennan

 

 

ISR0059 - Conversion from JPTS to JP-8+100

DESCRIPTION: Converts aircraft fuel seals and adds fuel warmers and circulators to current fuel system to allow use of high-test JP-8 fuel rather than thermally stable fuel (JPTS) currently used.

JUSTIFICATION: Reduces fuel cost to nearly 1/2 of what is currently paid for JPTS. Reduces some special fuel storage and handling requirements at operating locations. Retrofitted aircraft are backwards compatible with JPTS.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Further savings can be realized by doing mod during PDM together with rewire and power distribution mods.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title: In progress

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Maj Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

ISR0060 - U-2 UHF SATCOM

DESCRIPTION: U-2 UHF SATCOM would provide the U-2 with secure worldwide communications capability. It would also provide for U-2 participation in the Demand Assigned Multiple Access and Future Air Navigation System programs.

JUSTIFICATION: The U-2S mission profile requires single pilot, single aircraft trans-oceanic flight, and operations far from normal flight routes. Neither current nor proposed UHF radios meet the size, weight, power, and performance requirements necessary to allow the U-2 to in the changing civil and military communications architectures. However, follow-on programs to the UHF DAMA SATCOM Airborne Integration Terminal appear to meet the required parameters.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: The U-2 previously received funding for beyond line of sight communications and is currently procuring the ARC 217 HF radio. The incumbent HF does not provide worldwide coverage, and UHF trans-oceanic air traffic control networks are not available until after 2000.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: #004-91-I, U-2 Beyond Line of Sight Communications

ORD Number & Title: DRAFT AFSPC ORD 001-93 III, Addendum B (CAF Airborne Terminals) for Ultrahigh Frequency Satellite Communications Capability dated 10 June 97

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0061 - SYSTEM INTEGRATION LAB (SIL)

DESCRIPTION: Provides a ground electronic test bed of U-2 airframe and sensor systems to enable more thorough integration testing prior to flight testing.

JUSTIFICATION: The U-2 has experienced significant flight test schedule overruns of one to 24 months for new and upgraded sensor and ground station integration, airframe improvement, discrepancy and mishap follow-ups, and ancillary equipment integration. The SIL could reduce flight testing by 20 to 30 percent. It would provide more visibility of software and hardware anomalies in systems and interfaces developed by more than 20 different providers. These anomalies might otherwise be hard to detect and/or isolate in an independent developer’s test facility prior to flight testing. Even during flight testing the ability to monitor, adjust, and restart test routines is limited. Additionally, flight tests are limited by aircraft availability, flight/weather restraints, and conflicting test requirements.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 353-92, Improved Synthetic Aperture Radar; CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY; CAF ORD 353-92, Advanced Multi-Spectral Electro-Optical Reconnaissance Sensor for the U-2.

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

ISR0062 - U-2 COCKPIT DISPLAY UPGRADES

DESCRIPTION: Provides a single multi-functional display to provide mission, location, and threat information to the pilot.

JUSTIFICATION: Improves pilot situation awareness by reducing workload and increasing the pilot’s ability to assimilate information provided by aircraft systems, and discriminate between critical and routine situations.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 304-95 U-2 Improved Survivability

ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

ISR0063 - AIRBORNE INFORMATION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM (ABIT)

DESCRIPTION: ABIT is the next generation of the Common Data Link, providing an extended wide band data link relay to move imagery and other intelligence information from collection platforms to ground stations and/or other airborne platforms anywhere in theater. It provides secure, selectable bandwidth, two way air-to-air-to-surface link with lop probability of detection/low probability of intercept.

JUSTIFICATION: ABIT offers beyond line of sight range and improved timeliness for real time operations without further taxing already heavily used orbital communications systems. The U-2 is to be used as a test bed for the critical component miniaturization phase of the demonstration for later migration to UAVs.

PROGRAM ELEMENT:

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 353-92-I-A Airborne Information Transmission System (ABIT), 19 Sep 96

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0064 - U-2 Crash Survivable Cockpit Data Recorder

DESCRIPTION: Records aircraft systems data during flight to assist in mishap assessment after a crash.

JUSTIFICATION: Other than four two-seat trainer aircraft, the U-2 is a single seat platform which often operates far from normal flight routes. The aircraft systems are extremely complex due to a wide array of sensor systems which interact with each other as well as some platform systems. The data recorder will be invaluable in identifying contributing causes after platform mishaps. The recorder is fourth on the 9th Reconnaissance Wing’s Safety Priorities list.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: None

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title: In progress

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

ISR0065 - U-2 Oil Quantity Gauge

DESCRIPTION: Provides a gauge within the cockpit to maintain pilot awareness of engine oil quantity remaining.

JUSTIFICATION: Several instances have occurred where U-2s were found during post-flight inspections to be extremely low on oil. The U-2 System Safety Group reviewed the incidents and recommended installation of an oil quantity gauge. Little to no non-recurring engineering is required since the prototype U-2S aircraft was designed with an oil quantity gauge, but it was not included in the production program. The oil quantity guage is third priority on the 9th Reconnaissance Wing’s list of safety issues.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: None

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title: In progress

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

ISR0067 - U-2 SENIOR GLASS VANISHING VENDOR MITIGATION

DESCRIPTION: Purchases Reliability and Maintainability upgrades to the SENIOR GLASS RF sensor to offset vanishing vendor issues that will soon impact the viability of the U-2’s RF capability.

