NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION
ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998
October 23, 1997
105th Congress 1st Session
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO OTHER NATIONS
Subtitle C--Other Matters
SEC. 1221. DEFENSE BURDENSHARING.
(a) Efforts To Increase Allied Burdensharing.--The President shall
seek to have each nation that has cooperative military relations with
the United States (including security agreements, basing arrangements,
or mutual participation in multinational military organizations or
operations) take one or more of the following actions:
(1) For any nation in which United States military personnel are
assigned to permanent duty ashore, increase its financial contributions
to the payment of the nonpersonnel costs incurred by the United States
Government for stationing United States military personnel in that
nation, with a goal of achieving by September 30, 2000, 75 percent of
such costs. An increase in financial contributions by any nation under
this paragraph may include the elimination of taxes, fees, or other
charges levied on United States military personnel, equipment, or
facilities stationed in that nation.
(2) Increase its annual budgetary outlays for national defense as a
percentage of its gross domestic product by 10 percent or at least to a
level commensurate that of the United States by September 30, 1998.
(3) Increase its annual budgetary outlays for foreign assistance (to
promote democratization, economic stabilization, transparency
arrangements, defense economic conversion, respect for the rule of law,
and internationally recognized human rights) by 10 percent or at least
to a level commensurate to that of the United States by September 30,
(4) Increase the amount of military assets (including personnel,
equipment, logistics, support and other resources) that it contributes,
or would be prepared to contribute, to multinational military activities
(b) Authorities To Encourage Actions by United States Allies.--In
seeking the actions described in subsection (a) with respect to any
nation, or in response to a failure by any nation to undertake one or
more of such actions, the President may take any of the following
measures to the extent otherwise authorized by law:
(1) Reduce the end strength level of members of the Armed Forces
assigned to permanent duty ashore in that nation.
(2) Impose on that nation fees or other charges similar to those
that such nation imposes on United States forces stationed in that
(3) Reduce (through rescission, impoundment, or other appropriate
procedures as authorized by law) the amount the United States
contributes to the NATO Civil Budget, Military Budget, or Security
(4) Suspend, modify, or terminate any bilateral security agreement
the United States has with that nation, consistent with the terms of
(5) Reduce (through rescission, impoundment or other appropriate
procedures as authorized by law) any United States bilateral assistance
appropriated for that nation.
(6) Take any other action the President determines to be appropriate
as authorized by law.
(c) Report on Progress in Increasing Allied Burdensharing.--Not later
than March 1, 1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a
(1) steps taken by other nations to complete the actions described
in subsection (a);
(2) all measures taken by the President, including those authorized
in subsection (b), to achieve the actions described in subsection (a);
(3) the difference between the amount allocated by other nations for
each of the actions described in subsection (a) during the period
beginning on March 1, 1996, and ending on February 28, 1997, and during
the period beginning on March 1, 1997, and ending on February 28, 1998; and
(4) the budgetary savings to the United States that are expected to
accrue as a result of the steps described under paragraph (1).
(d) Report on National Security Bases for Forward Deployment and
Burdensharing Relationships.--(1) In order to ensure the best allocation
of budgetary resources, the President shall undertake a review of the
status of elements of the United States Armed Forces that are
permanently stationed outside the United States. The review shall
include an assessment of the following:
(A) The alliance requirements that are to be found in agreements
between the United States and other countries.
(B) The national security interests that support permanently
stationing elements of the United States Armed Forces outside the United
(C) The stationing costs associated with the forward deployment of
elements of the United States Armed Forces.
(D) The alternatives available to forward deployment (such as
material prepositioning, enhanced airlift and sealift, or joint training
operations) to meet such alliance requirements or national security
interests, with such alternatives identified and described in detail.
(E) The costs and force structure configurations associated with
such alternatives to forward deployment.
(F) The financial contributions that allies of the United States
make to common defense efforts (to promote democratization, economic
stabilization, transparency arrangements, defense economic conversion,
respect for the rule of law, and internationally recognized human
(G) The contributions that allies of the United States make to
meeting the stationing costs associated with the forward deployment of
elements of the United States Armed Forces.
(H) The annual expenditures of the United States and its allies on
national defense, and the relative percentages of each nation's gross
domestic product constituted by those expenditures.
