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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)

Targeting Systems

TRGT701A -- Precision Targeting Radars for Fighters/Bombers

DESCRIPTION: Provide attack platforms with a high resolution (1-3') synthetic aperture radar (SAR) with a moving target indicator (MTI) mode, augmented with automatic target recognition (ATR), and tightly coupled with a GPS reference system to provide GPS reference coordinates to JDAM/JSOW weapons or companion weapon platforms. Capable of recognizing stationary and moving (tank size) targets at ranges from 40-70 NM, in day/night/adverse weather.

 

 

 

TRGT701B -- Combined Sensor Integrated Targeting, Fire Control System with IFF

DESCRIPTON: A combination of technologies can significantly reduce the inability to locate and track enemy mobile targets and successfully engage the enemy in a timely and accurate manner without fratricide. The combined system includes a GPS/INS tied to a Synthetic Aperture Radar (or other targeting aid) tied to a command and control system. The GPS/INS SAR targeting systems detects and precisely locates a target. The information is passed to C2 nodes, for further dissemination. The C2 node also tracks GPS positions of friendlies to negate friendly fire. The C2 node can also pass cueing information and offset target received from forward observers. Target coordinates are passed to aircraft with GPS aided munitions who then bomb on the coordinates. This is applicable to a JSTARS type platform.

 

 

TRGT701C -- All Weather High Speed Target Acquisition/Navigation System

DESCRIPTION: This concept provides all weather precision targeting and strike capability of multiple targets by employing a wide area scanner, high resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) with a ground moving target indicator/tracking (GMTI/T) mode, GPS/INS reference system augmented with automatic target recognition (ATR), a high resolution targeting forward looking infrared radar (FLIR), a data link connectivity to a C2 node and a helmet mounted cueing system (HMCS). In order to reduce GPS errors, GPS relative targeting is used. By utilizing newly developed targeting algorithms and employing radar modes for measuring the aircraft's height above target, the system will be able to generate precise GPS target coordinates. By using GPS weapons, some of the absolute GPS errors will cancel out, greatly increasing weapon accuracy. A two way data link to a C2 node will provide updated information of the GPS locations of friendlies and enemies, as well as receive targeting and C4I information.

 

TRGT702 -- Integrated Reconnaissance and Precision Strike

DESCRIPTION: This concept uses one aircraft to perform the reconnaissance, precision targeting and precision strike by the use of a GPS-aided, multi-spectra sensor pod and GPS-guided munitions. The aircraft communicates with the central intelligence and mission planning organization over a satellite communication link to afford a timely strike. The placement of a multi-spectra pod on a precision strike aircraft transforms it into a strike/reconnaissance aircraft. The pod would have the capability to image a given threat area in any of several frequencies to exploit the benefits of each (i.e. infrared, laser radar, synthetic aperture radar, etc.). The imagery, which is not necessarily interpretable by the pilot, can be sent via a satellite communication link to the central intelligence and mission planning organization where the imagery is evaluated by experts that have access to collateral information. Or, it can be stored on board the aircraft for retrieval and evaluation on landing. At either facility (e.g., Air or Wing Operations Center or Intelligence C4I node) targets are confirmed and a strike mission is planned. With fielding of real time information in the cockpit (RTIC) capability, the pertinent "snapshots" can immediately be sent back to the same aircraft that collected the original imagery or to another aircraft in flight. The target is identified and a planned attack is communicated to the pilot. Since the aircraft that collected the imagery with the benefit of GPS, the designated target coordinates are acccuratly known and downloaded to the weapons. At the appropriate time during the execution of the mission, the weapons are dispensed and guided by GPS to the target.

 

 

TRGT703 -- Laser Designation for Laser Guided Munitions

DESCRIPTION: UAV concept provides search, acquisition, identification, illumination and kill assessment. Could be used to engage armored mobile targets. An electro-optical targeting system with long range laser designation capability could be mounted on a UAV, such as "Predator", to provide target designation for semi-active laser (SAL) guided munitions from a safe altitude with no risk of human life. Can be controlled from a ground station within line of sight or over the horizon via satellite. Or, an airborne control station could be employed with line of sight communications to the Predator(s) and the attacking aircraft (e.g. F-15 or F-16 w/ LGBs). Predator currently provides greater than 24 hours loiter time with a 500 nm range from its operations base. Target hand-off to the shooter, and initial weapon guidance, would be ensured by providing the target's GPS coordinates. The SAL guided munitions which are currently available include AGM-114 Hellfire and AGM-65E Maverick missiles, the 155 mm Copperhead artillery round and GBU-15 and Paveway II and III laser guided bombs. Additionally, a SAL guided version of SLAM-ER or Tomahawk could be developed to provide greater stand-off range, a lower cost per kill and improved ability to engage mobile targets. A growth version system could incorporate a micro Doppler Ladar (MDL), which could classify and identify targets by their unique MDL signature.



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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)