JUSTIFICATION: Extensive efforts are required to locate and acquire replacement components which are no longer produced. The effort is significant enough to impact almost every LRU in the system. Although a replacement system is currently in the design phase, the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Steering Committee has directed that sufficient GLASS sensors be maintained until supplanted by the new sensor. The upgrade reduces the number of unique LRUs from several hundred to less than 50. It is estimated that the cost of mitigating vanishing vendor issues would exceed the cost of the upgrade by approximately 300%.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Additional funding is required to furnish the DARSC directed modification kits to allow full fleet interim compatibility.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: AIA ORD 002-88-1, SENIOR SMART, signed 19 January 94

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0071 - U2 Life Support

DESCRIPTION: Purchases initial issue and spare S-1034 space suit helmets, coveralls, gas retainer liners, and gloves, for U-2 high altitude operations to replace the no longer supportable S-1031 space suit. Also supports on-board life support and survival kits. Includes an SR-71 type oxygen line to the space suit which will greatly improve pilot comfort and safety.

JUSTIFICATION: The space suit is necessary for high altitude operations which provide the U-2 both it’s mission capability as well as its primary defense against hostile forces. The special survival kits are necessary for the high altitude environment and compensate for the space suited pilot’s lack of mobility.

PROGRAM ELEMENT:

ISSUES: a) A survival kit replacement is needed due to age and wear. The original kits were fabricated in 1967/1968 for the U-2R with additional kits fabricated in 1980/1981 for the TR-1. Money was saved over the years by using a four year overhaul interval instead of replacing kits. The basic components are quickly approaching the end of their serviceable life.

b) A recent Beale ORI levied a finding that U-2 pilots were being provided suits that did not provide chemical protection. According to the inspection report, this violated WMP, Annex S, Appendix 10, and could "result in loss of life/U-2 asset in wartime or degraded mission effectiveness."

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: SAC AHAPS SON 019-86

ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0077 RIVET JOINT SHF High Gain Steerable Beam Antenna Upgrade I

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install a new antenna array in the cheek to provide increased sensitivity and signal separation for selected frequency bands. Provides an increased number of steerable beams in bands that currently have steerable beams, and provides steerable beams in bands not currently steerable beam capable. Increases the number of signals that can be processed simultaneously and increases signal selectivity against co-channel signals.

JUSTIFICATION: Increasing number of low power signals and increased signal density have decreased the ability to collect tasked targets due to co-channel signal interference. Antenna improvements permit deeper target penetration against low power emitters or increased standoff ranges. The current SHF antenna array does not provide the sensitivity or selectivity required to collect low power or co-channel signals, reducing probability of intercept.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0078 RIVET JOINT Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA) High Band Sub-System (HBSS) Upgrade

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install upgrades to the RIVET JOINT’s high band antennas, RF distribution network, and software to intercept, exploit, and report on modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. Permit the collection of signals in the presence of co-channel interfering signals. Provide interoperability between primary DOD airborne collection platforms, establishing the infrastructure to support near-real-time exchange of information for rapid signal geolocation and targeting. Provide compliance with DOD directed Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA)

JUSTIFICATION: The JSAF CRD (CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY) requires all airborne reconnaissance aircraft to migrate to JASA compliance by 2010. Current aircraft architecture and collection system have insufficient capability to intercept modern modulation and low probability of detection communications and radar signals. System requires improvements to accurately measure signal polarization and angle of arrival to the required accuracy, and to process signals in the presence of co-channel interfering signals. DOD airborne collection platforms do not operate under a common architecture and are limited in their ability to exchange data among platforms for the purpose of rapid signal triangulation for geolocation and targeting.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Without funding, RIVET JOINT high band system will not receive required upgrades and migrate to JASA/JSAF compliance.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0079 RIVET JOINT High Frequency (HF) Direction Finding (DF) System

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install a ten element HF array antenna on RIVET JOINT to provide HF DF capability. Upgrades the Joint SIGINT Avionics Family (JSAF) LowBand SubSystem (LBSS) receiver to process HF DF.

JUSTIFICATION: The current RIVET JOINT HF capability is limited to a long wire antenna. This configuration supports signal reception, but not HF DF. The aircraft is tasked to perform search, classification, collection, and DF of all militarily significant signals. This tasking includes signals in the HF band. Without HF DF, the aircraft will continue to have no DF capability in this increasingly significant frequency band. A ten element HF antenna array, and receiver upgrades are needed to perform HF DF operations.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Without the installation of a ten element HF antenna array, RIVET JOINT will not be able satisfy the requirement to DF signals in the HF band.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0080 RIVET JOINT 360º Search, Acquisition, and Direction Finding System

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install a circular antenna array and receiver system designed to search, acquire and DF emitters over the full. The antenna will be centerline mounted on the aircraft underside. The antenna output will be routed to a new receiver dedicated to 360º intercept. The receiver output would be routed to existing processors for exploitation. The proposed implimentation will retain the high sensitivity and geolocation accuracy of the current system while adding an additional antenna array and receiver specifically for 360º coverage.

JUSTIFICATION: The current radar acquisition and DF systems have a limited field of view, restricted to 120º on each side of the aircraft. Additionally, the operator can only select one side or the other. The aircraft is often employed in orbits requiring a greater antenna field of view, often from both sides of the aircraft, or from the nose and tail. The crew currently accomplishes this tasking by alternating antenna selection from side to side, and by changing aircraft headings. These tactics provide sequential, not simultaneous looks at the target area, and pose a significant probability of missing short-up-time and low-probability-of-intercept emitters.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: RIVET JOINT is currently unable to satisfy the long-standing requirement to search, acquire, and DF emitters through the full 360º.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0081 COMBAT SENT Calibration Systems

DESCRIPTION: Replaces obsolete and unsupportable components of the Emitter Source Van (ESV) and the Portable Calibration Van (PCV) used to generate test signals to calibrate aircraft antenna and RF distribution system. Provides modern modulation capability and millimeter wave frequency calibration. Returns aircraft system calibration accuracy to required level.

