[Index]

Report on Human Rights and the
Process of NATO Enlargement

Prepared by the Staff of the
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

June 1997

PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................3
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................................... 4
OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................... 6

STANDARDS

NATO ENLARGEMENT: THE OSCE AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMPONENT ..............10
EXCERPT FROM 1990 OSCE CHARTER OF PARIS ...................................................... 11
EXCERPT FROM THE 1995 STUDY ON NATO ENLARGEMENT ............................... 13

COUNTRY ANALYSES

BULGARIA........................................................................................................................... 16
CZECH REPUBLIC ............................................................................................................. 18
ESTONIA ............................................................................................................................. 20
HUNGARY ........................................................................................................................... 22
LATVIA................................................................................................................................. 23
LITHUANIA ......................................................................................................................... 24
MACEDONIA ...................................................................................................................... 26
POLAND .............................................................................................................................. 28
ROMANIA ........................................................................................................................... 29
SLOVAKIA .......................................................................................................................... 31
SLOVENIA .......................................................................................................................... 33

HEARINGS: HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE PROCESS OF NATO ENLARGEMENT

APRIL 24, 1997—ESTONIA, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, AND POLAND .......................... 35
MAY 13, 1997—CZECH REPUBLIC, ROMANIA, AND SLOVENIA ........................... 59
MAY 20, 1997—BULGARIA, HUNGARY, AND SLOVAKIA ....................................... 83
WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA .............................. 134

ADMINISTRATION POLICY

REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AT THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY
COMMENCEMENT, MICHIE STADIUM, WEST POINT, NEW YORK ................... 140
STATEMENT OF SECRETARY OF STATE BEFORE THE SENATE ARMED
SERVICES COMMITTEE............................................................................................... 145
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF REPORT TO THE U.S. CONGRESS ON THE
ENLARGEMENT OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION:
RATIONALE, BENEFITS, COSTS AND IMPLICATIONS.......................................... 152
FACT SHEET: NATO ADAPTATION/ENLARGEMENT.............................................. 155

MAJOR LEGISLATION

NATO PARTICIPATION ACT OF 1994 (P.L. 104-108) ................................................ 158
NATO ENLARGEMENT FACILITATION ACT OF 1996 (P.L. 104-208) ..................... 161
ENLARGEMENT-RELATED LEGISLATION
INTRODUCED IN THE 105TH CONGRESS .................................................................. 168

NATO POLICY

NATO FACT SHEET: NATO'S ENLARGEMENT.......................................................... 169
NATO FACT SHEET: PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE (PFP) ........................................... 173
SEPTEMBER 1995 STUDY ON NATO ENLARGEMENT ............................................ 179
MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL HELD AT
NATO HQ BRUSSELS, 10 DEC 1996
............................................................................ 200
MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL HELD IN
SINTRA, PORTUGAL 29 MAY 1997
............................................................................. 210

APPENDICES

NATO: THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY
WASHINGTON D.C., APRIL 4, 1949 ............................................................................ 214
THE 16 NATO MEMBER COUNTRIES.......................................................................... 217
THE OSCE PARTICIPATING STATES........................................................................... 218
STATES PARTICIPATING IN THE PARTERNSHIP FOR PEACE (PFP) ..................... 221