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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)

Training

TNG0002 DISTRIBUTED MISSION TRAINING

DESCRIPTION: Initiative will implement COMACC direction of 7 Dec 96 to develop "...a simulator training initiative ready to put forward in the next budget cycle that would implement linked, mission level simulation training for the command. End state would be a four ship of high fidelity visual sims at each wing for each MDS, linked to the AWACS, JSTARS and other C4ISR sims; to a dedicated set of adversary work stations that could present a manned threat, and to the C2 Battle Lab. Need to flesh out a vision for where we want to go with sim training in the future, and then sponsor an initiative in the next POM update."

JUSTIFICATION:

1. Implements COMACC guidance

2. Will fill a ground-based dynamic flight training requirement

3. Fills emerging CAF requirement for a unit-based distributed mission training (DMT) capability

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE - Unknown as this time

ISSUES:

1. Initiative will use a Contract Training Simulation Services (CTSS) approach requiring predominantly 3400 funding

2. Infrastructure e.g., comm links, security, and common databases requires extensive development

3. DMT focus and CONOPs still being defined

4. DR/DO still defining scope of effort

REFERENCES:

MNS NUMBER & Title: USAF 009-93, MNS for the ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF) 009-93-I-A

Air Force National Air and Distributed Mission Training

Space Model

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Unknown PEM Backup Name: Maj Gunzinger, DRSM, 4-5832

 

TNG0003: AN/MSR-T4 TRAINS Enhancement Program

DESCRIPTION: The AN/MSR-T4 Threat Reaction Analysis Indicator System (TRAINS) is the only system available to the CAF to analyze the accuracy and effectiveness of inflight ECM performance for combat aircraft ECM pods and internal ECM suites. The current system needs to be upgraded to meet evolving CAF training capabilities and requirements.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of upgrading this system will include:

1. An automatic scoring of specific ECM pod performance versus real-world threat simulators. Allows aircrew and maintenance personnel to determine if unit's ECM pods are operating at optimum inflight performance ; ready to deploy to forward areas; and increased combat readiness. Analyzes complex deceptive ECM pulse-to-pulse jamming techniques.

2. Automatic reactive threat capability. When the pod properly emits the corresponding ECM versus the threat simulator, the TRAINS will command the associated threat simulator to 'down-mode'. This will degrade the threat simulator, provide positive real-time feedback to the pilot.

3. TRAINS data will provide enhanced feedback to the aircrew in their tactical mission debrief; post-mission data to maintenance personnel to fine-tune the ECM pods for optimum real-world performance.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a partially funded requirement under PE 27429.

ISSUES: A working prototype has already been demonstrated to accomplish the core tasks listed above. This will be a low risk COTS solution. Benefit to both ECM training and combat readiness. Replaces capabilities lost by deactivation of 87 EWAS.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 330-88, EC Training Range Equipment

ORD Number & Title: N/A

1067 Number & Title: ACC 96-131 AN/MSR-T4 Enhanced Electronic Countermeasures Environment Analysis Capability

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508

PEM Backup Name: Major Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

 

TNG0004: Weapon Scoring System Upgrade

DESCRIPTION: Live and inert ordnance dropped on CAF training ranges is currently scored with logistically unsupportable Television Optical Scoring Systems. These existing systems have limited night scoring capability, lack sufficient accuracy, have no laser scoring capability, and are not integrated into flight instrumentation debriefs. This upgrade proposes to use commercially off-the-shelf technology to modify fielded weapon impact scoring systems on air-to-surface ranges. Upgrade will provide greater accuracy, night and day scoring capabilities, laser scoring, no-drop weapon scoring (NDWS), and automated remote feedback for home station debrief. System will meet Weapons System Evaluation Program specifications - merging test and training capabilities.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of upgrading this system will include:

1. Common training and test weapon scoring system.

2. Full automatic day/night/laser/NDWS system scoring capability which can be fully integrated into existing aircrew debriefing devices.

3. Increased accuracy of live/inert weapon impacts.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a partially funded requirement under PE 27429. Procurement is planned for FY98 and 99 using fallout CTR funds, while additional procurement funds for FY00 and beyond will need to be sourced.