JUSTIFICATION: Replaces failing components of the ESV and PCV. Modernizes computer assets which have become obsolete and unsupportable. Provides modern modulation capability to enable test and calibration of systems designed to exploit frequency agile, coded pulse, and coherent radar weapon systems. Provides high frequency millimeter wave calibration signals.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: COTS computer systems used in both ESV and PCV will become unsupportable in the FY05-06 years. Sensors designed to exploit modern weapon systems must be calibrated against similar signals to ensure accurate measurements. Increasing use of millimeter wave frequencies in direct threat systems makes calibration critical for weapon system characterization.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0082 COMBAT SENT Wideband Acquisition/Frequency Hopping Receiver System (FHRS)

DESCRIPTION: Provides wideband acquisition and frequency hopping receiver system (FHRS) capability for exploitation of frequency agile threat systems. Builds on previous efforts to provide unique capability for precision measurement and exploitation of modern, frequency agile radar. Uses shared antennas and pooled computer assets with high speed, JASA compliant network to integrate existing reconnaissance systems with wideband receiver and de-hopping systems.

JUSTIFICATION: Allows real-time acquisition and exploitation of frequency-agile threats. Enhances probability of intercept for LPI systems and increases tip-off capability. Will enhance the unique capability to intercept and exploit radar transmission characteristics to include modern frequency-agile threats. Enables collection of data essential for electronic warfare system reprogramming and design.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Modern threats are increasingly using frequency agility to counter fielded systems. These threat systems cannot be adequately characterized by existing collection systems. This increases the margin of error required to be used in mission and route planning, as well as increasing the cost of LO, HARM, and electronic warfare system design because of the inability to accurately characterize the threat system.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0083 COMBAT SENT RF Distribution System Improvement

DESCRIPTION: Procures and installs antennas and RF distribution system capable of intercepting frequency agile radars. Redesigns wing RF distribution system to permit installation of new RC-135 engines. Enhances power, beam pattern, and polarization (P3) collection on narrowband signals. Expands collection system field of view, increases sensitivity and implements standard data links for increased cross-platform cueing, near-real-time reporting, and tactical support capabilities. Installs industry standard ID-1 wideband recorders.

JUSTIFICATION: Implements common aperture RF distribution/fiber optics (CARF) to allow re-engining and collection of frequency hopping radars. Enhances P3 collection by adding improved near-real-time processing and reporting along with narrowband collection capability. Allows near-real-time reporting and cross-platform cueing through common data links (TADIL-J/TIBS). Increases training and collection capacity through improved carry-on terminals. Increases ability to exploit wideband threats through higher bandwidth recorders.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Cannot reinstall P3 collection system after re-engine without common aperture RF distribution/fiber optics (CARF). CARF allows 360° field-of-view and exploitation of frequency hopping radars. Improved processing and communication provides enhanced cross-platform tip-off, and P3 information in near-real-time for mission planning and threat avoidance. Operator workload is reduced by enhanced P3 system automation, data management, and reduced complexity allowing operation in more complex, more diverse threat environments.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0084 COBRA BALL Integrated Airborne Communications Operator/Data Link Operator (ACO/DLO)

DESCRIPTION: Integrates the ACO/DLO function into a modern, open architecture, networked workstation, capable of controlling all communications assets. It will allow full access of all data links and their information to all operators on the aircraft. TRAP, TIBS, JTIDS (Link-16), and future wideband communications systems, with connectivity to national systems, will be available on the aircraft LAN. Operators will be able to choose which data to display for situational awareness, sensor management, data fusion with internal sensor information, and mission management/coordination with other sensors or collectors in real-time.

JUSTIFICATION: The current ACO/DLO is unable to effectively distribute on-board communications due to "older" personal computer-based equipment and displays, no networking, and limited situation awareness. Communications are not currently connected to the aircraft LAN.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0085 COBRA BALL Common Advisory Warning System (AWS)

DESCRIPTION: This new initiative will provide a scaled down version of RIVET JOINT (RC-135V/W) AIA capability with 100% functional commonality. Operators will have identical displays/functions to RIVET JOINT, minimizing operator training and currency requirements. Collection capability will be scaled down from 12 operators on RIVET JOINT to five operators (including the ACO/DLO position) required on the COBRA BALL aircraft. This scaling allows a reduced number of receive, demod, and record channels. Automated Search and Geolocation functions along with a full assortment of PROFORMA processing will be retained. The Common AWS will have full tactical data link providing interoperability. Processing of data products will be done in the RIVET JOINT ground processing centers.

JUSTIFICATION: Current COBRA BALL AWS, collection and DF capabilities are inadequate to permit unassisted world-wide missions. High-threat areas may require COBRA BALL be accompanied by an AWS capable aircraft (RIVET JOINT). Improves COBRA BALL capability to collect signals while monitoring foreign missile events and range activities.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0086 COBRA BALL Common Mission Architecture

DESCRIPTION: Modifies three COBRA BALL aircraft to a common RC-135 architecture which will include: procurement of equipment, modification of an existing airframe, installation of equipment and flight test. Sensor systems will include two sided EO/IR radiometric sensors, and spectral sensors (MTOS). Field of regard for the collection systems will be 120° centered off the wings covering both sides of the aircraft. Onboard maintenance and calibration capability will be provided (identical to RJ). Communications systems will be common with RJ, providing real time TIBS/JTIDS data to war fighters and peace-time communications with command and control agencies. The data distribution system will be fiber optic backbone enabling a high bandwidth communications for real time data fusion of onboard and offboard sensor data.