(2) The President shall submit to Congress a report on the review
under paragraph (1). The report shall be submitted not later than March
1, 1998, in classified and unclassified form.
SEC. 1223. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND REPORTS REGARDING FINANCIAL
COSTS OF ENLARGEMENT OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION.
(a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
(1) In a report to Congress in February 1997 on the rationale,
benefits, costs, and implications of North Atlantic Treaty Organization
enlargement the Secretary of Defense estimated that the financial cost
to the United States of such enlargement will be modest, totaling
between $2,000,000,000 and $2,600,000,000 for the period from 1997
(2) A study by the RAND Corporation published in 1996 calculated
that the total financial cost to the United States of such enlargement
will be between $5,000,000,000 and $6,000,000,000 over the same period.
(3) A March 1996 report by the Congressional Budget Office on the
financial costs of enlarging the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
alliance estimated the United States share of alliance enlargement costs
to be between $4,800,000,000 and $18,900,000,000 through 2010, depending
upon political developments in Europe.
(4) An August 1997 report by the General Accounting Office reviewing
the financial cost estimates of the Secretary of Defense concluded that
North Atlantic Treaty Organization enlargement could entail additional
costs beyond those included in the Secretary's estimate and questioned
the validity of the Secretary's estimate due to the lack of supporting
cost documentation and the inclusion of cost elements not related to
(5) The North Atlantic Alliance is scheduled to complete its
analysis of the military requirements for the integration of Poland, the
Czech Republic, and Hungary into the Alliance in December 1997.
(6) The North Atlantic Alliance is also scheduled to complete in
December 1997 its financial cost estimate of the military requirements
related to the integration of those nations.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the analysis
of the North Atlantic Alliance of the military requirements relating to
NATO enlargement and of the financial costs to the Alliance of NATO
enlargement will be one of the major factors in the consideration by the
Senate of the ratification of instruments to approve the admission of
new member nations to the Alliance and by Congress for the authorization
and appropriation of the funding for the costs associated with such
(c) Report Assessing NATO Cost Analysis.--Not later than March 31,
1998, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report
(1) an assessment of the analysis by the North Atlantic Alliance of
the military requirements related to NATO enlargement and of the
estimate of the financial costs to the NATO Alliance for the integration
of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary into the Alliance;
(2) a description of the analytical means used to determine such
requirements and costs; and
(3) a general assessment of the additional military requirements and
costs that would result from a significantly increased threat.
(b) Report on Department of Defense Costs.--(1) The Secretary of
Defense shall submit to Congress, in conjunction with the submission of
the President's budget for fiscal year 1999, a report on Department of
Defense costs for NATO enlargement. The report shall include a detailed
estimate of such costs for fiscal year 1998 that identifies all
appropriations, by budget activity, for the military departments and
other elements of the Department of Defense to support NATO enlargement.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall include in the budget
justification materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary in
support of the budget of Department of Defense for fiscal year 1999
complete and detailed descriptions and estimates of the amounts provided
in that budget for the costs of NATO enlargement.
SEC. 1224. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ENLARGEMENT OF THE
NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION.
(a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) met on July 8 and
9, 1997, in Madrid, Spain, and issued invitations to the Czech Republic,
Hungary, and Poland to begin accession talks to join NATO.
(2) Congress has expressed its support for the process of NATO
enlargement by approving the NATO Enlargement Facilitation Act of 1996
(title VI of the matter enacted in section 101(c) of division A of
Public Law 104 208; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note).
(3) The United States has supported the position that the process of
enlarging NATO will continue after the first round of invitations in
(4) Romania and Slovenia are to be commended for their progress
toward political and economic reform and appear to be striving to meet
the guidelines for prospective membership in NATO.
(5) In furthering the purpose and objective of NATO in promoting
stability and well-being in the North Atlantic area, NATO should invite
Romania and Slovenia to accession negotiations to become NATO members as
expeditiously as possible upon the satisfaction of all relevant
membership criteria and consistent with NATO security objectives.
(b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that North
Atlantic Treaty Organization should be commended--
(1) for having committed to review the process of enlarging the
Organization in 1999; and
(2) for singling out the positive developments toward democracy and
rule of law in Romania and Slovenia.