ISSUES: A number of systems already exist either within the DoD or in industry. Acquisition plan will look at rapid deployment using the most cost effective method in the long term.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF ROC 305-76, Improvements to TAF Ranges

ORD Number & Title: N/A

1067 Number & Title: ACC 96-191, Weapon Scoring System Upgrade

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508

PEM Backup Name: Major Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

 

TNG0005: AN/MST-T1(V) Advanced Threat Emitter Modification - Phase 1

DESCRIPTION: The AN/MST-T1(V) Mini-Multiple Threat Emitter System (Mini-MUTES) Advanced Threat Modification will place a much needed advanced threat simulator training capability on CAF training ranges. Current threat simulators in the CAF inventory lack the capability to simulate newer threats now being exported out of the Former Soviet Union. ACC has developed a two-phase plan to field an advanced threat simulator training capability. Phase 1 involves a near term effort to modify excess Mini-Multiple Threat Emitter System (MUTES) threat pedestals with new transmitters. This upgrade also includes new computers, improved aircraft tracking, and an auto-reactive threat capability to provide aircrew immediate feedback. Phase 1 is funded FY98-03.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of upgrading this system will include:

1. Increased realistic training provided by the introduction of the first advanced threat simulators to CAF training ranges--increased combat readiness/capability.

2. Upgrade of existing Mini-MUTES threat simulator capabilities to include automatic-reactive threat capability, improved IFF tracking, enhanced mobility, and new logistically supportable computers.

3. Upgrading the existing Mini-MUTES system is the most cost-effective solution for backyard training ranges where the Mini-MUTES infrastructure already exists.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a funded requirement under PE 64735 and 27429.

ISSUES: This will be a low risk COTS solution. Benefit to training and combat readiness.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 330-88, EC Training Range Equipment

ORD Number & Title: N/A

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

1067 Number & Title: ACC 97-003 The AN/MST-T1(V) Mini-Multiple Threat Emitter System (Mini-MUTES) Advanced Threat Modification

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508, PEM Backup Name: Maj Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

 

TNG0006: Software Interoperability

DESCRIPTION: Software Interoperability is a joint AF/Navy program which resulted from a 4 service Memorandum of Agreement to facilitate joint range training. The program seeks to prevent proliferation of multiple software baselines among ranges, capitalize joint development of new weapon simulations and capabilities, and allow for interoperability between sister service ranges.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of upgrading this system will include:

1. Allows for maximum flexibility in joint training.

2. Developmental costs associated with new weapon simulation for training ranges are shared between services, lowering service unique costs and minimizing configuration management costs.

3. Efforts to field new capabilities are greatly reduced due to common software baseline at CAF training ranges.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a funded requirement under PE 64735 and 27429.

ISSUES: N/A.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF ROC 305-76, Improvements to TAF Ranges

ORD Number & Title: N/A

1067 Number & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508

PEM Backup Name: Major Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

 

TNG0007 AIR SUPERIORITY TARGET (AST)

DESCRIPTION: AST is a tri-service full scale aerial target which will replace the QF-4. RDT&E is scheduled to begin in FY00 with initial IOC of a system in FY06. AST will provide a means to effectively test future weapon systems and countermeasures. This development effort will identify and develop a threat-representative target for Air Force, Navy and Army testing at Tyndall AFB, Holloman AFB and Pt Mugu NAS.

JUSTIFICATION:

1. As mandated by law, DoD weapon systems are to be tested and evaluated against assets that are representative of threat aircraft performance and presentation signatures.

2. AST will be needed in 2006 when the QF-4 fleet is expended.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35116, Aerial targets

ISSUES:

1. Tri-service ORD still in coordination.

2. Additional Navy-unique requirements may increase R&D costs.

REFERENCES:

MNS NUMBER & Title: Armament/Munition ORD Number & Title: DRAFT ORD

Test and Evaluation Capabilities, AFMC 001-93 CAF-USN-USA 001-93-I-A, Air Superiority Target

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Capt Mike Coyne, DRMT, x4-7597 PEM Backup Name: Maj Dave Cooley, DRMT

 

TNG0008 QF-4 Aerial Targets

DESCRIPTION: The CAF has a requirement (TAF SON 408-82) to test and evaluate weapon systems which are under development, procurement, or in the inventory. Weapon systems must be evaluated against targets which are representative of the intended threat the weapon system was designed to defeat. Targets must be available in sufficient quantities to test and evaluate these weapon systems.