JUSTIFICATION: COBRA BALL is currently the sole source airborne provider of precise, high quality multiple intelligence data on foreign ballistic/theater missile systems and their associated research and development complexes. COBRA BALL’s targets have traditionally been Russian ballistic missiles in support of treaty monitoring. Although still an active collection target set, emphasis has moved to Rest-o-World collection activities. With this emerging role, additional capabilities for baseline RSTA for ROW operations must be procured to give COBRA BALL a comparable collection capablility against ROW targets. A continuing need exists for monitoring and exploitation of the proliferation of missiles and other weapons of mass destruction in ROW target areas. The collection of this data is mandatory for the Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) databases. Furthermore, COBRA BALL can provide unique missile alerting and cueing capabilities during wartime conditions. This design complies with JASS and JSAF CRD requirements.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0087 COBRA BALL Automated Mission Management

DESCRIPTION: Gives the aircraft Tactical Coordinator (TC) the software tools, and hardware interfaces, to external and internal data for real-time decision making optimizing data collection and overall aircraft sensor management. This includes positioning the aircraft for optimum collection, situational awareness displays, collection management software, real-time reporting capabilities, and air-to-air and air-to-ground data link management for real-time data fusion. Advanced trajectory software will estimate impact locations to higher precision. The system operator will be able to predict launch areas based on expert systems technology. This will combine data fusion software, map and terrain (DTEDS) data, and predictive modeling software to estimate TEL location based on time and geographical location. All data will be available for broadcast over tactical data real-time.

JUSTIFICATION: Increased awareness will provide increased productivity, along with real-time reporting, over existing data tactical links (TIBS, JTIDS, and future IBS).

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0088 COBRA BALL All Weather Tracking Radar

DESCRIPTION: Procures three modified radar sensors, one per aircraft, for installation into COBRA BALL aircraft to track missiles and other targets. This will allow detection and three dimensional (3D) tracking/position of targets (missiles, cruise missiles, and aircraft) in all weather conditions. This will provide COBRA BALL with a stand-alone capability for Rest-of-World (ROW) target areas and enhance its Theater Missile Defense (TMD) capabilities

JUSTIFICATION: A continuing need exists for monitoring and exploitation of the proliferation of missiles and other weapons of mass destruction in ROW target areas. The collection of this data is mandatory for the timely Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB) databases. The COBRA BALL airborne radar sensor will detect and track launches of ROW missile systems and other threats in all weather conditions. The requirement was validated by DIA, Intelligence Community (IC) Staff, and Strategic Reconnaissance Group (SRG) as stated in the 7 Dec 89 letter to AF/INXY, SRG Minutes of 14 Nov 89.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 31314

SCHEDULE: Cost data provided by ASC/RAB. Procurement and delivery schedule estimates taken from best available data.

 

Approp

riation

FY00

FY01

FY02

FY03

FY04

FY05

               

Approved

Funding ($M)

3600

           
 

3010

           
               

Requirement ($M)

3600

           
 

3010

16.5

11.3

11.3

1.8

   
               

Pro/Del Qty

 

1/1

1/1

1/1

     

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0089 RIVET JOINT Air Conditioning (A/C) Environmental Cooling Modifications

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install a vapor cycle cooling system. Includes a liquid cooling loop and heat exchangers. The system will provide in excess of 10 tons of additional cooling at all operating altitudes. Permits effective operation of collection systems added to the aircraft over the last decade. Reduces the requirements for auxiliary air conditioning during ground support operations.

JUSTIFICATION: The heat load of the "mission equipment" has exceeded the capacity of the standard C-135 air-conditioning system. Skin heat exchangers have been installed to effect additional cooling. This system is only effective at altitudes in excess of 25,000 ft and has reached its capacity. To allow future growth in system capabilities, flexibility in operations, and crew comfort, additional capacity must be obtained.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Without increased A/C capability, future growth of aircraft mission equipment, operational flexibility, and crew comfort will be curtailed.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0090 RIVET JOINT Crew Comfort Upgrade

DESCRIPTION: Install a modern, commercial aircraft-class latrine for crew comfort. New latrine will provide increased holding capacity and the capability to be serviced, from the ground, using current field servicing equipment. Provides a sink, with fresh running water, allowing aircrews to wash their hands.

JUSTIFICATION: Current aircraft latrine leaks and lacks privacy requirements needed for combined male/female aircrews. Waste leakage is causing corrosion problems with aircraft structural components. The smell of the waste/disinfectant fouls the cabin air.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Increased aircrew stress due to inferior latrine facility which produces waste/disinfectant odors inside the mission crew area. Leakage corrodes the aircraft structural components.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0091 RIVET JOINT Wideband SATCOM Data Link/Global Broadcast Service (GBS)

DESCRIPTION: Procure, install and integrate a wideband datalink terminal on the aircraft. Datalink would expand the capability of a wideband line-of-sight datalink to add SATCOM capable. Datalink will be interoperable with ground-tethered assets for data exchange and exploitation. Permits airborne exploitation of UAV sensors. Provides capability for cooperative direction finding for near instantaneous target geolocation. Allows aircrews to draw on in-theater intelligence center databases and processing capability, or provide for reach-back to CONUS intelligence center databases and processing capability. Provides for near-real-time interaction between theater and national assets, increasing probability of intercepting targets, and increasing geolocation accuracy of target locations. Terminal will permit receipt of Global Broadcast Service.

JUSTIFICATION: Airborne reconnaissance platforms require a wideband datalink for interaction among platforms in order to provide high probability of signal detection, provide accurate and timely target geolocation, draw on theater and CONUS databases and processing capability to exploit robust signals, and permit airborne access to UAV sensor data.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: RIVET JOINT aircraft will not be able to exchange data among in-theater reconnaissance platforms and draw on CONUS based national assets to exchange data, cooperatively geolocate targets, and exploit robust targets in near-real-time.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR-0092 - Defense Messaging System

DESCRIPTION: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)-directed upgrade to replace the Automated Digital Network (AUTODIN) and the existing e-mail currently used by DoD. It is an architecture and suite of products that will replace DoD’s messaging environment with a secure X.400, X.500 messaging system. It will be the mandatory system for sending organizational and individual messages within DoD and federal agencies. It uses new messaging technologies to increase speed and security of messaging.

