News

 

DATE=  10/14/97

TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT

NUMBER=2-221241

TITLE=U-S-KOREA (L)

BYLINE=RON PEMSTEIN

DATELINE=STATE DEPARTMENT

CONTENT=

VOICED AT: 



INTRO:  THE UNITED STATES IS DONATING FIVE MILLION DOLLARS TO THE

UNITED NATIONS (INTERNATIONAL) CHILDRENS (EMERGENCY) FUND 

(UNICEF) FOR MEDICAL SUPPLIES TO BE SENT TO NORTH KOREAN 

HOSPITALS AND CLINICS.  RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE 

DEPARTMENT ON THE PROSPECTS FOR MORE AMERICAN FOOD AID TO NORTH 

KOREA. 



TEXT:  DESPITE THE CURRENT STALEMATE IN THE KOREAN PEACE TALKS, 

THE UNITED STATES EXPECTS TO RESPOND NEXT MONTH TO A NEW APPEAL 

FOR FOOD AID TO NORTH KOREA.  THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAM IS EXPECTED 

TO MAKE THE APPEAL EVEN THOUGH THE CURRENT HARVEST HAS RELIEVED 

THE WORST OF THE FAMINE THAT HAS HIT THE COUNTRY. 



THE STATE DEPARTMENT BELIEVES A BREAK FROM THE FAMINE IS ONLY 

TEMPORARY AND HAS ANNOUNCED A NEW CONTRIBUTION OF FIVE MILLION 

DOLLARS TO UNICEF TO HELP NORTH KOREAN CHILDREN IN HOSPITALS AND 

CLINICS.



AN AMERICAN AID OFFICIAL HAD QUESTIONED FUTURE AMERICAN FOOD 

DELIVERIES TO NORTH KOREA BECAUSE OF PYONGYANG'S DELAY IN 

APPROVING VISAS FOR ENOUGH OFFICIALS TO MONITOR THE DELIVERY OF 

THE FOOD AID.  STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN JAMES RUBIN SAYS THE 

UNITED STATES HAS CONFIDENCE IN THE MONITORING SYSTEM EVEN IF 

THERE ARE  NOT  ENOUGH MONITORS.



                         ///RUBIN ACT///



         THE CRITICAL ISSUE HERE IS CONFIDENCE.  WE HAVE 

         CONFIDENCE THAT THERE IS  NO  SIGNIFICANT DIVERSION 

         USING THE MONITORING SYSTEM THAT WE HAVE IN PLACE.  WE 

         ALWAYS WANT MORE MONITORS SO WE HAVE GREATER CONFIDENCE 

         THAT NONE OF THE FOOD IS BEING DIVERTED.  SO WE DO WANT 

         MORE MONITORING.  WE HAVE HAD DISCUSSIONS WITH THE NORTH

         KOREANS ON VISA ISSUES AND OTHERS BUT THE IDEA THAT THIS

         VISA ISSUE HAD CRASHED OUR CONFIDENCE IN OUR ABILITY TO 

         MONITOR THE (FOOD) PROGRAM IS INCORRECT.



                         ///END ACT/// 



NORTH KOREAN DEMANDS FOR MORE FOOD DELIVERIES AS WELL AS THE 

WITHDRAWAL OF AMERICAN TROOPS FROM SOUTH KOREA HAVE BEEN BLAMED 

BY AMERICAN OFFICIALS FOR THE DELAY IN OPENING FOUR PARTY PEACE 

TALKS AMONG THE TWO KOREAS, CHINA AND THE UNITED STATES.  



HOWEVER, THE STATE DEPARTMENT IS DENYING A PUBLISHED REPORT THAT 

AN ADDITIONAL DELAY IN THE NEGOTIATIONS HAS BEEN CAUSED BY SOUTH 

KOREA'S PRE-OCCUPATION WITH NEXT DECEMBER'S PRESIDENTIAL 

ELECTION.  SPOKESMAN RUBIN DENIES THE UNITED STATES HAS ANY 

PROBLEM NEGOTIATING WITH THE CURRENT SOUTH KOREAN GOVERNMENT.



                         ///RUBIN ACT///



         THERE IS NO GAP BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE 

         REPUBLIC OF KOREA. SOUTH KOREA AND THE UNITED STATES 

         HAVE BEEN WORKING VERY CLOSELY WITH OFFICIALS AT ALL 

         LEVELS IN DISCUSSING THE VARIOUS ISSUES IN PLAY, WHETHER

         IT'S FOOD AID, WHETHER IT'S WHAT THE LONG TERM AGENDA 

         SHOULD BE IN KOREA (PEACE TALKS) AND WE HAVE BEEN 

         WORKING CLOSELY AND COOPERATIVELY ON THIS INITIATIVE. 

         BOTH SIDES CONSULT REGULARLY, EXTENSIVELY AND 

         INTENSIVELY WITH EACH OTHER.



                          ///END ACT///



MR. RUBIN ALSO DENIES THE UNITED STATES FAVORS A VICTORY BY 

OPPOSITION LEADER KIM DAE JUNG AS A WAY TO SPUR PEACE TALKS WITH 

NORTH KOREA, INSISTING THE UNITED STATES WILL WORK WITH ANY 

LEADER ELECTED BY SOUTH KOREANS. (SIGNED)



NEB/RP/MMK



14-Oct-97 3:14 PM EDT (1914 UTC)

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Source: Voice of America

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