JUSTIFICATION:

1. As mandated by law, DoD weapon systems are to be tested and evaluated against assets that are representative of threat aircraft performance and presentation signatures.

2. QF-4 production is necessary to continue OT&E for such weapon systems as F-15, F-16, AIM-120 and AIM-9.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 35116, Aerial targets

ISSUES:

1. Additional funding will be required to make a small percentage of the drones unrestricted for operation.

2. Additional funds may be required for ACC to modify production drones for the OT&E of the Next Generation Target Control System.

REFERENCES:

MNS NUMBER & Title: Armament/Munition ORD Number & Title: CAF 408-82-MS-II/III-C,

Test and Evaluation Capabilities, AFMC 001-93 QF-4 Aerial Targets

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Capt Mike Coyne, DRMT, x4-7597 PEM Backup Name: Maj Dave Cooley, DRMT

TNG0014: Rangeless Air Combat Training System

DESCRIPTION: Program Budget Decision (PBD) 161C, on 10 Feb 96, adjusted the FY97 AF budget for an air combat maneuvering instrumentation (ACMI) system at the Alpena Combat Readiness Training Center located at Phelps Collins Air National Guard Base in Alpena, MI. The base is operated and maintained for annual training encampments and also as a simulated deployed location for OREs and ORIs, primarily by the ANG. The current range assets include airspace 170 nm long by 70 nm wide including Pike E/W MOAs and Gauntlet and Steelhead ATCAAs.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of upgrading this system will include:

1. This system provides the ANG a means of cost effectively instrumenting the large airspace utilized by the Alpena CRTC. Basic capabilities will include a 36 aircraft rangeless system which will require little or no ground infrastructure.

2. This system will be based on currently available GPS and range technology allowing for rapid fielding to fulfill a readiness shortfall for the ANG. Deployment to include incorporation onto traditionally non-instrumented aircraft to include B-1B, B-52H, B-2, C-130, F-117, F-22, JSF, and CSAR helos.

3. The RACTS system will use distributed processing allowing the pods to run weapons simulations on board, datalink near real-time kill notification messages which will provide aircrew with an ability to train in a highly realistic environment.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a funded requirement under PEs 64735 and 27429.

ISSUES: RACTS is the CAF's preferred replacement pending termination of the JTCTS program. The first RACTS system will be deployed to the ANG in Alpena, MI.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF ROC 305-76, Improvements to TAF Ranges

ORD Number & Title: 317(1)-88-94 JTCTS ORD, RACTS ORD (in coord), SRD Alpena Air Combat Training System (28 Jun 96)

1067 Number & Title: ACC 94-133 UTTR MDS Upgrade, ACC 96-078 Integrating AMODSM, and ACC 96-080 Alpena ACTS

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508 PEM Backup Name: Major Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

TNG0015 Sub-Scale Aerial Targets (SSAT)

DESCRIPTION: These targets provide a lower fidelity, less costly target to augment testing requirements. Their use in conjunction with full-scale target lower DoD funding required for Air to Air test programs. Sub scale aerial targets will be procured through Tri-Service agreements. Presently the Navy is the lead service to develop generic SSAT platforms. Each service must then augment the SSAT as required to meet unique service test requirements. The Air Force currently has requirements for a Drone RF Electronic Enhancement Mechanism (DREEM) augmentation for SSAT. With DREEM, SSATs will be electronically augmented to simulate a full-scale targets as observed by the victim radar.

JUSTIFICATION:

1. As mandated by law, DoD weapon systems are to be tested and evaluated against assets that are representative of threat aircraft performance and presentation signatures.