JUSTIFICATION: DISA-directed upgrade providing greater interoperability. DMS is critical to ‘owning’ the electronic battlefield. DMS is secure and efficient, replaces separate system-high systems, shifts focus to the needs of the warfighter, uses COTS messaging products, and capitalizes on space based assets. It supports battlefield digitization.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

ISR-0094 - JTIDS/TADIL J Migration

DESCRIPTION: Purchases and installs Joint Tactical Information Distribution System/Joint Tactical Digital Information Link terminals in each ground station (DGS1/DGS2/KCOIC) plus both MOBSTR segments and purchases a spare for each. JTIDS utilizes TADIL J formats and provides a secure, jam resistant contention-free, digital information exchange to forces or joint units. Allows sharing of nav, IFF, threat, participant location and status, command data, weapon engagement and status data, aircraft control, EW, track management, contact parametric data, environmental and other special data. Each terminal can select or reject any message based on its operational need.

JUSTIFICATION: Will provide support for critical mobile targets, survivability, retasking, and crosscueing.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

 

ISR-0095 - Integrated Broadcast Service

DESCRIPTION: Procures terminals for the future communications architecture for a family of Joint Tactical Terminals projected to combine tactical broadcast systems such as TDDS, TIBS, and TRIX. It is a USN-led effort, with USA responsible for ground terminal development and USAF responsible for defining satellite architecture. May be incorporated in the Defense Messaging System.

JUSTIFICATION: Provide rapid distribution of threat indications, warning, and intelligence products to users and other intelligence entities.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

 

ISR-0096 - SAIP Integration

DESCRIPTION: The Semi-Automated Imagery Processor (SAIP) provides an automated target recognition (ATR) capability to the Advanced Synthetic Aperture RADAR 2 (ASARS 2) exploitation workstations in the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS) Mission Intelligence Segment (MIS). This capability cues imagery analysts to targets of interest. SAIP reduces overall exploitation times, because analysts are not required to exploit an entire image to determine what level of activity is occurring.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Automatic recognition of targets of interest.
  2. Reduces workload on operators.
  3. Decreases ASARS 2 imagery exploitation time.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

 

ISR-0097 - CIGSS Integration

DESCRIPTION: Common Imagery Ground/Surface System (CIGSS) upgrades are directed by the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (DARO). These upgrades will enhance interoperability between the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS) and other service intelligence ground systems.

JUSTIFICATION: DARO-directed upgrades which improve interoperability and interface with other defense and national multi-source intelligence databases, producers, and customers.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

ISR-0099 - DGIF/GCP Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Provide common ground station baseline. Includes security upgrades, provides for remote maintenance, automated voice processing, and improved data signal processing.

JUSTIFICATION: Supports future sensor capability processing and exploitation. Provides for tactical reporting and fusion, migration to the Multi-Int Ground Station, and aligns with standards stated in Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment and the Joint SIGINT Handbook. Also provides migration path to the Distributed Common Ground Station architecture.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

 

ISR-0100 - JSAF Integration

DESCRIPTION: Provides additional processing capability, including multi-platform direction finding, flight and systems integration laboratory testing, final documentation, high/low band systems integration, data link integration, to include SPAN/SPUR/MOBSTR beyond line-of-sight. Joint SIGINT Avionics Family (JSAF) upgrades are directed by the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (DARO).

JUSTIFICATION: Provides capability to process new and advanced signals, support ‘smart’ weapon programming, and enhance interservice interoperability.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Wapelhorst, INXS,

4-3642

 

 

 

ISR-0101 - National Imagery Initiatives

DESCRIPTION: These modifications to the Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS) are driven by changes in the national imagery community. In order to realize the increased capability from national systems (e.g., higher resolution, greater geolocational accuracy, etc.) upgrades must be made to the JSIPS hardware and software.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Required to maintain compatibility with national sensor data.
  2. Provides enhanced capabilities (e.g., higher resolution, greater geolocational accuracy).

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. Byerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

ISR-0102 - Softcopy Exploitation Workstation Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) workstation upgrades for the Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS). These upgrades will take advantage of computational and processing improvements to increase softcopy imagery exploitation capabilities (i.e., multispectral imagery, automatic target cuing/ recognition, video imagery).

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Improve interoperability with other DoD imagery exploitation systems.
  2. Reduce amount of special purpose hardware and software.
  3. Employment flexibility will allow deployments to improved/unimproved facilities.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27245F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. Byerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

 

ISR-0103 - Communications System Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Replaces SATCOM antenna dish with a new shaped antenna. Upgrades tri-band SATCOM capability to a fourth band (to allow Global Broadcast Service interoperability). Upgrades communications suite to accommodate changes required by implementation of the DISA-directed Defense Messaging System. Provides interoperability with the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS) communications segment.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Increases SATCOM broadcast/receive capabilities.
  2. Upgrades driven by DoD-level policy changes.
  3. Increases interoperability with other CAF ground systems.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. Byerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

 

ISR-0104 - Commercial Imagery Initiatives

DESCRIPTION: Provides the Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS) a deployable commercial imagery receive capability. Provides broad area and multi-spectral imagery to military users. This unclassified imagery will greatly improve the ability of warfighters to acquire imagery for mission planning, battlefield rehersal, and receipt at the unclassified level.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Increases amount/types of imagery available to warfighters.
  2. Available for use in mission planning/exercises.
  3. Releasable to foreign nationals.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. Byerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

 

ISR-0105 - ECU Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Procure new environmental control units (ECUs) for the Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS). These ECUs would be the same as those used in the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS). These systems will co-locate in the near future and we need to establish a common baseline for supporting equipment.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Establishes a single ECU baseline for JSIPS and CARS.
  2. Streamlines acquisition/sparing process.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. Byerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

 

ISR-0106 - Defense Messaging System

DESCRIPTION: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)-directed upgrade to replace the Automated Digital Network (AUTODIN) and the existing e-mail currently used by DoD. It is an architecture and suite of products that will replace DoD’s messaging environment with a secure X.400, X.500 messaging system. It will be the mandatory system for sending organizational and individual messages within DoD and federal agencies. It uses new messaging technologies to increase speed and security of messaging.

