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DATE=7/15/98 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT NUMBER=2-235511 TITLE=U-S / NORTH KOREA (L ONLY) BYLINE=GIL BUTLER DATELINE=STATE DEPARTMENT CONTENT= VOICED AT: INTRO: A REPORT PREPARED FOR THE U-S CONGRESS SAYS NORTH KOREA HAS NOT LET INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR INSPECTORS CHECK ON WHAT HAPPENED TO WEAPONS GRADE FUEL IT MAY HAVE PRODUCED BEFORE 1994. THE REPORT HAS RAISED CONCERNS AMONG SOME IN CONGRESS ABOUT NORTH KOREA'S INTENTION TO COMPLY WITH THE 1994 AGREEMENT THAT FROZE ITS NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM IN RETURN FOR REPLACEMENT NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. V-O-A'S GIL BUTLER REPORTS THE STATE DEPARTMENT SAYS THERE ARE SAFEGUARDS BUILT IN TO THE 1994 AGREEMENT. TEXT: THE REPORT, ORDERED BY SENATOR FRANK MURKOWSKI, SAYS NORTH KOREA MAY HAVE LIMITED ACCESS BY INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY INVESTIGATORS IN ORDER TO HIDE DISCREPANCIES IN THE AMOUNT OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL IT ACKNOWLEDGED PRODUCING. THE NEW YORK TIMES NEWSPAPER SAYS SOME EXPERTS FEAR THAT NORTH KOREA MAY HAVE ALREADY BUILT A NUCLEAR WEAPON. SENATOR MURKOWSKI SAYS THE WORLD MAY NEVER KNOW HOW MUCH BOMB-GRADE PLUTONIUM THE NORTH KOREANS DIVERTED TO THEIR WEAPONS PROGRAM, BEFORE SIGNING THE 1994 AGREEMENT THAT FROZE THE EFFORT. HE HAS BEEN A CRITIC OF THE AGREEMENT SINCE ITS INCEPTION AND CALLS IT "FOLLY" AT THE STATE DEPARTMENT, SPOKESMAN JAMES RUBIN SAYS THE REPORT IS CORRECT THAT THE NORTH KOREANS HAVE NOT ACCOUNTED FOR THE DISCREPANCY IN THEIR REPORTED NUCLEAR MATERIAL. BUT HE SAYS THE AGREEMENT ITSELF HAS FROZEN THE NORTH KOREAN WEAPONS PROGRAM AND WAS A MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENT. /// RUBIN ACT /// THERE IS NO SECRET THAT THERE ARE THOSE WHO HAVE NEVER LIKED THIS AGREEMENT; WHO HAVE THOUGHT SOMEHOW, MAGICALLY, WE COULD HAVE DONE BETTER. THAT WE COULD HAVE GOTTEN THE NORTH KOREANS TO GO FURTHER. I THINK THE GENERALLY ACCEPTED VIEW OF THOSE WHO HAVE BEEN IN THE BUSINESS OF TRYING TO NEGOTIATE WITH THE NORTH KOREANS AND THOSE WHO LIVE IN THE REAL WORLD, IS THAT IT WAS A MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENT. /// END ACT /// MR. RUBIN SAYS THE UNITED STATES WANTS NORTH KOREA TO GIVE THE NUCLEAR INSPECTORS ALL THE ACCESS THEY NEED. BUT HE SAYS THERE IS A BUILT IN SAFEGUARD IN THE 1994 AGREEMENT -- AND THAT IS THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS THAT ARE TO BE PROVIDED TO NORTH KOREA. /// RUBIN ACT /// PURSUANT TO THE AGREEMENT, THE BIG BENEFIT THEY ARE GOING TO GET -- THE LIGHT WATER REACTORS -- WILL NOT ACCRUE IF THEY DON'T PROVIDE THAT COOPERATION, INFORMATION, AND ACCESS. AND THAT IS OUR BUILT-IN SAFEGUARD. /// END ACT /// NORTH KOREA HAS COMPLAINED FUEL OIL SUPPLIES THAT WERE TO HAVE BEEN PROVIDED UNDER THE 1994 AGREEMENT ARE BEHIND SCHEDULE, AND THERE ARE THREATS FROM PYONGYANG TO RETURN TO A WEAPONS PROGRAM UNLESS THE OIL IS SHIPPED. MR. RUBIN SAID THE UNITED STATES INTENDS TO FULFILL ITS PART OF THE BARGAIN BY PROVIDING THE NECESSARY FUEL OIL AND OTHER ASPECTS OF THE AGREEMENT, AND FULLY EXPECTS THE NORTH KOREANS TO LIVE UP TO THEIR PART OF THE AGREEMENT. (SIGNED) NEB/MGB/LTD/MMK 15-Jul-98 3:40 PM EDT (1940 UTC) NNNN Source: Voice of America .