News

 

DATE=  10/2/97

TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT

NUMBER=5-37688

TITLE=KOREAN PENINSULA PEACE

BYLINE=CHRIS SIMKINS

DATELINE=SEOUL

CONTENT=

VOICED AT: 



INTRO:  SOUTH KOREAN PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG-SAM SAYS WAR ON THE 

KOREAN PENINSULA MUST BE DETERRED BY ALL MEANS.  HE WARNS THAT 

SEOUL'S NEIGHBOR, NORTH KOREA, IS CONTINUING TO INCREASE ITS 

MILITARY POWER. PRESIDENT KIM'S COMMENTS WERE MADE (WEDNESDAY) 

DURING A SPEECH TO MILITARY LEADERS ON ARMED FORCES DAY. VOA 

CORRESPONDENT CHRIS SIMKINS REPORTS FROM THE SOUTH KOREAN CAPITAL

SEOUL DESPITE EFFORTS FOR NORTH-SOUTH RECONCILIATION TENSIONS ON 

THE KOREAN PENINSULA REMAIN HIGH.



TEXT:  MORE THAN 44 YEARS HAVE PASSED SINCE THE END OF THE KOREAN

WAR AND THE SIGNING OF THE ARMISTICE.  THE TREATY WAS SIGNED 

BETWEEN NORTH KOREA AND THE UNITED STATES, WHICH MEANS NORTH AND 

SOUTH KOREA ARE TECHNICALLY STILL AND WAR.  THAT FACT IS CLEARLY 

ILLUSTRATED ALONG THE MOST FORTIFIED BORDER IN THE WORLD, JUST 

NORTH OF SEOUL. MORE THAN 100-THOUSAND SOLDIERS ARE STATIONED 

ALONG THE BORDER.  THRITY-SEVEN THOUSAND U-S TROOPS ARE ALSO 

STATIONED IN SOUTH KOREA TO DETER AN INVASION FROM THE NORTH.  

SOUTH KOREAN PRESIDENT KIM YOUNG-SAM SAID EARLIER THIS WEEK THAT 

AS LONG AS NORTH KOREA'S STRATEGY OF TRYING TO SPREAD COMMUNISM 

TO THE SOUTH BY FORCE REMAINS, SOUTH KOREA WOULD NEVER RELAX ITS 

DEFENSIVE POSTURE.







THIS YEAR THERE HAVE BEEN SEVERAL SHOOTING INCIDENTS INVOLVING 

NORTH AND SOUTH KOREAN TROOPS ALONG THE BORDER.  AND THERE WAS AN

INCURSION BY NORTH KOREAN SOLDIERS FROM A SUBMARINE  THAT RAN 

AGROUND IN SOUTH KOREAN WATERS. THERE HAVE ALSO BEEN RECENT U-S 

INTELLIGENCE REPORTS SUGGESTING NORTH KOREA IS DEVELOPING A LONG 

RANGE MISSILE THAT POSES A THREAT TO SOUTH KOREA, JAPAN AND EVEN 

PARTS OF THE UNITED STATES.  U-S ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR

EAST ASIAN AND PACIFIC AFFAIRS, STANLEY ROTH, SAYS HE SUPPORTS 

THE PEACEFUL REUNIFICATION OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA. BUT HE SAYS 

THERE IS STILL A LARGE MILITARY THREAT FROM THE NORTH.



                        /// ROTH ACT ///



         AMERICAN POLICY TOWARDS NORTH KOREA REST ON TWO PILLARS 

         DETERRANCE AS WELL AS DIPLOMACY. WE ABSOLUTELY HAVE NO  

         ILLUSIONS THE KOREAN PENINSULA REMAINS A POTENTIALITY 

         DANGEROUS PLACE AND DETERRANCE REMAINS VITAL. BUT WE 

         HAVE SUPPLEMENTED NOT SURPLANTED A POLICY OF DETERRANCE 

         WITH DIPLOMACY WITH NORTH KOREA WITH THE FOUR PARTY 

         TALKS. 



                         /// END ACT ///



MR.ROTH SAYS IT IS VITAL TO GET NORTH KOREA TO RETURN TO THE 

FOUR-PARTY PEACE TALKS AIMED AT REACHING AGREEMENT ON A PERMANENT

PEACE TREATY FOR THE KOREAN PENINSULA. THE TALKS BEING HELD IN 

NEW YORK COLLASPED LAST MONTH AFTER NORTH KOREA INSISTED ON THE 

WITHDRAWAL OF U-S TROOPS FROM SOUTH KOREA AND MORE FOOD AID FOR 

STARVING NORTH KOREANS.



IN AN INTERVIEW WITH VOA HELD EARLIER IN HONG KONG, FORMER U-S 

SECRETARY OF STATE GEORGE SHULTZ SAID NORTH KOREA SHOULD  NOT  BE

GRANTED CONCESSIONS FOR ITS PARTICIPATION IN THE FOUR PARTY PEACE

TALKS.  



                       /// SHULTZ ACT ///



         NORTH KOREA SEEMS TO USE ITS WILLINGNESS TO TAKE PART IN

         TALKS AS THOUGH IT'S A BARGAINING CHIP. IT IS  NOT  A 

         BARGAINING CHIP. THEY ARE A COUNTRY THAT DESPERATELY 

         NEEDS TO CHANGE ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ITS NEIGHBORHOOD 

         AND WITH THE WORLD GENERALLY. SO WE ARE READY TO HAVE 

         THAT HAPPEN, BUT WE SHOULD  NOT  BE READY TO PAY ANY 

         PARTICULAR PRICE JUST FOR THEM TO COME TO THE 

         NEGOTIATING TABLE AND THEY ARE ALWAYS TRYING TO MANEUVER

         IT THAT WAY.



                         /// END ACT ///



MR. SHULTZ SAYS AS LONG AS THERE IS THE THREAT FROM NORTH KOREA'S

MILITARY, THERE HAS TO BE A COUNTER WITH A SUBSTANTIAL LEVEL OF 

U-S AND SOUTH KOREAN FORCES. BUT HE MAINTAINS IF THE SECURITY 

THREAT DECREASES GREATLY OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL YEARS, THEN A NEW 

MILITARY STRATEGY ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA SHOULD BE CONSIDERED.



ANALYSTS SAY THEY DO  NOT  SEE SECURITY ARRAGEMENTS CHANGING 

ANYTIME SOON . THEY ALSO SAY NORTH KOREA'S RETURN TO THE FOUR 

PARTY PEACE TALKS MIGHT  NOT  HAPPEN UNTIL LEADERS IN PYONGYANG 

SEE WHO IS ELECTED AS SOUTH KOREA'S NEXT PRESIDENT IN DECEMBER. 

(SIGNED) 



NEB/CS/EH



02-Oct-97 3:05 AM EDT (0705 UTC)

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Source: Voice of America

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