JUSTIFICATION: DISA-directed upgrade providing greater interoperability. DMS is critical to ‘owning’ the electronic battlefield. DMS is secure and efficient, replaces separate system-high systems, shifts focus to the needs of the warfighter, uses COTS messaging products, and capitalizes on space based assets. It supports battlefield digitization.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: SSgt M. B yerly, INXS, 4-3629

 

ISR0107 - Multi-source Intelligence Ground System (MIGS)

DESCRIPTION: MIGS will receive, process, exploit, and disseminate multi-intelligence (multi-INT) data from spaceborne, airborne, and surface sensors. MIGS will baseline all CAF fixed and deployable intelligence ground systems to a common commercial/government off-the-shelf (COTS/GOTS) hardware and software standard. The commonality and interoperability provided by MIGS will allow intelligence units to distribute operations across the CAF, as required. Deployable assets will be modular and scaleable to satisfy specific intelligence needs and theater requirements. Initial plans for the development of MIGS include the incorporation of the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS), the Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS), JSIPS-Augmentation (JSIPS-A), the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Exploitation System (UES), and the Theater Airborne Reconnaissance System’s (TARS) Digital Photo Lab (DPL) assets and capabilities into an integrated suite of shelterized and transit-cased deployable systems.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. Will comply with Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office (DARO)-directed Common Imagery Ground/ Surface System (CIGSS) and Joint SIGINT Avionics Family (JSAF) standards.
  2. Will provide CAF commanders with truly multi-INT ground systems.
  3. Will reduce costs of multiple, independent system upgrades.
  4. Will allow CAF-wide distributed operations through system interoperability and commonality.
  5. Employment flexibility allows deployed operations or in-garrison support via reachback.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: Final Mission Need Statement CAF 304-96 for Multi-source Intelligence Ground System (MIGS)

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-4469

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

 

 

ISR0110 - MIPE/CARS Compatibility Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: Upgrades components of the Mobile Imagery Processing Element (MIPE), STRATCOM’s wet film processing system to be compatible with the Contingency Airborne Reconnaissance System (CARS).

JUSTIFICATION: Ensures continued operability of the system which may provide the only post nuclear-strike capability to conduct damage assessment and assist in reconstitution of forces and allows interface with CARS segments to provide full ‘multi-int’ intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

 

ISR-0112 - MIPE Effluent Processing System

DESCRIPTION: Provides the Mobile Imagery Processing Element (MIPE), STRATCOM’s wet film processing system, an autonomous effluent processing capability.

JUSTIFICATION: Provides a more cost effect processing system which requires less resources to operate. Reduces amount of effluent which must be shipped to the United States for processing.

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

ISR-0113 - MIPE Frequency Converter Units

DESCRIPTION: Provide capability for the Mobile Imagery Processing Element (MIPE), STRATCOM’s wet film processing system, to connect to non-US standard commercial power.

JUSTIFICATION: MIPE generators would be used as backup power sources or for critical operations only. Reduces fuel consumption, air/noise pollution.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

 

ISR-0114- Vanishing Vendors

DESCRIPTION: Replaces components of the Mobile Imagery Processing Element (MIPE), STRATCOM’s wet film processing system, that are no longer supportable, no longer being produced, or cannot be procured through supply channels.

JUSTIFICATION: Ensures continued operability of the system which may provide the only post nuclear-strike capability to conduct damage assessment and assist in reconstitution of forces.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

ISR-0115 - Defense Messaging System

DESCRIPTION: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)-directed upgrade to replace the Automated Digital Network (AUTODIN) and the existing e-mail currently used by DoD. It is an architecture and suite of products that will replace DoD’s messaging environment with a secure X.400, X.500 messaging system. It will be the mandatory system for sending organizational and individual messages within DoD and federal agencies. It uses new messaging technologies to increase speed and security of messaging.

JUSTIFICATION: DISA-directed upgrade providing greater interoperability. DMS is critical to ‘owning’ the electronic battlefield. DMS is secure and efficient, replaces separate system-high systems, shifts focus to the needs of the warfighter, uses COTS messaging products, and capitalizes on space based assets. It supports battlefield digitization.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35208F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None

ORD Number & Title: None

1067 Number & Title: NA

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 31 Dec 96

Current CINC IPL: Yes

 

ACC PEM Name: Capt A. Kwietniewski, DRRI, 4-8650

PEM Backup Name: Capt D. Willard, INXS, 4-3621

 

 

ISR0116 -- JOINT STARS BROADCAST INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM

DESCRIPTION: Intelligence Broadcast System. This system initially provides receive-only capability the TRAP, TADIX, and TIBS broadcast nets. These nets provide near-real time updates from multiple intelligence sources at the SECRET level to support situational awareness, intelligence preparation of the battlefield, cross-cueing, radar scope interpretation assistance, battle management and mission planning. This upgrade improves Theater Missile Defense (TMD) support, Order of Battle (OB) databases, self defense awareness, situation assessment and attack planning. The broadcast information would be integrated into all the E-8 workstations to allow the individual operators to conduct overlay and comparison of Joint STARS sensor data and broadcast system data..