2. SSAT's will be needed to augment more costly aerial targets for the foreseeable future.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: RDT&E PE 64258

Procurement PE 35116

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS NUMBER & Title: Armament/Munition SORD Number & Title: TAF 408-82-I/II/III-B

Capabilities, AFMC 001-93 Subscale Aerial Targets (SSAT), 1 May 92

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Capt Mike Coyne, DRMT, x4-7597 PEM Backup Name: Maj Dave Cooley, DRMT


TNG0016: Air Combat Training System Sustainment and Upgrades

DESCRIPTION: The Air Combat Training System (ACTS) Upgrade Program is an on-going effort to enhance Combat Training Range (CTR) capabilities to reflect current and future real world combat environments. The infrastructure present at CAF CTRs is widespread and diverse; flight instrumentation pods, weapon scoring systems, ground threat simulators, and debriefing stations. There is a need to achieve common software and hardware baselines to facilitate timely training enhancements critical to combat readiness (e.g. AMRAAM Training), and to interface the various flight instrumentation pods and debriefing system components.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of continuing this program include:

1. There are nine different types of flight instrumentation pods, used for training, in the CAF inventory (960 total pods). Efforts to reach a common software baseline allows units with different pods to train together simultaneously on the same CTR. Efforts also include achieving a common hardware and software baseline between the CAF's 172 debriefing stations to include the Advanced Display and Debriefing System and the Measurement and Debriefing Systems.

2. Aircraft integration efforts are designed to retain existing ACMI training capabilities despite aircraft OFP changes, and integrate training capabilities on aircraft platforms not yet instrumented. Interfacing occurs on a non-interference basis with the existing aircraft 1553 data bus. Ongoing efforts to modify existing pods with GPS receivers and encryption modules for accurate real-time weapon simulations (including AMRAAM).

3. Includes engineering expertise to provide the user solutions to fix hardware/software problems.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is a funded requirement under PEs 64735 and 27429.

ISSUES:

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF ROC 305-76, Improvements to TAF Ranges, CAF MNS 330-88, Training Range Equipment

ORD Number & Title: N/A

1067 Number & Title: ACC 96-078 Integrating AMODSM into ACTS,

Current CINC IPL: Yes

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508 PEM Backup Name: Major Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

TNG0017: Advanced Threat Simulator (ATS) Program - Phase 2

DESCRIPTION: The ATS Program will place a much needed advanced threat simulator training capability on CAF training ranges and replace older manned threat simulators with unmanned remotely operated systems. Current threat simulators in the CAF inventory lack the capability to simulate newer threats now being exported out of the Former Soviet Union. ACC has developed a two-phase plan to field an advanced threat simulator training capability. Phase 1 involves a near term effort to modify 16 excess Mini-MUTES threat pedestals with new transmitters. Phase 2 is an initiative to procure new threat systems that will provide additional advanced threat capabilities not planned for in Phase 1, plus replace older logistically unsupportable threat simulators with a CAF common system. Phase 2 is unfunded.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages of implimenting this program will include:

1. Increased realistic training provided by the introduction of advanced threat simulators to CAF training ranges--increased combat readiness/capability. Latest capabilities to include auto-reactive capability, real-time kill notification, improved aircraft tracking, and enahanced mobility. These simulators are primarily destined for large advanced training ranges (Nellis, Yukon, etc.)

2. The replacement of older manned threat simulators with unmanned remotely operated systems will result in major cost of ownership savings. This one common threat simulator will replace 8 different types of logistically unsupportable threat simulators in the field. Streamlined configuration management will result in O&M savings. Near-COTS solution.

3. Simulator will interface directly with the Rangeless Air Combat Training System (RACTS) to track/ engage aircraft without the need for any ground infrastructure, and provide real-time kill notification.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: This is an unfunded requirement under PE 64735 and 27429.

ISSUES: This will be a low risk COTS solution. Benefit to training and combat readiness.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: CAF MNS 330-88, EC Training Range Equipment

ORD Number & Title: Advanced Threat Simulator (ATS) ORD is in coordination

Development Plan Date & Title: N/A

Current CINC IPL: Yes

1067 Number & Title: n/a

ACC PEM Name: Major Novick, DRSR, 4-4508, PEM Backup Name: Maj Wilkins, DRSR, 4-7596

 



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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)