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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
95/05/31 Statement on Partnership for Peace at NAC Ministerial
Office of the Spokesman



                         U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE 
                         Office of the Spokesman 
 
                       (Noordwijk, The Netherlands) 
 
____________________________________________________________________
For Immediate Release                                 May 31, 1995 
 
 
 
                            STATEMENT BY  
               SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER 
                     ON THE PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE  
                                AT  
     THE NORTH ATLANTIC COOPERATION COUNCIL MINISTERIAL MEETING 
 
 
                           Huis ter Duin 
                    Noordwijk, The Netherlands 
 
                           May 31, 1995 
 
It is a pleasure to join you today for this sixth ministerial meeting of 
the North Atlantic Cooperation Council.  In my remarks today, I will 
focus on the Partnership for Peace.  Let me begin by congratulating all 
Partner governments for helping the Partnership get off to such a strong 
start.  This political support and active participation are what has 
made the Partnership's early success possible. 
 
At the 1994 NATO Summit in Brussels, President Clinton proposed a 
practical program that would build on the dialogue and consultation 
initiated so successfully by the NACC.  Already, that program -- the 
Partnership for Peace -- has evolved from a mere concept to a key 
component of Europe's security structures.  Though the Partnership for 
Peace is barely 16 months old, the principles and objectives upon which 
it is built are at least as old as NATO itself:  shared values and 
interests, mutual commitment, and close cooperation. 
 
Since we last met in December, Allies and Partners have made substantial 
progress in broadening and deepening the Partnership: 
 
     --  Austria, Belarus, and Malta have joined, raising the number of 
Partners to 26; 
 
     --  Four more Partners -- Albania, Estonia, Latvia, and Russia -- 
have concluded Individual Partnership Programs with NATO, and several 
other Partners are already updating previous IPPs; 
 
     --  Detailed planning is well under way for our robust program of 
PFP activities in 1995, which includes a first-ever Partnership training 
exercise in the United States, involving forces from 12 Partner and 3 
Allied states; 
 
     --  NATO and 14 Partners have begun participating in a PFP Defense 
Planning and Review Process aimed at improving transparency and inter-
operability; and, 
 
     --  NATO has approved a comprehensive PFP funding policy and taken 
other steps to ensure that the Partnership has the resources it needs to 
meet its objectives. 
 
The success of the Partnership depends on both Partners and Allies.  As 
the Partnership Framework Document sets forth, Partners must ensure 
their own participation in PFP activities.  This will require each 
Partner to make the budgetary and other adjustments necessary to achieve 
a level of participation commensurate with its national objectives. 
 
At the same time, Allies recognize that we must do our part to help.  
The United States is providing $30 million in this fiscal year in direct 
support of Partner participation.  As President Clinton pledged in 
Warsaw last July, he has requested $100 million for this purpose in 
fiscal year 1996.  Other Allies are making contributions, and yesterday 
I urged them to do more.  But such aid can only supplement, not replace, 
Partner efforts. 
 
While participation in PFP activities has been very strong,  we must 
work to advance the political objectives of the Partnership as well.  
This includes ensuring democratic control of defense forces, and 
promoting transparency in national defense planning and budgeting. 
 
Many Partners have made significant progress in these and other areas.  
NATO can and should do more to help.  In drafting or refining their 
Individual Partnership Programs, Partners should place due emphasis on 
these objectives.   
 
We are very pleased with the progress Allies and Partners have made in 
developing a PFP Planning and Review process.  So far, 14 Partners are 
participating.  These Partners have set specific goals for improving the 
ability of their forces to work alongside NATO forces in exercises and 
future joint operations.  The Planning and Review Process is also a 
valuable mechanism for exchanging information on overall defense and 
financial planning.  Finally, the process can help Partners interested 
in joining NATO improve and monitor their compatibility with Allied 
practices, including with respect to military doctrine.  Next week in 
Brussels, our defense ministers will meet to consider practical next 
steps to invigorate the planning and review process. 
 
Our objective now must be to maintain the Partnership's impressive 
momentum, and to broaden and deepen our cooperation. The development of 
the Partnership is a dynamic process.  As Partner needs and 
circumstances evolve, the Partnership must be adapted and upgraded 
accordingly.  Just as NATO is adapting itself to post-Cold War 
realities, the Partnership must rise to meet new challenges. 
 
Yesterday, I outlined, on behalf of the United States, a number of areas 
where I believe we can intensify the relationship between NATO and its 
Partners.  These include working on ways to ensure democratic and 
civilian control of the military, widening the Partnership's focus, and 
working more closely together in the planning of Partnership exercises. 
 
The Alliance remains fully committed to the Partnership as an important 
and lasting part of Europe's new security structures.  For those 
Partners interested in joining the Alliance, it is the best path to 
membership.  For all, it remains a dynamic and practical link to NATO, 
and a channel for close cooperation.  Whether seeking to join NATO or 
not, whether interested in one area of cooperation or many, Partners 
should aim to forge strong ties with NATO that will help achieve their 
particular goals.  Allies are committed to strengthening the Partnership 
even after NATO begins to admit new members.   
 
The stark Cold War lines of confrontation that once defined security 
relations are gone.  The peoples of your nations played a crucial role 
in bringing us to this hopeful point.  We now share an unparalleled 
opportunity to build a comprehensive and inclusive security architecture 
for Europe. 
 
NATO enlargement and the Partnership for Peace are key components of 
this architecture.  Our broad approach to security also envisions a 
strengthened OSCE, an enlarged EU, and a strong NATO-Russia 
relationship. 
 
All of us should be proud of what we have already achieved in the 
Partnership for Peace.  We have demonstrated that countries that for 
generations stood on opposite sides of a dangerous line of distrust 
could together obliterate that line and cooperate for their common 
security.  But we must not rest on our laurels, or limit our 
aspirations. 
 
Working together, we can build a safer, more integrated, more democratic 
Europe for the next 50 years and beyond. 
 
Thank you. 
 
 
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