JUSTIFICATION: Current intelligence broadcast capability is a limited receive only contingency enhancement which is not fully supported through program life cycle and will increase CLS costs if kept as the de-facto baseline capability. The contingency system is hardwired into a single worksattion and is not availble to all mission crew members. Without a robust intelligence broadcast system the mission crew must heavily rely upon other sensor platforms to provide this data over voice communications increasing voice net traffic and operator work load. This requirement is stated in the Joint STARS ORD.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 64770F

ISSUES: This system is been an ORD requirement

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes N/A

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J PEM Backup Name: N/A

 

ISR0117 -- JOINT STARS AUTOMATIC TARGET RECOGNITION DEVELOPMENT

DESCRIPTION: Automatic Target Recognition (ATR). This capability provides Joint STARS operators with automated surface target recognition/identification. This enhances operator efficiency in high density situations and exponentially increases current capabilities for surface target identification. ATR provides higher mission crew situational awareness and increases support to battle management and attack support. In support of TMD, the system will be able to locate, track, and identify missile Transporter Erector Launchers (TELS) vehicles upon cueing from off-board sensors/sources. The ATR concept is based upon algorithms using processed radar data (Enhanced Synthetic Aperture Radar [ESAR] and Inverse SAR [ISAR]) and applying Radar Cross Section (RCS) or templating techniques to classify/identify ground and maritime targets. ATR is a computational technique which compares the SAR imagery with imagery templates of high value targets to quickly identify and locate those targets in the image. This requires a large detailed data base of potential target image templates and the processing capability to do comparisons with Joint STARS sensor data. This capability includes integration into all the E-8 operator work stations and assumes implementation of first the Programmable Signal Processor (PSP) and then secondly the ESAR and ISAR upgrades. The initial effort is to develop and demonstrate an ATR capability on Joint STARS. ATR is not yet at a stage for insertion into Joint STARS production models or retrofit of existing aircraft.

JUSTIFICATION: The is no automated target recognition or identification capability on the E-8. Currently, mission crew must cognitively fuse off board sensor information, current situation awarness, and on board sensors to make any type of recognition call. This type of analysis produces a low confidence level and requires a level of training which is nor provided to operational mission crew members. ATR would allow for more timely and accurate target support and battle management decisions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 27581F

ISSUES: The PSP replacement and ESAR/ISAR upgrades must be acomplished prior to development of the ATR capability

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: N/A ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF 001-84) - I/II/III- A (REV4) for Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (U) (JOINT STARS)

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes N/A

ACC PEM Name: Capt J. Blanchfield, DRR-SMO-J PEM Backup Name: N/A

 

ISR0129 RIVET JOINT Operator Workstation Upgrade

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install high resolution operator displays to improve target detection and signal recognition. Wide band fiber optic base audio distribution network to all operators. Wide band, high capacity COTS audio recorders. High capacity, digital, reprogramable, wideband demodulators and processors

JUSTIFICATION: Current display resolution is insufficient to allow accurate signal detection and recognition of modern modulation target signals. Several current target emitters exceed the bandwith of the current audio distribution system, resulting in unintelligible audio output. Several receiver outputs are routed to specific operator positions, limiting flexibility in responding to theater driven dynamic target environments. Bandwidth and capacity of current recorders is exceeded by an emerging class of wideband modern modulation target emitters. Bandwidth and capacity of current signal demodulators is exceeded by an emerging class of wideband modern modulation target emitters. Current demodulators are not reprogramable. It is expensive and time consuming to reconfigure them to process different target emitters.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: None.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0130 RIVET JOINT SHF High Gain Steerable Beam Antenna Upgrade II

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install a new antenna array in the cheek to provide increased sensitivity and signal separation in selected frequency bands. Provides an increased number of steerable beams in bands that currently have steerable beams, and provides steerable beams in bands not currently steerable beam capable. Increases the number of signals that can be processed simultaneously and increases signal selectivity against co-channel signals.

JUSTIFICATION: Increasing number of low power signals and increased signal density have decreased the ability to collect tasked targets. Antenna improvements permit deeper target penetration against low power emitters or increased standoff ranges. The current SHF antenna array does not provide the sensitivity or selectivity required to collect low power or co-channel signals, reducing probability of intercept.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0131 RIVET JOINT Wideband Line-of-Sight Data Link

DESCRIPTION: Procure, install and integrate a wideband datalink terminal on the aircraft. Datalink would be line-of-sight capable. Datalink will be interoperable with ground-tethered assets for data exchange and exploitation. Permits airborne exploitation of UAV sensors. Provides capability for cooperative direction finding for near instantaneous target geolocation. Allows aircrews to draw on in-theater intelligence center databases and processing capability. Provides for near-real-time interaction between theater assets, increasing probability of intercepting targets, and increasing geolocation accuracy of target locations.

JUSTIFICATION: Airborne reconnaissance platforms require a wideband datalink for interaction among platforms in order to provide high probability of signal detection, provide accurate and timely target geolocation, draw on theater atabases and processing capability to exploit robust signals, and permit airborne access to UAV sensor data.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: RIVET JOINT aircraft will not be able to exchange data among in-theater reconnaissance platforms and draw on CONUS based national assets to exchange data, cooperatively geolocate targets, and exploit robust targets in near-real-time.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0132 COMBAT SENT Operator Workstation Upgrade

DESCRIPTION: Procure and install high resolution operator displays to improve target detection and signal recognition. Wide band fiber optic base audio distribution network to all operators. Wide band, high capacity COTS audio recorders. High capacity, digital, reprogramable, wideband demodulators and processors.

JUSTIFICATION: Current display resolution is insufficient to allow accurate signal detection and recognition of modern modulation target signals. Several current target emitters exceed the bandwith of the current audio distribution system, resulting in unintelligible audio output. Several receiver outputs are routed to specific operator positions, limiting flexibility in responding to theater driven dynamic target environments. Bandwidth and capacity of current recorders is exceeded by an emerging class of wideband modern modulation target emitters. Bandwidth and capacity of current signal demodulators is exceeded by an emerging class of wideband modern modulation target emitters. Current demodulators are not reprogramable. It is expensive and time consuming to reconfigure them to process different target emitters.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: None.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR-0133 - AWACS Joint Composite Tracking Network (JCTN)

DESCRIPTION : JCTN is a joint telecommunication network and processing capability to enable composite tracking among joint, heterogeneous mixes of sensors and to support appropriate levels of cooperative engagement of targets by weapon systems. The E-3 system has an embedded Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) that will allow the E-3 to transmit and receive raw radar data from other members of the net. This allows several separate raiders/sensors to operate as one radar to establish tracking of air vehicles that may not be visible to individual sensors for sufficient time to establish a track. JCTN will also allow the E-3 to participate in fire control solutions from a situation awareness, cueing, target identification (long range, over the horizon tracking from origin) and data relay standpoint. CEC is seen as evolving to JCTN. JCTN will make a major improvement in the theater "kill chain" of LO aircraft and missiles, very low altitude, low speed threats, less defensive counterair weapons wastage, better raid counts, robust CCM, enhanced survivability of C2 and air defense assets, better TADIL J/link 16 throughput, increased battlespace, and adversary air activity use of deception and defense saturation tactics.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

  1. JCTN mergers CEC and JTIDS (TADIL J/Link 16) features for detection, tracking, identification and fire control direction - it will be essential to AWACS mission to be JCTN equipped.
  2. The 28May97 Cruise Missile Defense memorandum signed by both OSD(A), Dr. Kaminski, and CVJCS, Gen. Ralston, sent to the Service Chiefs and CINCs, inter alia, directs the USAF to add JCTN to the E-3.
  3. Establishes and maintains an accurate, resolved, consistent Real-Time Air picture.
  4. Improves flexibility, effectiveness, efficiency, and firing doctrine of counterair assets.
  5. No one in DOD is contemplating developing JCTN without the E-3 AWACS as a prime participate.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27417

ISSUES: Procurement not complete until 2014 at $598.8M. There is a lower cost option being explored in which the E-3’s JTIDS system is modified to transmit and receive JCTN tracks but this will delete nearly all the sensor integration benefits described above.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: None Required

ORD Number & Title: LACMD ORD (Joint draft)

1067 Number & Title: None Required

Development Plan Date & Title: Air Power C2 Development Plan 32 Dec96

Current CINC IPL: yes (CEC )

 

ACC PEM Name: Maj J. Pickle, DRRS, 4-8922

PEM Backup Name: Maj T Smith, DRRS, 4-8920

 

ISR0136 RIVET JOINT Emergency Equipment Storage

DESCRIPTION: Relocates several "mission equipment" racks to provide storage space for emergency and personal equipment (PE). Provides protective surfaces for equipment to be stowed upon and safety mechanisms for equipment restraint. Incorporate additional sound reduction techniques/material to lower cabin noise providing increased crew comfort.

JUSTIFICATION: There is insufficient storage space for required PE and emergency equipment. Sound reduction will reduce operator fatigue and provide an enhanced aircrew work environment.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35207

ISSUES: Without funding, required storage space for emergency and PE equipment will not be obtained. Increased crew fatigue from exposure to high cabin noise.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 305-95-I/II/III-A Operational Requirements Document for RC-135 WEAPON SYSTEM (DRAFT)

1067 Number and Title:

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: No

 
   

ACC PEM Name: Lt Col Brennan/DRRR 4-7408

PEM Backup Name:

 

ISR0137 - SYERS P3I, Lot 3

DESCRIPTION: The Senior Year Electro-Optical Reconnaissance System (SYERS) sensor collects and transmits digital imagery for near-real-time (NRT) exploitation and reporting. The SYERS upgrade program provides for improved resolution, range, and geolocation accuracy, and improved performance in darkness, haze, and inclement weather. The ORD calls for 16 sensors with 12 required for FOC. The FY 98 PB funds the 6 initial sensors. ISR0055 SYERS P3I, Lot 2 funds 3 more sensors. This initiative funds 3 additional SYERS P3I sensors, bringing the total number to 12 to meet FOC.

JUSTIFICATION: The multi-spectral capabilities of the SYERS P3I upgrade will provide war fighters with the ability to locate, identify, and analyze military equipment through haze day or night. It will defeat enemy camouflage, concealment, and deception efforts, and improve geolocation accuracy for NRT targeting of artillery, PGMs, or long-range standoff weaponry.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES:

REFERENCES: S&R Mission Area Plan, Airborne Reconnaissance and Surveillance Architecture p4-64.

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 353-92, Advanced Imagery Reconnaissance Capability

ORD Number & Title: CAF ORD 353-92, Advanced Multi-Spectral Electro-Optical Reconnaissance Sensor for the U-2.

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: Lt Col James Brennan

 

 

ISR0138 - IMPROVED RF SENSOR ENHANCEMENT

DESCRIPTION: Enhances the improved RF sensor low-band subsystem to take full advantage of current technology. Provides faster exploitation, more accurate geolocation, expanded target capability, and more robust architecture. The low-band subsystem provides the infrastructure for the high-band and follow-on subsystems, so benefits extend beyond the current RF sensors.

JUSTIFICATION: The basic improved RF sensor provides the minimum Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Steering Committee directed baseline capability. However, it doesn’t fully address the anticipated target environment in which the U-2 will operate over its projected life span. Expense of post production development and integration of the additional needed capabilities is estimated to be as much as ten times the cost of concurrent development and integration. The capabilities fielded on the U-2 are planned to be directly migratible to Unpiloted Aerial Vehicles.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 35207F

ISSUES: Still updating low-band production baseline and revising high-band component projections. Takes full advantage of the available technology and the architecture currently being offered by the contractor.

REFERENCES: Joint SIGINT Avionics Architecture; JSAF SAMP

MNS Number & Title:

ORD Number & Title: CAF 002-88 Joint CAF -USA, USN, USMC CAPSTONE Requirements Document for JOINT SIGINT AVIONICS FAMILY

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Major Kevin Vaille PEM Backup Name: LtCol James Brennan

 



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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)